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dog     
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     Experimental Reconstruction of a Cervical Esophagus Segment of the Dog with an Artificial Prosthesis by the Use of a Polyurethane Stent Covered with Collagen-Chitosan Sponge
     聚氨酯—胶原壳聚糖复合人工食管重建颈段食管的实验研究
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     Experimental Study of Neuroprotective Effects of TMP and FK5 on Acute Spinal Cord Injury in Dog
     川芎嗪、FK506对急性脊髓损伤神经保护作用的实验研究
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     Study on Relative Genes and Main Behavior Traits of Dog
     主要行为性状及其相关基因的研究
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     2.The effect of potassium antimony tartrate on the dog heart lung preparation
     锑剂对于循环系的药理 2.酒石酸锑钾对于心肺装置的作用
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     THE METABOLISM OF INDICAN-C_6~(14) IN THE DOG
     吲(口朶)甙-C_6~(14)在体内的代谢研究
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     The size of AV n0de was 3. 7mm ×3. 5mm × 1. Omm in adult, it was 1. 1mm × 1. 8mm ×0. 6mm in fetuse,dog was 2. 1mm × 2. 4mm × 0.6mm, rabbit was 2. 1mm × 1. 2mm × 0. 4mm.
     胎儿31.1mm×1.8mm×0.6mm,2.1mm×2.4mm×0.6mm,兔2.1mm×1.2mm×0.4mm。
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     The homology of SDIFN-α with that of goose、dog、cattle、horse and human is 96.0%、45.8%、45.5%、44.6% and 41.7% in nucleotide level.
     与鹅、、牛、马和人的-αIFN基因的核苷酸同源性分别为96.0%、45.8%、45.5%、44.6%和41.7%。
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     The width of the MB was 7. 6±5. 1 mm. 18. 0±7. 7 mm and 14. 9±10. 4 mm respectively in dog, sheep and pig.
     、羊、猪心肌桥宽分别为7.6±5.1mm、18.0±7.7mm和14.9±10.4mm;
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     Application of PCR- RFLP method in DLA-DRB1 gene - typing in dog ovary transplantation
     PCR-RFLP技术DLA-DRB1基因分型在卵巢移植配型中的应用
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     4.The positive rate of serum allergen test of 59 children with asthma was 77.97 %,including reaction to cat(44.07 %),dog (38.98 %),dermatophagoides farinae(22.03 %),dermatopha- goides pteronyssinus(20.34%),sea food(16.95 %).
     ④59例哮喘患儿血清过敏原检测阳性46例(77.97%),其中猫毛26例(44.07%),毛23例(38.98%),粉尘螨13例(22.03%),屋尘螨12例(20.34%),海鲜组合10例(16.95%)。
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  家犬
     ~1H-MR spectroscopy of dog's brain contusion and laceration
     家犬脑挫裂伤~1H-MR波谱研究
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     Methods THA was administered with food for 13 wks ,with the dosage of 4.0,2.0 and 1.0 mg·kg -1 ·d -1 for dog groups and 6.0, 3.0 and 1.5 mg·kg -1 ·d -1 for rat groups. Peripheral blood was taken for liver function tests,and liver for histopathology.
     方法家犬THA4.0、2.0、1.0mg·kg-1·d-1,大鼠THA6.0、3.0、1.5mg·kg-1·d-1经口给药13周,取外周血进行肝脏功能检测(LFTs),取肝脏检查肝细胞组织学变化。
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     Investigation of the level of IL-2 and IL-6 in dog renal transplantation after portal venous injection of donor splenocytes
     脾细胞门静脉注射后家犬肾移植后IL-2、IL-6变化的研究
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     Methods 8 majority canis familiaris were studied. 3 lumbar intervertebral discs(L2-3,L3-4,and L4-5)in every dog were classified into 3 groupscontrol group,polymethylmethacrylate(PMMA)group and calcium phosphate cement(CPC)group. Radiographic was performed immediately after the dogs were anesthetized.
     方法选用8只成年家犬,以每只犬L2-3、L3-4、L4-5椎间盘为实验对象,随机分为对照组、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(polymethylmethacrylate,PMMA)与磷酸钙骨水泥(calcium phosphate cement,CPC)3组。
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     Methods Eight adult mongrel dogs was anesthetized,the membrane contact electrode was inserted into the SO by Pull-through method. The myoelectric motilities of SO before injection CCK,after injection 20 ng/kg CCK and 100 ng/kg CCK were recorded,each dog recorded 60-80 min.
     方法8只成年家犬麻醉成功后,用Pull-through法将黏膜接触电极置于SO内,分别记录静脉注射CCK前、注射生理剂量的CCK(20ng/kg)及大剂量的CCK(100ng/kg)后SO的肌电活动,每次记录60~80min。
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  止动器
     THE DESIGN OF THE DOG DRIVER WITH END HELICAL AND BALL
     端面螺线滚珠式止动器设计
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     The paper presents a new dog driver that its construction is simple, its addtional force moment is weak and its axial size is short.
     本文所介绍的止动器是一种结构简单、附加力矩小、轴向尺寸小的新型结构。
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  dog
Contradictions in Modern Data on the Structure and Function of Dog Hepatoid Circumanal Glands1
      
Since the 1950s, an erroneous viewpoint has gained a foothold in the special and reference literature that dog hepatoid circumanal glands have an abortive nature, lack efferent ducts, and show no signs of secretory activity.
      
The latest international publication (Atoji et al., 1998) considers dog circumanal hepatoid glands as a "circumanal body" similar to epidermis rather than glands.
      
We discuss strong and weak points of the data on dog hepatoid circumanal glands published in 1950s-1990s in comparison with those obtained in our purposeful long-term investigation of various hepatoid glands.
      
In the raccoon dog, wolf, and domestic dog the gland is composed of small lobes without cisterns.
      
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In chronical experiments on dogs provided with gastric pouches, we showed that the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine can be reflexly inhibited by electrical stimulation on the skin. This inhibition can be shown with Heidenhain pouches as well as with Pavlov pouches, indicating that the phenomenon does not depend on an intact vagus innervation. Furthermore it can still appear in Heidenhain pouches after bilateral subdiaphragmatic section of the splanchnic nerves and bilateral extirpation of the...

In chronical experiments on dogs provided with gastric pouches, we showed that the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine can be reflexly inhibited by electrical stimulation on the skin. This inhibition can be shown with Heidenhain pouches as well as with Pavlov pouches, indicating that the phenomenon does not depend on an intact vagus innervation. Furthermore it can still appear in Heidenhain pouches after bilateral subdiaphragmatic section of the splanchnic nerves and bilateral extirpation of the solar plexuses. In such dogs the adrenal glands are of course also severed from their external nerve supplies. It thus follows that the sympathetic innervation to the stomach and the adrenal glands are not indispensable either. Apparently there is some humoral factor as yet unknown, which inhibits gastric secretion and which can be reflexly mobilized by such means as electrical stimulation of the skin. On the other hand, we were able to show that both direct electrical stimulation of the splanchnic nerve and intravenous injection of adrenaline can inhibit the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine. This suggests that when the sympathetico-adrenal system is intact it is likely to be also involved in the inhibitory phenomenon under consideration. The phenomenon is evidently a complex one involving both nervous and humoral factors, and we had also shown that it requires the participation of higher nervous centres, being not elicitable in anesthetized animals. We wish to express our deep gratitude to Prof. T. P. Feng for suggesting this problem and for constant guidance throughout this work.

(一)在慢性實驗中用備有小胃的狗,我們证明組織胺引起的胃分泌能反射地为皮膚電刺激及一些其他外界刺激所抑制。 (二)這抑制現象在除去胃的迷走神經支配相交或神經支配,並隔離腎上腺的神經聯系時,仍能出現。它似有某種可以反射地形成的抑制性體液變化為基礎。 (三)但在急性實驗中我們又證明大內臟神經和注射腎上腺素均能抑制組織胺引起的胃分泌,這指示在正常動物胃分泌的反射抑制仍可能通過交感神經-腎上腺系統而得實現。 (四)本文所述的胃分泌的反射抑制現象顯然包含複雜的神經-體液機制,並且是在高級神經中樞參加下產生的。

Observations were made to compare the effect of HCl introduced into the small intestine of dogs on pancreatic secretion in the following three conditions: (1) Acute experiments with barbiturates(pentothal sodium or pentobarbital sodium) as an(?)sthesia; (2) Chronic experimental dogs with Thomas pancreatic fistula; (3) Chronic dogs in(2) an(?)sthetized by means of the same barbiturates as in the acute experiments. The results indicated that in the acute experiments, the latent period of pancreatic...

Observations were made to compare the effect of HCl introduced into the small intestine of dogs on pancreatic secretion in the following three conditions: (1) Acute experiments with barbiturates(pentothal sodium or pentobarbital sodium) as an(?)sthesia; (2) Chronic experimental dogs with Thomas pancreatic fistula; (3) Chronic dogs in(2) an(?)sthetized by means of the same barbiturates as in the acute experiments. The results indicated that in the acute experiments, the latent period of pancreatic secretion was about 3-5 minutes and the amount secreted was usually below 20 drops in the first 30 minutes after the introduction of the acid. But in the case of chronic experiments, the results were quite different. The latent period was shorter, usually less than 2 minutes and the amount of pancreatic secretion was usually 10 times as much as in the acute experiments. Moreover, the pancreatic secretion of the chronic fistula dogs was not changed either in latent period or in amount when under the barbiturate an(?)sthesia. From the above results, it is quite natural to assume that the influence of the barbiturate an(?)sthetics, pentothal sodium and pentobarbital sodium on pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in the intestine of dogs is negligible. The great difference in the pancreatic secretion between the acute and the chronic experiments might, therefore, be due to the operative trauma which is unavoidable in acute experiments. Another observation was made to determine the effect of atropine on pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in chronic fistula dogs. The result showed that atropine distinctly reduced the response of pancreas to the acid. The latent period was increased and the amount of pancreatic secretion was decreased as compared with the result obtained in normal chronic fistula dogs. Hence it is quite suggestive that there might exist a nervous component in the mechanism of pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in the small intestine. We wish to express our gratitude to Comrade for his valuable advice and to professors T. C. Shen and T. F. Liu for their encouragement throughout this work.

本實驗比較急性實驗狗、慢性胰瘻狗和經過麻醉的慢性胰屢狗對於鹽酸注入小腸所引起的胰液分泌量和潛伏期,結果證明: (1)在急性實驗情况下,狗胰腺對鹽酸刺激小腸所引起的胰液分泌量遠較在慢性實驗時為少,且潛伏期較長。 (2)巴比妥類麻醉劑:硫賁妥鈉(sodium pentothal)和戊烷巴比妥鈉(sodiumpentobarbital)對鹽酸所引起的胰液分泌量及潛伏期影響極微。 (3)在急性實驗情况下,由鹽酸所引起的胰液分泌量的減少和潛伏期的加長,似乎不是由於巴比妥類麻醉劑的作用,而可能是由於手術創傷的影響。 (4)注射阿托平後,胰腺對於鹽酸刺激小腸所引起的反應顯著减小,故推测在鹽酸引起胰液分泌的機制中可能有神經反射作用的參與。本工作在进行過程中,承蘇聯專家同志親切地給予指導,并承沈(?)淇、劉曾復二教授关懷和支持,(?)此誌謝。

Sham feeding was performed on esophageal fistula dogs with normal mixed food. The change of blood sugar concentration was followed for 3 hours as an indication of insulin secretion. The results were as follows: (1) After 10-15 minutes of sham feeding, the blood sugar showed marked fluctuations in most of the experiments and a slight decrease in some of the experiments as compared with that in the control experiments without sham feeding. (2) After inactivation of the adrenal medulla(removal of right adrenal...

Sham feeding was performed on esophageal fistula dogs with normal mixed food. The change of blood sugar concentration was followed for 3 hours as an indication of insulin secretion. The results were as follows: (1) After 10-15 minutes of sham feeding, the blood sugar showed marked fluctuations in most of the experiments and a slight decrease in some of the experiments as compared with that in the control experiments without sham feeding. (2) After inactivation of the adrenal medulla(removal of right adrenal and denervation of left adrenal), a marked fall of blood sugar was observed after sham feeding. The lowered blood sugar level maintained for about 2 hours and then returned to normal gradually. (3) The effect in(2) was abolished after injection of hyoscyamine, an atropinelike drug, or by subdiaphragmatic vagotomy. (4) Further observations were made on dogs with denervated pancreas after the inactivation of the adrenal medulla. No fall of blood sugar was also observed after sham feeding. Thus, the fall of blood sugar elicited by sham feeding was produced reflexly through the vago-insulin system. (5) These observations provided a further evidence for the nervous control of insulin secretion and gave rise to a favourable means for studying the significance of the vago-insulin system under natural conditions. We wish to express our gratitude to Comrade for bis valuable advice and to Prof. T. C. Shen for his constant encouragement throughout this work.

本工作用具有食道瘻的狗,用正常混合食物進行假飼,觀察血糖濃度在三小時內的變動,作為胰島素分泌的指標,結果如下: (一)正常假飼後,血糖濃度與不進行假飼的對照實驗比較,呈顯著的波動,有的血糖水平呈降低現象。 (二)取消腎上腺髓質作用後,再進行假飼,血糖濃度呈顯著的下降,並持續約兩小時左右,以後才逐漸恢復,說明取消腎上腺髓質作用後,假飼可引起顯著的血糖降低。 (三)用取消腎上腺體質作用的狗,再應用阿托平類藥物,或切斷其膈下迷走神經後,進行假飼,則不再有血糖降低,這說明引起血糖下降是通過迷走神經的。 (四)當切斷胰腺的一切外來神經後,再將取消了腎上腺髓質的狗進行假飼,血糖水平也不再下降,說明假飼所引起的血糖下降是由於反射性地通過迷走神經,興奮胰島裝置釋放胰島素對機體作用的結果。 (五)這項結果可作為神經因素影響胰島裝置的一個確切的證據,並對於闡明在自然條件下迷走神經—胰島素系統的重要意義,提供了有利的條件。

 
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