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cleft    
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  裂口
    The hemorrhage volume were more than 1 000 ml during short term in 3 cases of transplanted renal rupture after transplantation,and the ruptured envelope incision of transplanted renal +gelatin sponge filled up in the cleft+catgut suture+catgut woven renal pocke to contracting and protecting transplanted renal were used.
    3例术后移植肾破裂出血量估计超过 10 0 0ml者 ,采用手术延长移植肾破裂处包膜 +裂口内明胶海绵填塞 +肠线修补 +肠线编织肾袋收缩保护移植肾。
短句来源
    Results (1) In the 2 cases before operation and 4 cases after operation, the method of ruptured envelope incision or enlongation of transplanted renal+gelatin sponge filled up in the cleft+catgut suture+catgut woven renal pocke to contracting and protecting transplanted renal and in the meantime“sodium nitroprusside”was applied to treat intractable hypertension were adopted,there were no renal rupture and hemorrhage once more, and the renal function restored well.
    结果  ( 1)手术前 2例手术后 4例 ,采用切开或者延长移植肾破裂处包膜 +裂口内明胶海绵填塞 +肠线修补 +肠线编织肾袋收缩保护移植肾并配合“硝普钠”降压的方法处理 ,均未再破裂出血 ,移植肾功能恢复良好。
短句来源
    Conclusion (1)The method of rutured envelope incision or enlongation of transplantedrenal+gelation sponge filled up in the cleft+catgut suture+catgut woven renal pocke to contracting and protecting transplanted renal is effective in the therapy of transplanted renal rupture.
    结论  ( 1)采用手术切开或延长移植肾破裂处包膜 +裂口内明胶海绵填塞 +肠线修补 +肠线编织肾袋收缩保护移植肾可以有效治疗移植肾破裂。
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  cleft
The satellite passes chosen for the detailed analysis and modeling lay approximately along the cusp/cleft band from afternoon till prenoon MLT sectors, thus emphasizing the pitch-angle dispersion role with respect to the dispersion due to convection.
      
In addition, an attempt has been made to exclude observations of the "cleft ion fountain" from the analysis.
      
Low Altitude Cusp-Cleft Region Signatures of Strong Geomagnetic Disturbances
      
It was shown that local application of agonists of the 3rd type receptors 5-HTQ and quipazine into the interblastomere cleft of Paracentrotus lividus embryos evoked specific membrane currents.
      
Chlamydia and mycoplasma infections during pregnancy and their relationships to orofacial cleft
      
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Objective To improve the prevention and therapy level of transplanted renal rupture. Methods In 6 cases of transplanted renal rupture,2 cases were occurred before transplantation,and the other 4 cases were after transplantation.The ruptured envelope incision of transplanted renal+gelatin sponge filled up in the clef+catgut suture+catgut woven renal pocke to contracting and protecting transplanted renal were used in the 2 cases of donator renal rupture before transplantation.In earlier period of 1 case of transplanted...

Objective To improve the prevention and therapy level of transplanted renal rupture. Methods In 6 cases of transplanted renal rupture,2 cases were occurred before transplantation,and the other 4 cases were after transplantation.The ruptured envelope incision of transplanted renal+gelatin sponge filled up in the clef+catgut suture+catgut woven renal pocke to contracting and protecting transplanted renal were used in the 2 cases of donator renal rupture before transplantation.In earlier period of 1 case of transplanted renal rupture after transplantation,the hemorrhage volume was not much, and “sodium nitroprusside”was applied to treat intractable hypertension,meanwhile the routine antirejection drugs were used.The hemorrhage volume were more than 1 000 ml during short term in 3 cases of transplanted renal rupture after transplantation,and the ruptured envelope incision of transplanted renal +gelatin sponge filled up in the cleft+catgut suture+catgut woven renal pocke to contracting and protecting transplanted renal were used.Results (1) In the 2 cases before operation and 4 cases after operation, the method of ruptured envelope incision or enlongation of transplanted renal+gelatin sponge filled up in the cleft+catgut suture+catgut woven renal pocke to contracting and protecting transplanted renal and in the meantime“sodium nitroprusside”was applied to treat intractable hypertension were adopted,there were no renal rupture and hemorrhage once more, and the renal function restored well.(2) In earlier period of 1 case of transplanted renal rupture after transplantation,the“sodium nitroprusside”was applied to treat intractable hypertension, meanwhile the routine antirejection drugs were used,and conservative treatments were successful.Conclusion (1)The method of rutured envelope incision or enlongation of transplantedrenal+gelation sponge filled up in the cleft+catgut suture+catgut woven renal pocke to contracting and protecting transplanted renal is effective in the therapy of transplanted renal rupture.(2) If the hemorrhage volume is not more,the conservative treatrnents can be adopted and in the meantine the patient must be under closd surveillance.

目的 提高移植肾破裂的防治水平。方法  6例移植肾破裂 ,手术前 2例 ,手术后 4例。 2例术前供肾破裂 ,采用切开移植肾破裂处包膜 +裂口内明胶海绵填塞 +肠线修补 +肠线编织肾袋收缩保护移植肾。 1例术后移植肾破裂早期 ,出血少 ,针对顽固性高血压采用“硝普钠”降压 ,配合常规抗排斥药物。 3例术后移植肾破裂出血量估计超过 10 0 0ml者 ,采用手术延长移植肾破裂处包膜 +裂口内明胶海绵填塞 +肠线修补 +肠线编织肾袋收缩保护移植肾。结果  ( 1)手术前 2例手术后 4例 ,采用切开或者延长移植肾破裂处包膜 +裂口内明胶海绵填塞 +肠线修补 +肠线编织肾袋收缩保护移植肾并配合“硝普钠”降压的方法处理 ,均未再破裂出血 ,移植肾功能恢复良好。 ( 2 ) 1例术后移植肾破裂早期的患者 ,针对顽固性高血压采用“硝普钠”降压 ,配合常规抗排斥药物 ,非手术治疗成功。结论  ( 1)采用手术切开或延长移植肾破裂处包膜 +裂口内明胶海绵填塞 +肠线修补 +肠线编织肾袋收缩保护移植肾可以有效治疗移植肾破裂。 ( 2 )移植肾破裂出血少的情况下 ,可以在密切观察下非手术治疗

Objective To introduce the application of the scrotal flap on reconstructing partial urethra defect. Methods From March 1998 to August 2004, 31 patients with urethra defect were treated with scrotal flap. Their ages ranged from 6 to 34 years. Thirty-one patients included 8 cases of congenital deformity of urethra and 23 cases of complication of urethral fistula, urethral stenosis and phallus bend after hypospadias repair. The flap widths were 1.5-2.5 cm in child and 2.5-3.5 cm in adult. The flap length was 1.5-2.0...

Objective To introduce the application of the scrotal flap on reconstructing partial urethra defect. Methods From March 1998 to August 2004, 31 patients with urethra defect were treated with scrotal flap. Their ages ranged from 6 to 34 years. Thirty-one patients included 8 cases of congenital deformity of urethra and 23 cases of complication of urethral fistula, urethral stenosis and phallus bend after hypospadias repair. The flap widths were 1.5-2.5 cm in child and 2.5-3.5 cm in adult. The flap length was 1.5-2.0 times as much as the width. Nine cases were classified as penile type, 10 cases as penoscrotal type, 7 cases as scrotal type(3 children in association with cleft scrotum) and 5 cases as perrineal type because of pseudohermaphroditism. Urethroplasty was given by scrotal fascia vascular net flap to reconstruct urethra defect. Results All the flaps survived, and the incision healed well. Twenty-four cases achieved healing by first intention and 7 cases by second intention. And fistula occurred and healed after 2 weeks in 1 case. 27 cases were followed up 1-4 years, 2 cases had slight chordee, the others were satisfactivly. Conclusion Urethroplasty with scrotal fascia vascular net flap is an ideal method for the partial defect urethra.

目的探讨阴囊肉膜下筋膜血管网蒂皮瓣重建尿道的方法。方法1998年3月~2004年8月对先天性尿道畸形患者8例及尿道下裂术后并发多孔尿瘘、尿道狭窄和阴茎弯曲畸形23例,采用阴囊肉膜下筋膜血管网蒂皮瓣修复缺损的尿道。年龄6~34岁,平均20.3岁,皮瓣宽度:儿童为1.5~2.5cm,成人为2.5~3.5cm,长度可为宽度的1.5~2倍。其中尿道下裂阴茎型9例;阴茎阴囊型10例;阴囊型7例,其中3例为儿童伴阴囊分裂,尿道开口于阴囊分裂沟中;会阴型5例,为男性假两性畸形。结果术后皮瓣均成活,切口愈合良好,期愈合24例,期愈合7例。仅1例拔除支架管后发生尿瘘,嘱患者排尿时按压瘘口,2周后闭合。27例获随访1~4年,2例术后1年阴茎稍下弯,其余患者阴茎形态及功能良好。结论应用阴囊肉膜下筋膜血管网蒂皮瓣重建缺损的尿道疗效满意,是一种修复尿道下裂术后并发症较理想的方法。

 
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