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hematological disorders
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  血液病
     Prevalence of common hematological disorders in children aged 3~6 years in the urban area of Zhuhai city.
     珠海市城区3~6岁儿童常见血液病发生率的调查
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     The Investigation of Mechanism on Abnormality of Chromosome 21 and Malignant Hematological Disorders
     21号染色体畸变与恶性血液病发生机制的研究
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     Analysis and Nursing on Platelet Transfusion Efficiency in Patients with Hematological Disorders
     血液病患者血小板输注效率的分析与护理
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     \ Methods\ Hypermethylations of CT gene in 46 malignant hematological disorders were observed after complete remission (CR) by the technique of polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
     2方法 采用多聚酶链反应(PCR)技术 ,观察了 46例 CT基因高度甲基化阳性的恶性血液病病人完全缓解 (CR)后 CT基因的动态变化。
短句来源
     Results The positive rate of precursor clusters from bone marrow smear in patients with MDS were markedly higher than that of patients with other hematological disorders ( P <0 01),but lower than that of AL patients( P <0 05).
     结果 MDS患者骨髓小粒中幼稚细胞簇的阳性率明显高于其他血液病患者 (P <0 0 1) ,但是低于急性白血病患者 (P <0 0 5 )。
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  “hematological disorders”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The complication was com-mon in the patients with hematological disorders(26.32%)or hypertension coexisting medical disorders(21.74%).
     血液系统疾病和高血压合并内科疾病出现并发症几率较高(分别为26.32%,21.74%);
短句来源
     Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an effective therapy for patients with benign hematological disorders and malignant tumors.
     异基因造血干细胞移植(allogenic hematopoiesis stem cell transplant,allo-HSCT)是治疗血液系统恶性肿瘤以及转移性实体瘤的一种有效治疗手段。
短句来源
     Results: Out of 142 patients,121 had hematological abnormalities. Of the 121 patients 32(26.45%) presented with hematological abnormalities as the first presentation,including 9(7.44%) cases who were misdiagnosed as hematological disorders.
     结果:142例中血象异常者121例,以血液学异常为首发症状就诊者32例(26.45%),其中误诊为血液系统疾病9例(7.44%)。
短句来源
     Compared with the healthy adults, there was a reduction of erythrocyte deformability in the three hematological disorders: P<0.01 under each of the three stresses in IDA group, P<0.01 under lower shear stress and P<0. under the other two stresses in AA group and MDS group.
     在3种切应力作用下,3种疾病的红细胞变形性都降低:与正常组相比,IDA组均为P<0.01;
短句来源
     Methods 145 patients with hematological disorders underwent HSCT. The clinical data of HVOD were analyzed by retrospective method.
     方法用回顾性分析方法对145例HSCT患者移植后HVOD的发病情况进行临床分析。
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  相似匹配句对
     Erythrocyte deformability in several hematological disorders
     三种血液病患者的红细胞可变形性
短句来源
     Application of Flow Cytometry in Hematological Disorders
     流式细胞术在血液病中的应用
短句来源
     Sepsis and Coagulation Disorders
     脓毒症与凝血功能紊乱
短句来源
     Nicotine and brain disorders
     烟碱和大脑功能障碍(英文)
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     The hematological features of HIV infection
     人免疫缺陷病毒感染的血液学特征
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  hematological disorders
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is known to cure various hematological disorders; however, its widespread use is limited due to a lack of histocompatible donors.
      
In this report, we summarized our experience regarding 20 pediatric patients affected by various hematological disorders, receiving allogeneic BMT from unrelated donors.
      
Based on animal studies and experience in the treatment of hematological disorders with preexisting autoimmune disease, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been proposed for the treatment of severe autoimmune diseases.
      
Neutrophil alkaline phosphatase (NAP) is used as a diagnostic marker in several hematological disorders.
      
Clinical evaluation of monotherapy with cefpirome for infections complicating hematological disorders
      
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A modified method of naphthol AS-MX substitute in azo dye was used to determine the leukocyte alkaline phosphatase (LAP) in 60 normal individuals and 116 cases of various diseases. The positive rate and the mean value of positive index i normal individuals were 84.1% and 242.2±56.2 respectively. The LAP in acute myoblastic leukemia, erythroleukemia, stem cell leukemia and some other hematological disorders Was decreased. In acute lymphocytic leukemia, monoblastic leukemia as well as aplastic anemia, however,...

A modified method of naphthol AS-MX substitute in azo dye was used to determine the leukocyte alkaline phosphatase (LAP) in 60 normal individuals and 116 cases of various diseases. The positive rate and the mean value of positive index i normal individuals were 84.1% and 242.2±56.2 respectively. The LAP in acute myoblastic leukemia, erythroleukemia, stem cell leukemia and some other hematological disorders Was decreased. In acute lymphocytic leukemia, monoblastic leukemia as well as aplastic anemia, however, the LAP might be increased. Furthermore, LAP was markedly increased in bacterial infections, while it might be decreased or normal in viral infections. In most cases of non-infectious diseases, it might be decreased or even normal. Thus, this method may be of help in differentiating the afore-mentioned diseases.

本文介绍用萘酚AS-MX作为基质显示白细胞硷性磷酸酶(LAP)活性的偶联偶氮法,并对60名正常人和116例血液系统及其它疾病患者进行初步观察。正常人阳性率为84.1%,阳性指数平均值为242.2±56.2。急性粒细胞性白血病、红白血病、干细胞性白血病等LAP活性减低,急性淋巴细胞性白血病、单核细胞性白血病、再生障碍性贫血通常是增高的。细菌性感染者增高,病毒性感染则减低或正常。绝大多数非感染性疾病正常或偏低。此外,还讨论了影响实验的有关因素以及与其他方法的比较等。

During recent years clinical application of human fetal liver transplantation nstead of bone marrow in the treatment of hematological disorders has been ex-tensively studied.In this paper,the chromosome C-band staining technique was used followingtransplantation of haemopoietic cells either from bone marrow,fetal liver or mix-ture of both cells with the purpose of comparison in the proliferative potentialof haemopoietic stem cells from various sources and the result of mutual com-petition in the re-establishment...

During recent years clinical application of human fetal liver transplantation nstead of bone marrow in the treatment of hematological disorders has been ex-tensively studied.In this paper,the chromosome C-band staining technique was used followingtransplantation of haemopoietic cells either from bone marrow,fetal liver or mix-ture of both cells with the purpose of comparison in the proliferative potentialof haemopoietic stem cells from various sources and the result of mutual com-petition in the re-establishment of haemopoiesis in the lethally irradiated mice.The results indicated that in comparison with the haemopoietic stem cells fromthe adult murine bone marrow,haemopoietic stem cells from murine fetal liver showed lower seeding efficiency in adult recipient bone marrow on the one hand,and greater self-renewal or proliferative ability on the other.For successfulengraftment of allogenetic fetal liver cells,immunological suppression or pre-conditioning of recipient is essential for reducing allogeneic resistance and in-ducing immunological tolerance which is attributed to an immunological barrieror histocompatibility barrier in aUogeneic transplantation of haemopoietic stemcell from fetal liver.

胚胎发育中,肝脏是一个重要的造血器官。近年来胎肝移植的临床应用重新引起了人们的关注。本文应用染色体的 C-带染色法研究了小鼠骨髓和胎肝造血干细胞在照射受体小鼠中的增殖能力与相互间的竞争作用。实验结果表明胎肝造血干细胞在成年骨髓中的植入率比较同样条件下的成年骨髓造血干细胞低,但胎肝造血干细胞比较成年骨髓造血干细胞具有更强的自我更新或增殖能力。在同种胎肝造血干细胞移植中,为了降低同种移植抗力,提高移植的胎肝造血干细胞在受体中的耐受性,移植前对受体作适当的免疫抑制处理是必要的。因此,克服个体发育屏障和移植免疫屏障是提高同种胎肝造血干细胞移植效果中两个重要的研究课题。

According to the criteria of FAB in1982, the chromosomes of 20 patients withmyelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)were stud-ied and compared with 15 patients withnon-malignant hematological disorders. Thechromosomal preparations were made frombone marrow aspirates directly without invitro culture. The slides were processedby the trypsin-Giemsa banding technique.Karyotypes were described according tothe International System for Human Cyto-genetic Nomenclature. It was found that the aneuploid was33.3% in MDS group,...

According to the criteria of FAB in1982, the chromosomes of 20 patients withmyelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)were stud-ied and compared with 15 patients withnon-malignant hematological disorders. Thechromosomal preparations were made frombone marrow aspirates directly without invitro culture. The slides were processedby the trypsin-Giemsa banding technique.Karyotypes were described according tothe International System for Human Cyto-genetic Nomenclature. It was found that the aneuploid was33.3% in MDS group, while the aneuploidin the control group was 14.8%. The dif-ference was statistically significant. Thechromosomally structural aberrations in MDSgroup was higher than those in the controlgroup. The major type of chromosomalaberrations were chromosome break andchromatid break. Of the 20 patients, sevenhad a chromosomally abnormal clone. Thechromosome aberrations included + 8, -21,7q-,-Y, etc. Two of the 7 patients withabnormal karyotypes evolved into acuteleukemia (AL); one of the 13 patientswith normal chromosome transformed intoAL. The present study supports that MDShave nonrandom abnormalities of chromo-some, and increasing incidence of aneu-ploid. Part of MDS have the quality ofmalignant tumour. We have not reacheda conclusion of the relation between thekaryotype and the prognosis as yet,because the period of observation was tooshort.

作者对20例骨髓增生异常综合征(MDS)患者的骨髓细胞进行了染色体观察,发现核型异常 7例,见到+8、-21、7q~-、-Y等,该组的非整倍体明显高于对照组,有结构畸变者也比对照组多,其主要类型是染色体或染色单体断裂。此结果支持MDS具有非随机的染色体改变,以及部分 MDS具恶性肿瘤性质。

 
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