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countervailing
相关语句
  反补贴
     SCM (Subsidies and countervailing measures) agreement is a main international agreement that specially standardized SCM under WTO frame.
     补贴与反补贴措施协议(通称为《SCM协议》,以下简称协议)是WTO框架下专门规范补贴与反补贴措施的一个最主要的国际协议。
短句来源
     Pondering on Evolution of WTO Countervailing Law System
     WTO反补贴法律制度的演进思考
短句来源
     Countervailing measures were created to balance the possibly negative effects from subsidies on international trading regulations and fair competition.
     反补贴措施是为了防范补贴行为可能带来的对国际贸易秩序与国际公平竞争环境的破坏而产生的。
短句来源
     According to the agreement of SCM, the existence of subsidies, injury and the distinctive relationship between cause and effect must be proved when countervailing measures come into effect.
     根据SCM协定,采取反补贴措施必须证明存在补贴、损害以及补贴与损害之间存在因果关系。 笔者首先分析了如何确定补贴的存在,分别说明了禁止性补贴、专向性补贴、可诉补贴与上游补贴。
短句来源
     The Issue of Subsidies and Countervailing and an analysis of Equal Trade
     “补贴与反补贴”问题与“公平贸易”分析
短句来源
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  “countervailing”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A Study on the Theoretical Perspective for Consumer Countervailing Power in the Internet Era
     基于INTERNET的消费者抗衡势力研究
短句来源
     Although the discussion about consumer countervailing power is attractive, it is difficult to achieve.
     虽然消费者抗衡势力的说法很诱人,但在经济实践中,消费者抗衡势力却很难实现。
短句来源
     Based on self adaptive noise countervailing method and artificial neural network(ANN) theory,an approach for harmonics detection and analysis is presented.
     基于自适应噪声抵消方法和人工神经网络 (ANN )理论 ,提出一种谐波电流检测分析方法 .
短句来源
     Based on self adaptive noise countervailing method and artificial neural network (ANN) theory, this paper proposes a new approach to the dynamic detecting harmonics.
     基于自适应噪声对消技术及人工神经网络(ANN)理论,提出了一种谐波电流动态检测方法。
短句来源
     The model countervailing litigation provides the reasonable basis of res judicata.
     这种抵销诉讼模式的建立也提供了既判力正当化的制度根据。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     Countervailing Litigation and Effect of Its Judgement
     抵销诉讼及其判决的效力
短句来源
     WTO and China's Countervailing Legislation
     WTO与我国的反补贴立法
短句来源
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  countervailing
Additional education, including dissemination of countervailing project data, is necessary to address these deficits and further increase community support for the interventions.
      
The initiating disturbances are random events, and the task of policymakers is to respond with countervailing measures.
      
Without a patent pool, the presence of integrated firms may either increase or decrease the final product price as there are two countervailing effects - reduced double marginalization and raising rivals' costs.
      
Employing a model developed and tested by Venturini, we measure countervailing power of retailers with the share of market sales of private-label products.
      
The purpose of this paper is to determine whether the countervailing power of grocery retailers has had a restraining influence on increases in seller market concentration in the U.S.
      
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China's Sustainable development of old-age pensions is confronted with various problems arising out of the operational change from “accounting on the cash basis" to “the social fund plus indvidual account system" as well as historical and realistic reasons. Typical problems are individual accounts being nominal, income falling short of expenditure, regional distributions being unbalanced, the enhancement of overall planning and the regulation of funds being restricted, and finally, the means to countervail...

China's Sustainable development of old-age pensions is confronted with various problems arising out of the operational change from “accounting on the cash basis" to “the social fund plus indvidual account system" as well as historical and realistic reasons. Typical problems are individual accounts being nominal, income falling short of expenditure, regional distributions being unbalanced, the enhancement of overall planning and the regulation of funds being restricted, and finally, the means to countervail inflation and create increments being inflexible. It is suggested that investment outside the old-age pensions be increased, that medium-term and long-term investment with old-age pensions be encouraged and supported to increase income, that expenses be cut down, and that overall planning at the provincial level be materialized as soon as possible to insure unified management and efficient operations.

我国社会养老保险制度由“现收现付制”改为“统账结合制”后 ,由于历史和现实的原因 ,其可持续发展面临诸多问题 :个人账户有名无实 ,空账运转 ;收缴率连年下降 ,入不敷出 ;地区分布不均 ,制约了统筹层次的提高 ,限制了基金的调剂功能 ;基金保值增值手段单一等。对策是增加基本养老保险体制外的财政投入 ;提高收缴率 ;鼓励和扶持养老保险基金进行中长期投资 ,增收节支 ;加快省级统筹步伐 ,实现统一管理 ,提高运行效率

Objective:To investigate the role of protein kinase C ( PKC)signal pathway in the regulation of tracheal smooth muscle (TSM) tone and th e effect of ketamine and midazolam on the PKC signal pathway. Methods: By measuring the tones of isolated rabbit TSM, the direct action of different co ncentrations of PKC-specific activator PMA (3×10-7~3×10-5 mol/L) were observed. The effect of two different concentrations of PKC-specific acti vator PMA, inhibitor H-7 and ketamine, midazolam on regulation of contraction ...

Objective:To investigate the role of protein kinase C ( PKC)signal pathway in the regulation of tracheal smooth muscle (TSM) tone and th e effect of ketamine and midazolam on the PKC signal pathway. Methods: By measuring the tones of isolated rabbit TSM, the direct action of different co ncentrations of PKC-specific activator PMA (3×10-7~3×10-5 mol/L) were observed. The effect of two different concentrations of PKC-specific acti vator PMA, inhibitor H-7 and ketamine, midazolam on regulation of contraction in isolated rabbit TSM induced by 10-4 mol/L acetylcholine (ACH) were studie d. Results:3×10-7~3×10-5 mol/L PMA had no effect on the TSM tone; but 3×10-6mol/L PMA could significantly enhanced the contracti on induced by ACH, 3×10-5 mol/L PMA could not further enhance the tension s; 3×10-5 mol/L H-7 could all countervail the effect of 3×10+{-6} mo l/L PMA; 10+{-3} mol/L ketamine and 10-4 mol/L midazolam had the simila r ef fect as H-7. Conclusion:The activation of PKC signal pathway could no t alone induce the contraction of isolated rabbit TSM but could enhance the acti on of ACH; ketamine and midazolam may inhibit the PKC signal pathway.

目的:探讨蛋白激酶C(PKC)信号传导系统在气管平滑肌张力调节中的作用及氯胺酮、咪唑安定对其的影响。方法:研究不同浓度的PKC激动剂PMA(3×10-7~3×10-5mol/L)对静息状态下气管平滑肌张力的影响;研究两种浓度的PMA(3×10-6,3×10-5mol/L)及特异性PKC阻滞剂H-7(3×10-5mol/L)对乙酰胆碱(10-4mol/L)诱发气管平滑肌收缩力的调节作用及H-7、氯胺酮、咪唑安定对PMA效应的抑制作用。结果:3×10-7~3×10-5mol/L的PMA对静息状态下的气管平滑肌张力无明显影响,3×10-6mol/L的PMA可明显增强乙酰胆碱诱发张力的峰值和平台值,然而3×10-5mol/L的PMA并不能进一步增加乙酰胆碱的作用,张力平台值有所下降;3×10-5mol/L的H-7可完全抵消3×10-6mol/L的PMA效应。10-3mol/L氯胺酮和10-4mol/L咪唑安定和H-7有相似的效果。结论:PKC信号传导系统的激活并不能单独诱发离体气管平滑肌的收缩,但可使乙酰胆碱的收缩效应增加,氯胺酮和咪唑安定对PKC信号传导系统有抑制作用。

The improved experiment device of interference of sound wave can feel the interference countervail and strengthening of sound in ordinary lab, and measure the sound velocity.

本文给出了改进声波干涉实验装置的具体方案,该改进装置可在普通实验室内感受声音的干涉相消和干涉加强现象,并能测定声速和频率。

 
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