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between generations
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  代际
     The principles of water resources sustainable utilization should keep to principles of regional fairness, fairness between generations,demand management and sustainable.
     水资源可持续利用的原则应遵循区域公平原则、代际公平原则、需求管理原则、可持续利用原则。
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     (5) Pursue the equity between generations to generation.
     (5)以代际公平为目标。
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     A Study on Wealth Equilibrium between Generations in Sustainable Development
     可持续发展中的代际财富均衡问题研究
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     For students, it is requested that they pay attention to environmental problems, set up the belief of life-long study, build up co-operative consciousness, appreciate the humanistic care to society and others, develop the consciousness of justice between generations and sustainable development.
     对学生而言,他们应关心环境问题,树立终身学习的观念、增强协作意识、体会人与自然的和谐及对社会和他人的人文关怀、养成代际公平及可持续发展的意识;
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     We discuss the problem of the models, which are commonly used in evolutionary game theory, i.e. the difference between the fitness of population (or expected payoff value) following a certain strategy and the average fitness of the entire population following the strategy between generations.
     本文针对复制者动态(Replicator Dynamics)解释演化过程的模型构造和研究脉络,讨论演化博弈论常用模型存在的问题,即“某策略个体的期望收益与群体的平均期望收益的差值”(适应度)决定策略类型代际的变化率是利用博弈完成之后的结果解释该轮发生之前现象。
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  世代间
     The repeatability of 7 main economic characters between generations of S Ⅰ and S Ⅱ PC, and between S Ⅰ and S Ⅱ SC was studied, using the matherials such as seedling generation from 9 combinations of 3 × 3 NC Ⅱ design (S Ⅰ ), stubble cane generation from seedling (S Ⅱ SC) and cane newly planted in single line (S Ⅱ PC).
     以3×3NCⅡ设计的9个组合的实生苗世代(SⅠ),实生苗宿根世代(SⅡSC)和入选的单系新植(SⅡPC)为材料,研究了SⅠ与SⅡPC、SⅠ与SⅡSC世代间7个重要经济性状的重演力。
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     The Transfer Mode of Diflubenzuron in Between Generations of Mulberry Borer Apriona germari ( Hope) (Coleoptera:Cerambycidae)
     灭幼脲在桑天牛Apriona germari (Hope)世代间的传递机制
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     Genetic analysis of quantitative traits in Nicotiana tobaccum Ⅱ. Genetic variation between generations
     红花烟草数量性状的遗传研究 Ⅱ.部分性状的世代间遗传变异
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     The results showed that it was effective to select lines according to appearance characters of PGWC,DEC and GET in F4-F6.There existed good relationship between generations in appearance characters. When the plants showed the first class of National Standard for High Quality on appearance quality in F4 and F5,70% of the plants in the next generation would also meet the first-class standard.
     结果表明,在F4~F6代对垩白粒率、垩白度和透明度等外观品质进行选择的效果较好,上下世代间外观品质的表现有明显的相关关系,在F4和F5代外观品质达国际一级的单株,其下一代有70%以上单株的外观品质仍可达到一级标准。
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     There appeared pretty high heritability val-ues estimated from correlation between generations for oil content,protein content,days tomaturity,100-seed weight,plant height,and number of nodes on main stem,which indicatedthat high selection pressure could be put in early generations.
     由世代间相关估计的遗传力,脂肪及蛋白质含量、生育期、百粒重、株高、主茎节数等性状甚高,适于早代严格选择;
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  “between generations”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Family analysis of 54 abnormal Hb revealed that there was a genetic relationship between generations.
     另对54例异常 Hb 首证者进行了家系分析,均出现有上下代遗传关系。
短句来源
     Methods Nine physiological and 9 biochemical blood parameters in original and F1 generations of Tibet mini-pigs raised in subtropical area were measured and the differences between generations and between both sexes were analyzed.
     方法常规方法测定原代和F1代西藏小型猪血液的9项生理和9项生化指标,比较两代之间以及雌、雄之间的不同,并与其他实验动物及人类的同类指标进行对比分析。
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     Results All the children had an early age of onset in contrast to that of parents. Expansion of CTG repeat numbers between generations on average was 1031. CTG repeat numbers had a reversal correlation with age of onset in DM(r= 0.34, P <0.05).
     结果 子代发病年龄较亲代均有提前 ,代间 CTG重复数平均扩增 10 31次 ,CTG重复数与发病年龄间呈负相关 (r值 =- 0 .34,P<0 .0 5 )。
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     Coincidence of latus was found in 2/3 of the patients throughout the generations,and discordance was found in 1/3.Conclusion:It seems that the pathogenic genes in congenital preauricular fistula were transmitted in a mode of somatic dominant inheritance between generations with irregular dominance in 2/3 cases,but in the remaining 1/3 cases the mode of transmission could not be cxplained by Mendel′s law and needs further study.
     先天性耳前瘘管的遗传方式,2/3病例是按常染色体显性遗传,但有不规则显性遗传; 1/3病例用此解释不通,与孟德尔遗传定律有不同之处,需深入研究。
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     Talent's age composition of high skill is on the high side, the gaps between generations of technician , senior technician;
     高技能人才年龄构成偏高,技师、高级技师青黄不接;
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  between generations
The implications of these changes for the transmission of knowledge and values between generations for Perinatal Mental Health Services are described.
      
Linear regression models show that mother's age at menarche predicts daughter's age at menarche only under the condition of contextual continuity between generations, which was the case in the West German sample only.
      
Human capital investment and optimum resource transfer between generations
      
It thus views the social discount question as one of justice between generations under conditions of individual uncertainty over position, rather than as one generation's paternalism or altruism for the next generation.
      
The probability of the decay of a muon into an electron and a familon (a Goldstone boson corresponding to the breaking of global symmetry between generations of fermions) in a constant, uniform magnetic field is calculated.
      
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Since 1957 crosses between O.Sativa L.Subsp.Hsien and O.Sativa L.Subsp.Keng havebeen made with the object of breeding rice varieties possessing useful characteristics of thetwo subspecies.In the course of breeding studies,special attention was paid to the inheri-tance of the following characters,viz,heading date,fertility,number of florets per panicleand weight of grains.Hybrid vigor expressed in germination potentiality,tillering capacity and quantity ofvegetable growth of the F_1 hybrids was observed in comparison...

Since 1957 crosses between O.Sativa L.Subsp.Hsien and O.Sativa L.Subsp.Keng havebeen made with the object of breeding rice varieties possessing useful characteristics of thetwo subspecies.In the course of breeding studies,special attention was paid to the inheri-tance of the following characters,viz,heading date,fertility,number of florets per panicleand weight of grains.Hybrid vigor expressed in germination potentiality,tillering capacity and quantity ofvegetable growth of the F_1 hybrids was observed in comparison with their immediateparents.Cases of the so called transgressive inheritance in the hybrid generations,especiallyin F_2 and F_3 were registered,which involved both morphological and physiological characteris-tics.Many new characters and traits had never been seen in parents appeared in thesegenerations.Variations of heading date in the hybrid generations showed that(1)the F_1generations almost entirely turned out to be significantly late;(2)the range of variation ofheading date was smaller in F_1 and larger in F_2 and F_3,and tending to be smaller again in thesuccessive generations,while from F_4 on,lines with stable heading date may be established;and (3) in F_5 lines with stable heading date increased,but a differentiation into early and im-mediate ripening forms in the intermediate ripening lines was observed in this generation,which had not been found in the selected early lines.The mean fertility of F_1 based on 6 combinations of crosses,ranged from 18.7 to 67.0%.It could be promoted naturally as generations continued,although faster in the early genera-tions than in the later ones.Due to the result of directed selection in some F_4 lines the per-centage of individuals with fertility of over 70% already rose to 63.5%,and lines with fertilityand its range of variation similar to parents began to appear in F_5.However,the fertility re-mained rather unstable even in this generation.The number of florets per panicle in the hybrid generations showed a tendency of trans-gressive variation with the continuing appearance of large-panicled material which had beenselected as new stable lines in F_5.The range of variation is much larger in F_2 and F_3 thanin other generations,while the mean florets per panicle decreased with the succeeding genera-tions.Directed selection seemed to show positive influence on the enhance of the number offlorets per panicle. Inheritance of weight of grains was found to be rather stable in comparison withother characters except the heading date.Differences in range of variation and in meanweight of grains between generations were not significant,whereas significance differ-ences were observed between different selected lines,and the seed weight between parent andoffspring was positively correlated from F_3 to F_5.Preliminary analyses of the inheritance of those characteristics described above took usto assume that time sequence of tending to genetic stability would exist with the heading dateat first and then with the height of plant,seed weight and awnness followed.The variationof floret number per panicle and fertility seemed to be uneasy to fix.Further studies areneeded, not only for the sake of deepening our knowledge but for enhancing the efficiencyof selection in rice breeding studies.

作者研究了秈粳杂种的生育特性及结实性等经济性状的遗传变异,认为以出穗期为主要指标进行选择,结合其他性状的变异动态,逐步确立优良系统,有助于提高选择的效率,和建立较为合理的杂交育种程序与方法。

Abnormai hemoglobin was investigated with electrophoretic scanning examin- ation in 45,335 healthy people at 34 county towns of 14 administrative regions (or cities)in Anhui province.Among them 85 cases of abnormal Hb(0.187% )were de- tected,consisting of five types:Hb H,Hb J(containing K),Hb G(containing D), Hb E,and Hb A'2.In analysis of abnormal Hb in 30 cases 10%()-globin variants and 90%β-globin variants were found.According to the primaary structure analysis of abnormal Hb in 15 cases there were Hb Coushatta...

Abnormai hemoglobin was investigated with electrophoretic scanning examin- ation in 45,335 healthy people at 34 county towns of 14 administrative regions (or cities)in Anhui province.Among them 85 cases of abnormal Hb(0.187% )were de- tected,consisting of five types:Hb H,Hb J(containing K),Hb G(containing D), Hb E,and Hb A'2.In analysis of abnormal Hb in 30 cases 10%()-globin variants and 90%β-globin variants were found.According to the primaary structure analysis of abnormal Hb in 15 cases there were Hb Coushatta (β~(22)Glu→Ala),Hb Taipei (β~(22)Glu→Gly),Hb Bangkok (β~(56)Gly→Asp),Hb Queen (()~(34)Le()→Arg),Hb New York (β~(113)Cal→Glu )and Hb E(β~(26)Glu→Lys).Family analysis of 54 abnormal Hb revealed that there was a genetic relationship between generations.

本文对安徽省十四个地区(市)三十四个县级以上城镇45,335例健康人群进行了血红蛋白电泳普查,发现 Hb 电泳异常者85例,阳性检出率0.187%。异常 Hb 有 H、J(含 K)、G(含 D)、A’_2、E 五种组型,包括了国内已发现的所有组型。曾对30例异常 Hb 肽链分析,发现-链异常者仅占10%,β-链异常者占90%。又对15例异常 Hb 作一级结构分析,发现有 HbG Coushatta(β~(22)谷→丙)、Hb Taipei(β~22)谷→甘)、Hb Bangkok(β~(56)甘→天冬)、Hb Qucen(~(34)亮→精)、Hb New York(B~(113)缬→谷)、HbE(β~(26)谷→赖)。另对54例异常 Hb 首证者进行了家系分析,均出现有上下代遗传关系。

Citrus nematodiasis is one of major diseases on citrus plants. According to a incomplete investigation during 1983-1985 in Sichuan, this kind of diseasewas found in all 19 counties, from which the samples of investigation were taken, and the incidences of this kind of disease come up to 100%.When a citrus plant was infected by nematodes, its leaves turned yellow and defoliated, then its tops died back and its roots rotted away, and as a result, its yield decreased significantly. More than ten species of...

Citrus nematodiasis is one of major diseases on citrus plants. According to a incomplete investigation during 1983-1985 in Sichuan, this kind of diseasewas found in all 19 counties, from which the samples of investigation were taken, and the incidences of this kind of disease come up to 100%.When a citrus plant was infected by nematodes, its leaves turned yellow and defoliated, then its tops died back and its roots rotted away, and as a result, its yield decreased significantly. More than ten species of Citrus nematodes have been found in Sichuan, among them, the dominant one is Tylenchulus semi-penetrans. The systimatic investigation in field showed that T.semipenetrans could reproduce ten generations (the tenth was incomplete) annully in Jiana-jin county, Sichuan province, the development for each genenation needs about 17-42 days, and the overlaps between generations were obviously. The soil temperature from 18° to 24.6℃ was advantageous for the growth and development of nematodes. Those orchards, whose soils were sand or sandy loam and with pH 5.6-8, were infected widespreadly and seriously. If the crops of Nightshade family or Legulmina were interplanted in citrus orchards, this disease would be accelerated. According to preliminary investigations, crthe differences of susceptibility and resistibility to the disease among roots-tock varieties were significant, among which, tugan, sunkic Citrus reticulate Blanco) ,Lemon (C.limon Burn.f.) and Sweet orange (C.smenszs L.Osb.) etc.were most susceptible, while trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliate Ra-f.) and kwigan (C.Pyrigormis Hort.) were relatively resistant.

柑桔线虫病是柑桔类果树的重要病害。据1983~1985年在四川不完全调查,抽样调查的19个县(市)均发现此病,重病园发病率达100%,产量明显下降。致病线虫在四川已发现10余种,其优势种为柑桔根线虫(桔垫刃线虫,Tylechulussemipenetrans cobb)。据田间系统观察,柑桔根线虫在四川江津一年发生不完整10代,约17~42天完成一代,世代重叠明显。土温18~24℃利于线虫生长发育;砂土和砂壤土,pH值5.6~8的果园,发病普遍且重;柑园间种茄科、豆科作物可加重此病的发生。砧木品种中,感抗差异较显著。据初步调查,土柑、柠檬、酸桔、甜橙等最感病,枳和夔柑较抗病。

 
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