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junction
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  接合处
    Results: In all the dissections the greatest distances were at the level of the L5-S1 junction,The average measured distance between the level of the upper border of L5 lamina to the level of the posterosuperior iliac spine were greater than 12 mm,which is the smallest safe distance. Below the posterosuperior iliac spine level,the average measured distance was only 8.88 mm.
    结果:发现所有标本从L5椎板上缘至两侧髂后上棘水平间其距离都大于要求的12mm安全距离,最大距离位于L5-S1接合处水平,在髂后上棘水平以下平均距离为8.88mm。
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    The blood supply of digital flexor tendon in 22 lower extremites of adult fresh cadavers bymeans of arterial perfusion was found to be derived principally from muscular branches,vesselsrunning in the paratendon,mesotenon,vincula and vessels of the bone and periosteum at the os-seotendinous junction.
    通过血管注射,对成人新鲜尸体下肢22侧趾屈肌腱的微血管进行了研究。 肌腱的血供主要来自肌支、腱旁组织、腱系膜与腱纽的血管和骨——腱接合处来自骨和骨膜的血管。
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  “junction”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The effects of several tumor promoters on gap junction intercellular communication in NIH/3T3 cells
    几种促癌剂对NIH/3T3细胞经缝隙连结细胞间通信的影响
短句来源
    ISOLATION AND SEQUENCING ANALYSES OF THE b3a2-TYPE JUNCTION REGION cDNA IN bcr/abl GENE
    bcr/abl基因b3-a2型接合区cDNA的分离和序列分析
短句来源
    Distribution of CGRP immunoreactive nerve fibers in the choledocho-duodenal junction of rat
    CGRP免疫反应神经纤维在大鼠胆总管与十二指肠连接处的分布
短句来源
    Molecular Cloning of Deletion Bridge Fragment of Yunnanese ( Aγδβ) 0 thalassemia and Sequence Analysis of the Deletion Junction Region
    Yunnanese(~Aγδβ)~0-地贫缺失桥片段的克隆及缺失连接区的序列测定
短句来源
    An Experimental Study of Methods of Repair for Injury of Myoneural Junction of the Motor Nerve
    运动神经入肌段损伤修复方法的实验研究
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  junction
By comparing ECV results with those of secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS), it is found that the dopant concentration profiles in heavily-doped p+ layer as well as junction depths measured by ECV are in good agreement with those measured by SIMS.
      
These toxins are usually broad-spectrum and act on the central nervous system or at the neuro-muscular junction.
      
Characteristics of the Surface-Intrinsic Josephson Junction
      
Thus, the characteristics of the surface junction consisting of the surface Cu-O double layers remarkably differ from those of the junctions deep in the stack, which will be referred to as ordinary IJJs.
      
Furthermore, by shunting the surface junction resistively, we are able to observe the AC Josephson effect at 3-mm waveband.
      
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The upper 8 centimeters of the great saphenous vein were studied on 102 sides (84male, 18 female) of adult Chinese cadavers. The chief results were as follows: 1. The surface projection of the sapheno-femoral junction is variable. It lies at avariable distance below the point which is situated opposite the junction of the lateraltwo thirds and medial third of the line joining the anterior superior iliac spine to thepubic tubercle. The mean value of the distance between this point and the sapheno-femoral...

The upper 8 centimeters of the great saphenous vein were studied on 102 sides (84male, 18 female) of adult Chinese cadavers. The chief results were as follows: 1. The surface projection of the sapheno-femoral junction is variable. It lies at avariable distance below the point which is situated opposite the junction of the lateraltwo thirds and medial third of the line joining the anterior superior iliac spine to thepubic tubercle. The mean value of the distance between this point and the sapheno-femoral junction is 3.84±0.07 cm (min. 2.1 cm, max. 5.5 cm). 2. Duplication of the great saphenous vein is rare. It is found on 6 sides only(5.88±2.33%) in our material. 3. There is a close relation between the terminal part of the great saphenous veinand the superficial external pudendal artery. In 65.63±4.85% of the cases, this arterypasses behind the terminal part of the vein. 4. The upper part of the great saphenous vein is joined by lateral, medial, or bothaccessory saphenous veins in 86 sides (84.31±3.60%), among which the lateral accessorysaphenous vein occurs most frequently (61.61±5.24%). 5. The junction between the deep external pudendal vein and the great saphenousvein lies within the fossa ovalies in 25 sides (24.51±4.26%). 6. The patterns of the tributaries of the great saphenous vein may be classifiedinto 4 types and 11 subtypes, according to the number of veins and the manner of theircombination. Type II_2, in which two tributaries are combined, occurs more often thanany other types (38.23±4.81%). In the point of view of practical application, the pat-terns of the tributaries may be classified into different types, according to the numberof the direct opening on the upper part of the great saphenous vein, among which the3 tributary and 4 tributary types are the highest in percentage, being 34.31±4.70% and33.33±4.67% respectively. 7. The position of the tributaries which open into the upper part of the greatsaphenous vein is variable. In the majority of sides (91.18±2.80%), the position lieswithin the uppermost 4 centimeters of the great saphenous vein (min. 0.3 cm, max.7.2 cm). The surgical significance is briefly discussed.

大隐静脉上段的形态特点对大隐静脉高位结扎手术具有重要的意义。本文观察了52具(102例)不同性别成年下肢,得到下列主要结果: 1.大隐静脉全部经卵圆窝汇入股静脉,根据它汇入股静脉的部位不同,可把它分为三个类型,其中第Ⅲ型最多占61.76±4.81%。 2.隐股结合点的体表投影是在经髂前上棘与耻骨结节连线外侧2/3与内侧1/3交界点下方平均为3.89±0.07厘米、隐胶结合点的内外位置变化较小。 3.绝大多数个体(95.96±1.95%)的阴部外浅动脉与大隐静脉上端发生紧密的紧邻关系,其中约半数(65.63±4.85%)经静脉上端的后方。 4.双隐静脉是一种较少见的变异,我们仅观察到6例(5.88±2.33%)。 5.大隐静脉上段除接纳三个浅属支外并通常也接纳内、外侧副隐静脉(84.31±3.60%),其中外侧副隐静脉出现率是61.63±5.24%,内侧副隐静脉出现率为16.28±3.98%,内、外侧副隐静脉同时出现率为22.09±4.47%。 6.在观察的全部材料中有24.51±4.26%个体的阴部外深静脉任卵圆窝内汇入大隐静脉末端的内侧面,因此易为手术者所忽略。 7.大隐静脉上段属支根据参加联合的数目和联合...

大隐静脉上段的形态特点对大隐静脉高位结扎手术具有重要的意义。本文观察了52具(102例)不同性别成年下肢,得到下列主要结果: 1.大隐静脉全部经卵圆窝汇入股静脉,根据它汇入股静脉的部位不同,可把它分为三个类型,其中第Ⅲ型最多占61.76±4.81%。 2.隐股结合点的体表投影是在经髂前上棘与耻骨结节连线外侧2/3与内侧1/3交界点下方平均为3.89±0.07厘米、隐胶结合点的内外位置变化较小。 3.绝大多数个体(95.96±1.95%)的阴部外浅动脉与大隐静脉上端发生紧密的紧邻关系,其中约半数(65.63±4.85%)经静脉上端的后方。 4.双隐静脉是一种较少见的变异,我们仅观察到6例(5.88±2.33%)。 5.大隐静脉上段除接纳三个浅属支外并通常也接纳内、外侧副隐静脉(84.31±3.60%),其中外侧副隐静脉出现率是61.63±5.24%,内侧副隐静脉出现率为16.28±3.98%,内、外侧副隐静脉同时出现率为22.09±4.47%。 6.在观察的全部材料中有24.51±4.26%个体的阴部外深静脉任卵圆窝内汇入大隐静脉末端的内侧面,因此易为手术者所忽略。 7.大隐静脉上段属支根据参加联合的数目和联合的形式得出四个类型和11个分型,本材料中以第Ⅱ型最多,为总数的38.23±4.81%,其次是第Ⅰ型,占总数的29.41±4.51%。同时考虑实际应用根据注入属支数目来分型,其中以三支型和四支型最多,分别为总数的34.31±4.70%、33.33±4.67%,其次是二支型占24.51±4.26%,六支型最少占0.98±0.68%。 8.大隐静脉上段的绝大多数属支(91.18±2.80%)是在隐股结合点下方4厘米以内汇入大隐静脉。本文曾在湖南省医药卫生学会1962年年会解剖学分会上宣读,并加以补充和修改。

The diaphyseal nutrient foramina were examined in 246 tibia and 212 fibula from complete sets of Chinese adult skeleton collection.The length and diameter of these bones were also measured.The number,position and orientation of the nutrient foramina were more variable in fibula than in tibia. Though the position of the nutrient foramina of the shaft of these bones were vari- able,however there was a restricted area in which most of the foramina were located. The nutrient foramina of the tibia usually situated...

The diaphyseal nutrient foramina were examined in 246 tibia and 212 fibula from complete sets of Chinese adult skeleton collection.The length and diameter of these bones were also measured.The number,position and orientation of the nutrient foramina were more variable in fibula than in tibia. Though the position of the nutrient foramina of the shaft of these bones were vari- able,however there was a restricted area in which most of the foramina were located. The nutrient foramina of the tibia usually situated on the posterior surface near the junction between the upper and middle thirds of its length,and that of the fibula was on the posterior or medial surface within the upper portion of the middle third segment. The nutrient artery to tibia and fibula were dissected and observed in 100 cases. The nutrient artery to tibia may have various sources of origin,it may arise from the posterior tibial,anterior tibial,and fibular arteries or directly from the popliteal artery. It has a larger calibre and runs over a longer course.The nutrient artery to fibula is relatively small and short,and all originate from the fibular artery. Certain practical applications of the arteries are briefly discussed.

一、测量了成对的胫骨246侧,腓骨212侧,包括二骨的长度、中点矢状径、横径及周径。腓骨周径为胫骨周径的二分之一稍强。观察了滋养孔的位置、数目、大小及方向。胫骨滋养孔的数目、位置及方向都比较恒定,滋养孔无一例缺乏,二个或三个滋养孔亦很少见(1.63%);滋养孔在纵向上,多数集中在该骨的上、中1/3交界附近(指数平均值34.53);在横向上多位于胫骨的后面(95.22%)。两侧胫骨滋养孔在纵向及横向上都对称的较多(72.36%)。滋养孔的口径一般均较大,方向多通向远端(99.20%)。腓骨滋养孔的数目、位置及方向显示变化较多。腓骨滋养孔缺乏的有2.36%,二孔以上的9.43%。腓骨滋养孔在纵向上分布弥散,位于该骨中1/3的最多(90.39%);在横向上多数集中在腓骨后面(57.64%)、内侧缘及内侧面。两侧腓骨滋养孔在纵向及横向上均对称的较少(16.98%)。滋养孔的口径一般较小,通向远端的占89.52%。二、解剖出胫、腓骨滋养动脉各100例。测量了滋养动脉的长度和口径,并观察了它们的起点及行径。胫骨滋养动脉的起点变化较多,起自胫后动脉的有67%。胫骨滋养动脉的长度平均4.57厘米,起始段的外径平均1.53毫米...

一、测量了成对的胫骨246侧,腓骨212侧,包括二骨的长度、中点矢状径、横径及周径。腓骨周径为胫骨周径的二分之一稍强。观察了滋养孔的位置、数目、大小及方向。胫骨滋养孔的数目、位置及方向都比较恒定,滋养孔无一例缺乏,二个或三个滋养孔亦很少见(1.63%);滋养孔在纵向上,多数集中在该骨的上、中1/3交界附近(指数平均值34.53);在横向上多位于胫骨的后面(95.22%)。两侧胫骨滋养孔在纵向及横向上都对称的较多(72.36%)。滋养孔的口径一般均较大,方向多通向远端(99.20%)。腓骨滋养孔的数目、位置及方向显示变化较多。腓骨滋养孔缺乏的有2.36%,二孔以上的9.43%。腓骨滋养孔在纵向上分布弥散,位于该骨中1/3的最多(90.39%);在横向上多数集中在腓骨后面(57.64%)、内侧缘及内侧面。两侧腓骨滋养孔在纵向及横向上均对称的较少(16.98%)。滋养孔的口径一般较小,通向远端的占89.52%。二、解剖出胫、腓骨滋养动脉各100例。测量了滋养动脉的长度和口径,并观察了它们的起点及行径。胫骨滋养动脉的起点变化较多,起自胫后动脉的有67%。胫骨滋养动脉的长度平均4.57厘米,起始段的外径平均1.53毫米;其行径颇为恒定,穿通胫骨后肌的起始部,贴胫骨上1/3部的后面下行,然后进入滋养孔。腓骨滋养动脉均起自腓动脉,但起始高度则多变。腓骨滋养动脉的口径细小,行程亦短,其平均长度为1.1厘米,起始段外径平均0.9毫米;行经(足母)长屈肌与胫骨后肌间,入滋养孔。腓动脉发出的弓形动脉,穿(足母)长屈肌的起点,沿腓骨的背面行走,对腓骨骨膜的血液供应有一定作用。

The diaphyseal nutrient foramina of 123 pairs of radius and 112 pairs of ulna from local Chinese adult skeleton collection have been observed. Their length, diameter and circumference were measured.The nutrient foramina on the shaft of radius, in longitudinal direction, located near the junction of the upper and middle thirds, and those of ulna located a little lower.In horizontal direction, the nutrient foramina chiefly concentrated on the anterior surface. But there were more foramina situated on the...

The diaphyseal nutrient foramina of 123 pairs of radius and 112 pairs of ulna from local Chinese adult skeleton collection have been observed. Their length, diameter and circumference were measured.The nutrient foramina on the shaft of radius, in longitudinal direction, located near the junction of the upper and middle thirds, and those of ulna located a little lower.In horizontal direction, the nutrient foramina chiefly concentrated on the anterior surface. But there were more foramina situated on the interosseous crest or posterior surface on radius than that on ulna.100 cases of nutrient artery to radius and ulna have been dissected on preserved cadavers. The length, diameter and distance from the origin of the artery to the level of elbow joint have been measured. The nutrient arteries to radius and ulna may have. various origins. They mostly arise from anterior interosseous, common interosseous, ulnar, ulnar recurrent and rarely from radial, median or dorsal interosseous arteries.The course and distribution of the nutrient arteries in the bone marrow cavity were examined on X-ray films prepared from injected radio-opaque specimens.

一、测量了成对桡骨246侧,尺骨224侧,包括两骨的长度、中点矢状径、横径和周径。观察了滋养孔的数目、位置、大小和方向。桡骨滋养孔呈单孔的占92.68%。在纵向上多数集中在桡骨上、中1/3交界附近,指数平均为35.03;在横向上通常位于桡骨体前面(占64.84%)或前缘,部分滋养孔位于骨间嵴或桡骨后面。两侧桡骨滋养孔在纵向和横向上都对称的出现率为35.77%。滋养孔的口径中等,方向均通向近端。尺骨滋养孔具单孔的占89.29%。在纵向上多数集中在尺骨上、中1/3交界略偏下方的邻近区域内,指数平均为37.98;在横向上通常位于尺骨体前面(占88.84%)或前缘,位于骨间嵴或后面者极少。两侧尺骨滋养孔在纵向和横向上都对称的有40.18%。滋养孔口径中等,但较桡骨者稍大,方向均通向近端。二、解剖桡、尺骨滋养动脉各100侧,测量了滋养动脉的长度、口径、起始高度,观察了它们的起点和行程。桡骨滋养动脉起自骨间掌侧动脉的最多(占71.84%),其次起自骨间总动脉、尺动脉、桡动脉及正中动脉。桡骨滋养动脉的长度平均1.80厘米,起始段外径0.84毫米,由起点至肘关节线的距离为8.58厘米。尺骨滋养动脉起自骨间掌侧动脉的占38%、...

一、测量了成对桡骨246侧,尺骨224侧,包括两骨的长度、中点矢状径、横径和周径。观察了滋养孔的数目、位置、大小和方向。桡骨滋养孔呈单孔的占92.68%。在纵向上多数集中在桡骨上、中1/3交界附近,指数平均为35.03;在横向上通常位于桡骨体前面(占64.84%)或前缘,部分滋养孔位于骨间嵴或桡骨后面。两侧桡骨滋养孔在纵向和横向上都对称的出现率为35.77%。滋养孔的口径中等,方向均通向近端。尺骨滋养孔具单孔的占89.29%。在纵向上多数集中在尺骨上、中1/3交界略偏下方的邻近区域内,指数平均为37.98;在横向上通常位于尺骨体前面(占88.84%)或前缘,位于骨间嵴或后面者极少。两侧尺骨滋养孔在纵向和横向上都对称的有40.18%。滋养孔口径中等,但较桡骨者稍大,方向均通向近端。二、解剖桡、尺骨滋养动脉各100侧,测量了滋养动脉的长度、口径、起始高度,观察了它们的起点和行程。桡骨滋养动脉起自骨间掌侧动脉的最多(占71.84%),其次起自骨间总动脉、尺动脉、桡动脉及正中动脉。桡骨滋养动脉的长度平均1.80厘米,起始段外径0.84毫米,由起点至肘关节线的距离为8.58厘米。尺骨滋养动脉起自骨间掌侧动脉的占38%、尺动脉的占25%、尺侧返动脉的占28%,其余起自骨间总动脉和骨间背侧动脉。尺骨滋养动脉的平均长度2.24厘米,起始段外径0.87毫米,由起点至肘关节线的距离为6.76厘米。桡、尺骨滋养孔在横向上的位置,与滋养动脉的起点显示一定关系,发自骨间掌侧动脉的滋养动脉,多进入桡、尺骨前面、骨间嵴及其附近的滋养孔,起自其它动脉者多进入桡、尺骨前面和前缘的滋养孔。在事先经动脉注入造影剂的骨标本X线照片上,观察了桡、尺骨滋养动脉在骨内的分布,以及骨膜的血液供应。

 
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