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livestock     
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  家畜
     Investigation on E.coli O157:H7 among Poultry and Livestock in Changchun Area
     长春地区家禽(家畜)中E.coli O157∶H7调查
短句来源
     The Application of Vitamin B_(12),E and C in the Preservation of Livestock Semen
     维生素B_(12)、E和C在家畜精液保存中的应用
短句来源
     as the fine fodder of the livestock,the leaf of Phaseolus calcalatus contains abundant nutrition(134.0g/kg coarse protein,184.7g/kg coarse fibre,32.0g/kg coarse fat,and 64.6gkg coarse ash),and 18 kinds of amino acids(87.3g/kg).
     饭豆叶片中富含营养(含粗蛋白134.0g/kg,粗纤维184.7g/kg,粗脂肪32.0g//kg,粗灰分64.6g/kg)和18种氨基酸(其总含量高达87.3g/kg),可作家畜优质饲料。
短句来源
     Advancement on Mechanism and Sex Control of Livestock
     家畜性别决定机制及性别控制的研究进展
短句来源
     GRASS-FEEDING LIVESTOCK TOTAL CONTENTS No .1 -4 2005
     2005年《草食家畜》1-4期总目次
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  牲畜
     Among the 7sites contamination was higest at toilet,the number of ascarid eggs took64.4 % of the total,which was consecutively followed by livestock pen( 9.3% ) ,courtyard ( 7.3% ) ,kitchen ( 7.2 % ) ,threshold ( 6.5% ) ,sitting room ( 3.1% ) and bedroom ( 2 .7% ) .
     农户的 7处中以厕所土壤污染最严重 ,占蛔虫卵总数的 6 4.3% ,依次为牲畜棚 (9.3% )、庭院 (7.3% )、厨房 (7.2 % )、门槛 (6 .5 % )、客堂 (3.1 % )和卧室 (2 .2 % )。
短句来源
     The density on an avsrage a year is 41.7, 36.6 and 42.1 in dwelling buildingain 1987, 1988 and 1989, and is 84.4, 69.7 and 52.3 in 1987, 1988 and 1989, in livestock building respectively.
     年平均密度,住房1987~39年分别为41.7、36.6和42.1; 牲畜房三年分别为84.4、69.7和52.3。
短句来源
     World Supply & Utilization of Major Crops, Livestock, & Products in 1999~2006
     1999~2006年世界主要农作物、牲畜及其产品供需
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     The results indicated that: the edible fresh grass in 2004 was 3 065.8 kg/hm~2,overgrazed 74 000 su,overgrazing rate was 24.1%,over grazing of livestock was serious.
     结果表明:2004年草地可食鲜草产量为3 065.8kg/hm2,超载7.4万个羊单位,超载率24.1%,牲畜超载较严重。
短句来源
     4 454 heads of livestock were killed.
     牲畜死亡4 454 头(只)。
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     Up to 1998,one livestock occupied 0.009 hm 2 irrigated feed cropland,and 1.1 hm 2 fenced rangeland.
     截止到 1998年 ,均占有 0 0 0 9hm2 灌溉饲料地 ,1 1hm2 围栏草场。
短句来源
     Results The Tube Agglutination Test of Brucella for 87 sheep showed an infection rate of 27.6%,for 82 livestock owners 33.0%,while for other people 0.2%.
     结果经布氏菌试管凝集试验检测87只羊,感染率为27.6%,检测主82人,感染率为33.0%,其他人的感染率为0.2%。
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     With a special fragrance,livestock meat condiment is a solid cream,its fat content <10%,solid particle content >60%,and Nacl content 25%~30%.
     肉香型调味料成品呈固体浓膏,具有独特的固有香气,脂肪<10%,固形物>60%,NaC l含量在25%~30%之间;
短句来源
     (5)The maximum theoretical livestock carrying capacity of the whole Banner is 112.89 million standard sheep and the actual carrying capacity is 198.75 million, overloading 85.86 million units.
     (5)乌审旗理论载量为112.89万只绵羊单位,而全旗实际拥有牲为198.75万只绵羊单位,超载85.86万只绵羊单位;
短句来源
     Consideration on the development of ecological grass and livestock industry in loess hilly region of Northern Shaanxi
     陕北丘陵沟壑区发展生态草产业的思考
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  畜禽
     COD, BOD5, NH4+ - N and SS of the treated water could meet the discharge standard of pollutants for livestock and poultry breeding(GB 18596-2001) under the conditions of t(HRT)=18h, tDN/tN=0.40. When tDN/tN = 0.17,0.27,0.40,0.47,0.56, respectively, treatment efficiency was analyzed in nitrogen removal with Triple Oxidation Ditch.
     当t(HRT)平均为18 h,反硝化、硝化运行时间的比tDN/tN为0.40时,处理出水的COD、BOD5、NH4+-N和SS均能达到《畜禽养殖业污染物排放标准》(GB 18596-2001)。 在tDN/tN为0.17,0.27,0.40,0.47,0.56时,分别比较三沟式氧化沟对脱氮效果的影响。
短句来源
     COD, BOD_5, NH_4~+—N and SS of the treated water could meet the discharge standard of pollutants for livestock and poultry breeding under the conditions of HRT=18 h, tDN/tN =0. 40. When tDN/tN =0. 17,0. 27, 0. 40, 0. 47, 0. 56, respectively, treatment efficiency was analyzed in nitrogen removal with Triple Oxidation Ditch.
     当HRT平均为18 h,反硝化、硝化运行时间比tDN/tN为0.40时,处理出水的COD、BOD_5、NH_4~+—N和SS均能达到《畜禽养殖业污染物排放标准》。 在tDN/tN为0.17、0.27、0.40、0.47、0.56时,分别比较T型氧化沟对脱氮效果的影响。
短句来源
     Current Situation and Development of Microorganism Controlling Technology of Livestock and Poultrys Carcass
     畜禽胴体微生物控制技术的现状与发展
短句来源
     During these years, the grazing planting areas were enlarged gradually (account for 10.85%), the scales of yellow cattle (39.57%), goat (37.31%) in domestic animals were higher and the existing amount of livestock on hand was good.
     近年来,牧草种植面积不断扩大(占10.85 %),饲养的畜禽中黄牛(39.57 %)、山羊(37.31 %)比例较高,现有存栏基础好。
短句来源
     Application of EM Biological Technique into the Production of Livestock and Poultry
     EM生物技术在畜禽生产中的应用
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  livestock
The light-winged seeds disperse readily by air, water, vehicles, human activity or through livestock.2)S.
      
Further researches on non-equilibrium theory in semi-arid rangeland will provide a scientific and flexible animal development paradigm for being implementing livestock fen-raising and grazing-forbidden policies in China.
      
The expression system and purification strategy employed promise to be a useful approach to produce BbST for further use in structure-function studies and livestock industry.
      
The experiments performed on livestock showed that a tissue preparation from the internal organs of the Japanese sea cucumber stimulates bactericide, lysozyme, beta-lysine, and phagocytic activities of the blood in adult cows and newborn calves.
      
Comparative Assessment of the Effects of Livestock Grazing and Periodic Cutting on Steppe Plants of Tuva
      
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The general configuration of geographical features of the He-xi Gallery is unrivalled in the world. Three great mountains form a "Venturi tube" , the prevailing west wind in high-altitude causes a "strong region" at the throttle-E. long. 95°-105°, N. lat.40°-45°. An-xi county, world-famous "wind Storehouse" , possesses an annual averge wind speed greater than 3.5 meter per second.The He-xi Gallery is a dry semi-desert among the north temperate zone, possessing abundant solar energy: sunshine time, 3360 hr./.yr,...

The general configuration of geographical features of the He-xi Gallery is unrivalled in the world. Three great mountains form a "Venturi tube" , the prevailing west wind in high-altitude causes a "strong region" at the throttle-E. long. 95°-105°, N. lat.40°-45°. An-xi county, world-famous "wind Storehouse" , possesses an annual averge wind speed greater than 3.5 meter per second.The He-xi Gallery is a dry semi-desert among the north temperate zone, possessing abundant solar energy: sunshine time, 3360 hr./.yr, perpendicular radiation 150310-163370 cal./cm.2/yr., corresponding to 76% of the "Solar Constant" .Comprehensive utilizations of WE and SE resources, to offer mechanical power, to generate electricity, to pump the deep underground water for irrigation and to bring about a great advance in livestock husbandry, agricultural and industrial production are hopeful and magnificent undertakings.

河西走廊的地貌是举世无双的。三条大山脉在东径95°~105°,北纬40~45°之间形成“纹杜里管”的喉部,高空盛行西风在此处产生一个“强区”。安西县是世界闻名的风库,年平均风速大于3.5米/秒。 河西走廊属于北温带干旱区,太阳能丰富,日照为3360小时/年,垂直辐射量为150310~163370卡/厘米~2/年,相当于太阳常数的76%。 综合利用风能和太阳能资源发电,提供动力,开发地下水以资灌溉。促进畜牧、工、农业生产是极有前途的。

In 1973 and 1074, some observations on bionomics of the sandfly Phlelotomus chincnsis were undertaken in the mountainous regions of Wen County, Kansu Province and in the loess plateau of I-Chuan County, Shensi Province. The results showed that the resting habit of P. chincnsis there was apparently different from that in the vast plain region north of Yangtze River. In the former case, the resting places were confined to villages as well as field caves, whereas in the latter case, livestock stables and...

In 1973 and 1074, some observations on bionomics of the sandfly Phlelotomus chincnsis were undertaken in the mountainous regions of Wen County, Kansu Province and in the loess plateau of I-Chuan County, Shensi Province. The results showed that the resting habit of P. chincnsis there was apparently different from that in the vast plain region north of Yangtze River. In the former case, the resting places were confined to villages as well as field caves, whereas in the latter case, livestock stables and human dwellings were the main resting places, the sandfly being strictly endophilic. In the mountainous region, the appearance of the sandfly was earlier in, and more male sandflies were collected from, the open field. Analysis of the gonotrophic cycle of the females revealed that adult sandflies remained in the villages for 2 to 3 days after blood meal and then mostly flew to the wild for oviposition. Thus, those collected in the villages were usually engorged with fresh blood and with their ovaries at an early developmental stage, while those collected in the wild had their blood meal almost half-digested and their ovaries developed nearly to mature stage and sometimes even up to post-oviposition stage, being ready for resuming a second blood meal. It may, therefore, be concluded that P. chinensis in the mountainous regions is semi-domestic or moderately exophilic in character.Observations on the distribution of the sandfly by altitude in the mountainous regions of Wen County, Kansu Province and Nan-Ping County, Szechuan Pronvince, showed that both of the body size and certain structures of some P. chincnsis collected from the caves were larger than those seen in the vast plain region. For the time being, the latter specimens were referred to as "Form A", while the former, "Form B", It was found furthermore that the 2 forms also differed in their antennal formula. In general, the proportion of "Form B" increased with the altitude.Since sandflies in the villages of these mountainous regions fed chiefly at night on blood of big domestic animals such as cattle, donkey, etc. and rested in the livestock stables after feeding. It is thus suggested that for elimination of this semi-domestic form of P. chinensis, residual spraying to the livestock stables once a year for several years would be an economical and effective measure of control.

1973—1974年我们对甘肃文县和陕北宜川等山丘地区的中华白蛉生态进行了调查,发现它与我国长江以北广大平原地区家栖习性的中华白蛉不同。在山区居民点内和野外的各种洞穴均有中华白蛉栖息。中华白蛉的季节,在野外比村内为早。野外雄蛉多于雌蛉,而村内则雌蛉远比雄蛉为多,它在村内的主要栖息场所是畜舍。根据生理龄期的分析,中华白蛉在村内吸血后停留约2—3天,大多数即飞往野外产卵,故村内的白蛉以吸饱鲜血、卵巢发育处于早期阶段的居多,而在野外则以胃血消化大半、卵巢发育即将成熟及产卵后又将再次吸血的白蛉为多。由此可见,山丘地区的中华白蛉具有半家栖的习性。 在甘肃文县和四川南坪山区的垂直分布调查中,发现野外山洞内的中华白蛉的个体和某些部位的结构比一般所见的中华白蛉(暂称为“甲型”)较大,雄蛉的触角列式亦与甲型有某些差异。我们把这种中华白蛉暂称为“乙型”。这一型中华白蛉的比例随海拔的增高而增大。 山丘地区的中华白蛉夜间在村内主要侵袭牛、驴等大家畜,吸血后多数栖息于畜圈内。如每年用杀虫剂喷洒畜圈一次,连续数年后,预计对半家栖中华白蛉的防制,将是一种有效的方法。

Abstract This paper gives a brief account on the distribution of livestocks in different regions as well as the breed characteristics developed under different ecological conditions of China, with the attempt of illustrating the influence of environmental factors on the breed formation, in addition to the factors of genetics and selection. The livestock breeds enumerated in this paper include 12. horse breeds, 14 cattle breeds, 14 sheep breeds, 15 swine breeds, and yak and camel. The apprenhension of...

Abstract This paper gives a brief account on the distribution of livestocks in different regions as well as the breed characteristics developed under different ecological conditions of China, with the attempt of illustrating the influence of environmental factors on the breed formation, in addition to the factors of genetics and selection. The livestock breeds enumerated in this paper include 12. horse breeds, 14 cattle breeds, 14 sheep breeds, 15 swine breeds, and yak and camel. The apprenhension of animal ecology will certainly serve as a guidance on the reginalization of our livestoeks. It has also been pointed out that our rich animal breed resources will provide us with the valuable materials (i.e. the germplasm or gene pool) in animal breeding. Our swine breeds had played an influence on the improvement or formation of some foreign breeds in the past, and might have even more influence in the future, which we can not foresee at present. It is,therefore, emphasized that we should promptly study and utilize our valuable animal breed resources. The attempts made in illustrating the relationship between our livestock breeds and their environments in this paper are evidently very rudimentary, sketchy, and just a beginning. It is earnestly hoped that there will be more people doing some more systematic and intensive studies in the field of animal ecology in our country.

作者简略地叙述了我国家畜在不同地区的分布情况,以及在不同生态条件下家畜所表现的品种特性,试图阐明家畜品种特性及其形成,除遗传和人们选择因素外,在很大程度上受不同环境因素(包括生态和饲养条件等)所影响。文中举例涉及的主要家畜品种有马12种、牛14种,绵羊11种,猪15种、以及牦牛和骆驼。了解家畜的生态条件,对拟订发展家畜的区划具有现实的指导意义。作者也指出了我国家畜品种资源极为丰富,並对家畜的遗传育种提供了可贵资料。在过去,我国猪种对形成国外某些猪种有过一定影响;在今后,很可能会起到我们目前还无法预见的作用。对我国丰富的畜种资源应进行研究,加以利用。文中对我国某些家畜品种及其环境之间的关系所作的极为粗浅的、提纲性的探讨,只是一个开端。作者殷切希望能有更多人,把我国家畜生态学研究广泛、系统而深入的开展起来。

 
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