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   astronomy 在 天文学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.174秒
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astronomy
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  天文学
    Rising Infrared Astronomy
    方兴未艾的红外天文学
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    A List of Important Discoveries in Modern Astronomy
    现代天文学重大发现一览表
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    Sumposium on Pulsar and Active Object Sponsored by Beijing Astronomy Society 1983,8,2—19838,8 IN Peking University
    脉冲星和活动天体讨论会——北京天文学会主办1983年8月2日-1983年8月8日,在北京大学举行
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    Ancient Astronomical Observation and Applied Historical Astronomy
    古代天象记录与应用历史天文学
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    Application of Adaptive Optics to Astronomy
    自适应光学在天文学中的应用
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  天文
    The Status of Very High Energy and Ultra High Energy Gamma Ray Astronomy Observation
    甚高能和超高能γ射线天文观测现状
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    Optical Fibres Technique and Their Present Application Status in Astronomy
    光纤技术及其天文应用现状
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    Confusion and Restoration of A Linear System——The Application of DFT to Astronomy (Ⅰ)
    线性系统的模糊与校正——DFT在天文上的应用(Ⅰ)
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    Introduction of Application of Infrared Inmagery Arrayto Astronomy
    红外阵列成象器件在天文上的应用
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    A CCD Detector Attached to the Lower Latitude Meridian Circle —— (Ⅲ) Several Correction for the Spherical Astronomy
    低纬子午环配备CCD探测器(Ⅲ)——几项球面天文修正
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  “astronomy”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Observational Methods and Theoretical Arguments in X-ray Astronomy
    X射线天文学的实测方法与理论工具
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    Quasi Periodic Oscillations, the Latest Development in X-ray Astronomy
    准周期振荡(QPO)——X射线天文学的最新进展
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    CAS Symposium No.64:1987 Meeting of Radio Astronomy (Shang- hai, September 1987)
    中国天文学会学术会议(序号64):1987年射电天文学术讨论会(1987年9月,上海)
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    Application of An Acousto-Optical TeO_2 Deflector in Radio Astronomy
    一种TeO_2声光偏转器在射电天文上的应用—使用报告
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    WAVELET THEORY AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN RADIO ASTRONOMY IMAGING PROCESSING
    小波理论及其在射电天文图象处理中的应用
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  astronomy
A radiometric system developed by the Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Applied Astronomy was mounted on the three РТФ-32 radio telescopes constructed as part of the Kvazar project.
      
The latest version of the planetary part of the numerical ephemerides EPM (Ephemerides of Planets and the Moon) developed at the Institute of Applied Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences is presented.
      
The software developed at the Institute of Applied Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, for reducing such observations is described.
      
A review of TV and telescopic methods of meteor observations and of the problems of meteor astronomy addressed using these methods is presented.
      
The Institute of Applied Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences collected more than 25 000 observations for 15 asteroids spanning from 1949 through 1995.
      
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On the basis of new facts and laws revealed by modern astronomy and physics, it seems necessary and expedient to introduce the concept of "cos- moscopic" process, to stand side by side with macroscopic and microscopic processes. Cosmoscopic objects differ from macroscopic objects (things seen everday on the Earth as well as meteoric bodies, small asteroids and satellites) in mass and scale just as much as the difference between macroscopic objects and microscopic objects. Gigantic difference in quantity...

On the basis of new facts and laws revealed by modern astronomy and physics, it seems necessary and expedient to introduce the concept of "cos- moscopic" process, to stand side by side with macroscopic and microscopic processes. Cosmoscopic objects differ from macroscopic objects (things seen everday on the Earth as well as meteoric bodies, small asteroids and satellites) in mass and scale just as much as the difference between macroscopic objects and microscopic objects. Gigantic difference in quantity leads to marked difference in quality. The mechanical motion of celestial bodies, the dynamics of stellar systems, the condensation of self-gravitating gas mass, natural ther- monuclear reactions in stellar interior, the production of forbidden lines in nebulae and outer envelopes of stars, the strong coupling between hydrody- namic phenomena and electromagnetic phenomena, the existence of superdense matter, curvature of space in strong gravitational field, the evolution of celes- tial bodies, all these are examples of cosmoscopic phenomena and processes, and also form the basis on which the cosmoscopic concept is introduced, Stellar dynamics, cosmical electrodynamics, and general theory of relativity are examples of cosmoscopic laws. In cosmoscopic processes, gravitational interaction usually plays a dominant role, and plasma state is the state of matter most often met. The cosmoscopic concept will aid tn understanding more deeply material processes in the inorganic world. It will prevent us from applying without modification to cosmoscopic processes natural laws which strictly speaking applies only to macroscopic processes. Once the cosmoscopic law is understood, man can then create artificially cosmoscopic conditions on the Earth so that processes which only take place naturally in cosmoscopic processes, can then take place on the Earth. Thermonuclear reactions, forbidden lines (now applied so much in "Excited emission") are two examples; artificial cosmic rays, and artificial superdense matter might be realized later. In carrying out simulation experiments, the effect introduced by difference in scale and mass must be kept in mind. Differentiation among cosmocscopic, macroscopic, and microscopic processes shows that dialectical laws operate everywhere in Nature.

根据现代天文学和物理学的研究结果,有必要在微观和宏观之外建立宇观这个概念。宇观客体和宏观客体在量质和尺度方面的差别不亚於地上常见的宏观客体和微观客体的差别。量的巨大差异导致质的显著不同。天体的机械运动,恒星系统及其成员的运动,质量和体积都很大的气团由於自吸引而产生的凝聚,恒星内部的天然热核反应,星云和恒星外壳中禁戒谱綫的产生,流体运动同磁场的强耦合,天然超密物质的存在,强引力场中空间的弯曲,和天体的演化,这些都是宇观现象和宇观过程的具体例子,也是提出宇观概念的科学依据。星系动力学,宇宙电动力学,广义相对论等是宇观过程规律的例子。在宇观过程中,万有引力常起重要的作用,而等离子态是最普遍的物态,宇观概念将帮助我们更深刻地认识无机界的物质过程。它将使我们不致於把只适用於宏观过程的规律不加改变地就用於宇观过程的探讨上。在掌握了宇观规律的基础上,可以在地上用人工方法创造宇观条件,使那些只有在宇观条件下才能够天然地发生的过程,如热核反应,禁戒谱綫,物质的高度密集,宇宙綫等,在地上也能发生。进行模拟实验时应当注意质量和尺度的差异所引起的质的不同。宇观、宏观、微观的区别说明了辩证规律在自然界中处处在作用着。

Studying the Introduction to Dialectics of Nature written by F. Engels one hundred years ago, deenpens our cognition of the struggle between the two oppos-ing worldoutlooks in the field of astronomy both at home and abroad. Engel’s In-troduction is an effective weapon in carrying out criticisms of the decadent idealistic-metaphysical viewpoints in contemporary cosmogonical researeh.

通过学习恩格斯一百年前写的《自然辩证法·导言》,加深了我们对国内外天文领域两条路线斗争的认识。恩格斯的《导言》是指导我们批判现代天体演化研究中僵死的唯心主义和形而上学的有力武器。

During August 1979, the acoustic-optics type radio astronomy spectrograph experiment was done by the joint 2nd Division of Shanghai Silicate Institute Academia Sinica-Radio Astronomy Division of Yunnan Observatory Academia Sinica in Kunming at the first time.The goal of the experiment is to approach the.nature of the acoustic-optics device made in China for solar radio dynamic spectrum observa-tions in order to prepare for establish solar radio spectrum observations, and to further develop instellar...

During August 1979, the acoustic-optics type radio astronomy spectrograph experiment was done by the joint 2nd Division of Shanghai Silicate Institute Academia Sinica-Radio Astronomy Division of Yunnan Observatory Academia Sinica in Kunming at the first time.The goal of the experiment is to approach the.nature of the acoustic-optics device made in China for solar radio dynamic spectrum observa-tions in order to prepare for establish solar radio spectrum observations, and to further develop instellar molecular spectral line observations.This paper describes in detail the attempt and the process of the experiment as well as some primary analysis of the results. The existing problems and their solutions are discussed.

一九七九年八月间,中科院上海硅酸盐研究所二室与云南天文台射电室合作在昆明进行了国内首次声光型射电频谱仪实验。实验旨在探索利用国产声光器件进行太阳射电动态频谱观测的性能、为建立太阳射电频谱观测准备条件。并为进一步发展星际谱线观测手段摸索经验。 本文详细地叙述了实验的构思,进行情况及一些初步的结果分析。讨论了存在的问题及解决的意见。

 
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