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epidermoid cysts
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  表皮样囊肿
     Comparative Analysis about Epidermoid Cysts on T_1WI,T_2WI,FLAIR and DWI
     颅内表皮样囊肿的常规T_1WI、T_2WI、FLAIR及DWI对比分析
短句来源
     ADC value of brain abscess ( 5.739 ×10 -4 mm2/s) was lower than that of cystic necrotic brain tumor (28.589×10 -4 mm2/s). ADC value of epidermoid cysts (10.197×10 -4 mm2/s) was lower than that of arachnoid cysts (30.098×10 -4 mm2/s).
     脑脓肿的ADC值(5.739×10-4mm2/s)明显低于囊性坏死性脑肿瘤(28.589×10-4mm2/s),表皮样囊肿的ADC值(10.197×10-4mm2/s)明显低于蛛网膜囊肿(30.098×10-4mm2/s)。
短句来源
     Results Epidermoid cysts in 3 cases displayed a variety of non-characteristic signal intensity patterns on T1 and T2-weighted images (T1WI and T2WI).
     结果 表皮样囊肿3例,T1、T2加权显示各种不典型信号类型;
短句来源
     CT,MRI and DWI Diagnosis of Intracranial Epidermoid Cysts
     颅内表皮样囊肿的CT、MRI及DWI诊断
短句来源
     Results: Seventeen epidermoid cysts exhibited equivalent or slightly high signal intensity relative to CSF on T1WI and T2WI,2 tumors exhibited heterogeneously lower and high signal intensity on T1WI.
     结果:17例表皮样囊肿T1WI、T2WI呈等或稍高于脑脊液信号,2例T1WI呈高低混杂信号。
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  上皮样囊肿
     Results Of 80 cases 46 were acoustic neuromas (57.5%), 15 meningiomas (18.5%), 6 epidermoid cysts(7.5%), 5 trigeminal neuromas (6.3%) and 8 other rare tumors(10%).
     结果 80 例肿瘤中,听神经瘤46 例(575 % ) ,脑膜瘤15 例(188 % ) ,上皮样囊肿6 例(75 % ) ,三叉神经瘤5 例(63 % ) 及其它少见肿瘤8 例(10 % ) 。
短句来源
     The rate of total,subtotal and partial resection of 10 cases of astrocytoma was 40%,30% and 30%,respectively. Two cases of lipoma were performed with subtotal resection. One case of metastatic tumor and two cases of epidermoid cysts were subtotal resection.
     全组手术全切除率为64.5%,16例室管膜瘤全切除,10例星形细胞瘤的全切除率为40%,近全切除率为30%,部分切除率为30%,2例脂肪瘤行大部分切除,1例转移瘤和2例上皮样囊肿为近全切除。
短句来源
     Methods 69 patients with spinal cord tumors were operated by microsurgical treatment through the unilateral hemilaminectomy at our hospital, including 31 schwannomas, 19 meningiomas, 6 epidermoid cysts , 4 arachnoid cysts, 3 cavernous angiomas, 2 astrocytomas and 2 metastatic tumors from brain medulloblastoma.
     方法经一侧半椎板显微切除69例椎管内肿瘤,其中神经鞘瘤31例,脊膜瘤19例,上皮样囊肿6例,蛛网膜囊肿4例,海绵状瘤3例,室管膜瘤2例,星形细胞瘤2例,髓母细胞瘤椎管转移2例。
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  “epidermoid cysts”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The mean ADC of 4 epidermoid cysts was 87.1×10 -5 mm 2/s, which was significantly lower than that of CSF but slightly higher than that of brain tissues.
     病灶(4例)ADC均值为87.1×10-5mm2/s,明显低于脑脊液,但略高于对侧正常脑组织。
短句来源
     Pathological diagnosis included 21 gliomas, 14 germ cell tumors, 7 meningiomas, 7 teratomas, 6 epidermoid cysts, 4 gelatine hyperplasias, 3 dermoid cysts, 2 meninges cysts, 2 arachnoid cysts, 1 chordoma, 1 vascular malformation, 1 pituitary adenoma and 1 Galen vessel malformation.
     病理诊断胶质瘤 2 1例 ,生殖细胞瘤 14例 ,脑膜瘤 7例 ,畸胎瘤 7例 ,胆脂瘤 6例 ,胶质增生 4例 ,皮样囊肿 3例 ,脑膜囊肿 2例 ,蛛网膜囊肿 2例 ,脊索瘤、血管畸形、垂体腺瘤、Galen静脉瘤各 1例 ;
短句来源
     Results 16 patients were operated with the technigue: 2 pineal gliomas, 3 chlesteatomas, 2 heamangioblaetomas of cerebellar top, 3 germinomas, 2 epidermoid cysts, 1 meningioma of tentorial apex, 1 teratoma, 1 aneurysm of the great vein of Galen and 1 arachnoidal cyst.
     结果采用此入路进行16例松果体区的肿瘤手术,其中松果体胶质瘤2例,胆脂瘤3例,小脑山坡血管母细胞瘤2例,生殖细胞瘤3例,皮样囊肿2例,小脑幕顶脑膜瘤1例,畸胎瘤1例,Galen静脉性动脉瘤1例,蛛网膜囊肿1例。
短句来源
     Results Of 15 cases of intracranial epidermoid cysts,8 were located in the cerebellopontine angle,2 in the parasellar,2 in the clivus,and 1 case was located in the trigone of lateral ventricle,fourth ventricle and occiput respectively.
     结果在本组病例中,桥小脑角区8例,鞍旁2例,斜坡区2例,枕骨1例,侧脑室三角部、第四脑室各1例。
短句来源
     Conclusion Orbital CT scanning is an effective way in the diagnosis of intraorbital dermoid and epidermoid cysts for determining its nature and location.
     结论 肿块密度不均匀 ,有负CT值区、眶骨壁发生改变是眼眶皮样囊肿的特征性表现 ,CT检查具有定性、定位诊断价值。
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  epidermoid cysts
Malignant transformation of epidermoid cysts into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) rarely occurs.
      
Newly identified contrast enhancement strongly indicates malignant change in epidermoid cysts.
      
Careful observation, employing serial magnetic resonance images, is necessary for incompletely resected epidermoid cysts because intervals before malignant transformation reportedly range from 3 months to 33 years.
      
Malignant transformation of benign epidermoid cysts is rare and their prognosis remains poor.
      
Majority of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors are acoustic neuromas, while bulk of the non-acoustic tumors are formed by meningiomas and epidermoid cysts.
      
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Congenital epithelial cyst withinthe spinal canal, which is unlikeeither dermoid or epidermoid cyst isof very rare occurrence. A clinicopa-thological report of 5 such cases: 3enterogenous cysts, a bronchiogeniccyst and a teratomatous cyst arepresented here. Problems concerning thecontroversial nomenclature of theserare lesions are discussed with abrief review of the related literature.We prefer to use the terms abovementioned on account of their originsand pathological characteristics....

Congenital epithelial cyst withinthe spinal canal, which is unlikeeither dermoid or epidermoid cyst isof very rare occurrence. A clinicopa-thological report of 5 such cases: 3enterogenous cysts, a bronchiogeniccyst and a teratomatous cyst arepresented here. Problems concerning thecontroversial nomenclature of theserare lesions are discussed with abrief review of the related literature.We prefer to use the terms abovementioned on account of their originsand pathological characteristics. The possible origin and develop-ment theories about the enterogenouscyst with spinal column anomalies havebeen reviewed with reference to theliterature: "Notochordal theory", "Neu-renteric connexiong", "Split notochordsyndrome", etc. The bronchiogenic cystas a variation of enterogenous cysthas the same origin as the entergenic.The embryonal rests of primordialgerm cells are the cause of theteratomatous cyst. Pathologically these three kinds ofcongenital cysts have the same endo-dermal epithelial walls. Enterogenouscysts (case 1-3) and bronchiogenic cyst(case 4) have the same characteristicsas the epithelia of the intestine andbronchus respectively. But teratomatouscyst (case 5) is characterized first bythe disorderly grouping of the varioustissue elements. It also differs from thegastrocystoma or bronchiogenic cyst ofthe spinal canal reported in differentia-tion and function. Ependymal cystwhich has the same structure as entero-genous cyst can be differentiated byphosphotungstic hemotoxylin stain toshow the blepharoblast in cytoplasm.Moreover ependymal cyst mostly occursintracranilly and seldom within thespinal cord. Severe radicular pain and subse-quent progressive compression of spinalcord are the common clinical featuresin the patients with these congenitalintraspinal cysts. The episodic natureof the history suggests that the cystscompress the spinal cord at intervalsdue to slow filling of the cyst withmucinous secretion followed by spontan-eous rapture or due to the inbalancebetween the secretion and absorption ofintracystic mucous fluid. The entero- genous or bronchiogenic cysts occurin a ventral or intramedullary position,most commonly near the cervico-thoracic junction, in young patients. Themajority of teratomatous cysts havebeen found dorsal or dorso-lateral tothe spinal cord. The ratio betweenmen and women affected is 3:1. Theintraspinal cysts are usually associatedwith congenital vertebral or neurolo-gical anomalies, such as occult spinabifida meningomyelocele, hemivertebralor spondylolisthesis, widening of theverterbral canal, diastematomyelia orArnold-Chiari malformations. Totalremoval of the cyst will result in aremarkable improvement of neurologi-cal deficits.

本文报告极罕见的非皮样或非表皮样的椎管内上皮性囊肿,其中包括肠源性囊肿3例,支气管源性和畸胎瘤性囊肿各1例。结合文献复习,对其起源、命名、病理及临床等问题进行了讨论。

Epidermoid cyst of the vocal cord is oae of the rare causes of hoarse voice. Eleven cases of progressive haarseness due to epidsrnoid cyst, diagnosed by pathologic biopsy were reported. Under the unkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium of voice cord, some cysts lined with epithelial layers, with stratified keratinized material retained inside. After operation performed through indirect laryngoscope or Olympus BF B3 flexible fiber bronchoscope, patients'voice recovered exssleatly and no...

Epidermoid cyst of the vocal cord is oae of the rare causes of hoarse voice. Eleven cases of progressive haarseness due to epidsrnoid cyst, diagnosed by pathologic biopsy were reported. Under the unkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium of voice cord, some cysts lined with epithelial layers, with stratified keratinized material retained inside. After operation performed through indirect laryngoscope or Olympus BF B3 flexible fiber bronchoscope, patients'voice recovered exssleatly and no reeurrenc e was observed after a ten vear ollow-up study.

声带表皮样囊肿是声嘶罕见原因之一。本文报告了11例渐进性声嘶,经手术后病理证实为声带表皮样囊肿的病人。囊肿位于声带粘膜与肌肉之间的结缔组织中,内含角质。多认为是胚胎期外胚层迷路而发生,或由于声带显微外伤后表皮植入而形成。于间接喉镜下或 Olympus BF B_3型纤维支气管镜下手术切除,预后良好,随访无复发。

This study reports the application of argyrophilia of the NOR (AgNOR) staining to differentiate malignant lymphoma and chronic lymphadenitis. Aspirative smear samples from lymph nodes of 115 eases including 43 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 3 Hodgkin's disease, 56 chronic non specific lymphadenitis, 7 tuberculosis, 6 reactive hyperplasia and 5 samples from other diseases (epidermoid cyst, branchial cyst, mixed tumor, lymphoepithelioma and nodulous disease)were investigated.The number of AgNOR in 200 cells...

This study reports the application of argyrophilia of the NOR (AgNOR) staining to differentiate malignant lymphoma and chronic lymphadenitis. Aspirative smear samples from lymph nodes of 115 eases including 43 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 3 Hodgkin's disease, 56 chronic non specific lymphadenitis, 7 tuberculosis, 6 reactive hyperplasia and 5 samples from other diseases (epidermoid cyst, branchial cyst, mixed tumor, lymphoepithelioma and nodulous disease)were investigated.The number of AgNOR in 200 cells of each sample was counted and the mean ±SD in each disease was calculated as follows: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 6.58± 2.37, Hodgkin' s disease 4.22 ± 0.5, chronic lymphadenitis 1.16 ± 0.1, tuberculosis 1.13 ± 0.14, reactive hyperplasia 1.48 ± 0.2, 5 cases of other disease 1.47 ± 0.31. The results indicate that the AgNOR count in malignant lymphoma differs highly significantly from the benign diseases(P<0.001); the count from non-Hodgkin'e lymphoma also differs highly significantly from chronic lymphadenitis (P< 0.001).

本文应用核仁组成区嗜银蛋白(AgNOR)染色法对120例穿刺细胞涂片进行了研究,每例均在高倍镜下随机计数200个细胞,其结果如下:非何杰金淋巴瘤43例,6.58±2.37,何杰金病3例,4.22±0.5,慢性淋巴结炎56例,1.16±0.1,淋巴结结核7例,1.13±0.14,淋巴结反应性增生6例,1.48±0.2,表皮样囊肿1例,1.95,腮裂囊肿1例,1.37,混合瘤1例,1.67,淋巴上皮瘤1例,1.29,结节病1例,1.11。结果表明AgNOR染色对鉴别良恶性疾患是十分有意义的。46例恶性淋巴瘤与74例良性疾患AgNOR数目上的区别是非常显著的(P<0.001),非何杰金淋巴瘤与慢性淋巴结炎的区别也是非常显著的(P<0.001)。

 
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