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insecticides
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  杀虫剂
    The Study on Insecticides of Recombinant Baculovirus of Helicoverpa Armigera Functional Genes and the Establishment of Cell Lines from H. Armigera
    棉铃虫功能基因重组病毒杀虫剂研究及棉铃虫细胞系的建立
短句来源
    THE OVICIDAL ACTIVITIES OF SOME NEW INSECTICIDES
    几种新杀虫剂的杀卵活性
短句来源
    A STUDY OF RESISTANCE OF AGRICULTURAL PESTS TO INSECTICIDES——Ⅱ.AN EVALUATION OF THE RESISTANCE OF COTTON APHIDS TO INSECTICIDES IN JIANGSU PROVINCE
    农业害虫的抗药性研究——Ⅱ.江苏省棉蚜对几种常用杀虫剂的抗性测定和评价
短句来源
    THE EFFECT OF INSECTICIDES UPON,THE DYNAMIC SIMULATING MODEL OF INSECT POPULATION
    杀虫剂影响昆虫种群数量动态的模拟模型
短句来源
    SELECTIVE TOXICITY OF SIX COMMON INSECTICIDES TO EIGHT SPECIES OF APHIDS
    六种常用杀虫剂对八种蚜虫的选择毒性
短句来源
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  农药
    Determination of Rational Applying Concentration of Insecticides Using Dynamic Modelling Method.
    用动态模型方法确定农药的合理施用浓度
短句来源
    THE NEW TECHNOLOGY OF PRODUCING VIRAL MICROBIC INSECTICIDES
    病毒微生物农药生产新工艺
短句来源
    Study on Stabilization of 32 Pesticide Mixtures and 26 Insecticides
    32种农药复配制剂及26种杀虫剂单剂热贮稳定性的研究
短句来源
    Synergism of Nereistoxin Insecticides with YZ-905 Against Vegetable Pests
    YZ-905对沙蚕毒系农药防治蔬菜害虫的增效作用
短句来源
    Study on Testing Method of Toxicity of Insecticides to the Vegetable Leaf Miner
    农药对美洲斑潜蝇毒力测定方法的研究
短句来源
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  “insecticides”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Studies on the Relationship between the Symptoms and Mechanism of Different Kinds of Insecticides
    不同类杀虫药剂的致毒症状与作用机理关系研究
短句来源
    Preliminary Investigation on the Resources of Botanical Insecticides in North-western China
    西北地区杀虫植物资源初步调查
短句来源
    PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE FIELD SCREENING FOR SOME INSECTICIDES AGAINST COTTON BOLL WORM
    防治棉铃虫的药剂田间筛选试验研究初报
短句来源
    GLUTATHIONE S-TRANSFERASE (GSTs) OF HELICOVERPA ARMIGERA: INDUCTION OF INSECTICIDES AND PLANT ALLELOCHEMICALS AND METABOLISM OF INSECTICIDES
    棉铃虫的谷胱甘肽S-转移酶(GSTs):杀虫药剂和植物次生性物质的诱导与GSTs对杀虫药剂的代谢
短句来源
    The variation of dominance levels and the relationship between dominance levels of resistance and the evolution of insect resistance to insecticides is also analyzed.
    分析抗性显性水平与抗药性进化的关系,认为在抗性进化早期抗性表现为显性的基因频率上升快于抗性表现为隐性时;
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  insecticides
The molecular design, synthesis and optimization of lead compounds are important to the development of insecticides.
      
The preparation is compatible with insecticides (carbofos, vismetrin, talstar, and applaud) and certain fungicides (such as baitan).
      
Effects of p-Nitrophenol and Organophosphorous Nitroaromatic Insecticides on the Respiratory Activity of Free and Immobilized Ce
      
Improving the Selectivity of the Determination of Organophosphorus Insecticides and Carbamates by Enzyme Assay
      
The structures, properties, methods of chemical synthesis, and insect hormonal activities of insecticides of a new 1-alkyl-1,2-diacylhydrazine series are reviewed.
      
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In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50)...

In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50) for four applications at a fifteen-day intervalduring the early growth season of cotton from June 15 to July 30. The popula-tion of leafhopper, the degree of infestation, the number of green bolls andthe yield of lint cotton were statistically analyzed and discussed. Population observations showed that the three contact poisons greatlyreduced the leafhopper population on the first day after application. Butthey soon lost their effectiveness three days later, so that the population startedto rebuild up and was practically with no significant difference from that ofhe untreated plots at the end of the fifteen-day interval. While the Bordeaux mixture showed a maximum reduction of population on the third day afterapplication, and maintained its effectiveness for a considerable time; the pop-ulation was constantly checked to such an extent that no serious damage wouldoccur during the spray interval. The degree of infestation as indicated by the symptom of cyrtosis onleaves was 40.83, 47.21, 55.85, 57.66, 62.48, and 60.39 per cent in average for4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture, 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture, yam bean seed powdersuspension, pyrethrum powder suspension and tobacco water extract and theuntreated check plots respectively. Moreover, the percentage of heavily in-fested plants for the treated and untreated plots in the fore-mentioned orderwas 5.61, 8.24, 21.88, 23.68, 28.88 and 25.27 respectively.It was evident thatin the long run the Bordeaux mixture was the most effective insecticide inreducing the degree of infestation. The number of bolls per plant was 15.27, 13.24, 10.17, 9.53, 8.75 and6.75 in average, and the yield of lint cotton was 19.50, 17.84, 11.69, 10.11and 6.24 catties per mou (1 catty=0.5 kilogram, 1 mou=0.164 acre) for thetwo types of Bordeaux mixture and three kinds of contact poisons and theuntreated check plots respectively. The yield of cotton was generally much lower in 1943 than in 1942 forthe same experimental field. This was apparently due to the poorer soilfertility and heavier leafhopper infestation in 1943. But the ratio of the yieldbetween the Bordeaux mixture treated plots and the check plots was quitedifferent in the two years, i.e. 55.62 to 31 catties per mou in 1942, and 19.50to 6.24 catties per mou in 1943. This revealed a fact that the Bordeauxmixture treatment will he applied more effectively and profitably where thecotton field is not fertile and when the leafhopper outbreak is severe. 4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture and 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture were in all casesinsignificantly different in their effectiveness. Theiefore a 2-4-50 Bordeauxmixture would be a more economical and practical measure for the cottonleafhopper control.

(一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4...

(一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4—6—50式波尔多液者,产量较对照区增多3.12倍,2—4—50式波尔多液区较对照区增产2.85倍

In recent years,a new disease of the foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.)has been reported to occur in epiphytotic scale in most of the millet growning areasof North China.On account of the brilliant red pigmentation of the infected plant,the disease is generally referred to by the farmers as the red-leaf disease.However,the symptoms on the millet plants varied with different varieties.In general,thecharacteristic symptom exhibited on the "purple-stem" varieties was the the redden-ing of the leaf blade,leaf...

In recent years,a new disease of the foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.)has been reported to occur in epiphytotic scale in most of the millet growning areasof North China.On account of the brilliant red pigmentation of the infected plant,the disease is generally referred to by the farmers as the red-leaf disease.However,the symptoms on the millet plants varied with different varieties.In general,thecharacteristic symptom exhibited on the "purple-stem" varieties was the the redden-ing of the leaf blade,leaf sheath and spike,particularly the bristle,while that onthe "green-stem" varieties was the yellowing of the leaf blade.In all instances,thediscoloration was usually accompanied by shortening of internode,stunting of thewhole plant.wrinkling of leaf surface,slight waviness of leaf margin,deformationof spike and underdevelopment of root systems.Plants infected at an early stagewere severely stunted and on heads were produced. It has been demonstrated that the red-leaf disease of the foxtail millet was causedby a virus readily transmitted by at least three different species of grain-infestingaphids:corn aphid,Rhopalostiphum maidis Fitch;grain aphid,Macrosiphum granari-um Kirby;and green-bug,Toxoptera graminum Rond.Tests with non-viruliferouscorn aphid eliminated the possibility of direct aphid injury as the cause of the disease. ??The virus was not transmissible by mechanical inoculation,by seeds nor through thesoil. Studies on the mode of transmission of red-leaf virus by corn aphid indicatedthat the virus was persistent in its insect vector and could infect in succession aseries of at least 27 tested millet seedlings.The aphid was unable to acquire thevirus in a 5-minute feedling period on the virus source but was able to pick up thevirus in 10-minute period.The 8-hour acquisition feeding period was optimum forthis aphid.The testing feeding period was found to be not more than 5 minutesand a 4-hour period of confinement on the diseased plant was ample for the aphidto cause maximum infection.Attempts to transmit the virus with cotton aphid.Aphisgossypii Gloner peach aphid,Aphis persicae Sehult and soybean aphid,Aphis glycinesMats,have given negative results.The incubation period for symptoms of the red-leaf virus in foxtail millet ranged from 10 to 32 days with the model period beingbetween 14 to 20 days. Under natural conditions,certain cultivated cereals and grass weeds showed thesymptoms resembling the red-leaf disease of foxtail millet.Among them,were ZeaMays L.,Panicum miliaceum L.,Setaria lutescens (Weigel) Hubb.,S.viridis (L.)Beauv.,Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Roem.,Eragrostiscilianensis (All.) Link,E.pilosa (L.) Beauv.,Arundinella anomala Steud,Spodiopogonsibiricus (Steud.) Trin.,Bothruochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng.,Capillipedium parviflor-um (R.Br.) Stapf and Poa practensis L..Artificial inoculation with the corn aphidproved that the first six named plant species,including the two cereals,were susce-ptible to the red-leaf virus and they produced,in all cases,the typical symptoms.Tests with the rest sexen grass weeds are in progress. The results of disease control experiments by timely spraying with an insecticide,E605,under field conditions were inconsistent.Among the 349 foxtail millet varie-ties of foxtail millet examined in the experimental field,nine of them were foundto be highly torelant to and suffered only very slightly from the attack of the red-leaf virus.These varieties were,however,succeptible in aphid transmission experiments. Available evidences point to the conclusion that the red-leaf virus of the foxtail millet herin reported is quite different from all the previously described cereal viruses.Among the cereal virus that closely resembles the red-leaf virus is the yellow-dwarfvirus reported by Oswald tnd Hauston.These two viruses are similar in the follow-ing respects:both are transmissible by the same species of aphids (Rhopalosiphummaidis,Microsiphum graminium andToxoptera granarium) and neither virus can betransferred mechanically.But they differ strikingly from each other in their hostranges.According to Oswald and Hauston,there were 19 of 55 grasses tested thatappeared to be immune from the yellow-dwarf virus.Digitaria sanguinalis,Echino-chloa crus-galli Setaria viridis and Zea Mays were among the immune hosts.On thecontary,all these four gramineous plants were found to be extremely susceptible tothe red-leaf virus both under natural condition and in artificial inoculation experi-ments.Accordingly,the red-leaf,a persistent aphid borne virus affecting the foxtailmillet,is herein reported as a new virus of the cereals.

小米红叶病是在我国华北分布普遍和为害严重的一种小米病害。病害的症状,在紫杆的小米品种上面,主要的是叶片、叶鞘和穗变紅;在青杆品种上面是叶片黄化。無論如何,紫杆和青杆品种病株除变色外,都可随伴各种畸形,包括植株矮化、叶面绉折、叶綠波状、穗变形和根系發育不良。紅叶病是一个借蚜虫傳播的病毒病害衩籽痢⒙蟪す苎梁吐蠖硌辆軅鞑ゲ『?其中以玉米蚜为最重要。曾經测定玉米蚜在病株上面吸食获得病毒和在健株上面吸食所需最短的时間;带毒玉米蚜的数目和傳病效能的关系谐嵫梁腿舫婢軅鞑 S锰已痢⒋蠖寡梁兔扪羵鞑∥椿竦谜慕Y果。紫杆品种感病后,仅表皮細胞、叶毛細胞和泡状細胞变成紅化,其下层的組織不紅化。叶綠素逐漸消失,但消失过程相当的慢。在病害最末期,維管束內的靱皮細胞少数的坏死,导水管內可能充塞有棕色胶質物,其它細胞無显著的变化。檢查病叶未發現有細胞內含体。用带毒蚜虫作人工接种,証知小米紅叶病病毒能侵染玉米和黍。这两种作物在自然环境下均發生紅叶病。在自然环境下,有以下的禾谷类杂草紅化:金狗尾、青狗尾、馬唐、大画眉草、画眉草、稗、野牯草、大油芒、白羊草、細柄草和六月禾。用玉米蚜作人工接种証明稗、青狗尾、金狗尾、馬唐、六月禾和大油...

小米红叶病是在我国华北分布普遍和为害严重的一种小米病害。病害的症状,在紫杆的小米品种上面,主要的是叶片、叶鞘和穗变紅;在青杆品种上面是叶片黄化。無論如何,紫杆和青杆品种病株除变色外,都可随伴各种畸形,包括植株矮化、叶面绉折、叶綠波状、穗变形和根系發育不良。紅叶病是一个借蚜虫傳播的病毒病害衩籽痢⒙蟪す苎梁吐蠖硌辆軅鞑ゲ『?其中以玉米蚜为最重要。曾經测定玉米蚜在病株上面吸食获得病毒和在健株上面吸食所需最短的时間;带毒玉米蚜的数目和傳病效能的关系谐嵫梁腿舫婢軅鞑 S锰已痢⒋蠖寡梁兔扪羵鞑∥椿竦谜慕Y果。紫杆品种感病后,仅表皮細胞、叶毛細胞和泡状細胞变成紅化,其下层的組織不紅化。叶綠素逐漸消失,但消失过程相当的慢。在病害最末期,維管束內的靱皮細胞少数的坏死,导水管內可能充塞有棕色胶質物,其它細胞無显著的变化。檢查病叶未發現有細胞內含体。用带毒蚜虫作人工接种,証知小米紅叶病病毒能侵染玉米和黍。这两种作物在自然环境下均發生紅叶病。在自然环境下,有以下的禾谷类杂草紅化:金狗尾、青狗尾、馬唐、大画眉草、画眉草、稗、野牯草、大油芒、白羊草、細柄草和六月禾。用玉米蚜作人工接种証明稗、青狗尾、金狗尾、馬唐、六月禾和大油芒均感染小米紅叶病病毒。其它紅化杂草和接种試驗,正在进行中。紅叶病病毒对小米植株所产生的影响,因植株發育的阶段不同而輕重有所差异,植株感病愈早病害愈剧烈。用杀虫剂E605在田間噴射小米防治紅叶病,未能表現药剂有防病的效能,在田間观察349个品种,选得9个高度耐病和农艺性状优良的品种。抗病选种可能是当前防治小米紅叶病最有效的防治措施。根据病原的傳染方法,寄主范围和所表現的症状,小米紅叶病病毒和以往所报道的禾本科植物的病毒病害的病毒均不相同,因此它是禾谷类作物的一个新的病毒。

The citrus flat-headed borer is the most destructive of citrus insects which occurs commonly in Cheu-Hsien, Chekiang province. It caused a great damage in the past years. From some of the agricultural-production brigades, more than half of the infested citrus trees had to cut down despite years of toil. The different stages of the this insect are rather indistingly overrlapped, overwintering in the larval stage in side the wood cylinder or cork layer of the tree, beginning to pupate about the first ten days...

The citrus flat-headed borer is the most destructive of citrus insects which occurs commonly in Cheu-Hsien, Chekiang province. It caused a great damage in the past years. From some of the agricultural-production brigades, more than half of the infested citrus trees had to cut down despite years of toil. The different stages of the this insect are rather indistingly overrlapped, overwintering in the larval stage in side the wood cylinder or cork layer of the tree, beginning to pupate about the first ten days of the following March. Pupation occurred mostly at the end of March to the beginning of April. Emergence of adults was firstly seen about the end of March, while it reached the maximum at the end of April. The beetles leaving their turnels are intimately related with air temperature and moisture conditions. Beetles were first observed about the first ten-days of May, reaching a climax during 15—21 of May. Oviposition was first observed during the last 10 days of May, crest of oviposition expected to be from June 5 to July 1, covering a period of 10—21 days. Larvae began to hatch about the middle ten days of June, and hatched most abundently during later ten days of June to the middle ten days of July. After hactching, larvae bored into and injured the bark, causing gummosis of the host tree, breaking down of the injured bark, which and finally resulted in killing of the whole tree. The most effective control measure was found by application of 25% DDT emulsion diluted with an equal volume of kerosene. Application of this insecticide in October or November to kill the larvae before overwintering proved to be effective control of the pest. Fairly good result was also obtained by application during the end of April to the beginning of May, to kill the adults prior to leaving their turnels. Against the newly hatched larvae in July and August, control with mixture of 25% DDT emulsion and kerosene in 1:1 or 1:2 by volume, or with 5% DDT solution in kerosene resulted in over 93% efficacy. Besides, one should carefully note egg laying of the insect soas to give a timely brushing of the eggs applied prior to hatching and soon after the crest of oviposition. Dead plants should be dug out and burnt before April. Good management of the citrus orchard should be maintained during ordinary period. In short, only when a complete series of control measures he practiced that this pest can be destroyed.

柑桔爆皮虫是为害柑桔的一种毁灭性害虫,浙江衢县普遍发生,历年来为害惨重,个別生产队已有半数以上的桔树忍痛砍伐,多年經营毁于一旦,給柑桔生产带来巨大損失。爆皮虫的发生世代很不整齐,以幼虫在木質部或韌皮部中越冬,翌年3月上旬开始化蛹,3月底、4月初为化蛹盛期,3月底开始羽化为成虫,4月底为羽化高峯,成虫出洞与溫湿度关系密切,5月初开始出洞,5月15—21日为出洞高峯,5月下旬开始产卵,估計6月5日至7月1日为产卵盛期,卵期約10—21天,6月中旬开始孵化为幼虫,6 月下旬至7月中旬为孵化盛期,幼虫孵化后即侵入树皮为害,造成流膠、爆皮等症狀,最后树皮枯死剝落,整株桔树死亡。防治爆皮虫的藥剂以1:1火油加25%223乳剂混合液为佳。在10、11月防治越冬前幼虫,在4月底5月初防治出洞前成虫,效果均良好。在7、8月份对剛孵化的幼虫应用1:1或2:1火油加223乳剂,及5%223油剂防治效果也在93%以上。此外,掌握成虫产卵习性,在幼虫孵化前,产卵盛期后进行一次刷卵工作,將已枯死的桔树,在4月份前挖起燒毁,平时加强桔园田间管理,对防治爆皮虫都有一定作用。总之,只有全面的貫彻綜合防治措施,才能彻底的消灭爆皮虫的为害。

 
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