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junction
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  接合处
    Results: In all the dissections the greatest distances were at the level of the L5-S1 junction,The average measured distance between the level of the upper border of L5 lamina to the level of the posterosuperior iliac spine were greater than 12 mm,which is the smallest safe distance. Below the posterosuperior iliac spine level,the average measured distance was only 8.88 mm.
    结果:发现所有标本从L5椎板上缘至两侧髂后上棘水平间其距离都大于要求的12mm安全距离,最大距离位于L5-S1接合处水平,在髂后上棘水平以下平均距离为8.88mm。
短句来源
    One patient s had nonunion at the graft-host junction.
    术后1例患者发生灭活骨与宿主骨接合处的连接失败。
短句来源
  “junction”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Clinical Analysis of 22 Cases of Craniovertebral Junction Malformation
    环枕畸形22例临床分析
短句来源
    A Common Channel Syndrome: Anomalous Junction of Pancreaticobiliary Duct
    共同管综合征──胆、胰管异常汇合
短句来源
    Complication after Anderson-Hynes operation for the correction of pelvic-ureteric junction obstruction in children
    小儿肾积水Anderson-Hynes手术后并发症及其治疗
短句来源
    Methods A prospective series of 12 patients with Chiari Ⅰ malformation(8 with syringomyelia) underwent decompression of the craniocervical junction(CCJ),duraplasty and exploration of intradural contents.
    方法12例Chiari Ⅰ畸形患者(8例合并脊髓空洞症)行颅颈减压、硬膜成形、硬膜下探查术。
短句来源
    Gliomas of the medullocervical junction and its microsurgical treatment: report of 34 cases
    延颈部胶质瘤及其显微外科治疗(附34例报告)
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  junction
By comparing ECV results with those of secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS), it is found that the dopant concentration profiles in heavily-doped p+ layer as well as junction depths measured by ECV are in good agreement with those measured by SIMS.
      
These toxins are usually broad-spectrum and act on the central nervous system or at the neuro-muscular junction.
      
Characteristics of the Surface-Intrinsic Josephson Junction
      
Thus, the characteristics of the surface junction consisting of the surface Cu-O double layers remarkably differ from those of the junctions deep in the stack, which will be referred to as ordinary IJJs.
      
Furthermore, by shunting the surface junction resistively, we are able to observe the AC Josephson effect at 3-mm waveband.
      
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Since 1977, we have adopted the following technical modifications in total gastrectomy for cancer of the esophago-gastric junction. 1. A left thoraco-abdominal incision in the 6th instead of 8th intercostal space is now used. 2. The dissection of greater omentum follows the embryological anatomical planes. 3. The pancreatic stump is closed by simple continuous sutures instead of "U" stitches. 4. The esophago-jejunal end-to-end anastomosis is done by one layer of interrupted inverting sutures with the help...

Since 1977, we have adopted the following technical modifications in total gastrectomy for cancer of the esophago-gastric junction. 1. A left thoraco-abdominal incision in the 6th instead of 8th intercostal space is now used. 2. The dissection of greater omentum follows the embryological anatomical planes. 3. The pancreatic stump is closed by simple continuous sutures instead of "U" stitches. 4. The esophago-jejunal end-to-end anastomosis is done by one layer of interrupted inverting sutures with the help of an atraumatic right-angled clamp applied to the esophagus. 5. A double or triple barrelled jejunum reservoir is used for the reconstruction of the reservoir after total gastrectomy. In comparison with the results of the operative procedure used before 1976: 1. The mean operative time has been shortened from 7 hours 28 minutes to 6 hours. 2. The average amount of blood transfusion reduced from 1,341 ml. to 421 ml. 3. The incidence of post-operative complications decreased from 21% to 7% 4. The operative mortality rate decreased from 8.5% to nil (in this short series of 28 cases). From 1958-1978, when both total gastrectomy and proximal subtotal gastrectomy were used in the treatment of this disease, the postoperative complications and the operative mortality were lower in the total gastrectomy than in the proximal subtotal gastrectomy group. We consider radical total gastreetomy to be a valuable procedure for cancer of the esophago-gastrie junction, and the survival rate of the total gastrectomy group was also higher than in the latter group.

本文报道贲门癌全胃切除75例(姑息性切除38例,根治性切除37例),认为以根治性切除为宜。介绍了作者对根治性切除木的一些改进,从而使手术时间、手术用血量、并发症及死亡率均有所降低。

The blood vessels and nerves of m. rectus femoris were studied in 50Chinese cadavers (100 sides). It was found that, as a rule, the muscle issupplied by 1-4 arteries and we name them as inferior medial, superiormedial, posterior medial and posterior ascendens artery respectively ac-cording their sites of entrance into the muscle. Most of these muscles,however, possess only 2-3 of these arteries. The largest and ever-existingone is the inferior medial artery which may be regarded as the main arterysupplying the...

The blood vessels and nerves of m. rectus femoris were studied in 50Chinese cadavers (100 sides). It was found that, as a rule, the muscle issupplied by 1-4 arteries and we name them as inferior medial, superiormedial, posterior medial and posterior ascendens artery respectively ac-cording their sites of entrance into the muscle. Most of these muscles,however, possess only 2-3 of these arteries. The largest and ever-existingone is the inferior medial artery which may be regarded as the main arterysupplying the rectus. This branch springs from ramus descendens arteriacircumflexa femoris lateralis, descends along the medial border of themuscle and merges into it at the junction of its upper and middle thirds(57%) or its middle 1/3 (37%). The mean value of external diameters ofthis artery appears to be the 0.19±0. 006cm on the right and 0.19±0. 005cmon the left. Its accompanying vein (usually single) is thicker. Angiographic study revealed that, within the muscle, the main arteryhas an extensive distribution and considerably free anastomoses with thebranches of other arteries supplying the rectus. The superior medial artery is present in 66 pieces of m. rectus and themean value of its external diameter is 0.15±0.01cm on the right and0.15±0.007cm on the left. As to the nerve, all of them are derived from nervus femoralis. Themain artery to the rectus is constantly accompanied by a nerve. Muscu-lus rectus femoris usually has 1-3 portae neurovasculares, but mostly2-3.The mean width of the nerve accompanying the main artery to rectusis 1.7±0. 04mm. According to the data of the main artery to the rectus, the authorsfound that the surface projection of its origin is about 8.5cm distal tothe midpoint of inguinal ligament and approximately 1.69cm lateral to aline drawn between the midpoint of that ligament and the medial borderof patella. Therefore, it seems reasonable that the main artery can beexposed through an incision just lateral to this line in the middle 1/3of the thigh.

作者观测了50具(100例)成年男性尸体股直肌血管和神经的分布。供应该肌的动脉为1—4支。该肌的神经来源于股神经。股直肌内下动脉、静脉及神经的外径均值都大于1毫米,因而能满足当前显微外科吻合技术的需要。结合外科,本文讨论了移植股直肌的手术入路及寻找至该肌的主要血管的位置等问题。

Advances of epidural block, balanced anesthesia and anesthesia for extracorporeal cardiac surgery during the past sixteen years (1966-1982) were reviewed.Epidural block is quite popular and well accepted in our country. For the puncture, small needle with a slender catheter in correspondence has its advantages but not without limitations. Unilateral block hasn't been conformed in our hand. How to give the initial and maintaining doses of local anesthetics should be seriously considered. Taking proper precautions...

Advances of epidural block, balanced anesthesia and anesthesia for extracorporeal cardiac surgery during the past sixteen years (1966-1982) were reviewed.Epidural block is quite popular and well accepted in our country. For the puncture, small needle with a slender catheter in correspondence has its advantages but not without limitations. Unilateral block hasn't been conformed in our hand. How to give the initial and maintaining doses of local anesthetics should be seriously considered. Taking proper precautions and avoiding serious complications are of paramount importance.Though a lot of new anesthetics and adjuvents being accepted nowadays, balanced anesthesia, composed of intravenous together with inhalation agents, still has its definite advantages. It is better than either total intravenous or inhalation anesthesia. The benifit of using procaine to potentiate the muscular relaxation of suxamethonium has been well established. Lidocaine could be used as a substitute, of which 1/6 by weight is efficient as compared with procaine. The site of action of potentiation has been proved to be located mainly at the neuromuscular junction, while the action of plasma, pseudocholinesterase is negligible.Experiences with anesthesia for extracorporeal cardiac surgery had been summarized. The choice of body-surface or bloodcircuit cooling, the selection of proper anesthesia, monitoring during and after operation and some details for success were presented.

汇报了我院临床麻醉1966~1982年的经验,分为硬膜外阻滞、静吸复合全麻和体外循环心内直视手术的麻醉三个方面。硬膜外阻滞国内应用很广,采用细针细导管并非全无缺点。单侧硬膜外阻滞,从理论到实践都还存在着问题。给药时应注意初量和维持量,操作和管理要仔细,从而避免并发症。静吸复合全麻有一定的优点,胜于全凭静脉全麻或单纯吸入全麻。普鲁卡因能促使琥珀胆碱增效,利多卡因用量仅及普鲁卡因1/6时同样有效。作用点主要在神经肌肉接头.血浆胆碱醛酶活性的抑制非关键所在。体外循环心内直视手术的麻醉,总结了体表降温与血流降温的异同,四种麻醉用药的评价;麻醉中和后十项监测中有八项不可偏废,应列为常规;以及一些麻醉成功的心得。

 
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