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   labor 在 经济理论及经济思想史 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.012秒
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labor
相关语句
  劳动
    Division of Labor, Non-tradable Services and Economic Development
    劳动分工、不可贸易的服务产品与开放环境中的经济发展
短句来源
    A Study of Marxist Productive Labor Theory
    马克思生产劳动理论研究
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    Review on Researches in the Labor Value Theory in the 90's
    90年代劳动价值伦研究述评
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    Marx's Labor Theory and the Factors of Technology System
    马克思的劳动理论与技术系统的要素
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    New Explanation of the View of Continuous Development and Labor Value
    可持续发展观和对劳动价值论的新解释
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  劳动力
    Characteristics of China's Labor Force as Commodity and its Trend of Development
    我国劳动力商品的特征及其发展趋势
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    Labor Force Market Section and the Sustainable Development of Shanghai Economy
    劳动力市场分割与上海经济可持续发展
短句来源
    Property Right of Labor Force and Human Resource Development
    劳动力产权与人力资源开发
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    The Relationship Between Labor Division, Trade Efficiency and Revenue Distribution
    劳动力分工、贸易效率与收入分配关系
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    Game Analysis on Labor Price and Labor Quality
    劳动力价格与劳动力素质的博弈分析
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  劳动者
    Smith (1976) suggested that the division of labor can improve the productivity in three ways: first, improve the workers' skill (human capital accumulation);
    Smith(1976)指出了劳动分工提高生产率的三条途径:(1)提高劳动者的熟练程度(人力资本积累);
短句来源
    This paper discusses the innovative labor from its historical evolvement, its measurement, its investment and returns, and its laborer's salary and reward by comparing it with conventional labor.
    文章通过与常规性劳动比较 ,从创新性劳动的历史演变、创新性劳动的度量及投资与回报、创新性劳动者的报酬等方面进行讨论。
短句来源
    Under the situation of social market economy, the income from capital also has the property of labor income.
    社会主义市场经济中劳动者的资本收入具有劳动收入的性质,以为资本创造价值或者资本收入是非劳收入是不正确的;
短句来源
    Labor Theory of Value is Laborer's Economic Conception
    劳动价值论是劳动者的经济观
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    On the Labor Force Commodity and Laborer Worker Master
    论劳动力商品与劳动者主人
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  “labor”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Premise for Necessary Labor Ⅱ To decide value
    必要劳动Ⅱ决定价值的前提条件
短句来源
    Meaning of Division of Labor in the Knowledge Level and Its Regression in Network Economy
    分工的知识含义及其在网络经济下的回归
短句来源
    Tentatively on the Vector Quality of Abstract Labor and the Two Value Concepts
    试论抽象劳动的矢量性与两个价值概念——兼评苏、谷、陈、钱之争
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    The Essence of Socialism and the Perfection and Development of Human Labor
    社会主义本质与人类劳动的完善化发展
短句来源
    A Revision of Todaro's Labor Migration Model and Its New Explanations
    托达罗人口流动行为模型的一个修正及其新解释
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  labor
These HC-Agents had specific features like the division of labor in the ant colony.
      
The proposed method is less time- and labor-consuming and allows simultaneous analysis of a series of wine samples.
      
The present work studied the properties of uniform systems of labor remuneration in the active systems consisting of a principal and several subordinated agents.
      
By way of examples, restoration of monochromatic images and modeling of labor market are examined.
      
A theoretical-game model is suggested, in the framework of which the problem of synthesis of an optimal tariff-premium stimulation system (labor payment) is stated and solved.
      
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Several economic ideas,that are directly introduced from economics,have led tosome theory difficulties and actual malpractice in management of scientific resear-ch.In this paper a rather thorough analysis on the concepts of the effectiveness ofscientific research labor,the economic function of science and technology,the econo-mic efficiency of scientific research labor,and the economic benefit of achievementsin science and technology,has been made from the view point of scientific econom-ics and...

Several economic ideas,that are directly introduced from economics,have led tosome theory difficulties and actual malpractice in management of scientific resear-ch.In this paper a rather thorough analysis on the concepts of the effectiveness ofscientific research labor,the economic function of science and technology,the econo-mic efficiency of scientific research labor,and the economic benefit of achievementsin science and technology,has been made from the view point of scientific econom-ics and management of scientific research.Then some preliminary definitions aredeveloped,and some confusions are swept away.Based on the analysis above,thispaper raises an objection on two general methods of calculating economic benefit ofthe investment on scientific research,and points out that neither payback periodof investment nor incremental net value of product can be used as a measure.

由于从一般经济学科直接引入若干经济概念,导致了我国科研管理中的某些理论困难和实际弊端。本文从科学经济学与科研管理学的角度,对科研劳动的有效性、科学技术的经济功能、科研劳动的经济效率、科技成果的经济效益等概念,作了较深入的对应分析,给出了初步定义,廓清了理论上的某些混乱;以此为基础,本文进而对科研投资经济效益的两种通常的计算方法提出了异议,指出不能用投资回收期长短,也不能用净产值增量对之进行测度。

Focusing their attention on the production-management responsibility system in China's rural economy, the co-authors of this article make comparisons among different theories on collective farming before reviewing the possibility of exercising labor control in collective farming and the importance of encouraging the farmer's initiative. They proceed to formulate mathematic models of the distribution of earnings under the different responsibility systems, ranging from collective management, team contract,...

Focusing their attention on the production-management responsibility system in China's rural economy, the co-authors of this article make comparisons among different theories on collective farming before reviewing the possibility of exercising labor control in collective farming and the importance of encouraging the farmer's initiative. They proceed to formulate mathematic models of the distribution of earnings under the different responsibility systems, ranging from collective management, team contract, individual contract to family contract, and they point out that the rise of the farmer' s initiative follows such an order. On the basis of the data of the land productivity in several years, they make an appraisal of the increase of such productivity under different patterns of responsibility system. The coauthors conclude their exposition by affirming that in socialism the only way to exercise labor control in farming is the family contract arrangement, an arrangement marked by the identity of the farmer's maximum product with the maximum labor he puts in.

本文以中国农业现行的生产经营责任制为对象,通过对各种集体农业理论的比较研究,阐明了集体农业制度下劳动监督的可能性和劳动积极性的重要.作者建立了各种形式生产经营责任制的收入分配数学模型,指出劳动积极性在集体经营制、班组承包制、个体承包制、家庭承包经营责任制系列中逐次增大.利用数年边际土地生产率数据,测算了实行各种形式生产经营责任制提高土地生产率的效果.文章最后指出,在社会主义体制下,解决农业劳动监督的唯一出路,是推行家庭承包经营责任制这种使农民劳动极限报酬与极限产品相一致的制度.

Social-economic development calls for due attention to the study of resources economy.Since China is relatively insufficient in resources and the level of our economic and cultural development is relatively low,we should have a clearer recognition that we must depend to a greater extent on our resources.Among the three major problems,i.e.,population,resources and environment,all conntries in the world have environmental interests largely in common.So it is easy to obtain a common recognition and make concerted...

Social-economic development calls for due attention to the study of resources economy.Since China is relatively insufficient in resources and the level of our economic and cultural development is relatively low,we should have a clearer recognition that we must depend to a greater extent on our resources.Among the three major problems,i.e.,population,resources and environment,all conntries in the world have environmental interests largely in common.So it is easy to obtain a common recognition and make concerted efforts.For the problem of resources,however,it is a problem of national interests of each country,which calls for their own respective attention, but not to count on the encouragement and help from other countries.The emergence of the resources accounting theory and the concept of reproduction of resources have made the resnurces,as a property,enter into the range of legal provisions.This indicates that natural resources economics has now possessed the coaditions and basis to form an independent branch of economics. Therefore,the general and individual characters of geological resources, as a part of natural resources,should be seriously studied.All kinds of reso- urces are limited and would be used up during the process of production and needs to be compensated.Yet,mineral resources cannot be regenerated.The way of compensation for generative resources is rehabilitation and that for non-generative ones is substitution,both telonging to the plocess of natural resources reproduction and need investment of labor.

重视自然资源经济研究,是社会经济发展提出的要求。中国“资源相对不足”,又由于经济和文化发展水平不高,对资源依赖程度高,更应有清醒认识。在人口、资源、环境三大课题中,对于环境,全球有较为接近的共同利益,较易有共同认识和共同行动;对于资源,则首先是各自的民族利益问题,必须自已重视,不能期待别人的督促和帮助。资源核算理论的出现,资源再生产产业概念的提出,资源作为财产开始进人法律调整范围,标志着自源资源经济学作为经济学的一门独立学科已经有了形成的条件和基础。要认真研究地质资源作为自然资源的共性及其个性。所有资源都是有限的,在生产过程中都要消耗,都需要补偿。而矿产资源又是不可再生的。可再生资源的补偿形式是恢复,非再生资源的补偿形式是替代,都需要投入劳动,都是自然资源的再生产过程。

 
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