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trabeculae     
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  骨小梁
     Nanoindentation tests showed that the values of hardness and elastic modulus of the trabeculae of the OVX rats were 0.91 GPa±0.13 GPa and 21.01 GPa±2.48 GPa respectively, not significantly different from those of the SHAM rats, 0.90 GPa±0.09 GPa and 22.03 GPa±2.44 GPa respectively.
     纳米压痕实验测得的去卵巢组和假手术组椎体骨小梁硬度分别为0·91GPa±0·13GPa和0·90GPa±0·09GPa,弹性模量分别为21·01GPa±2·48GPa和22·04GPa±2·44GPa,两组间差异无统计学意义。
短句来源
     (2)Bone trabeculae mixed with osseous septae in the lesions were discovered by X-ray in 33 cases, by CT in 18 cases and by MR in 4 cases.
     ②病灶内骨小梁间隔或骨嵴:X线33例,CT 18例,MR 4例;
短句来源
     The results of microimage analysis showed that the average grey value (0~255,black~white) of BMP positive osteoblasts and trabeculae of fetal parietal bones increased with the increase of gestational age.
     图像分析表明:胎儿顶骨内BMP阳性的骨小梁及成骨细胞的平均灰度值(0~255,black~white)随胎龄增加而呈上升趋势。
短句来源
     (4) Using microscope to observe the morphological structure of bone trabeculae, applying VIDAS image analyzer system to measure %trabecular volume (TBV%), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) and trabecular separation (Tb.Sp).
     (4)应用光镜观察骨小梁的形态结构,借助VIDAS图像分析系统测量骨小梁的相对体积(TBV%)、骨小梁的宽度(Tb.Th)和骨小梁的间隙(Tb.Sp);
短句来源
     (3)Bone trabeculae mixed with osseous septae in the lesions were discovered by X-ray in 11 cases, by MRI 4 cases;
     (3)病灶内骨小梁间隔或骨嵴:X线11例,MR4例;
短句来源
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  小梁
     Nanoindentation tests showed that the values of hardness and elastic modulus of the trabeculae of the OVX rats were 0.91 GPa±0.13 GPa and 21.01 GPa±2.48 GPa respectively, not significantly different from those of the SHAM rats, 0.90 GPa±0.09 GPa and 22.03 GPa±2.44 GPa respectively.
     纳米压痕实验测得的去卵巢组和假手术组椎体骨小梁硬度分别为0·91GPa±0·13GPa和0·90GPa±0·09GPa,弹性模量分别为21·01GPa±2·48GPa和22·04GPa±2·44GPa,两组间差异无统计学意义。
短句来源
     (2)Bone trabeculae mixed with osseous septae in the lesions were discovered by X-ray in 33 cases, by CT in 18 cases and by MR in 4 cases.
     ②病灶内骨小梁间隔或骨嵴:X线33例,CT 18例,MR 4例;
短句来源
     The results of microimage analysis showed that the average grey value (0~255,black~white) of BMP positive osteoblasts and trabeculae of fetal parietal bones increased with the increase of gestational age.
     图像分析表明:胎儿顶骨内BMP阳性的骨小梁及成骨细胞的平均灰度值(0~255,black~white)随胎龄增加而呈上升趋势。
短句来源
     (4) Using microscope to observe the morphological structure of bone trabeculae, applying VIDAS image analyzer system to measure %trabecular volume (TBV%), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) and trabecular separation (Tb.Sp).
     (4)应用光镜观察骨小梁的形态结构,借助VIDAS图像分析系统测量骨小梁的相对体积(TBV%)、骨小梁的宽度(Tb.Th)和骨小梁的间隙(Tb.Sp);
短句来源
     (3)Bone trabeculae mixed with osseous septae in the lesions were discovered by X-ray in 11 cases, by MRI 4 cases;
     (3)病灶内骨小梁间隔或骨嵴:X线11例,MR4例;
短句来源
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  径列条
     SEM OBSERVATIONS ON'TRABECULAE IN 13 WOOD SPECIES OF GYMNOSPERMAE OF CHINA
     13种国产裸子植物木材径列条的扫描电镜观察
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  “trabeculae”译为未确定词的双语例句
     When the sheep ventricular myocardial trabeculae were immersed in the simulated ischemic solution with LPC 3×10-4mol/L, the Vmax, RP, APA, APD50, and APD90 were reduced 78.0%, 22.7%, 26.0%, 35.4% and 21.0%, respectively.
     用“模拟缺血溶液”和LPC3×10-4mol/L灌流,其Vmax,RP,APA,APD50,APD90分别下降78.0%,22.7%,26.0%,35.4%和21.0%。
短句来源
     The length of tibia was 3.69±0.19 cm in experimental group(N=21),and 4.46±0.18 cm in control group(N=22), P <0.01.Growth and development of bone was impeded severely,trabeculae were destroyed and osteoporosis appeared obviously.
     实验组胫骨长为 3.69± 0 .19cm(平均数±标准误 ) ,对照组为 4 .4 6±0 .18cm,二组比较 ,P<0 .0 1;
短句来源
     When the sheep ventricular myocardial trabeculae were im-mersed in an ischemia stimulating solution containing LPC 3X10`-4 mol/L, the Vmax,RP,APA,APD50 and APD90 were reduced to 78%, 22.7%, 26%, 35.4%and 21% respectively.
     用“模拟缺血溶液”加LPC,其Vmax、XP、APA、AP50、AP90分别下降78%、22.7%、26%、35,4%和21%;
短句来源
     When the sheep ventricular myocardial trabeculae were immersed in the sim-ulated ischemic solution with LPC 3 X l-4 the Vmax,RP。 APA,APD50 and APD90。 were respec-tivelv reduced to 78%,22.7%,26%,35.4%and 2l%。
     用“模拟缺血溶液”加LPC3×IO-4灌流,其Vmax、RP、APA、APDs0和APD90分别下降78%、22.7%、26%、35.4%和21%;
短句来源
     Marked osteosclerosis of 29.1%, osteoporosis of 38.4% in ligaments, muscular attachments and obturatoria membranae, and changes of bony trabeculae of pelvis and lumbar vertebrae of 58.1% had been observed.
     同时观察到骨盆和腰椎骨密度增高29.1%,骨质疏松14%,韧带和肌腱附着处骨化38.4%,骨纹理改变58.1%。
短句来源
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  trabeculae
Experiments were performed on muscle trabeculae isolated from the right atrial auricle in the course of surgical correction of a valve defect.
      
The trabeculae displayed two types of mechanical responses, recorded in the isometric mode, to the postrest test.
      
Amiodarone (1 μM) treatment of the myocardium with the type I response enhanced the postrest potentiation of the mechanical response of trabeculae by more than 30%, but it had no effect on the muscles with the type II response.
      
Morphology revealed that ES-derived hepatic-like cells were round or polyhedral shaped with distinct boundary of individual cells, and some arranged in trabeculae.
      
1.Guinea-pig ventricular small papillary muscles and trabeculae were rapidly frozen presystolically after prolonged rest following positive inotropic interventions which strongly influenced peak of force and time to peak force.
      
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Sixty-eight adult male rabbits were selected for this experiment. A defect was made by sawing off a fragment of bone, 4 mm in length, from the diaphysis of both radii., under anesthesis of sod. amytol. The materials for the study were removed from these animals at intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after the operation. Sections were prepared for both histological and histochemical studies. Three types of bone calli were observed in different phases during the bone repair: 1) trabeculae...

Sixty-eight adult male rabbits were selected for this experiment. A defect was made by sawing off a fragment of bone, 4 mm in length, from the diaphysis of both radii., under anesthesis of sod. amytol. The materials for the study were removed from these animals at intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after the operation. Sections were prepared for both histological and histochemical studies. Three types of bone calli were observed in different phases during the bone repair: 1) trabeculae with coarse woven fibers, 2) trabeculae with fine parallel fibers, and 3) the mixed type. The contents of ribonucleic acids, alkaline phosphatase, cytochrome oxydase and succinic dehydrogenase increase in the osteoblast as the cell develops from flat to collumnar form. As the osteoblast develops into osteocyte the above reactions decrease in intensity. In the fine-fibered trabeculaer the osteocytes were almost free from the above content, while in the coarse-fibered trabeculae, the osteocytes still retain a moderate intensity for the above reactions. This indicates that the latter type of bone trabeculae is relatively immature. Periodic acid-Schiff reactions in the coarse-fibered bone matrix and fibers are more intensive than in that of the fine-fibered. Reactions for acid mucoplysaccharides (Mowry's and Alcian blue reactions) are negative in all the bone matrix observed, except on the wall of bone lacunae and cement lines. Alkaline phosphatase activity is restrictod within that narrow area of fine fibers under the periosteum. The histological and histochemical features of osteoclast are described and its functions are discussed.

本实验选用了雄性、成年、健康家兔68只。在阿米妥钠溶液静脉注射之麻醉情况下进行无菌手术:在挠骨中段人工造成4毫米的缺损。手术后1, 2, 3,,、7, 10, 14, 17,21, 28, 35及42天后杀死动物,取材,固定,进行了组织学和组织化学研究。 在骨折修复过程中,不同时期内可以见到三种不同的骨痴:(1)粗纤维编织状骨,(2)细纤维板层状骨,以及(3)混合性骨小梁。 当扁平的成骨细胞分化成高柱状的成骨细胞时,细胞内所包含的核糖核酸、碱性磷酸酶、细胞色素氧化酶及墟拍酸脱氢酶等逐渐增加。在成骨细胞分化成骨细胞过程中则上述的各种组织化学反应弦度逐渐减低。在细纤维骨小梁内的骨细胞,上述各种成分几乎完个消失;在粗纤维骨小梁的细胞内部仍旧显示了中等程度的上述各种组织化学反应。在新生的粗纤维骨小梁内骨基质和骨纤维内高碘酸雪夫氏反应是要较细纤维骨内的反应要强一些。在上述各种骨小梁的基质内,除了细纤维骨骨陷窝壁和粘合线内,都没有见到明显的酸性粘多糖反应和异染性;碱性磷酸酶的反应也仅限于骨外衣下粗纤维外包裹的细纤维。 本文尚结合破骨细胞的形态结构及组织化学反应讨论了破骨细胞的机能问题。

After the investigation of 1,000 bone marrow biopsies, using the six staining procedures in every instance, i.e.,H.E., Giemsa,reticulin,collagen, PAS and Prussian blue reaction, the authors discuss the following ten aspects: the percentage of cellularity, the granulocytc to nucleated red blood cell ratio ( M : E ratio ) , the process of matura-tion of hematopoietic cells, the content of plasma cells, the content of megakaryocytes, edema and hemorrhage, the modification of reticulin fibres, the modification of...

After the investigation of 1,000 bone marrow biopsies, using the six staining procedures in every instance, i.e.,H.E., Giemsa,reticulin,collagen, PAS and Prussian blue reaction, the authors discuss the following ten aspects: the percentage of cellularity, the granulocytc to nucleated red blood cell ratio ( M : E ratio ) , the process of matura-tion of hematopoietic cells, the content of plasma cells, the content of megakaryocytes, edema and hemorrhage, the modification of reticulin fibres, the modification of collagen fibres,the modification of bone trabeculae, and the evaluation of iron stores. In addition, some criteria for the basic lesions under microscopic observation are proposed.

根据1,000例骨髓穿刺活检及近二年来采用H.E.、姬姆萨、网状纤维、胶原纤维、PAS及铁反应6种染色后的工作体会,对一些基本病变的观察作了分析和探讨.共讨论了10个问题:如造血组织与脂肪组织的比例、粒细胞与红细胞的比例、造血细胞成熟过程、浆细胞含量、巨核细胞含量、骨髓水肿与出血、网状纤维的变化、胶原纤维的变化、骨小梁变化及骨髓中贮存铁的观察等,并对其中某些内容提出了自己镜检的常规标准.

An analysis of x-ray examination 10 cases of osteitis deformans (Pa-get's disease) confirmed clinically, roentgenologically and pathologically was reported. Nine of them were below the age of 45 with a sex ratio of 1:1 (5:5 cases) . Coarse trabeculae with a hempen rope appearance, combined local osteoporosis and bony sclerotic patches of skull bones with a cotton wool appearance, "V"shaped margins, a striated and "squaring" appearance of vertebral bodies and pelvic rim sign were the chief roentgenological...

An analysis of x-ray examination 10 cases of osteitis deformans (Pa-get's disease) confirmed clinically, roentgenologically and pathologically was reported. Nine of them were below the age of 45 with a sex ratio of 1:1 (5:5 cases) . Coarse trabeculae with a hempen rope appearance, combined local osteoporosis and bony sclerotic patches of skull bones with a cotton wool appearance, "V"shaped margins, a striated and "squaring" appearance of vertebral bodies and pelvic rim sign were the chief roentgenological findings. Hypertrophic changes of hip joint, soft tissue mass and pathologic fractrue were the atypical findings. The etiology, incidence of the disease and the relation between pathological and X-ray findings were also discussed.

本文报道10例畸形性骨炎,均经临床X线详细检查,2例经手术后病理检查证实。该病典型的X线表现为:骨小梁粗糙呈麻绳状,颅骨呈局限性骨质疏松区和棉絮状骨质增生,长骨出现“V”字形边缘征,椎体呈栅栏状和方框状以及骨盆边缘征等。文中对该病病因、发病率、病理改变和X线表现之间的关系进行了讨论。

 
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