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et
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  内皮素
    CORRELATIONS AMONG PLA2, TXA2/PGI2,FREE RADICALS AND ET IN RATS WITH CEREBRAL POSTISCHEMIC REPERFUSION
    脑缺血再灌注损伤中内皮素、自由基PLA_2、TXA_2/PGI_2的相互作用
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    ②Fifteen days after gastric administration of ethanol, the plasma NO content in rats at the perfusion dose of 0.5 g/kg per day was significantly increased (P < 0.01),while the ET content was remarkably decreased (P < 0.05).
    ②按乙醇量为0.5g/(kg·d)连续灌胃15d后,大鼠血浆一氧化氮含量明显增加(P<0.01),而血浆内皮素含量明显下降(P<0.05)。
短句来源
    Coccygeal blood pressure, blood viscosity, AT 1,ET 1, ROS in kidney and apoptosis in kidney were observed.
    埋泵前后小鼠尾测高血压,检测血液黏度、血管紧张素1(AT-1)、内皮素1(ET-1),肾组织中活性氧化物(ROS)、肾组织细胞凋亡情况。
    Content of ET 1 and its mRNA in the kidney of diabetic rats at early stages
    内皮素-1及其mRNA在早期糖尿病大鼠肾组织中的含量及其意义
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    The Effects of Caffeic Acid and Ferulic Acid on ET 1 of DOCA salt Hypertensive Rats
    咖啡酸、阿魏酸对醋酸去氧皮质酮-盐高血压大鼠内皮素1作用的研究
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  et
    Expression of messenger endothelin 1 (ET 1) RNAs and its receptor subunits (ETA,ETB)were studied by northern blot hybridization in rat kidney following renal ischemia reperfusion.
    为了探究内皮素1(ET1)对肾功能的影响和作用方式,采用斑点杂交和原位杂交方法对大鼠缺血60分钟再灌注肾组织ET1及其受体亚型(ETA、ETB)的基因表达进行了研究。
短句来源
    the histologic hepatic change was also observed The results showed that endotoxin can increase ET 1 level of liver tussue;
    观察了肝组织中ET1、一氧化氮(NO)、前列环素(PGI2)、乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)、丙二醛(MDA)、三磷酸腺苷(ATP)和肝组织学变化。 结果显示:内毒素能使肝组织ET1含量增加;
短句来源
    Conclusion Endogenous CO released from VSMCs has an inhibitive effect on VSMCs proliferation induced by endothelin 1 (ET 1).
    结论VSMCs产生的CO对ET1刺激的平滑肌细胞的增殖有抑制作用。
短句来源
    Objective To investigate expression of endothelin1 (ET1) and nitric oxide synthase(NOS) gene in gastric mucosa in the rats with cirrhosis and portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) after disconnective operation.
    目的研究肝硬化门静脉高压性胃病(PHG)大鼠断流术后胃粘膜内皮素1(ET1)、一氧化氮合酶(NOS)的基因表达,探讨ET1、NO是否参与断流术后PHG局部微循环改变。
短句来源
    Results ET1 mRNA decreased in the PHG rats as compared to the nomal rats (P<0.01). Further decrease was found in the postdisconnective rats (P<001).
    结果大鼠在肝硬化合并PHG时,ET1mRNA较正常减少(P<001),断流术后其变化更加明显(P<001);
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    Inhibitory effect of Tau on the fever induced by ET and EGTA
    牛磺酸对ET和EGTA性发热的降热效应
短句来源
    β-endorphin content changes in different brain regions and its mechanisms of action during LP and ET fever in rat zhang
    大鼠LP和ET发热时不同脑区β-EN含量变化及其作用机理的探讨
短句来源
    ABSTRACTSWu Yang,et al.Immunohistochemical localizationof HSP70 and
    受热家兔HSP70和Fn的免疫组织化学研究
短句来源
    Detection of the proliferation responses and IL-1,IL-2 activities of splenocytes in endotoxin(ET)-fever rats
    内毒素性发热时大鼠脾细胞增殖反应及IL-1、IL-2活性测定
短句来源
    ULTRASTRUCTURAL STUDIES ON OOGENESIS OF DICROCOELIUM CHINENSIS TANG ET TANG,1978(TREMATODA:DIGENEA)
    中华双腔吸虫(Dicrocoelium Chinensis Tang et Tang,1978)(Trematoda:Digenea)卵子发生的超微结构研究
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  et
On the basis of these solutions, two types of elliptic quantum groups have been introduced (Foda et al.
      
Points rationnels sur les espaces homogenes et leurs
      
Connexite et densite des representations irreductibles des groupes de surface dans le groupe general lineaire
      
Aliasing error bounds are derived for one- and two-channel sampling series analogous to the Whittaker-Kotel'nikov-Shannon series, and for the multi-band sampling series, and a "derivative" extension of it, due to Dodson, Beaty, et al.
      
We show that in this case any frame is a Riesz basis and our characterization of Riesz bases may be considered as a generalization of the theorems established by Coifman, et al.
      
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Bei 50 Kinderleichen((?)29,♀21)untersuchten wir den Ursprung,Verlauf,die Einmuendungsstelle und Klappenbildung des Ductus thoracicus.Bevor die Beobachtung begann,injezierten wit die Lymphonodi mesenterici und die beiderseitigen Lymphonodi iliaci et lumbales mit polychromer Injectionsmasse. Der Truncus intestinalis und die beiden Trunci lumbales bestanden ungefaehr 80% der Faelle nur aus einem Stamm.Die Einmuendungsstelle des Truncus intestinalis vera- endert sich gewaltig.Abet die Kombination der beiderseitigen...

Bei 50 Kinderleichen((?)29,♀21)untersuchten wir den Ursprung,Verlauf,die Einmuendungsstelle und Klappenbildung des Ductus thoracicus.Bevor die Beobachtung begann,injezierten wit die Lymphonodi mesenterici und die beiderseitigen Lymphonodi iliaci et lumbales mit polychromer Injectionsmasse. Der Truncus intestinalis und die beiden Trunci lumbales bestanden ungefaehr 80% der Faelle nur aus einem Stamm.Die Einmuendungsstelle des Truncus intestinalis vera- endert sich gewaltig.Abet die Kombination der beiderseitigen Trunci lumbales war doch immer bestaendig.Dadurch sollte der Ursprungspunkt des Ductus thoracicus unserer Meinung nach in der Kombinationsstelle der beiden Trunci lumbales bleiben.Der Urs- prungspunkt des Ductus thoracicus lag meistens(38%)in der Hoehe des ersten Lenden- wirbelkoerpers. Ungefaehr in 56% der Faelle besass der Ductus thoracicus die Cisterna chyli.Die Gestalt der Cisterna chyli konnte spindelfoermig,pyramidenfoermig,birnenfoermig,rhom- bisch oder perlschnurartig erweitert sein. Den unvollstaendigen vet doppelten Ductus thoracicus fanden wir in 8 Faelle.Mit Inselbildung gab es bei Brustteil 12 Faelle,bei Halsteil 6 Faelle.Der links von Aorta nach oben verlaufende Ductus thoracicus besass ein Fall. Die derDuctus thoracicus von rechts nach links umgebogene Stelle lag meistens (74%)in der Hoehe des vierten bzw.fuenften Brustwirbelkoerpers. Der Endteil des Ductus thoracicus war meistens(66%)unverzweigt und ungefaehr 82% der Faelle bogenfoermig.Der hoechste Punkt des Bogens lag in der Hoehe der sechsten und siebenten Halswirbelkoeper,und ungefaehr 1 cm ueber der Clavicula.Der Ductus thoracicus muendete meistens(48%)in den linken Angulus venosus ein. Beim Truncus jugularis sinister gab es 60% der Faelle,die direct in der Ductus thoracicus einmuendeten,beim Truncus subclavius sinister ungefaehr 53% der Faelle,beim Truncus bronchomediastinalis sinister ungefaehr 79% der Faelle. Die sich im Innen des Ductus thoracicus befundenen Klappen waren ungefaehr 88% der Faelle vorhanden.Die Zahl der Klappen war am haeufigsten nut eins,und hoechstens bis 19.Das Verbreitungsgebiet der Klappen war sehr breit,fast alle Stelle konnte sie vorhanden sein.Aber in der Einmuendungsstelle und in der Hoehe vom 2.bis zum 6. Brustwirbelkoerper waren sie ziemlich haeufig.

在50具儿童尸体上,借助注射法观察了胸导管的构成、形态、注入静脉的位置及瓣膜的存缺等问题。1.左、右腰干及肠干的数目极大多数都是一条。肠干的注入地点有很大变化,注入胸导管始端的只有34.0%。左右腰干的汇合是恒定的,故胸导管的始点以在左、右腰干汇合处为宜。始点多位于第1腰椎处,位于第12胸椎以上的有30.0%,在此情况下,胸导管便不具有腹部。 2.乳糜池的出现率为56.0%。其形态可为纺锤形、锥体形、念珠形、梨形或菱形。3.局部性双胸导管共发现8例。出现岛者胸部有12例,颈部有6例。左胸导管出现1例。注入右侧颈部静脉的异常胸导管及与右淋巴导管间的吻合支均未发现。4.胸导管由右向左偏斜的位置多在第4及第5胸椎处。5.胸导管末端呈单干型者占多数(66.0%)。末端呈弓形者占82.0%,弓的顶点越过锁骨约1厘米,多数都在第6及第7颈椎处。胸导管的注入地点以左静脉角处较多见(48.0%)。6.左颈干注入胸导管的占60.0%,左锁骨下干注入胸导管的占52.9%,左支气管纵隔干注入胸导管的占78.6%。7.胸导管具有瓣膜的共44例(88.0%)。瓣膜的数目以1个的较常见(22.7%),最多的可达19个。开口处具有瓣膜的占...

在50具儿童尸体上,借助注射法观察了胸导管的构成、形态、注入静脉的位置及瓣膜的存缺等问题。1.左、右腰干及肠干的数目极大多数都是一条。肠干的注入地点有很大变化,注入胸导管始端的只有34.0%。左右腰干的汇合是恒定的,故胸导管的始点以在左、右腰干汇合处为宜。始点多位于第1腰椎处,位于第12胸椎以上的有30.0%,在此情况下,胸导管便不具有腹部。 2.乳糜池的出现率为56.0%。其形态可为纺锤形、锥体形、念珠形、梨形或菱形。3.局部性双胸导管共发现8例。出现岛者胸部有12例,颈部有6例。左胸导管出现1例。注入右侧颈部静脉的异常胸导管及与右淋巴导管间的吻合支均未发现。4.胸导管由右向左偏斜的位置多在第4及第5胸椎处。5.胸导管末端呈单干型者占多数(66.0%)。末端呈弓形者占82.0%,弓的顶点越过锁骨约1厘米,多数都在第6及第7颈椎处。胸导管的注入地点以左静脉角处较多见(48.0%)。6.左颈干注入胸导管的占60.0%,左锁骨下干注入胸导管的占52.9%,左支气管纵隔干注入胸导管的占78.6%。7.胸导管具有瓣膜的共44例(88.0%)。瓣膜的数目以1个的较常见(22.7%),最多的可达19个。开口处具有瓣膜的占多数(70.4%),其次,以第6至第2胸椎处的瓣膜较集中。成对的瓣膜占59.0%,单瓣的只占41.0%。

The basic methods adopted in the present series of experiments werethe same as described in previous reports (Wang Zhengyi, et al, 1964,1966). Further observations showed that the average volumes of bloodwithdrawn by each female and male worm as estimated in the conven-tional way were 0.0431 (±0.0396) and 0.0129 * ml/day respectively. Thedynamic status of the hookworm population within the intestine seemedto indicate that on the average only about 42.02 per cent of the wormswas attached to the intestinal...

The basic methods adopted in the present series of experiments werethe same as described in previous reports (Wang Zhengyi, et al, 1964,1966). Further observations showed that the average volumes of bloodwithdrawn by each female and male worm as estimated in the conven-tional way were 0.0431 (±0.0396) and 0.0129 * ml/day respectively. Thedynamic status of the hookworm population within the intestine seemedto indicate that on the average only about 42.02 per cent of the wormswas attached to the intestinal wall, actively sucking blood. The aboveaverages, therefore, had to be corrected by a factor 42.02%, thus beco-ming 0.0181(±0.0166) and 0.0054 respectively. Observations made on 35 female and 14 male worms also showed thatthe amount of blood oozed out from the biting wound while the wormwas actively sucking blood averaged 0.0461 (±0.0391) and 0.0158 ml/dayrespectively. As this type of blood loss was entirely synchronous withthe blood-sucking process, evidently thoee values should also be correc-ted by the same factor (i.e.,42.02%), and the corrected value thusbecame 0.0194(±0.0164) and 0.0066 ml/day respectively. Observations made on 37 female and 13 male worms showed that eachworm made in average 3.9 shifts within 24 hours. After correction bythis factor (3.9) the blood lost through shifting positions for the female and male worms was 0.0015 and 0.0003 ml/day respectively. The totalblood loss in terms of ml/day/worm was 0.0390 and 0.0123 for femaleand male worm respectively.

本文首次报导了钩虫在宿主肠道中的动态分布和活动规律,以及钩虫在吸血活动过程中使宿主丧失血液的各种不同途径和由之所导致的宿主失血量。

Lesions in the rignt (?) colliculus were made in 8 albino rats and the efferent projections were studied by Nauta's technique with the following results:Ipsilateral projections: The overwhelming majority of the degenerating fibers runs by way of the inferior quadrigeminal brachium, a small part of which terminating in the reticular nucleus of the lateral tegmentum of the midbrain and the major part of which terminating in the magnocellular and the parvicellular divisions of the medial geniculate body. A smaller...

Lesions in the rignt (?) colliculus were made in 8 albino rats and the efferent projections were studied by Nauta's technique with the following results:Ipsilateral projections: The overwhelming majority of the degenerating fibers runs by way of the inferior quadrigeminal brachium, a small part of which terminating in the reticular nucleus of the lateral tegmentum of the midbrain and the major part of which terminating in the magnocellular and the parvicellular divisions of the medial geniculate body. A smaller nunber of the degenerating fibers terminate via the tecto-pontine tract in the lateral pontine nucleus. A few degenerating fibers terminate in the central gray of the midbrain and the deep stratum of the superior colliculus.Contralateral projections; With the exception of some feed-back fibers all contralateral projections pass through the commissure of the inferior colliculus. The majority of the degenerating fibers terminate in the dorsal region of the contralateral inferior colliculus. A minor part of the degenerating fibers run by way of the inferior quadrigeminal brachium to terminate in the reticular nucleus of the lateral tegmentum of the midbrain.Feed-back fibers: The feed back fibers are derived from the inferior colliculus and descend in the lateral lemniscus. As they reach the level of the superior olivary complex they divid into two parts: One part passes through the pyramidal tract of both side and terminates in the contralateral trapezoid ventral nucleus, dorsal cochlear nucleus and ventral cochlear nucleus. The other part terminates in the same nuclei ipsilaterally.Based on the observations mentioned above, the impression were obtained that the efferent fibers of the inferior colliculus mostly terminate in the ipsilateral medial geniculate body and the contralateral inferior collicuhs, through the latter impulses may reach the controlateral medial geniculate body indirectly. The inferior colliculus in the albino rat is considered as Woollard et al ('40) put in cat and guinea-pig, "The midbrain auditory nudei subserve very few reflex activities, being almost wholly sensory centres."

破坏8只大白鼠的一侧下丘,用Nauta方法染色,追踪下丘传出纤维的投射地点,得到下列结果。同侧投射:下丘最大量纤维是通过下丘臂上行,小部分终止于中脑被盖外侧网状核,大部分终止于内侧膝状体。下丘少量纤维通过顶盖脑桥束下行终止于外侧桥核。下丘极少量纤维终止于中脑中央灰质及上丘深层。对侧投射:下丘向对侧投射的纤维,除逆行纤维外,都通过下丘连合走向对侧,其中大量纤维终止于对侧下丘背侧部,少量纤维走向下丘臂终止于中脑被盖外侧部网状核。逆行纤维的投射:下丘发出少量逆行纤维,沿外侧丘系逆行而下,至上橄榄核簇平面分成二股:一股穿锥体束行向对侧,终止于对侧斜方体腹侧核、蜗背核及蜗腹核;另一股转弯终止于同侧斜方体腹侧核、蜗背核及蜗腹核。基于以上情况,可知下丘传出纤维绝大部分是终止于同侧内侧膝状体及对侧下丘,通过后者,又可与对侧内侧膝状体取得间接联系。作者推测下丘在听觉传导系统中的功能地位,似乎为一感觉中枢,它对低级反射的作用很小。

 
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