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     Files Transfer Between IBM PC and NET/ONE
     IBM个人计算机与NET/ONE之间的文件传送
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     THE MASTER-SLAVE STRUCTURE OF SEQUENTIAL FILES
     主副结构顺序文件
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     Program for Files of Structure of a Statistical Form with Chinese dBASE Ⅲ
     汉字dBASEⅢ报表格式文件生成程序
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     CORRECT EDITING AND/OR MODIFYING OF SCADA DATA-BASE ENTRY FILES
     正确编辑/修改SCADA系统数据库输入文件
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     Modification and Extension of EXE Files
     EXE文件的修改与空间扩展
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     Present Sitution and Preospect of Forest Management Files in State Forest Farm
     国营林场森林经营档案管理现状与展望
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     The Design and Development of a Microcomputer Management System for Private House Property Files
     微机私有房产档案管理系统的设计与实现
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     FILES AND DATA
     档案资料
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     Study on Welding Technique of Pressure Vessel and Computer Management of Welder Training Files
     压力容器焊接技术及焊工培训档案微机管理
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     Design and Implementation of Multimedia Files Management System
     多媒体档案管理系统的设计与实现
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     The Programming of Auto-Recovery Misdeleted Files of Disk on IBM PC Computer
     自动恢复IBM PC机磁盘误删文件的程序设计
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     Modification and Extension of EXE Files
     EXE文件的修改与空间扩展
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     FILES TRANSMISSION OF BASIC PROGRAM BETWEEN EG3200 AND MC-176 MICROCOMPUTER
     EG3200微机与MC-176微机之间BASIC程序文件的传送
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     On the Implementation of Dynamic Hashing Files
     动态哈希文件的实现技术
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     A Substructure Method of Forming Element Data Files in a Finite Element Analysis
     有限元分析中组织单元数据文件的子结构法(英文)
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     Keeping files under control
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     CFTS,a System to Transfer Disk Files Between IBM-PC Computer and CROMEMCO System Computer
     CFTS-PC与CROMEMCO联机传输系统
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     A Technique for the Design of Field Names in Chinese DBASE II Files
     中文DBASEⅡ软件中字段名设计的技巧
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     Study on the Estahlish Files and Data Replace Technology of Forest Resource
     森林资源建档及数据更新技术研究
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     The Automatic Generation of MIS Software Files
     MIS软件文档的自动生成
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  files
The heart of our mechanism is to migrate some shared files from the overloaded peers to the neighboring free riders automatically and transparently, which enforces free riders to offer services when altruistic peers are heavily overloaded.
      
Transfer of large files through TCP/IP connections forms the main bulk of the wireless traffic.
      
The numerical modeling of three-dimensional phenomena has become possible with the appearance of a new generation of computers with conveyor processing of large numerical files.
      
The approach presented involves inventorying information resources of the site, partial syntactic analysis of its HTML-files, locating their hyperlinks, and, in so doing, reconstructing its macrostructure (the hyperlink graph of resources).
      
For finite iterations over files, a problem-oriented technique for proving correctness conditions is proposed.
      
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Ⅰ. Materiels: a, Sinnovacul constricta (Lamark) depuis I' embryon de deux jours apres la metamorphose, jusqu'a les larves de deux, quatre on six mois et d'adulte d'un ou deux ans.b. Arca granosa (Linne), depuis les Jarves de trois, quatre, ou cinq mois iusqu'aI'adulte d' un, beux ou trois, ans. Les cellules du tissu conjonctive et de I'epithelium du manteau ont ete seulcs etudices.⒉. Methodcs: Fixation de Bouin, et surtour de Bouin-Hollande, et aussi de Flemmingv. Coupes saccessives de5μ coloration de Carrazzi...

Ⅰ. Materiels: a, Sinnovacul constricta (Lamark) depuis I' embryon de deux jours apres la metamorphose, jusqu'a les larves de deux, quatre on six mois et d'adulte d'un ou deux ans.b. Arca granosa (Linne), depuis les Jarves de trois, quatre, ou cinq mois iusqu'aI'adulte d' un, beux ou trois, ans. Les cellules du tissu conjonctive et de I'epithelium du manteau ont ete seulcs etudices.⒉. Methodcs: Fixation de Bouin, et surtour de Bouin-Hollande, et aussi de Flemmingv. Coupes saccessives de5μ coloration de Carrazzi Delafield Hematoxylin, de safraoine-cosin; de safraninepicro-indigo-carmin; et aussi, de la reaction nucleaire de Feulgen.Ⅲ.Resultats:(Ⅰ) Les differentes modes de I'amitose ont ere trouvces non seule. ment dans les cellules de I'embryon de deux jours apres la metamorphose, mais aussi dans les cellules de larves de differents mois et de I'adthe: ce sont:(1) La fragmentation nocleairc,-elle consiste dans un clivage du noyau en deux moities approximativement egales, sans formation de nouvellee paroi cellulaire.On obtient ainsi souvent une cellule binuelce.(fig.8)(2) L'amitose-c'est un processus de bipattion plus ordonne que la fragmentation tnucleaire.Elle consiste dans un allongement du nucleole suivi d'un etranglemeat progressifdu noyau, et finalement d'une rupture d'aboutissant a la formation de deux noyaux qui dans quclques cas peuvcnt etre inegaux. (Fig.1)(3) L'amitose typique de ligne pointue - c'est une mode de I'amitose la plus typique et la plus repandue dans les cellules du tissu conjonctive et de Pepithelium du manteau de solen, Elle consiste d'abord dans un gonflement du noyau, tres riche cn acide nucleane, revelee par la reaction de Feulgen, puis, le noyau s'allonge vers un cote, en devenant une ligne tres pointue; tandis que le nucleole arrondi donne aussi un prolongement tres fine qui penetrc dans la ligne pointue du noyau. Le nucleole et son prolongement sont colores d'une facon intense soit par I'hematoxylin, soit par la reaction, nucleaire de Feulgen. Et finalement, le cote pointu du noyau se gonfle peupeu, en. formant un nouveau noyau; et en meme temps, le prolongement du nuclcole se grossit aussi, en formant un nouvegu nucleole arrondi. Ainsi, se forment. deux nouveaux noyaux. Tres souvent, on peut voir encore le file nucleaire qui relit les deux nucleoles, de ees deux nouveaux noyau (Fig.Ⅱ.)Cettc mode de division directe du noyau en ligne pointue cst tres rare ct tres particuliere, soit chez les cellules animales ou vege-tales. Ⅱ faut signaler d'ailleurs que I''amitose de la ligne pointue des cellules eonjonctives se produit souuent en masse. (micro-photographe Ⅰ)(4) L'amitose du noyau sous forme amiboide. (Fig.Ⅲ)(5) L'amitose par bourgeon (Fig Ⅳ)Ces deux dernicres modes de I'amitose sont les moins frequentes.Un fait important cst a signaler: dans tous les materiels examines, nous avons seulement trouves I'amitose de ccs differentes modes; c'est la seule et unique mode de division dn noyau et de la reproduction cellulaire. lamais, nous n'ayons trouve, la mitose soit dans les cellules de I'embryon, de Iarves, ou de I'adulte.D'autie part, il faut signaler aussi un autre fait important: c'est la formation-d'un nouveau noyau, a partir de nucleole, dans les cellules conjonctivcs du manteau de solen adulte, Ce fait important a ete signale pour la premiere fois par Kopoeoa, (1952) et confirme par Pa (1955) et Tchen Po-Kun (1957) dans les cellules epitheliales du chorion de foetus de lapin, et aussi dans les cellules hepatiques du tetard de gren-ouille et du souris bianc. Notre observation peut donner une confirmation des resultats obtenus par les savants ci-dessus signales. Mais, a mon avis, I'etude plus approfondie de cettc question est a souhaiter,Ⅳ. conclusions: (1) L'amitose est la seulc et unique mode dc divison du noyau et de la reproduction cellulaire, dans les cellules embryonnaires et adultes du tissu con-jonctive et de I'epithelium du manteau de solen et d'arca. La mitose n'est pas la mode de division absolument necessaire pour la division cellulaire.(2) Ⅱ est classique de donner a

(1)缢蛏及泥蚶的胚体,幼苗及一、二年成体的外套膜结缔细胞及上皮细胞的分裂繁殖完全是非有丝分裂形式.在这些组织中,始终未发现有丝分裂. (2)非有丝分裂不但是幼期的,没有定形的和没有完全发展的迅速生长的细胞的繁殖方式,而且也动物某些成年的、定形的和完全发展的细胞的繁殖形式.甚至在组织生长速度减慢时,也可以出现(三年泥坩的外套膜组织)有丝分裂并非唯一的,最普遍而不可代替细胞繁殖形式,它在细胞分裂过程中的作用并不是根本性的. (3)在同一组织中,非有丝分裂类型是多种多样的;直接分裂尖线形分开、变形虫式分裂,芽生繁殖等类型,皆可同时进行,在缢和泥坩的幼苗和一年生成体外套膜结缔细细和上皮细胞方面,以成群的尖线形分裂和直接分裂为最主要,尤其尖线形分裂为最特殊突出。非有丝分裂是与细胞和核的重新形成发生着密切联系.并且由核仁可以演发形成一个新核.非有丝分裂的各种方式,归根结底是核的分裂方式,是核的重新形成,是新核在旧核中的产生. (4)非有丝分裂显示出很大的优越性,是细胞的一种正常的,生理的、有规律可寻的繁殖方式.也有遗传继承的性能. (5)非有丝分裂的研究结果,再一次地证明莫尔根学派染色体连续理论和客观事实完全不符.

Heterotopic Purkinje cells are found in the superficial cerebellar cortex in various microscopic sections of the cerebellum of adult representatives of the mammalian orders including insectivores, rodents, carnivores, artio- dactyls and primates, as well as normal and pathological human beings of different ages. Superficial to the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex the heterotopic Purkinje cells are hung on the outermost margin of the cortex or even slipped into the subpial space. Within the molecular layer...

Heterotopic Purkinje cells are found in the superficial cerebellar cortex in various microscopic sections of the cerebellum of adult representatives of the mammalian orders including insectivores, rodents, carnivores, artio- dactyls and primates, as well as normal and pathological human beings of different ages. Superficial to the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex the heterotopic Purkinje cells are hung on the outermost margin of the cortex or even slipped into the subpial space. Within the molecular layer they subsist in isolation, in groups, in rarefied file, in tortuous alignment, or in wholesale displacement. The heterotopic Purkinje cells are largely hypotrophic with roundish bodies, large nuclei, little cytoplasm, and slender and straight dendrites. Their orientation is multifarious. They are, again, often pathological, being elongated, withered, or with multiple nuclei or nucleoli. They are frequently accompanied by primitive granules which geneti- cally descend from the superficial to the deep planes, thus hinting at their common source. The theory of ventrieular origin fails to explain the aberration of the Purkinje cells to the superficial parts, whereas the facts of heterotopy reflect their origination from the margin and their descent towards the middle level as products of a secondary germination. Under adverse conditions, the primordial Purkinje cells are affected in their capacity of migration and differentiation and, consequently, remain in the original ger- minal bed or slip into the subpial cavity with the crumpling pia mater. They may, again, halt midway singly, collectively, in interrupted file, in sinuous row formation, or in dispersion throughout the whole molecular layer. Cortical patches occasionally present in the interior of pathological cerebellum testifies to the capacity of the potential germinal cells coming from the ventricular matrix to proliferate Purkinje and other cortical cells in the deep as well as in the superficial portions. The retention at adult age of the 'external' granular or Kirschhof's layer together with simulta- neous reduction or absence of Purkinje cells below implies the derivation of the latter cells normally from the margin through a stage corresponding to such granules. The heterotopy of Purkinje cells in the superficial cortex signifies that a part (if not whole) of them at least originate from the marginal granular layer of the early stage.

觀察了食蟲、齧齒、食肉、貧齒、偶蹄、靈長各目的成長動物,以及年齡不同的正常和病態的人類小腦切片,在皮質淺部都見異位的樸氏細胞。在皮質中層正列以上,樸氏細胞可附貼皮質的外緣,甚至落入軟膜下腔。在分子層中,它們可孤處、團聚、間隔平排、在正位行伍錯亂、也可漫佈分子全層。異位的細胞多屬稚型:形體渾圓、胞核大、胞漿少、方向複雜樹突細直。它們也顯病態:胞體狹長、形相枯竭、有時多核、多仁。 樸氏細胞的異位照例伴有應自表層沉居深部的顆粒細胞,這表示它們同是出於邊緣顆粒。 說樸氏細胞源出室壁生發層不能解釋它們留居皮質的淺部。異位的事實指證它們來自邊緣顆粒層,出於二級的生發,下沉定居中層。初型的樸氏細胞受了惡性因素的影響,減低了遷移、分化的能力,以致留居原產地點,隨軟膜落入下腔,下沉時隨地中止-孤處、團聚、成排、漫散。在病理小腦中,皮質的團塊可孤處深部,這表示二級的生發細胞永達淺面而在深部增殖,也生出樸氏細胞。受了發生的遏制,成長以後,分子層中部可長久殘存横延的“外”顆粒層;此時深方即無有或少有樸氏細胞。此層稀疏或中斷的地點,在下方樸氏細胞就分化很好。這暗示樸氏細胞是通過此層從淺面移來的。 樸氏細胞在淺部的異位指證它們至少有一部...

觀察了食蟲、齧齒、食肉、貧齒、偶蹄、靈長各目的成長動物,以及年齡不同的正常和病態的人類小腦切片,在皮質淺部都見異位的樸氏細胞。在皮質中層正列以上,樸氏細胞可附貼皮質的外緣,甚至落入軟膜下腔。在分子層中,它們可孤處、團聚、間隔平排、在正位行伍錯亂、也可漫佈分子全層。異位的細胞多屬稚型:形體渾圓、胞核大、胞漿少、方向複雜樹突細直。它們也顯病態:胞體狹長、形相枯竭、有時多核、多仁。 樸氏細胞的異位照例伴有應自表層沉居深部的顆粒細胞,這表示它們同是出於邊緣顆粒。 說樸氏細胞源出室壁生發層不能解釋它們留居皮質的淺部。異位的事實指證它們來自邊緣顆粒層,出於二級的生發,下沉定居中層。初型的樸氏細胞受了惡性因素的影響,減低了遷移、分化的能力,以致留居原產地點,隨軟膜落入下腔,下沉時隨地中止-孤處、團聚、成排、漫散。在病理小腦中,皮質的團塊可孤處深部,這表示二級的生發細胞永達淺面而在深部增殖,也生出樸氏細胞。受了發生的遏制,成長以後,分子層中部可長久殘存横延的“外”顆粒層;此時深方即無有或少有樸氏細胞。此層稀疏或中斷的地點,在下方樸氏細胞就分化很好。這暗示樸氏細胞是通過此層從淺面移來的。 樸氏細胞在淺部的異位指證它們至少有一部分(若非全部)是出自早期的邊緣顆粒層。

1.In the paddy soils derived from red earth,the amount of iron and manganese were the highest in illuvial horizon,but much lower in glei horizon. The degree of differentiation of iron and manganese in horizons increased with the degree of soil development.It was found that the tendency of differentia- tion of manganese was more distinct as compared with that of iron. 2.The amount of manganese,which can be reduced by hydroquinone makes the major part of the total manganese content,in some cases,it reached up...

1.In the paddy soils derived from red earth,the amount of iron and manganese were the highest in illuvial horizon,but much lower in glei horizon. The degree of differentiation of iron and manganese in horizons increased with the degree of soil development.It was found that the tendency of differentia- tion of manganese was more distinct as compared with that of iron. 2.The amount of manganese,which can be reduced by hydroquinone makes the major part of the total manganese content,in some cases,it reached up to 70% of the total manganese content,but the amount of iron,which can be reduced by hydroquinone,never exceed 0.5% of the total iron content;the amount of manganese,which could form complex with EDTA was also larger than that of iron. 3.Dry-wet interchanging treatment of soil decrease the amount of acid- soluble and easily reduciable iron and manganese in it greatly.This indicates that dehydration can reduce the activity of iron and manganese. 4.On the basis of the experimental results,it is suggested by authors that manganese is more sensitive to the change of redox condition,and iron is more sensitive to the change of acid-basic condition.All those have certain signifi- cance in the movement and differentiation of iron and manganese in the pro- file of paddy soil.The degree of movement of iron and manganese could,in certain case,be used as an index of the development of paddy soil.

(一)红壤性水稻土中铁、锰的含量以淀积层最高,潜育层最低。铁、锰在土层中的分化程度,随土壤发育的程度而增加;锰的分化趋势,较铁更为明显。(二)能被氢醌还原的锰量,占全锰中的很大百分数,最高者可达70%,而能被氢醌还原的铁量,不超过全铁量的0.5%。能与 EDTA 形成络合物的锰量,也较铁量为高。(三)土壤经交互干湿处理以后,酸溶性和易于还原的铁、锰数量都大大降低,说明脱水作用可使铁、锰的活动性减低。(四)作者根据试验结果而认为,锰对氧化还原条件的感应较为灵敏,而铁则对酸碱条件较为敏感,这对于水稻土剖面中铁、锰的移动和分化具有一定意义。铁、锰的移动程度,在一定程度上可作为水稻土发育程度的一个指标。

 
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