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craniocerebral
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  颅脑
     The Mechanism and Effect on the Changes of Heat Shock Protein70, p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase in Missile Craniocerebral Injuries under High Temperature and High Humidity Environment
     高温高湿环境下颅脑火器伤后HSP70、p38 MAPK变化及其作用机理
短句来源
     The Experimental Study of Maxillofacial Injury Associated with Craniocerebral Injury
     颌面部创伤合并颅脑损伤的实验研究
短句来源
     Experimental Study of Craniocerebral Firearm Wound under Hot and Humid Field Environment
     野外高温高湿环境下颅脑火器伤实验研究
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     EXPERIMENTAL STUDY AND CLINICAL OBSERVATION OF ARTERIAL OXYGENATION SN CRANIOCEREBRAL INJURIES
     颅脑损伤后动脉血氧合程度变化的实验研究与临床观察
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     SEVERE CRANIOCEREBRAL INJURIES…A CLINICAL ANALYSIS OF 355 CASES
     重型颅脑损伤355例的临床分析
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  “craniocerebral”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Effects of calcium antagonist nimodipine on patients with severe craniocerebral trauma
     Effects of calcium antagonist nimodipine on patients with severe craniocerebral trauma
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     MBP of acute craniocerebral injure was negatively correlated with GCS and GOS (r=-0.612,r=-0.598,P<0.01).
     MBP与GCS和GOS均呈明显负相关(r=-0.612,r=-0.598,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results The ratio of CD3+? CD4+? CD4+/CD8+ of craniocerebral trauma patients declines distinctively (P<0.01), but the CD8+ elevates distinctively (P<0.01).
     结果脑外伤患者CD3 +、CD4+、CD4+/CD8+比值均显著下降 (P<0.01) ;
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     Results The levels of CD28~-CD8~+ in lymphocytes in craniocerebral trauma were higher than those after treatment patients and the control group. But CD3~+,CD28~+,CD28~+CD8~+ were lower.
     结果脑损伤组及愈后不良组患者外周血中CD28-CD8+的表达高于正常健康对照组,CD3+、CD28+、CD28+CD8+T细胞则低于正常健康组。
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     ③ The positive rates of gram positive bacteria and anaerobic bacteria in penicillin sodium group (1/12) were lower than those in control group (6/8) after craniocerebral explosive injury (P<0.01).
     ③实验组血液细菌培养革兰氏阳性菌及厌氧菌总阳性率(1/12)显著低于对照组(6/8)(P<0.01);
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  相似匹配句对
     Clinical Observation of Craniocerebral Injury
     颅脑损伤病人的临床观察
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     Rehabilitation Treatment of Craniocerebral Injury
     颅脑损伤的康复
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  craniocerebral
The data on the immune and autoimmune disturbances in certain brain diseases such as brain tumors, remote consequences of craniocerebral injury, epilepsy, and postradiation encephalopathy are presented.
      
Interhemispheric EEG Coherence during Rehabilitation of Patients after Severe Craniocerebral Injury
      
Dynamic clinical and EEG examinations (78 observations) were carried out in 17 patients suffering from severe craniocerebral injury during the course of their rehabilitation.
      
Assessment of the Course of Rehabilitation of Patients with Craniocerebral Injury According to Posturographic, Encephalographic,
      
Electroencephalographic and posturographic characteristics were studied in 26 patients with severe craniocerebral injury (CCI) in the course of rehabilitation.
      
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Hypoxemia is the most frequent respiratory abnormality in craniocerebral injuries. we present here the results of a retrospective study of the post-operative changes in arterial oxygenation in 65 cases of craniocerebral injuries. Thirty cases of non-neuro-surgical operations were used as controls.It was found that the PaO2 values in the craniocerebral injury group were significantly lower than those in the controls and often accompanied by obvious hypocapnia and respiratory alkalosis. Seventy-two...

Hypoxemia is the most frequent respiratory abnormality in craniocerebral injuries. we present here the results of a retrospective study of the post-operative changes in arterial oxygenation in 65 cases of craniocerebral injuries. Thirty cases of non-neuro-surgical operations were used as controls.It was found that the PaO2 values in the craniocerebral injury group were significantly lower than those in the controls and often accompanied by obvious hypocapnia and respiratory alkalosis. Seventy-two per cent of the 65 cases had PaO2 values below 80mmHg and 20% below 60mmHg. Obvious hy-poxemia occurred most often in patients with brain stem injuries, extensive cerebral contusions and subdural hematomas. The PaO2 values usually decreased to the lowest level during the period of 24 to 48 hours after operation. There was no mortality in patients whose PaO2 values were above 80mmHg. In contrast, 61% of patients with PaO2 below 60mmHg showed poor prognosis.ICP mornitoring performed in 5 cases of craniocerbral injuries suggested that increased ICP was, in some way, associated with lower PaO2 .Nine dogs, anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital and under controlled ventilation, were studied for changes of arterial blood gases after ICP had been increased by epidu-ral balloon inflation to 50 and 100 mmHg for 30 minutes. All the animals consistently showed a decrease of PaO2 accompanied by a slight increase of PaCO and decrease of pH values after elevaion of ICP.The extent of these changes was greater when ICP was 100mmHg than when it was 50mmHg.Hyperventilation at ICP of 100mmHg could not restore PaO2 to baseline in most animals although their PaCO2 was decreased below baseline. These results indicate that acutely increased ICP has a direct effect on lungs, which is responsible for venous admixture and hypoxemia.The mechanisms,by which hypoxemia is caused after craniocerebral injuries, are discussed, ventilation-perfusion imbalance is considered to be a main factor for hypoxemia.we conclude that instant examination of arterial oxygenation is helpful to the recognition of the status of the patient's respiratory function, to the guidance of medical care and to the assessment of patient's prognois.It is suggested that effective control of increased ICP in head injuries can prevnt further deterioration of the respiratory function.

本研究通过临床病例的观察与分析,进一步了解低氧血症在颅脑损伤术后患者中的发生率、变化规律及其与预后的关系,并结合实验研究,对颅内高压与低氧血症的关系作一初步探讨,为临床上降低颅内高压可改善呼吸功能的可能性提供一定的依据。

sixty patients with intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring following craniocerebral operation were compared with 60 patients without ICP monitoring after surgery. They were identical with respect to hospitalization period, disease condition, and mode of operation or anesthesia etc.The immediate postoperative pressure was lower than normal in most of the monitored patients and high pressures suggested postoperative hematoma or pneumocephalus. In cases with postoperative cerebral edema, the ICP usually rose...

sixty patients with intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring following craniocerebral operation were compared with 60 patients without ICP monitoring after surgery. They were identical with respect to hospitalization period, disease condition, and mode of operation or anesthesia etc.The immediate postoperative pressure was lower than normal in most of the monitored patients and high pressures suggested postoperative hematoma or pneumocephalus. In cases with postoperative cerebral edema, the ICP usually rose at about 12 hours and ell within 48-72 hours after operation. If ICP exceeded 40 mmHg and remained above 20 mmHg despite treatment, the outcome was poor. The amount of dehydrants used in the non-monitored series were 6.1-7 times that of the monitored series, and the rate of postoperative complications, mortality and disability in the nonmonitored series were higher than in the monitored series (p<0.05).ICP monitoring can accurately detect changes in ICP, discover thereby facilitating the timely treatment of postoperative complications and improving operative result, so it has practical clinical value. If used properly, intracranial infection can be avoided or reduced to the minimum.

颅内压监护用于60例脑手术后重症患者,并与60例时间病情相似、未行监护的术后重症患者比较。 术后初压多低于正常,如初压增高多为颅内血肿或张力性气颅。腑水肿的颅高压多在术后12小时左右出现,48~72小时下降。如颅内压>40mmHg或经治疗不能降至20mmHg以下,多示预后不佳。监护组术后脱水剂用量为菲监护组的1/7~1/6,术后并发症和死亡率均低于非监护组(P<0.05)。 颅内压监护能够准确了解术后颅内压改变,早期发现和及时处理术后并发症,提高手术疗效,具有临床实用价值,只要运用得当,颅内感染可以避免或减少到最低限度。

90 patients undergoing thoracic, craniocerebral or abdominal operations were randomly selected for investigation, all were free of organic heart disease and with grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac function. The patients were divided in to 3 groups each comprising 30 patients. Group Ⅰ induced with thiopental and scoline, group Ⅱ began with the same drug, but γ-OH was added immediately after scoline, group Ⅲ received diazepam, pethidine, γ-OH and scoline. ECG lead Ⅱ monitoring was applied to all three groups of patients...

90 patients undergoing thoracic, craniocerebral or abdominal operations were randomly selected for investigation, all were free of organic heart disease and with grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac function. The patients were divided in to 3 groups each comprising 30 patients. Group Ⅰ induced with thiopental and scoline, group Ⅱ began with the same drug, but γ-OH was added immediately after scoline, group Ⅲ received diazepam, pethidine, γ-OH and scoline. ECG lead Ⅱ monitoring was applied to all three groups of patients before, during and after intubation. It is concluded after analysis of the results of different modes of induction that the method adopted in group Ⅲ is apparently superior to the other 2 groups with respect to cardiovascular stabilization, prevention of serious arrhythmia, and protection against myocardial anoxia. This mode of induction is therefore deemed to be better suited for patients of old age, with compromised cardiac function, and poor general condition.

任选心脏无器质性病变,心功能Ⅰ—Ⅱ级,在气管插管麻醉下进行各类手术的90名病员,分三组,每组30名,采用不同方法诱导,第一组硫贲妥钠、琥珀胆碱诱导插管;第二组硫贲妥钠、琥珀胆碱、γ-OH诱导插管;第三组安定、哌替啶、γ-OH、琥珀胆碱诱导插管。诱导前、诱导期及插管后以Ⅱ导联监测记录心电变化,三组病例在注琥珀胆碱后及插管后心率都有显著加快,无一例心动过缓,第一、二组在诱导过程中心电图显示P波、S-T段、T波及Q-T间期变化都显著高于第三组,且发生严重心律紊乱,本观察认为第三组诱导方法对稳定心血管功能,预防严重心律紊乱,防止心肌缺血缺氧等方面显著优于其它两组,对老年、心功能不全或体质衰弱的病员全麻诱导以第三组方法为佳。

 
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