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mortality     
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  死亡率
     THE PERINATAL MORTALITY RATES IN SEVEN OBSTETRIC AND GYNECOLOGIC HOSPITALS IN SHANGHAI
     上海市七个妇产科医院围产期死亡率
短句来源
     ANALYSIS OF CANCER INCIDENCE, MORTALITY AND SURVIVAL RATES IN SHANGHAI URBAN AREA DURING THE PERIOD 1972~79
     上海市市区1972~79年恶性肿瘤发病率、死亡率和生存率分析
短句来源
     ANALYSIS OF INFANT MORTALITY IN SHANGHAI COUNTY 1977-1981
     上海县1977~1981年婴儿死亡率分析
短句来源
     STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF VITAMIN B_(12) AND FOLIC ACID ON RADIATION DAMAGE4. BODY WEIGHT, LEUCOCYTE COUNTS AND MORTALITY OF RATS
     维生素B_(12)与叶酸对辐射损伤的效应研究——四.大鼠的体重、白细胞数和死亡率
短句来源
     MORTALITY STUDIES IN COAL MINERS——COHORT ANALYSIS
     煤矿工人死亡率——队列(Cohort)调查
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  病死率
     Analysis of Mortality Rate of 3617 Burn Patients
     3617例烧伤病人病死率分析
短句来源
     The Change of Case Fatality Rate and Proportional Mortality Rate in Hospital Between 1976 to 1994
     1976~1994年住院病人病死率及死因构成比分析
短句来源
     The mortality of pregnancy patient was 0.64% and neonate was 1.83%.
     孕产妇病死率为0.64%,围生儿病死率为1.83%。
短句来源
     Univariate analysis indicated on an excess mortality among women(hazard ratio(HR) 1.44,95% CI 1.24~1.67, P <0.01),which disappeared after adjustment for age, smoking, co-morbidity, previous vascular disease, diabetes, hypertention, and social deprivation(HR1.01,95% CI 0.87~1.19, P >0.05).
     单因素分析显示女性有较高的病死率(风险率1.44,95%CI为1.24~1.67,P<0.01),但经过年龄、吸烟、伴存疾病、心血管病病史、糖尿病、高血压和情感抑郁等多因素调整后无差异(风险率1.01,95%CI为0.87~1.19,P>0.05)。
短句来源
     There was also an excess early mortality within 1 month among women(HR1.53,95% CI 1.19~1.96, P <0.01),this did not retain significance after adjustment for the same covariates(HR1.03,95% CI 0.78~1.36, P >0.05).
     MI后1个月内女性有较高的病死率(风险率1.53,95%CI为1.19~1.96,P<0.01),但经过上述多因素调整后无差异(风险率1.03,95%CI为0.78~1.36,P>0.05)。
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  死亡
     TREND-SURFACE ANALYSIS AND ITS APPLICATION TO RETROSPECTIVE SURVEY OF CANCER MORTALITY
     趋势面分析及其在肿瘤死亡回顾性调查中的应用
短句来源
     Mortality of Cerebrovascular Diseases in Hubei Province (1971-1973)
     湖北省居民脑血管病死亡的调查研究(1971年~1973年)
短句来源
     TUBERCULOSIS MORTALITY IN BEIJING (URBAN AREA),1949-1979
     1949—1979年北京市城区结核病死亡分析
短句来源
     EXPERIENCE IN ELECTIVE MITRAL VALVE REPLACEMENTS WITH SHANGHAI-MADE TILTING DISC PROSTHESIS (REPORT OF 124 CONSECUTIVE CASES WITHOUT EARLY MORTALITY)
     国产侧倾碟型瓣膜择期二尖瓣置换术的连续124例无早期死亡的经验
短句来源
     CANCER MORTALITY RATE IN CHONGMING COUNTY, SHANGHAI 1974~1981
     上海市崇明县1974~1981年恶性肿瘤死亡分析
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  枯损量
     The peak Period of mortality for number of stems was 10 ~ 20 years stands, and for mortalityrate tvas 3. 3 ~ 4. 5 years;
     株数枯损量的高峰期是林龄10~20a,枯损率高峰期为3.3~4.5a;
短句来源
     The peak period of volume mortality was 30 ~ 40 years stand, and formortality rate was 2.0 ~ 3.0 years.
     而材积枯损量的高峰期却在林龄的30~40a; 枯损率高峰期为2.0~3.0a。
短句来源
     The results of statistics and observations onthe growth and mortality of arborescent layers for 20 years indicated that the volume increment andmortality for each association group differed remarkably and mortality differed also for different agedstands.
     调查统计和对20a间乔木层生长量及枯损量的观测得出、群丛组间材积生长量、枯损量差异明显.不同林龄的林分枯损量也有变化。
短句来源
     Research on Vegetation Types of Temperate Quercus mongolica and Its Mortality and Tending Techniques in Liaoning
     辽宁温性蒙古栎植被类型与枯损量抚育间伐技术的探讨
短句来源
     In this paper the models of uneven-aged forest dynamic system and optimal control system are discussed. On the basis of matrix model and the data of Ingrowth,Upgrowth and Mortality, the model of uneven-aged forest dynamic system and the model of optimal control system have been established.
     以矩阵模型作基础,利用进界生长、径阶向上生长和枯损量的材料,拟合了异龄林动态系统模型,并建立了最优控制模型。
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    The lowest amount of food ingested and voided feces, the lowest nutritional index, slowest development, lightest pupae and most mortality were found in those pine caterpillar larvae fed with pine needles which were 50% damaged.
          
    The nutritional index of the dark morphs was higher than that of the tinted morphs, however, their mortality was lower than that of the tinted morphs.
          
    At a very high level of plant density, poor growth and even mortality can occur due to the decrease of soil water content.
          
    Fourth, the ramet population mortality was the lowest in the FU (Chi-square test, p >amp;lt; 0.01), while there was no significant difference in the average population age (Mann-Whitney test, p >amp;gt; 0.05).
          
    Soil moisture, temperature, and available nitrogen are the most important soil characteristics that impact fine root growth and mortality at both the individual root branch and at the ecosystem level.
          
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    The injurious insects of cotton of this province, however, have not hithertobeen carefully studied, especially the pink bollworm, which annually reducesthe cotton production by 10 to 30 per cent. The present authors spent twoyears in observing the life history and habits of this insect, in attempting tofind some effective control measures. The result is herewith summarized :- 1. In the vicinity of Wu-chang, the pink bollworm has three generationsa year. The first generation occupies May and July. The second...

    The injurious insects of cotton of this province, however, have not hithertobeen carefully studied, especially the pink bollworm, which annually reducesthe cotton production by 10 to 30 per cent. The present authors spent twoyears in observing the life history and habits of this insect, in attempting tofind some effective control measures. The result is herewith summarized :- 1. In the vicinity of Wu-chang, the pink bollworm has three generationsa year. The first generation occupies May and July. The second one occursin mid-July and the last in late-August. Due to the lower temperature, theemergence of the first generation need about two months. 2. In day time, the adult is usually inactive, while in windless night,after seven o'clock, it becomes very active and lays eggs mostly on green bollsand calyx. about a week later, the eggs hatch and the newly-hatched larvaeare shortly getting into the bolls. After four days they often eat into theseeds. Ten days later, the lint is so stunted as to become dusky yellow incolor, thus both the yield and the quality of cotton are greatly lowered. Themature larvae appear about half a month after. 3. Field experiments have shown that three dustings of 10% DDT- sulfurpowder were very effective. In the severely damaged cotton area, the thirdspray may be simultaneously done with controlling the cotton leaf-hoppers andthe cotton leaf-rollers. 4. About 84% hibernating larvae in cotton seeds will come out when thecotton exposed in sun light and stored in the farmer's house. Hence it seemsadvisable to put cloth or other soft material covers on the cotton stored inorder to collect and kill the larvae under them. In addition, destruction of allremaining bolls on the cotton stalks, as early as possible in winter is important. 5. For controlling the bollworms in cotton store-houses, the followingresults have been obtained 50% wettable DDT diluted with 20 parts of water,91% of larvae were killed within 30 days; 6.5% 666 (benzene hexachloride)gave a mortality of 63% in four months. Wettable 6.5% 666 diluted withwater (1:100), has been proved to be the most effective ovicide which destroys99.4% of eggs while parathion (E605) also gave a very high mortality at97.7%. But 50% wettable DDT (1:100) Kills eggs at 64.2% and lead arsena-te only 16.2% respectively. 6. There were 39.1% overwintering larvae parasitized by parasitic mitesand wasps. Among them, most are the mite, Pediculoides ventricosus Newport,while the parasitic wasps Eurypterna arakawae Mats. less than 0.5%.

    红铃虫在南方棉区为害棉花相当严重,除去脱落蕾铃外,僵黄花率为10—30%,我们针对这个严重问题,进行了红铃虫生活史的观察研究与防治方法试验,写出初步结果,提供防治参考。 1.红铃虫在华中武昌棉区一年有三代。第一代羽化在5至6月,7月中旬为第二代;8月下旬为第三代;第一代的蛹和幼虫所需时期均较第二、三代长。 2.成虫白天不活动,夜晚7时以后无风天气活跃最盛,产卵以在青铃上及花萼上为最多。孵化后三十多分钟即钻入棉桃内为害,4天即侵入棉籽内取食,10天棉瓤纤维呈僵黄状,半月后幼虫即可老熟(第三代的)。 3.田间防治红铃虫以10%滴滴涕硫磺粉喷三次效果显著,在后期棉虫严重地区可结合防治叶跳虫卷叶虫等同时进行。 4.籽花内的幼虫在群众家里及晒花时逃出84%,因此指导群众将籽花堆上加覆盖物,再结合帘架晒花是消减过冬红铃虫最经济有效的办法。 4.防治仓库越冬红铃虫以50%可混性滴滴涕1:30倍水溶液杀虫效果最佳。30天内死亡率达91%.6.5%可混性666(1:20)死亡率为63%。但是1:100倍的水溶液杀卵效率高到99.4%。稀释万分之一的E605为97.7%。50%可混性滴滴涕1:100杀卵率为64.2%,砒酸铃最差...

    红铃虫在南方棉区为害棉花相当严重,除去脱落蕾铃外,僵黄花率为10—30%,我们针对这个严重问题,进行了红铃虫生活史的观察研究与防治方法试验,写出初步结果,提供防治参考。 1.红铃虫在华中武昌棉区一年有三代。第一代羽化在5至6月,7月中旬为第二代;8月下旬为第三代;第一代的蛹和幼虫所需时期均较第二、三代长。 2.成虫白天不活动,夜晚7时以后无风天气活跃最盛,产卵以在青铃上及花萼上为最多。孵化后三十多分钟即钻入棉桃内为害,4天即侵入棉籽内取食,10天棉瓤纤维呈僵黄状,半月后幼虫即可老熟(第三代的)。 3.田间防治红铃虫以10%滴滴涕硫磺粉喷三次效果显著,在后期棉虫严重地区可结合防治叶跳虫卷叶虫等同时进行。 4.籽花内的幼虫在群众家里及晒花时逃出84%,因此指导群众将籽花堆上加覆盖物,再结合帘架晒花是消减过冬红铃虫最经济有效的办法。 4.防治仓库越冬红铃虫以50%可混性滴滴涕1:30倍水溶液杀虫效果最佳。30天内死亡率达91%.6.5%可混性666(1:20)死亡率为63%。但是1:100倍的水溶液杀卵效率高到99.4%。稀释万分之一的E605为97.7%。50%可混性滴滴涕1:100杀卵率为64.2%,砒酸铃最差为16.2%。 6.越冬幼虫被寄生的平均有39.1%,发现天敌有二种,其中绝大多数是榖痒螨(Pediculoides ventricosus

    A new species of tapeworm Bothriocephalus gowkongensis sp. nov. is reported for Ctenopharyngodon idellus from Gowkong, near Canton, South China. The parasite is of great economic importance owing to the high mortality of the host caused by the infection and consequently heavy losses to the freshwater fishery industry. A preliminary note is given on the life cycle, which involves unidentified cyclops as intermediate hosts. The eggs are fully embryonated when laid and it is the first Bothriocephalus konwn...

    A new species of tapeworm Bothriocephalus gowkongensis sp. nov. is reported for Ctenopharyngodon idellus from Gowkong, near Canton, South China. The parasite is of great economic importance owing to the high mortality of the host caused by the infection and consequently heavy losses to the freshwater fishery industry. A preliminary note is given on the life cycle, which involves unidentified cyclops as intermediate hosts. The eggs are fully embryonated when laid and it is the first Bothriocephalus konwn with this phenomenon. From a study of the variation in a large number of specimens of B. gowkongensis sp. nov., the author considers B. opsariichthydis Yamaguti, 1934 a synonym of B. achilognathi Yamaguti, 1934.SPECIFIC DIAGNOSIS: Bothriocephalus Rudolphi, 1808 emended Lühe, 1899, with generic characters. About 35-80 mm. in length and 0.5-1.2 mm. in width. Segments with or without distinct segmentation. Slight indications of secondary segmentation might occur in all segments. Immature segments broader than long, mature segments square and gravid segments longer than broad. Scolex large, fleshy, heart-shaped with distinct terminal disc and well-developed fleshy bothria. Inner longitudinal muscle bundles extremely weak and sparsely scattered. 50-90 testes. Cirrus immediately in front of vagina. Cirro-vaginal aperture median or slightly lateral between mid-line and posterior third of segment. Ovary near posterior of proglottid. Uterus convoluted, voluminous, and confined to median field. Uterine sac-may encroach on posterior border of preceeding segment or be placed some distance away. Vitellaria in complete circle in cortex. Like the testes, they are continuous from segment to segment. Eggs thin-shelled, operculated, fully embryonated when laid, measuring 33-38 53-54μType host: Ctenopharyngodon idellus.Habitat: Intestine.Type: To be deposited with the Department of Parasitology, Hun-Nan Medical College, Canton, China.Co-types: In author's collection, and to be deposited with the Depertment of Biology, Chung-Shan University, Canton, China.

    1.文中记载草鱼腸中新种絛蟲B. gowkongensisn. sp. 是由广东九江採得的。 2.本蟲促使宿主的死亡率,使淡水渔业受到很大的损失。 3.由头槽絛蟲生活史的初步观察,发现它的卵排出时,已有发育完全的胚胎。 4.从研究大量新种标本的变化中,作者认为B. opsariichthydis Yamaguti, 1934是B. achilognathi Yamaguti, 1934的同种异名。

    Acute toxicity experiment consisted of one single intraperitoneal injection, while subacute toxicity experiment consisted of one injection daily for 14 days, of tartar emetic and a subsequent 3-day holding period. The mortality of mice from tartar emetic was observed after concomitant injections of 5 testing drugs (procaine-HCl, sodium phenyl acetate, sodium α α'-dimercaptoadipate, sodium mercaptosuccinate and sodium thiosulfate). The effective detoxicants were mixed up with tartar emetic and then injected...

    Acute toxicity experiment consisted of one single intraperitoneal injection, while subacute toxicity experiment consisted of one injection daily for 14 days, of tartar emetic and a subsequent 3-day holding period. The mortality of mice from tartar emetic was observed after concomitant injections of 5 testing drugs (procaine-HCl, sodium phenyl acetate, sodium α α'-dimercaptoadipate, sodium mercaptosuccinate and sodium thiosulfate). The effective detoxicants were mixed up with tartar emetic and then injected intraperitoneally, once daily for 14 days, to infected mice. The mice were killed after a holding period of another 14 days. Basing on the average number of worms remained in each mouse, the effects of detoxicants on the antibilharzial activity of tartar emetic were compared. The results were as follows: (1) In mice the acute and subacute LD_(50) after intraperitoneal injection of tartar emetic were found to be 38 and 35 mg/kg/day respectively. (2) The mortality of mice from tartar emetic could be markedly reduced by simultaneous injection of procaine, sodium phenyl acetate, sodium α α'-dimercaptoadipate and sodium mercaptosuccinate, while sodium thiosulfate did not afford any protection. (3) Procaine, sodium phenyl acetate, sodium α α'-dimercaptoadipate and sodium mercaptosuccinate did not decrease the therapeutic. activity of tartar emetic, and, moreover, procaine could significantly augment its therapeutic activity against schistosomiasis japonica.

    本文叙述了5种药物(盐酸普鲁卡因、苯乙酸钠、aa′-二巯基己二酸钠、巯基丁二酸钠及硫代硫酸钠)对小白鼠腹腔注射吐酒石急性(注射1次,观察3天)及亚急性(注射14天,观察3天)中毒死亡的影响;并将其中有效解毒药分别和吐酒石混合後腹腔注射小鼠14天以治疗日本血吸虫病,然後停药14天解剖,根据平均每鼠余存虫数比较各药对於吐酒石疗效的影响。结果如下: (一)小白鼠腹腔注射吐酒石急性及亚急性LD_(50)分别为38及35毫克/千克/天。 (二)普鲁卡因、苯乙酸钠、aa′-二巯基己二酸钠及巯基丁二酸钠能使小鼠腹腔注射吐酒石急性及亚急性中毒死亡率明显地减低,而硫代硫酸钠则无效。 (三)普鲁卡因、苯乙酸钠、aa′-二巯基己二酸钠及巯基丁二酸钠4种解毒药并不减低吐酒石之疗效,其中普鲁卡因尚能提高吐酒石治疗日本血吸虫病之疗效。

     
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