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   china 在 农业经济 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.174秒
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china
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  中国
    Study on Modernization Policy of China Agriculture from 1840-1937
    中国近代农业现代化研究
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    China Sustainable Agricultural Development:Objectives,Problems and Countermeasures
    中国农业可持续发展:目标、问题与对策
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    STUDY ON INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF MONITORING AND EVALUATION SYSTEM IN CHINA’S AGRICULTURAL PROJECT MANAGEMENT CYCLE
    中国农业项目监测评价体系研究
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    The Political Economy of Land Tenure System Reform in China
    中国农村土地制度变迁的政治经济学分析
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    The Citrus Industry in China: An Economic Analysis and Policy Studies
    中国柑橘产业的经济分析与政策研究
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  我国
    Soybean Economy in China: with focus on Supply and Demand
    我国的大豆经济:供给与需求的重点分析
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    Study on China's Japonica Rice Production, Consumption and Trade
    我国粳米生产、消费和贸易的研究
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    Research into the Role of Government in the Process of the Agricultural Marketization in China
    我国农业市场化进程中政府职能研究
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    Studies on Government's Land Management Behavior in China
    我国政府土地管理行为的研究
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    Studies on the Strategy of Citrus Industry Structure Adjustment in China
    我国柑桔产业结构调整战略研究
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    Study on rural Resources Destroy and It's Restriction Mechanism In Northwestern China
    西北地区农村资源破坏及其制约机制研究
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    Characteristic Agriculture Evaluation and Information Technology Demonstration in Southeast Coastal Zone in China
    东南沿海地区特色农业评价与信息技术示范
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    Study on Sustainable Development of Minor Crops Production in the Loess Plateau of China
    黄土高原小杂粮生产可持续发展研究
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    A Research on the Pro-poor Agricultural Technology Policy in China
    面向穷人的农业科技政策研究
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    Structure Optimize and Ability Construct of Sustainable Development of the Animal Husbandry in Five Main Pastoral Areas in China
    五大牧区草畜业结构优化与可持续发展能力建设
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  china
In the present study, the antioxidant activity of polysaccharides extracted from Lycium barbarum fruits growing in Xin Jiang, a northwest province of China, was evaluated.
      
Two types of biorefinery suitable for China's biomass resources are presented in this paper.
      
The studies over forty years on rare earth catalysts in polymer syntheses of diene, alkyne, alkylene oxide, thiirane, carbon dioxide copolymerization, lactide, caprolactone, cyclic carbonate and so forth in China have been reviewed.
      
This method was used in the networked manufacturing system in the Shaoxing spinning region of China.
      
Finally, the practical and comparative experiments were made over Hefei City in China.
      
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The article studied the eight issues which concerning agricultural mechanization in China. They are as follows:1. Capital accumulation and optimum project for investment.2. Allocation of labour forces and productivity of all manpower.3. The kind of agriculture that should be developed. Coexistence of manpower, machinery and electrical power.4. Energy resources.5. Combination of agronomy and farm machines, and of biological and mechanical technical measures. Ecological balance.6. Our economical structure...

The article studied the eight issues which concerning agricultural mechanization in China. They are as follows:1. Capital accumulation and optimum project for investment.2. Allocation of labour forces and productivity of all manpower.3. The kind of agriculture that should be developed. Coexistence of manpower, machinery and electrical power.4. Energy resources.5. Combination of agronomy and farm machines, and of biological and mechanical technical measures. Ecological balance.6. Our economical structure and the system of the people's commune.7. Professional personnel in the field of agriculture machinery. Scientific, technical and culture level.8. Quality, finalization of the design, and forming complete sets of farm machines. Their service.Only when these problems are solved, can agricultural mechanization be realized in China.In addition, the article made a brief account of the way farm machines were used by the Chinese Academy of Science in the National Comprehensive Scientific Experimental Center for Agriculture Modernization. Taking the eight issues into consideration, the article suggested that the policy of"mechanization in a selective way"be adopted instead of"overall meehanization"in the near future.Finally, five suggestions were made on the program for China's agricultural mechanization.

本文探讨制约中国农业机械化的八个问题: 一、资金积累与投资最优方案问题;二、劳动力安排和全员劳动生产率问题;三、搞什么样的农业与人、畜、机电并存局面问题;四、能源问题;五、农艺和农机、生物技术措施和机械技术措施相结合与生态平衡的问题;六、中国经济结构和人民公社的体制问题;七、农机人材和科学技术文化水平问题;八、农机本身的质量、定型、配套、服务问题。 本文还谈了中国科学院在中国的农业现代化综合科学实验基地县对使用机械的做法。 最后,提出对中国农业机械化规划的五点建议。

By 1935 or so, "Rural Construction Experiments" were carried out in more than 100 districts in China. The representive ones were Liang Shuming′s "Rural Construction Movement", Yan Yangchu′s "Dingxian Experiment" , and the socalled cooperative movement. In addition, there was Yan Xishan′s "Scheme of Village Ownership of Land" . The author studied these samples and hled that in spite of the fact that there were lots of differences and contraditions among them and generally they embodied the spirit of patriotism,yet...

By 1935 or so, "Rural Construction Experiments" were carried out in more than 100 districts in China. The representive ones were Liang Shuming′s "Rural Construction Movement", Yan Yangchu′s "Dingxian Experiment" , and the socalled cooperative movement. In addition, there was Yan Xishan′s "Scheme of Village Ownership of Land" . The author studied these samples and hled that in spite of the fact that there were lots of differences and contraditions among them and generally they embodied the spirit of patriotism,yet the essence of them was peddling reformism, and opposing land revolution and the struggle against imperialism. They attempted to change the face of semicolonial and semi-feudal agricultural economy in China in a peaceful way. However, practice has proved that this way would get us absolutely nowhere. Only by arousing the masses, overthrowing the three big mountains (imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism), conducting land reform, and striving for the victory of new democracy revolution, was it on the track, In the struggle during 1927—1949, all these"Rural Cortstruction Experiments" were merely ornaments used by the KMT government at that time.

旧中国的“乡村建设实验”到1935年左右达一百多处,其中比较有代表性的是梁漱溟的“乡村建设运动”,晏阳初的“定县实验”,和所谓合作运动;还有阎锡山的“土地村公有方案”。作者加以研究,认为这些“实验”尽管具有许多差异和矛盾,而一般带有爱国主义的精神;但其实质是推销改良主义,反对土地革命,反对对帝国主义进行斗争。他们企图在原有半殖民地、半封建的生产关系下,用“和平”的方式来改变中国农业经济的面貌。实践证明,旧中国的农村走这种道路是行不通的;只有发动群众,推翻三座大山,进行土地改革,夺取新民主主义革命的胜利,才是对头的。在1927—1949年的斗争中,这种“乡村建设实验”不过是当时政府统治的点缀品而已。

An investigation was made with reference to the united business of agriculture, industry and commerce in Heilongjiang Province. The author, as a member of the work team, found that ideological confusion was an obstacle to the development of united business. Some ideas about the united business formed in the process of the investigation are put forward in the article to elicit discussion which might be helpful to reaching a unanimity of opinions. A united business of agriculture, industry and commerce is the...

An investigation was made with reference to the united business of agriculture, industry and commerce in Heilongjiang Province. The author, as a member of the work team, found that ideological confusion was an obstacle to the development of united business. Some ideas about the united business formed in the process of the investigation are put forward in the article to elicit discussion which might be helpful to reaching a unanimity of opinions. A united business of agriculture, industry and commerce is the union of agriculture with those kinds of industry and commerce which cooperate with agriculture at stages preceding or following it. Therefore the union of agriculture with other kinds of industry and commerce which are not related to the process of agricultural production should not be called the united business. Specialisation is the foundation for building up a united business. In general, agricultural production is least specialised in China, but still there are some highly specialised farm products, such as vegetables, fruits, etc. for which united businesses could be organized at present. Even if the production is specialised only at a low level, asmall amount of farm commodity may be collected into a large amount through horizontal union, then it would be possible to have vertical union, i. e. to develop industry and commerce cooperating with agriculture. How the united business and the people's commune exist simultaneously is a new problem in rural area. To some extent it is possible to integrate united dusiness with people's commune, and this possibility should be made the best of. As both of them have to keep their own characters, generally they are independent one another, and the integration is partial. The most important function of the united business is to develop commodity economy, as these industry and commerce which cooperate with agriculture are helpful to improving the circulation of farm commodity.

农工商联合企业与农工商综合经营都是农业与工商业的联合,但前者是农业与作为农业的前、后部门的与农业有协作关系的工商业的联合。而后者是农业与任何工商业的联合。农王商联合企业与农业专业化关系密切,因而发展农工商联合企业应当以专业化程度高的地区为重点,但是在专业化程度低的地区,也可以通过组织起来,实行横向联合的途径,把少量的商品农产品集中成大量的,在这基础上,实行农工商的纵向联合。农工商联合企业与农村人民公社这两种经济组织有可能在一定范围内,在一定程度上相互结合,应当充分利用这一可能性。但是这种结合必须以不妨碍各自的特点为前提,因而是有限度的。与农业相协作的工商业是可以促进农业生产商品化的工商业,所以发展农工商联合企业就为促进农业生产商品化创造了新的有利条件,这对我国农村改变半自然经济的面貌,走向富裕有重大作用。

 
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