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clinical     
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  临床
     The experimental and clinical study on the treatment of spastic bladder after spinal cord injury
     脊髓损伤后痉挛性膀胱治疗的实验及临床研究
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     Experimental and Clinical Study of Acute Spinal Cord Injury--High-field-strength MRI and MRS Study
     急性脊髓损伤的实验与临床研究——高场磁共振及磁共振波谱系列研究
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     The Clinical and Experimental Study on Adrenomedullin in Acute Myocardial Infarction
     肾上腺髓质素在急性心肌梗死中的临床与实验研究
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     The clinical and experimental research on galvano-acupuncture for Cervical Spondylosis
     电针治疗颈椎病的临床和实验研究
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     Study on HLA-B27 typing,antigen purification,and expression in ankylosing spondylitis and clinical analysis of 167 patients
     强直性脊柱炎患者HLA-B27的检测、抗原纯化及表达水平的研究(附167例临床分析)
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  疗效
     Observation of clinical curative effect of Liandai capsule for gastrointestinal neoplasms and study on its molecular mechanisms
     连黛胶囊治疗胃肠肿瘤临床疗效观察与分子机理研究
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     The Study of Regional Cell Immune Response and Clinical Effect on Ultrasonically Guided Superantigen Injection with Microwave Coagulation Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma
     超声引导瘤区注射高聚生协同微波治疗肝癌局部细胞免疫变化与临床疗效的研究
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     The Clinical Study of Fu Yan Jing Mixture on Treating Chronic Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Effect on Collagen Type Ⅲ mRNA Expression
     妇炎净合剂治疗慢性盆腔炎的疗效评价及其对Ⅲ型胶原蛋白mRNA表达的影响
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     Clinical Study of CT Perfusion Imaging in Differential Diagnosis and Effect of Therapy of Lymph Node Leisions
     CT灌注成像对淋巴结病变的鉴别诊断和疗效评价的临床研究
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     Study on Clinical Effect and the Effects of Bushui Shengxue Granule on Integrin VLA-4、Chemokine CXCR4 and Interrelated Cytokines in CAA Patients
     补髓生血颗粒对慢性再障患者临床疗效与整合素VLA-4、趋化因子CXCR4及粘附相关因子HGF、SCF、SDF-1α影响的研究
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  临床应用
     Experimental studies on anti-infective reconstituted bone xenograft and its preliminary clinical use
     抗感染重组合异种骨系列实验研究及初步临床应用
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     A clinical study of the electric activities and the anatomic characteristics on the neural cess with globus pallidus internus
     苍白球内侧部神经细胞电活动及其解剖特征的临床应用研究
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     Experimental study and clinical application on simultaneous kidney-pancreaticoduodenal transplantation
     胰、十二指肠及肾联合移植的实验和临床应用研究
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     The Experimental Studies and Clinical Application of Transplantation of Microencapsulated Bovine Chromaffin Cell for Pain Treatment
     微囊嗜铬细胞移植治疗疼痛的实验研究和临床应用
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     Experimental Study and Clinical Application of Integrated Three-dimensional Ultrasound
     一体化三维超声成像的实验研究及临床应用
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  临床的
     Expression of nm23-H_1 and CD_(44_ Protein in Nasopharyngeal Cancer and Their Correlation to Clinical Findings
     nm23-H_1和CD_(44)蛋白在鼻咽癌中的表达及其与临床的关系
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     Clinical Application of ~(99m)Tc-Octreotide and ~(99m)Tc-MIBI Imaging in the Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
     ~(99m)Tc-奥曲肽和~(99m)Tc-MIBI显像在乳腺癌临床的应用价值
短句来源
     Clinical application of CO_2 waveguide laser
     CO_2波导激光器在我院临床的应用
短句来源
     Expressions of P16 and nm23-H_1 in nasopharyngeal cacinoma and their clinical significance
     鼻咽癌P16和nm23-H_1蛋白表达及其与临床的相关性
短句来源
     The Relationship Between Changes of Serum C_3 and C_4 and Clinical Observations in Burn Patients
     烧伤病人血清补体C_3、C_4变化的动态观察与临床的联系
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      clinical
    Guanidine-type compounds that reached clinical status include amongst others the potassium channel opener, pinacidil and the histamine H2-receptor antagonists (e.g.
          
    (ii) Other compounds have proceeded through preclinical and/or clinical development: CXCR4 antagonists (i.e.
          
    (iii) Yet other compounds, acting by novel mechanisms, have recently been identified as anti-HIV agents that seem worthy of further (pre)clinical development: cell receptor CD4 downmodulators (i.e.
          
    PRE-CLINICAL AND CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS OF THE DIASTEREOMERS OF ARTEETHER, A POTENT ANTIMALARIAL
          
    Pre-clinical studies were carried out (N=3) by oral, intramuscular and intravenous routes, while clinical studies (N=13) were performed intramuscularly.
          
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    It has been found, that the extracts of different tissues (liver, spleen, muscles, kidney), made according to Filatov, are capable of stimulating adrenal cortex as judged by their ability to cause a decline in adrenal ascorbic acid after intraperitoneal administration into albino rats. But this adrenocorticotropic action requires the presence of an intact pituitary gland, that is to say, all the tissue extracts examined, contain an ACTH releasing factor, which stimulates the release of ACTH from anterior pituitary....

    It has been found, that the extracts of different tissues (liver, spleen, muscles, kidney), made according to Filatov, are capable of stimulating adrenal cortex as judged by their ability to cause a decline in adrenal ascorbic acid after intraperitoneal administration into albino rats. But this adrenocorticotropic action requires the presence of an intact pituitary gland, that is to say, all the tissue extracts examined, contain an ACTH releasing factor, which stimulates the release of ACTH from anterior pituitary. It has been found, that the ACTH releasing factor is ultrafiltrable. The possible role of this factor in the regulation of anterior pituitary secretion of ACTH in stress and in clinical tissue-therapy is discussed.

    以腎上腺抗壞血酸降低法證明不同的組織浸液(肝、脾、腎、肌)均具有興奮腎上腺皮質的作用,但此作用是通過腦垂體前葉ACTH的分泌而發揮的,在割出腦垂體的動物組織浸液即不再呈現作用。由於此組織浸液所含有的有效成份可以透過超瀘膜,故其可能為小分子的代謝產物。最後並將此實驗的結果聯系腦垂體前葉ACTH的分泌機制及組織療法的功效加以討論。

    A study of the abnormalities and variations of the sacrum was made on 400 gross sacral specimens and 800 X-ray films.It consisted of segments,spina bifida occulta,flotting spinous process....etc. The composition of sacrum varied a great deal,the segments ranged from 4 to 9.In the series of gross specimens,with normal 5 segments:285 cases(71.2%); Co became incorporated in sacrum:62 cases(15.5%);sacralisation of L_5:22 cases (5.5%);lumbarisation of S_1:13 cases(3.3%);others:18 cases(4.5%);spina bifida occulta...

    A study of the abnormalities and variations of the sacrum was made on 400 gross sacral specimens and 800 X-ray films.It consisted of segments,spina bifida occulta,flotting spinous process....etc. The composition of sacrum varied a great deal,the segments ranged from 4 to 9.In the series of gross specimens,with normal 5 segments:285 cases(71.2%); Co became incorporated in sacrum:62 cases(15.5%);sacralisation of L_5:22 cases (5.5%);lumbarisation of S_1:13 cases(3.3%);others:18 cases(4.5%);spina bifida occulta located in S_1 and S_2:115 cases(28.7%);sacral canal entirely opened:12 cases(3%).While in X-ray film series,with normal 5 segments;640 cases(80%); Co became incorporated in sacrum:70 cases(8.75%);sacralisation of L_5:67 cases (8.37%);lumbarisation of S_1:7 cases(0.87%);spina bifida occulta located in S_1 and S_2:153 cases(19.1%);sacral canal entirely opened:41 cases(5.1%);flot- ting spinous process:86 cases(10.7%). The size of sacral biatus was measured,the mean width of the base being 18.22mm,the average length between the apex and the base 26.7 mm,the A-P diameter of the canal at the level of apex 5.45mm.The apex was most common- ly located at the level of S_4 or S_5. Examination of articular surface of upper articular process showed that they inclined obliquely in most cases,but could also be coronal or sagittal.Both arti- cular surfaces were symmetrical in 65%,asymmetrical in 21.7%,markedly asym- metrical in 13.3%. The articular surface was extending from upper 2-3(1/2)segments,they were found symmetrical in 86.7%, asymmetrical in 13.3%. In the gross specimens,the curve of the sacrum was also studied,straight. superiorly and flexed inferiorly:17.2%,gently flexed:54%,markedly flexed:11.8%, flat and straight:11%,hyperextended superiorly and flexed inferiorly:6%.In the X-ray film series,“horizontal sacrum”was found in 4.5%. The spinous process of the sacrum remained rudimentary,leaving only the tubercle.Its number was studied. 2 cases with marked anomaly were reported.One girl aged 1,with rudi- mentary sacrum,only 2 segments,the coccyx wanting,L_2-L_5 sacralized.A boy aged 6,had V-shaped defect in the sacrum.Both cases presented remarkable clinical disturbances. The clinical significance relating the abnormalities and variations of the sacrum was briefly discussed.

    1.本文就400例骶骨标本及800例有关X光像进行研究。 2.骶骨常见之畸形变异有骶骨节数之增减;隐性脊柱裂及浮棘等,骨胳标本之研究中发现具正常5节者285例,占71.2%,骶尾椎62例,占15.5%,腰椎骶化22例,占5.5%,骶椎腰化13例,占3.3%,其他18例,占4.5%,S_1及S_2有脊柱裂者115例,占28.7%,骶管全部开放者12例,占3%,X光像观察发现具正常5节者640例,占80%,骶尾椎70例,占8.75%,腰椎骶化67例,占8.37%,骶椎腰化7例,占0.87%,S_1及S_2有脊柱裂者153例,占19.1%,骶管全部开放者41例,占5.1%,具浮棘者86例,占10.7%。3.本文另就骶管裂孔的大小各径进行测量,其底之横径平均为18.22mm,底至尖之距离平均为26.7mm,尖部之前后径平均为5.45mm,尖部一股对第四五骶椎处。4.上关节突之关节面最常见者为斜位,但也有不少作冠状位及矢状位,两关节突对称者占65%,不对称者占21.7%,显明不对称者13.3%。5.耳状面之范围多位于上二三节间,两侧对称者占86.7%,不对称者占13.3%。6.骶骨之曲度有甚多变化,上直下屈者占17.2...

    1.本文就400例骶骨标本及800例有关X光像进行研究。 2.骶骨常见之畸形变异有骶骨节数之增减;隐性脊柱裂及浮棘等,骨胳标本之研究中发现具正常5节者285例,占71.2%,骶尾椎62例,占15.5%,腰椎骶化22例,占5.5%,骶椎腰化13例,占3.3%,其他18例,占4.5%,S_1及S_2有脊柱裂者115例,占28.7%,骶管全部开放者12例,占3%,X光像观察发现具正常5节者640例,占80%,骶尾椎70例,占8.75%,腰椎骶化67例,占8.37%,骶椎腰化7例,占0.87%,S_1及S_2有脊柱裂者153例,占19.1%,骶管全部开放者41例,占5.1%,具浮棘者86例,占10.7%。3.本文另就骶管裂孔的大小各径进行测量,其底之横径平均为18.22mm,底至尖之距离平均为26.7mm,尖部之前后径平均为5.45mm,尖部一股对第四五骶椎处。4.上关节突之关节面最常见者为斜位,但也有不少作冠状位及矢状位,两关节突对称者占65%,不对称者占21.7%,显明不对称者13.3%。5.耳状面之范围多位于上二三节间,两侧对称者占86.7%,不对称者占13.3%。6.骶骨之曲度有甚多变化,上直下屈者占17.2%,均匀屈曲者54%,极度屈曲者11.8%,平直者11%,上伸下屈者6%,X光像具水平骶椎者占4.5%。7.骶骨之棘突显示退化,本文就棘突之数目作了分析。8.本文报告二例严重骶骨先天性畸形。9.本文对各种畸形变异之临床意义作了简要之说明。

    Postmortem examination of the hearts of 500 Chinese with age ranging from new born to 70, revealed defects in the interatrial septum in the form of cleft, hole or short canal in 51% of the cases. It decreased with the advance of age, being 98.1% in the newborn below the age of 2 months; 70.2% at the age of from 2 months to 1 year; 55.0-57.1% at the age of 1-5 years; 21.7% above 5 years. The closure seems to start from the age of 2 months and ends at the age of 5 years. There exists a slight difference between...

    Postmortem examination of the hearts of 500 Chinese with age ranging from new born to 70, revealed defects in the interatrial septum in the form of cleft, hole or short canal in 51% of the cases. It decreased with the advance of age, being 98.1% in the newborn below the age of 2 months; 70.2% at the age of from 2 months to 1 year; 55.0-57.1% at the age of 1-5 years; 21.7% above 5 years. The closure seems to start from the age of 2 months and ends at the age of 5 years. There exists a slight difference between the male and female bodies examined, the defect being found in 59.2% of the female and 46% of the male. The clinical significance of such openings was discussed.

    1.作者觀察了中國人新生兒到70歲的心臟標本500例:找到由於卵圓孔閉鎖不全,卵圓窩區存在缺陷的標本51%。依據缺陷的形狀,可區分爲孔、縫和管三種。 2.卵圓窩區的孔、縫和管,因年齡及性別不同,其存在的比例數字亦有不同;2個月以內的新生兒佔98.1%;2月-1歲的嬰兒佔70.2%,1-5歲的兒童佔55-57.1%,5-70歲的佔21.7%。男性佔所觀察的男性全部標本的46%,女性佔全部女性標本的59.2%。 3.關於卵圓孔閉鎖不全的出現率,及在不同年齡、性別的數字上差異,與國內外學 者的統計作了比較與討論。

     
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