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endurance
相关语句
  耐力
    SIGNIFICANCE OF ANAEROBIC THRESHOLD IN THE PREDICTION AND DETERMINATION OF ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE IN ATHLETES
    无氧阈测定在耐力运动员中的预测和评定能力的意义
短句来源
    EFFECTS OF ENDURANCE EXERCISE ON METABOLISM OF ZINC AND COPPER
    耐力性运动对锌、铜代谢的影响
短句来源
    Quantitative Electron Microscopy of Spinal Ventral Horn in Rats after Endurance Training
    耐力训练后脊髓前角细胞线粒体的电镜定量研究
短句来源
    DATA SOURCES:Using the terms of "endurance,exercise,gene",we searched the MEDLINE database to identify studies published in English from January 1990 to December 2005,and searched the China Journal Full-text Database and Weipu database from January 2000 to December 2005 with the same terms in Chinese.
    资料来源:应用计算机检索Medline数据库1990-01/2005-12的相关文章,检索词“endurance,exercise,gene”,限定文章语言种类为English,同时计算机检索中国全文期刊数据库和维普中文期刊数据库2000-01/2005-12的相关文章,检索词“耐力,运动,基因”,限定文章语言种类为中文。
短句来源
    (4) Endurance training reduced MDA production and serum CK level in SG significantly (P<0.05). The production of MDA increased in groups with supplementation of L-Arg. However,serum CK decreased while the dose of L-Arg increased.
    (4)耐力训练能够使安静大鼠股外肌MDA和血清CK显著减少(P<0.05),补充L-Arg会增加经过耐力训练的大鼠安静状态下股外肌MDA生成(P<0.01),但血清CK浓度则下降,并且下降趋势随补充L-Arg剂量增加而增加。
短句来源
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  “endurance”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Effect of rIL-2 on the Immune Function in Endurance Trained Mice
    rIL-2对长期训练小鼠免疫功能的影响
短句来源
    Conclusions Normal bile duct possesses good endurance to 192Ir-internal irradiation.
    结论正常胆管对192Ir内照射有良好的耐受性。
短句来源
    Within the safest endurance limit of 50 Gy the effective irradiation field could reach 15 mm from the involved bile duct.
    在胆管最大安全耐受剂量50 Gy时,经胆管192Ir内照射有效的治疗范围可达15 mm。
短句来源
    HSP70 plays a critical biological role in cells' stress protection, heat endurance, apoptosis, inflammation, and immunity reaction.
    HSP70在细胞应激保护、热耐受、凋亡、炎症与免疫反应中均发挥其重要的生物学效应。
短句来源
    (3) During the 8~10 min balancing period,the oxygen partial pressure in the vicinity of the mouth ranged from 15.0 to 16.4 kPa,which was slightly hypoxic,and the range of the carbon dioxide partial pressure was 5.21 to 6.49 kPa,which was within the CO 2 concentration time curve of human physiological endurance;
    (3 )在 8~ 1 0min的平衡时间内 ,口前区O2 分压在 1 5.0~1 6 .4kPa范围内 ,处于轻度缺氧状态 ; CO2 分压在 5.2 1~ 6 .49kPa的范围内 ,处于生理可耐受的时间-浓度曲线范围 ;
短句来源
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  endurance
It is shown that the rigidity and heat endurance of cryogels rise with an increase in the concentration of initial PVA solution and a decrease in the rate of thawing.
      
Based on this information, the integral self-rating of the intensity of the physical load and its endurance is formed in the sensory CNS sphere, with one of the signals to stop the work being the feeling of shortness of breath.
      
The relationship between the rheological blood properties and several indices of age-related erythrocyte structure was established in endurance-training athletes (n = 21).
      
Erythrocyte aggregation (examined microscopically in diluted blood), lipid and protein plasma profiles, and fibrinolytic activity were studied in endurance athletes.
      
The main bioenergetic qualities-the alactic anaerobic, glycolytic anaerobic, and aerobic potentials-are the main factors of endurance in athletes.
      
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Twenty-five Chinese oarsmen were tested for VO_2 max and AT in the process of progressivebicycle ergometer exercises with work load initially set at 50 watts and increased to 50 wattsevery three minutes till exhaustion. Cardiopulmonary data were obtained concerning heart rate andoxygen consumption both at rest and exercise, through continuous automatic recording by usingSIREGNOST FD 88 S. Lactate was also measured on blood samples taken from ear lobes. The results showed an average of 180 beats/min for HRmax,...

Twenty-five Chinese oarsmen were tested for VO_2 max and AT in the process of progressivebicycle ergometer exercises with work load initially set at 50 watts and increased to 50 wattsevery three minutes till exhaustion. Cardiopulmonary data were obtained concerning heart rate andoxygen consumption both at rest and exercise, through continuous automatic recording by usingSIREGNOST FD 88 S. Lactate was also measured on blood samples taken from ear lobes. The results showed an average of 180 beats/min for HRmax, 3.76 1/min (48.75 ml/kg/min) forVO_2max, 1l7 1/min for VEmax, 21 ml/beats for O_2 Pmax and 71% of maximal oxygen uptake forAT, all of which were much lower than those obtained from ranking oarsmen in other countries. Theabsolute values of VO_2max in Chinese oarsmen were similar to those recorded in Chinese athletes ofother endurance events, but a bit lower in relative values. The top oarsmen were better in terms ofmaximal aerobic capacity, especially in PWC_170, AT (watts) and absolute VO_2max (P<0.05) The analysis indicated that our subjects' smaller aerobic power values might be related to theiroriginal lower levels and subsequent insufficient training work load and intensity. It is therefore suggested that to improve the oarsmen's aerobic capacity, morphological andfunctional requirements specific to rowing be considered in selection, that emphasis be laid onindividual training rather than an crew training, while taking into account their differences inanaerobic threshold.

作者对25名男子划船运动员进行了最大有氧代谢能力和无氧阈的测定,发现上述指标均低于国外同项运动员及国内其他耐力运动员,作者认为主要原因是训练量与强度不足,并从选材与训练安排上提出了改进意见。

Anaerobic threshold (AT) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO_2max) were determined by automatedanalysis using a computer-assisted on-line Jaeger EOS system for 30 oarsmen and 35 untrainedcollege students. A step-wise incremental cycle ergometer test until exhaustion was used to measurethe maximal and submaximl values of metabolic variables. AT was determined according to venti-lation and gas exchange measurements. The peak VO_2 values obtained during the test wasrecorded as the subject's VO_2max. The results showed...

Anaerobic threshold (AT) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO_2max) were determined by automatedanalysis using a computer-assisted on-line Jaeger EOS system for 30 oarsmen and 35 untrainedcollege students. A step-wise incremental cycle ergometer test until exhaustion was used to measurethe maximal and submaximl values of metabolic variables. AT was determined according to venti-lation and gas exchange measurements. The peak VO_2 values obtained during the test wasrecorded as the subject's VO_2max. The results showed that both the VO_2max and the AT of oarsmen were significantly higher than the students'. The correlation between AT (VO_2, 1/min) and VO_2max(1/min) was significant (r=0.89). The results suggest that non-invasive determination of AT couldbe used to evaluate the endurance level of oarsmen and determine the intensity of training sessions,but this requires an assessment of the individual' heart rates.

本文用无创性方法测定了30名划船运动员的无氧阈及最大吸氧量,作者认为可以根据无氧阈心率选择合理的训练强度与评价运动员的耐力水平。

In order to study the different characteristics of left ventricular structure and function in differentcategories of athletes, determine the effects of three kinds of exercise on cardiovascular system, threegroups of well-trained athletes (ie, endurance, sprint and strength group) and untrained group werestudied by echocardiographic technic, each group consisted of 28 men aged 18-28. The main resultsare summarized as follows: (1) The index of left ventricular diameter, aortic root dimension, and theindex...

In order to study the different characteristics of left ventricular structure and function in differentcategories of athletes, determine the effects of three kinds of exercise on cardiovascular system, threegroups of well-trained athletes (ie, endurance, sprint and strength group) and untrained group werestudied by echocardiographic technic, each group consisted of 28 men aged 18-28. The main resultsare summarized as follows: (1) The index of left ventricular diameter, aortic root dimension, and theindex of left ventricular mass, wall thickness were much greater in the endurance group than in theother three groups (p<0.01), while in the sprint and strength group only the left ventricular mass andwall thickness indexes were slightly higher than in the control group (p<0.05), which closely relatesto the different change of cardiac hemodynamics resulted from the long-term and strenuous trainingby various group of athletes, and meanwhile which reflects the fine adaptation of the change ofheart structure to the special training. (2) Three athlete groups (especialy endurance group) had alower heart rates and a higher stroke volume than untrained men, which means exercise training hadraised the mechanical efficiency of athlete's heart. (3) No significant difference in EF, ?D% andmVcf was not to be the sensitive targets for evaluating athlete's cardiac function.

应用超声心动图方法对耐力、力量、速度三组84名优秀运动员及常人对照组的心脏作了对比研究。结果提示:三类运动员心脏结构功能的特点不同;耐力运动员心脏结构功能变化最为明显。

 
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