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expense
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  费用
     Consideration on the Problem of Oil and Gas Geologic Reserve Expense into Cost
     关于油气地质储量费用进成本问题的思考
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     The Distribution and the Optimization of Transport Expense
     配送与运输费用优化
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     An Analysis of Component of Average Ilospitalization Expense of Fourteen Diseases
     14种疾病平均住院医疗费用构成分析
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     Optimal control model of ship's maintenance expense and economic lifetime
     船舶维修费用支出与经济寿命最优控制模型
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     An Investigation on the Optimisation Model of the Storage, Supplement and Expense of the I&C Spare Parts in Power Stations
     电站自控系统仪表备品备件贮存、补充及费用优化模型的研究
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  经费
     In retrieved questionnaires about the expense investigated by the government on the PE development of country, 574 ones (6.7%) thought it much, 933 ones (10.9%) thought it abundant, 1 764 ones (20.6%) thought it less, 2 578 ones (30.1%) thought it little and 2 715 ones (31.7%) thought it was under the standard.
     回收的问卷中认为地方政府对农村体育经费投入多的574份(6.7%),较多的933份(10.9%),少的1764份(20.6%),很少的2578份(30.1%),明显不达标2715份(31.7%)。
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     In chapter 3, from the organization, laws, expense input and system of Education Management, the author analyses the differences of Education Management in three districts.
     第三章分别从教育行政管理机构、教育行政管理法规、教育经费投入、教育管理体制四个方面指出了港澳台教育管理存在的差异,在对三地的教育管理体制进行比较分析时,主要是以其各富特色的高等教育管理体制作为个案进行专门研究。
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     By discussing analysis model of input and output for talent resources,the pnper constructs dependency relationship between every department in the society and university education,so as to offer quantitative information for rational flow of social fund and founding of educational investment structure,and quantitative analysis result for rational share of education expense, as well as correct decision reference for education fairness.
     通过人才资源的投入产出分析模式,建立社会各部门和高等教育的相互依赖关系,为社会资金合理流向和建立教育投资体制提供定量的信息,为教育经费的合理分担提供定量分析结果,也为教育公平性提供正确的决策依据.
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     How the Categorization Reform of Government Income and Expense Influence on Financial Investment and Assessment for Education
     政府收支分类改革对财政性教育经费投入与评价的影响
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     Analysis of the Justice in Sharing Expense for Primary and Middle School Teachers
     中小学师资培训经费分担公平分析
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  开支
     The Optimal Input Combination under the Circumstance of Given Fuzzy Cost Expense Constraint
     给定模糊成本开支约束情况下的最优投入组合
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     If the modern design method is applied to manufacturers, we can reduce investment outlay, shorten development cycle, reduce calculation error, cut down experimental expense, reduce the cost and advance the reliability, so the study of the subject can yield good economic returns and social benefit.
     将现代设计方法应用于生产厂家,可节省研究开支,大大缩短开发周期,减少计算误差,减少试验费用,降低成本,提高产品的可靠性,因此本项目的研究具有良好的经济效益和社会效益。
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     Besides paying the taxes and expense of daily life, peasants had the remainder which was 20 percent from the whole.
     首先,本文对唐代均田制下农民家庭经济生活的状况进行了考察,认为除了缴纳赋税、家庭日常消费等开支外,唐代农民家庭的剩余率大概是20%左右。
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     This cost is the largest expense of all that a peasant family has to confront and thus has become a most unbearable weight on the family.
     贫困地区农村家庭子女教育费用支出成为家庭的最大支出,教育开支正日渐成为贫困地区农民生活中的“不能承受之重”。
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     Based on the character and development of CNMARC from primal catalogue to cover catalogue and then to online combining catalogue, the paper discusses discusses the advantage as economizing on catalogue expense, improving catalogue quality and efficiency, avoiding duplicate, building together, sharing the resources, sharing the database and so on, and discusses the development of online combining catalogue.
     在简述了编目工作从CNMARC原始编目到CNMARC套录编目再到联机编目发展历程及各自特点的基础上,比较了原编目工作的不足,着重论述了联机公共编目的特点,独立多个图书情报机构目录资源通过计算机网络联结,形成一个统一的联合目录数据库中心,共享库中书目资源; 节约编目开支,提高编目质量和工作效率,协作共建,共知、共享,避免重复等优越性,以及它的发展前景。
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  “expense”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A Study on the Railway Operating Expense Account System
     关于铁路运输支出科目体系的研究
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     An Analysis of the Cost of Water Supply and Standard of Water Expense of Irrigated Area of Sangong River Basin in Xinjiang
     新疆三工河流域灌区供水成本及水费标准分析
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     Objective To explore the effect of military health service system reform on medical expense in the military patients.
     目的通过对比分析军队医疗保障制度改革前后的军队病员医疗消耗的变化,探索军队医疗保障制度改革对军队病员医疗行为的影响。
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     The results indicate that the accuracy and the recall rate have been improved by 1.59% and 0.93% respectively,and the time expense has been reduced by nearly 66.6%.
     对句长大于40个词的汉语长句单独进行了实验,句法分析精度和召回率分别提高1.59%和0.93%,同时时间开销降低了近2/3。
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     There is the phenomenon of excessive expense on house by young people, the value maze of which has brought many kinds of harms.
     当前我国青年群体中存在着住宅过度消费的现象,这种过度消费的价值迷失,给青年及社会都带来了很多危害。
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  expense
A charged mesa, due to its reduced chemical potential, acts as a Coulomb sink and grows at the expense of neighboring neutral mesas.
      
In the shade, the incorporation of 14C into starch and hot water soluble polysaccharides increased at the expense of the acetone fraction (lipids and pigments), water/salt soluble proteins, and cellulose.
      
The energy released during this redox transition might be stored in the transmembrane H+ gradient even under low Δp in the alkaline environment of the bacteria at the expense of a significant increase in ΔG of the coupled redox reaction.
      
The power of radiation generated by cluster systems at the expense of thermal energy increases considerably when there is one adsorbed argon atom per cluster and decreases with a twofold increase in the number of argon atoms in clusters.
      
An approximate analysis is presented of the Cherepnov water lifter, considered as a self-oscillatory system which performs relaxation oscillations at the expense of the energy of falling water.
      
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The investigation of the properties of loess constitutes a highly specialized branch of soil engineering. The design and construction of foundations and earthwork in this soil involve many uncertainties that have not been solved. Among all uncertainties the following are considered the most important items:(1) the changes of bearing capacities caused by variations in the strength of the cohesive bond due to changes in its moisture content, and(2) the methods of ascertaining the amount of its settlement under...

The investigation of the properties of loess constitutes a highly specialized branch of soil engineering. The design and construction of foundations and earthwork in this soil involve many uncertainties that have not been solved. Among all uncertainties the following are considered the most important items:(1) the changes of bearing capacities caused by variations in the strength of the cohesive bond due to changes in its moisture content, and(2) the methods of ascertaining the amount of its settlement under the combined action of foundation loads and of percolating water.In order to prevent foundations against settlement the "Provisional Code for the Design of Natural Foundations" gives a set of rules of precautions for designers to observe, which include the prevention of water from getting into the foundations, artificial strengthening of the soil and the designing of superstructures in such a way that they will adjust themselves to settlement. Before the adoption of any of such precautions could be decided, the accuracy in evaluating the amount of possible settlement of the soil is a problem of prime importance, which unfortunately cannot be satisfactorily obtained.This paper attempts to give some predominent characteristics of loess, the points of contradiction between the assumptions made in the old designing code and the results derived from actual work, a comparison of the salient features of the old code with the new code of ordinance of the U. S. S. R., 1955, and some suggestions regarding further developments of this branch of soil engineering. Several cases of actual construction work in loess in recent years are also cited which, owing to our incomplete knowledge of the soils, nature, have inevitably either caused unnecessary expenses to the works, or brought about results detrimental to the stability of structures.In this branch of soil engineering have, therefore, many difficulties yet to be contended with. It is hoped that this paper could be of some reference value to research engineers in this line and the knowledge of loess be further developed in view of the increasing pressure of necessity in our present construction work.

黄土工程特性的研究,是目前土壤力学一个重要部門。有关黄土区的地基与土工工作、我們經常根据“天然地基設計暫行規范”上条文来設計,但对於基土沉陷量的估計,往往不易准确,而造成工程上的困难与事故。这是現时没有得到解决的問題。本文闡述黄土的若干特性,旧規范条文上的缺点,苏联1955年批准的“建筑法規”内改善黄土部分条文的意义,以及目前国内研究与發展的方向。其中主要說明黄土由於荷載及含水量兩項的綜合影响对其沉陷性能上所發生的变化,以及估計这項变化较合理的方法,以期在研究工作上作进一步的認識。

Twin formation associated with grain boundary migration in recrystallized armcoiron has been studied by the method of vacuum etching.No noticable substructureswere observed after recrystallization at 750℃ for 5 hours.However,after reheatingfor a short time at 770℃,fine substructures appeared in most of the ferrite grains.During prolonged heating the substructure-free grains gradually grew at the expense ofthose possessing substructures.When the reheating temperature is raised close to theA_3 temperature,grain...

Twin formation associated with grain boundary migration in recrystallized armcoiron has been studied by the method of vacuum etching.No noticable substructureswere observed after recrystallization at 750℃ for 5 hours.However,after reheatingfor a short time at 770℃,fine substructures appeared in most of the ferrite grains.During prolonged heating the substructure-free grains gradually grew at the expense ofthose possessing substructures.When the reheating temperature is raised close to theA_3 temperature,grain boundary migration is markedly accelerated.Two types of twins were observed during grain growth.One of them,probablyidentical in nature with ordinary annealing twins,has its non-coherent twin boundaryalways attached to the old grain boundary.Depending on the manner of migrationof the grain boundary and the non-coherent twin boundary,such type of twins maygrow,retreat,or even disappear.The other type of twins has a characteristic wedge-shaped twin boundary which is quite stable,and little change has been observed afterprolonged heating.

应用真空热侵蚀方法,研究Armco铁晶粒长大晶界迁移过程中,退火孪晶形成的过程。观察到在低于A_3点退火后,在了770℃短时间保温,多数α-铁素体晶粒内出现细小亚结构。随着加热时间的延长,具有细小亚结构的晶粒逐渐消失,原先不含亚结构的晶粒,则逐渐长大。将加热温度提高至A_3点附近,显著加速晶界迁移的过程。在长大的晶粒中,出现两类退火孪晶。一类的性质与一般退火孪晶相似,似其非共格孪晶界经常出现于旧晶界附近。视晶粒间界与非共格孪晶界迁移的情况,这类退火孪晶在保温过程中,可能随晶界迁移而伸长,亦可能随非共格孪晶界迁移而变细或消失。另一类孪晶的特点是一端在晶粒间界上,另一端呈楔状。楔状孪晶界很稳定,在保温过程中,未发现任何变化,在晶粒间界上的一端,则与晶粒间界一起,发生迁移。根据观察结果,认为α-铁中退火孪晶形成的机构与Burke及Furnbull所提出的面心立方金属中退火孪晶形成的机构相似,退火孪晶的形成与晶粒间界迁移有密切关系。

Grain boundary migration in recrystallised Armco iron during grain growth has been studied by vacuum etching method. It was found that grain growth in recrystallised α-ferrite is closely related with substructures within the ferrite grains, grains containing no substructures usually grow at the expense of those possessing substructures.Through tracing and analysing the remaining grooves of the migrating grain boundaries and together with other observations, we have confirmed the following theories suggested...

Grain boundary migration in recrystallised Armco iron during grain growth has been studied by vacuum etching method. It was found that grain growth in recrystallised α-ferrite is closely related with substructures within the ferrite grains, grains containing no substructures usually grow at the expense of those possessing substructures.Through tracing and analysing the remaining grooves of the migrating grain boundaries and together with other observations, we have confirmed the following theories suggested by previous investigators.1. The main driving force for grain boundary migration is interfacial energy of the grains.2. The manner in which grains in metals disappear is basically the same as that of soap bubbles in a semi-evacuated container.3. Burke's model for the formation of new grain boundaries at the expense of old ones.4. Grain growth is a discontinuous process.

本文叙述用真空热侵蚀方法研究α-铁再结晶后,晶粒长大晶界迁移的一些结果.观察到晶粒长大与晶粒内部的亚结构有着密切关系,一般是无精细亚结构的晶粒向有精细亚结构的晶粒长大,晶界迁移的速度也较快.通过仔细分析晶界迁移后遗留下来的槽沟,认为α-铁晶粒长大晶界迁移符合以下一些见解:1.晶界迁移的动力来源为晶粒界面间自由能.2.晶粒消失的过程与在半抽真空的容器中,肥皂泡消失的过程基本上相似.3.Burke所提出的旧晶粒界消失与新晶粒界形成的模型.4.晶粒长大是一个不连续的过程.

 
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