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open cholecystectomy
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  开腹胆囊切除术
     So,we research TH1/TH2 balance influence and TH1/TH2 cytokines secernent state between laparoscopic cholecystectomy operation (LC) and open cholecystectomy(OC).
     为此我们对比研究了腹腔镜胆囊切除术(laparoscopic cholecystectomy,LC)和开腹胆囊切除术(open cholecystectomy,OC)围手术期对TH1/TH2细胞平衡的影响及其调控细胞因子分泌状态。
短句来源
     Objective To study comparatively the influences of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and open cholecystectomy(OC) on TH1/TH2 balance and TH1/TH2 cytokine secretion.
     目的 对比研究腹腔镜胆囊切除术 (Laparoscopiccholecystectomy,LC)和开腹胆囊切除术 (Opencholecystectomy ,OC)围手术期对TH1/TH2细胞 (辅助性T细胞 )平衡的影响及其调控细胞因子分泌状态。
短句来源
     Results The morbidity of laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC) in patients with obesity(5%) was lower significantly than that of open cholecystectomy (OC) in patients with obesity(15.1%) (P<0.01),All investigated parameters included clinical treatment and recovery of LC were superior to that of OC (P<0.01);
     结果 腹腔镜胆囊切除术 (LC)的并发症发生率 (5 % )明显低于开腹胆囊切除术 (OC) (15 .1% ) (P <0 .0 1) ,各项临床恢复指标优于OC(P <0 .0 1) ;
短句来源
     Method: Determination of the pH value,phagocytic function of neutrophils,the biological viability of TNF α produced by macrophages and the T lymphocytes subsets CD4+/CD8+ ratio of the peritoneal cavity in a group of 31 cases who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and in another group of 33 cases who underwent open cholecystectomy. We used T test to compare the difference of these 4 indexes between both groups.
     方法:检测一组31例腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者(A组)和一组33例开腹胆囊切除术患者(B组)腹腔内渗液pH值、腹腔中性粒细胞吞噬功能、巨噬细胞产生TNFα生物学活性、腹腔T细胞亚群CD4+/CD8+的比值,并采用T检验比较两组各项指标的差异。
短句来源
     Method 20 patients underwent elective cholecystectomy were randomly divided into laparoscopic cholecystectomy group(LC group, n=10) and open cholecystectomy group (OC group, n=10).
     方法:20例择期在全麻下行胆囊切除术的病人,随机分为腹腔镜胆囊切除术组(LC组,n=10)和开腹胆囊切除术组(OC组,n=10)。
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  剖腹胆囊切除术
     Two cases of UGC encountered during 1866 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectom(yLC)(0.11%); one of 383 cases with open cholecystectomy (OC)(0.26%), and overall rate of UGC of LC and OC were 0.13%(3/2249). one of PSM during 1866 cases of L(C0.05%) were observed.
     腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)后UGC发生率0.11(%2/1866),常规剖腹胆囊切除术(OC)后UGC发生率0.26%(1/383),总UGC发生率为0.13%(3/2249),LC术后PSM发生率0.05%(1/1866)。
短句来源
     Comparative study on laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy in patients with liver cirrhosis
     肝硬化患者腹腔镜与剖腹胆囊切除术的比较
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the benefits and the risks of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and open cholecystectomy (OC) in patients with liver cirrhosis.
     目的比较腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)和剖腹胆囊切除术(OC)在合并肝硬化患者治疗中的应用。
短句来源
     It was found that among the 196 cases of acute chloecystitis, 57 were suffered from acute gangrenous cholecystitis (29 %): 12 underwent open cholecystectomy and 45 laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Of the 45 cases being subject to LC, 31 (69 %) were successful and 14 (31 %) had open conversion.
     发现 196例急性胆囊炎患者中 ,急性坏疽性胆囊炎 5 7例 (2 9% ) ,12例行剖腹胆囊切除术 ,4 5例行腹腔镜胆囊切除术 (L C) ,其中 31例 (6 9% )获得成功 ,14例 (31% )中转开腹。
短句来源
     ObjectiveTo study the course and degree of postoperative insulin resistance in patients subject to open cholecystectomy(OC)vs laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC).
     目的对比剖腹胆囊切除术(OC)和腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)的胰岛素抵抗程度和持续时间,以确定LC有更小的组织创伤。
短句来源
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  开腹
     So,we research TH1/TH2 balance influence and TH1/TH2 cytokines secernent state between laparoscopic cholecystectomy operation (LC) and open cholecystectomy(OC).
     为此我们对比研究了腹腔镜胆囊切除术(laparoscopic cholecystectomy,LC)和开腹胆囊切除术(open cholecystectomy,OC)围手术期对TH1/TH2细胞平衡的影响及其调控细胞因子分泌状态。
短句来源
     Complication rate of laparoscope cholecystectomy was lower than open cholecystectomy,P=0.0009, RR=0.50, 95%CI 为(0.33,0.75).
     腹腔镜胆囊切除术的并发症发生率低于开腹手术,合并RR=0.50,95%CI(0.33,0.75);
短句来源
     Objective To study comparatively the influences of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and open cholecystectomy(OC) on TH1/TH2 balance and TH1/TH2 cytokine secretion.
     目的 对比研究腹腔镜胆囊切除术 (Laparoscopiccholecystectomy,LC)和开腹胆囊切除术 (Opencholecystectomy ,OC)围手术期对TH1/TH2细胞 (辅助性T细胞 )平衡的影响及其调控细胞因子分泌状态。
短句来源
     Results In 326 cases of acute cholecystitis,294 cases were treated by LC successfully (90.2%),and other 32 cases were converted to open cholecystectomy (9.8%).
     结果 对 3 2 6例急性胆囊炎成功施行LC 2 94例 ,LC成功率为 90 .2 % ,中转开腹3 2例 ,开腹率为 9.8% ,取得了良好的临床效果。
短句来源
     Results The morbidity of laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC) in patients with obesity(5%) was lower significantly than that of open cholecystectomy (OC) in patients with obesity(15.1%) (P<0.01),All investigated parameters included clinical treatment and recovery of LC were superior to that of OC (P<0.01);
     结果 腹腔镜胆囊切除术 (LC)的并发症发生率 (5 % )明显低于开腹胆囊切除术 (OC) (15 .1% ) (P <0 .0 1) ,各项临床恢复指标优于OC(P <0 .0 1) ;
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  “open cholecystectomy”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:Two hundred and five,Cholecystic duct remnant syndrome occurred in 1 cases(0.49%)among 205 cases undergone open cholecystectomy(LC).
     结果:205例传统胆囊切除术(open cholecystectomy,OC)术后1例并发胆囊管残留综合征(cholecystic duct rem-nant syndrome,CDRS),占0.49%;
短句来源
     Method 380 cases underwent open cholecystectomy via mini-incision with length of 2.5 to 4.0 cm.
     方法对380例单纯胆囊疾病患者行直视微创小切口胆囊切除术,切口2.5~4.0cm。
短句来源
     The reductions in FVC, FEV1, and MMF were smaller at 24 h and 48h after laparoscopic cholecystectomy than those after open cholecystectomy(P<0.05).
     LC组术后24h和48hPaO2、FVC、FEV1、MMF明显高于OC组(P<0.05);
短句来源
     60 cases (83.3%) were cured. 12 cases (16.7%) were transferred to open cholecystectomy.
     手术成功 60例 (占 83 .3 % ) ,中转传统胆囊切除术 12例 (占 16.7% )。
短句来源
     The reductions in FRC, FVC, FEV1 and MMF were smaller at 24 h after laparoscopic than that after open cholecystectomy (P <0.05).
     LC组术后24 h PaO2和FRC,FVC和MMF明显高于OC组(P <0.05);
短句来源
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  open cholecystectomy
In group B, one case of bile leakage and one case of duodenal ulcer occurred after conversion to open cholecystectomy with CBD exploration.
      
Thoracic pain after intercostal nerve blockade in open cholecystectomy
      
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred operation because it is associated with a shorter hospital stay, less pain, and earlier return to productivity than is open cholecystectomy.
      
If a malignant polyp is suspected, patients should undergo an open cholecystectomy.
      
The number of days spent in hospital after open cholecystectomy was higher (P = 0.01) (11.6 ± 5.6 days in the laparotomy group versus 7.6 ± 5.0 days in the laparoscopy group).
      
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From January 1992 to February 1993, 150 cases of gallstones of polyp of gallbladder underwent the attempt of laparoseopic cholecystectomy. The arterial blood gas measurements were taken in 30 of the 150 patients before and after and during LC. LC was performed successfully in 141 cases. Conversion to open cholecystectomy occurde in 9 cases (7.5%). The coplication tate wsa 7.08% adn the death rate was 0.71%. In the condition of peritoneal insufflation of CO2, the PaCO2 increased in some cases, especially...

From January 1992 to February 1993, 150 cases of gallstones of polyp of gallbladder underwent the attempt of laparoseopic cholecystectomy. The arterial blood gas measurements were taken in 30 of the 150 patients before and after and during LC. LC was performed successfully in 141 cases. Conversion to open cholecystectomy occurde in 9 cases (7.5%). The coplication tate wsa 7.08% adn the death rate was 0.71%. In the condition of peritoneal insufflation of CO2, the PaCO2 increased in some cases, especially in elderly. The indication of LC, how to predict the operation difficulty preoperatively, the value of LC in elderly and the patient with cardiopulmonary dissases and the prevention and management of complications are meinly discussed.

总结1992年1月~1993年2月行腹腔镜胆囊切除术150例的经验,其中30例术前、术中及术后进行动脉血气分析。手术成功141例,中转开腹手术9例(7.5%),并发症发生率7.08%,死亡率0.71%。气腹状态可致不同程度碳酸血症,且多见老年病人。重点讨论适应证、术前如何判断手术难易度、本术式对高龄和伴发心肺疾病病人的应用价值以及并发症的防治。

Abstract Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in 32 elderly cases. In 30 cases the operation was successful.but 2 cases(6.3%) required open cholecystectomy. There was no serious postoperative complieation. We believe that the elderly can tolerate laparoscopic cholecystectomy under careful perioperative management. It is very important to have effective control of cardiovascular and pulmonary complications before operation, and to have intensive monitoring during operation.

对32例老年胆囊结石、胆囊息肉患者经腹腔镜胆囊切除术(laparoscopiccholecystectomy,LC)进行了总结。32例中,慢性胆囊炎、胆囊结石20例,胆囊息肉4例,急性胆囊炎6例,胆囊癌2例,病程28天~23年。LC治愈30例,术后24小时均恢复肠蠕动,进流食,下床活动,术后住院4~7天。该手术创伤小,疼痛轻,胃肠道功能恢复快,更适于老年人或伴有心肺疾病的患者。中转开腹手术2例(6.3%),其中1例因胆囊与周围组织紧密粘连,无法分离,开腹后诊断胆囊癌,行胆囊及胆囊床楔形切除,局部淋巴结切除术;另1例因术中胆囊动脉出血,开腹行胆囊切除术。我们认为良好的围手术期处理,老年人可以耐受腹腔镜胆囊切除术,但术前对并存症进行有效的控制及术中加强监测至关重要。

This paper reportes that there were 55 cases of complex abdominal surgical diseases in 1422 patients admitted for cholecystectomy. 16 of 55 were maliglant diseases, such as gastric carcinoma,gallbladder carcinoma, pancreatic carcinoma, etc, and the others were benigh diseases (cholecysto-duodenal fistula, cholecysto-transverse colonic fistula, peptic ulcer…). All the 1422 patients were operated on by open cholecystectomy and the mentioned complex abdominal surgical diseases were treated at the same operative...

This paper reportes that there were 55 cases of complex abdominal surgical diseases in 1422 patients admitted for cholecystectomy. 16 of 55 were maliglant diseases, such as gastric carcinoma,gallbladder carcinoma, pancreatic carcinoma, etc, and the others were benigh diseases (cholecysto-duodenal fistula, cholecysto-transverse colonic fistula, peptic ulcer…). All the 1422 patients were operated on by open cholecystectomy and the mentioned complex abdominal surgical diseases were treated at the same operative time with cholecystectomy. Such complex surgical diseases could not be treated at the same time, if the operations were laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

报告经手术证实的1422例胆囊结石连续病例的腹部外科合并症。手术证实,该组病例除胆道结石外,还合并有胃癌等胸部外科疾病55例,其中胃癌、胆囊癌等恶性病16例,约占总例数的1.1%,并以胆囊癌最为多见(12例);非恶性合并症以十二指肠溃疡最为多见(24例),其次是胆囊十二指肠瘘和胆囊横结肠瘘(11例)。本文结果提示:胆囊结石患者中约3.9%合并有胆囊肠道瘘、消化性溃疡、胆囊癌等需腹部外科手术处理的良恶性合并症。对病史长、年龄大、病痛主诉较多,仅以胆囊结石不能完全解释其腹部外科症状的病人,宜加做消化道钡剂X线摄片和纤维内窥镜检等有关检查。这类病人在上述附加检查无阳性发现情况下,做胆囊切除宜选开腹术式,若选腹腔镜胆囊切除则难于全面探查发现前述合并症,也难于作相应处理。

 
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