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nurse     
相关语句
  护士
     Capability Needs for the Nurse in ICU
     重症监护病室护士的能力要求
短句来源
     The cases of Group A were fasting in solid diet and milk 8 hours before operation,and fed 10ml/kg glucose solution 4 hours before operation following the nurse' instruction;
     A组术前8 h禁食固体食物乳类(此后称禁食),4 h在护士指导下按10 ml/kg口服糖水(此后称禁饮);
短句来源
     Results 69.3% undergraduate wouldn't undertake community nurse post,and thereinto 52.6% undergraduate would do it if the salary was same to that in all-around hospitals.
     结果有69.3%的学生不愿意从事社区护士工作,其中高达52.6%的学生认为工资水平提高到与综合性医院相当时可以考虑从事社区护士工作。
短句来源
     3. The scores of anxiety, psychoticism, hostile ,phobic anxiety and paranoid ideation in nurse group were higher than the doctor group and administration group(P<0.05);
     3.护士组的焦虑、精神病性、敌对、恐怖、偏执等因子分高于医生组和行政/后勤组(P<0.05);
     The Analysis of Relation between Psychoquality and Modern Nursing of Nurse
     护士心理素质与现代护理的关系分析
短句来源
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  护理
     Application of Microcomputer to Examination of Nurse Teaching
     微型机在护理教学考试中的应用
短句来源
     Experience about Use of Nurse's Order in Carrying Out Nursing Measures
     在落实护理措施中应用护嘱的体会
短句来源
     Analysis of Patients'Oral fungi-bearing,the Situation of PH Rate Test and Nurse Care Relation
     病人口腔真菌带菌、pH值测定情况与护理关系分析
短句来源
     Objective: To improve quality of nursing and patient satisfactory through making head nurse quality ward rounds.
     目的:通过实施护士长持续质量查房,提高护理质量和病人满意度。
短句来源
     Results: The quality of nursing and patient satisfactory were improved greatly after the carrying out of daily head nurse quality ward rounds.
     结果:实施护士长每天质量查房后,护理质量明显提高,病人对护理工作的满意度显著提高。
短句来源
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  护理人员
     Methods C/S hospital HIS network modules and the fourth-generation object-oriented programming language were employed, and relevant information of nurse continuing education was integrated into the system.
     方法借助C/S院内HIS网络结构模式,采用第四代面向对象编程语言,综合利用护理人员继续护理学教育相关信息。
短句来源
     Survey and analysis on the current situation of nursing research among clinical nurse in teaching hospital
     教学医院临床护理人员护理科研现状调查与分析
短句来源
     Development and application of Nurse Information Management System
     护理人员信息管理系统的开发与应用
短句来源
     The Effect of Environment of Gobi Desert on the Body and Nursing Skills of Nurse Staff and Countermeasures
     戈壁沙漠环境对护理人员机体及护理操作技术的影响与对策
短句来源
     Objectives: The Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) is a nurse who through study and supervised practice at the graduate level (master's or doctorate) has become expert in a defined area of knowledge and practice in a selected clinical area of nursing.
     研究目的:临床护理专家(Clinical Nurse Specialist, CNS)是指在某一专科护理领域,通过实践和学习达到硕士或博士水平,具有较高水平的专科护理知识和技能、丰富临床经验的专家型临床护理人员
短句来源
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  保姆
     On the basis of sketching the basic connotation of brands and their general characteristics, this paper regards the ″Quzhou Nurse″ as the breakthrough point, and has proposed the connotation of labor brand and has explained the characteristics of the labor brand, in the hope of providing the theory support for the practice of the labor brand.
     本文以“衢州保姆”为切入点,在简述品牌基本内涵及其一般特性基础上,提出了劳动力品牌内涵,并阐述了劳动力品牌的特性,以期为劳动力品牌实践提供理论支撑。
短句来源
     Some Main Problems And Replying Tactics on Poem Teaching--Example for Dayanhe - My Nurse
     谈目前诗歌教学存在的几个主要问题及应对策略——以《大堰河——我的保姆》为例
短句来源
     Under the background of the Changjiang Delta integration of the regional economics, the ″Quzhou Nurse″ has shown its brand effect.
     在长三角区域经济一体化背景下,“衢州保姆”显示了它的品牌效应。
短句来源
     Connotation and Characteristics of Labor Brand --Thinking from the ″Quzhou Nurse
     劳动力品牌内涵及其特性——由“衢州保姆”引发的思考
短句来源
     Facing to the new situation in distributional system of our colleges, we should change the practising methods from‘nurse' form to flexible and diversified form.We should combine scattered form with concentrative form.All these not only further arouse the enthusiasm of students,but also develop independent work and social ability.The reform has been well received,but it needs further strengthening the leading and perfecting.
     面对高校分配制度改革的新形势 ,变 保姆 式的实习方法为分散和集中相结合 ,灵活多样的实习方法 . 进一步调动了学生的积极性 ,培养了独立工作能力及社交能力 ,受到了好评 ,但需进一步加强领导 ,使之完善
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      nurse
    Little or no GAGA protein, encoded by Trl, was detected in the nurse cell nuclei.
          
    As a result of joint analysis of the data, different oogenesis stages were characterized with regard to the frequency of two radiation-induced events: appearance of DLs in oocytes and degeneration of egg chambers due to apoptosis of nurse cells.
          
    The Alteration of the Chromosome Structure in Ovarian Nurse Cells of Drosophila melanogaster upon Hybrid Dysgenesis
          
    The impact of hybrid dysgenesis on the chromosome structure of Drosophila melanogaster ovarian nurse cells was studied.
          
    Chromosome Organization and Differential Banding in Endomitotic Nuclei of Nurse Cells of Calliphora erythrocephala (Diptera: Cal
          
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    Rapana pecheliensis,being amongst the largest rachigloseans found on the north coast of our country,is of high value in fishery.Tehang-Si described the general features aud the form of egg capsule of this snail in 1936 and 1955 respectively,but its life history so far is known,has escaped investi- gation.The present paper is to report the reproduction and embryonic development of this animal and tends to give a closer comparison in these respects between it and other rachiglossans ever studied.In the past four...

    Rapana pecheliensis,being amongst the largest rachigloseans found on the north coast of our country,is of high value in fishery.Tehang-Si described the general features aud the form of egg capsule of this snail in 1936 and 1955 respectively,but its life history so far is known,has escaped investi- gation.The present paper is to report the reproduction and embryonic development of this animal and tends to give a closer comparison in these respects between it and other rachiglossans ever studied.In the past four years,in addition to the trac ment of cell lineage and of morphogenetic process of embryonic stages data bearing upon the breeding season,sexual activities and spawning habit were collected.The breeding season of R.pecheliensis,like that of its sister species,R.thornasiana,lasted from the begining of June almost to the middle of August.Nevertheless this period eeemed to be affected by changes of temperature.During spawning,groups of eggs,after being fertilized one after another in a chamber just posterior to the pallial oviduct,were extruded into the latter where they became encapsulated.In the whole lumen of this duct of a female with her shell over 7.6 m.m.in height,usually no lees than two to three capsules being in formation might be found at a time,the larger and more complete one being nearer to its exit.Examinations of new-laid capsules did not reveal nurse eggs which had been found in other rachiglossans such as Purpura,Buccinum and Fasiolaria.All eggs within a capsule began to segment after the capsule was laid at temperature ranging from 21.0° to 26.5℃.The shape of blastomeres together with yolk lobe resulting from the first cleavage or the second one and the relation of cleavage plans in the later stage appeared identical completely with that of R.thomasiana,Nassa mutabilie and N.reticulatus,bnt somewhat different from that of Purpura lapillus,though in later stages of cleavage all these snails expressed an uniformity specially in the pattern of arrangement of blastomeres.Tbe presence of the yolk lobe in the first cleavage of R.pecheliensis had resulted in the formation of a trefoil btage which was very similar to that occured in the development of Ilyanassa and Dentalium.The only difference between them lies in the manner of movement by which the yolk lobe was formed.In R.pechelieusis,the yolk lobe appeared as soon as the blastomeres AB and CD were constricted off from its animal pole,while in the other two,this structure came off entirely from the vegetal pole of the egg.As cleavage proceeded a blastoderm cap came into view and when it covered three seventh of the surface of the yolk cell 4D epibolic gastrulation took place.Before the closing of the blaetopore the endoderm cells 4A.4B.and 4C.divided repeatedly to form the ventral lip of the pore.This and the delay of their becoming invested by the ectoderm cells showed that the cleavage of R.pechelienc-is was in some degree alike a meroblastic type,mostly due to the concentrating up of the yolk into 4D.Within the capsule embryos passed through a veliger stage.It was about four to five weeks from the time the ova were laid until the fully formed veligers escaped from the capsule.The organogenesis in the veliger stage of R.pecheliensis closely resembled that of Nassa reticulatus.During or just after hatching the rudiments of the osphradium,gill filaments,and heart had not yet appeared,to say nothing of that of sexual organs.

    1、强棘红螺的产卵期与红螺Rapana thomasiana者相同,是在每年6——8月。产卵盛季在7月下半月。产卵时所需水温为20°—26℃,最适宜水温为23°—25℃ 。 2、雌雄成体螺于产卵前1——2日先进行交配。参加交配的两个体并元身体大小的比例关系。作者于1954年7月曾在青岛水族馆发现一雌性强棘红螺与一雄性红螺进行交配,但未能观察其产卵与胚胎发育。此种杂种交配的情况过去尚无人报告。从能够进行交配以及在生殖、产卵、和卵子发育方面的相似来看,上述两种红螺的种间关系值得重新加以研究。 3、于生殖季节内,雌螺多在黎明前后开始产卵,少数在下午或其他时间开始产卵。在正常情况下,成体螺一次将卵产完,但产卵历时长短(一般为1——2月)和卵袋产出数目多寡,均与雌螺大小成正比关系。最小而能够产卵的雌螺的壳高为50毫米。 4、在产卵期间,每一母体的输卵管外套段内有1——2个卵袋同时在形成着。由同一母体所产出的卵袋,以产出的先后不同,而有不同长度,先产者较短,后产者较长。同时由于此长度的不同,各卵袋中所含卵子数量又有多寡之分。不过,尽管有上述各种不同,但同一袋内所有卵子均可进行分割并发育为幼虫。 5、强棘红螺卵子早期分割的...

    1、强棘红螺的产卵期与红螺Rapana thomasiana者相同,是在每年6——8月。产卵盛季在7月下半月。产卵时所需水温为20°—26℃,最适宜水温为23°—25℃ 。 2、雌雄成体螺于产卵前1——2日先进行交配。参加交配的两个体并元身体大小的比例关系。作者于1954年7月曾在青岛水族馆发现一雌性强棘红螺与一雄性红螺进行交配,但未能观察其产卵与胚胎发育。此种杂种交配的情况过去尚无人报告。从能够进行交配以及在生殖、产卵、和卵子发育方面的相似来看,上述两种红螺的种间关系值得重新加以研究。 3、于生殖季节内,雌螺多在黎明前后开始产卵,少数在下午或其他时间开始产卵。在正常情况下,成体螺一次将卵产完,但产卵历时长短(一般为1——2月)和卵袋产出数目多寡,均与雌螺大小成正比关系。最小而能够产卵的雌螺的壳高为50毫米。 4、在产卵期间,每一母体的输卵管外套段内有1——2个卵袋同时在形成着。由同一母体所产出的卵袋,以产出的先后不同,而有不同长度,先产者较短,后产者较长。同时由于此长度的不同,各卵袋中所含卵子数量又有多寡之分。不过,尽管有上述各种不同,但同一袋内所有卵子均可进行分割并发育为幼虫。 5、强棘红螺卵子早期分割的形式,与红螺者完全相同,舆两种织纹螺Nassamutabilis,Nassa reticulatus者?

    In the present study, a series of experiments was carried out to test the effects ofdifferent diets on the development of ovaries of the adult housefly. Three kinds of dietswere used in the experiments. They were: (1) 10% sucrose solution; (2) hen's eggsolution (one part of egg and three parts of water) plus 10% sucrose solution; (3) thesynthetic diet which was prepared according to the components of hen's egg, consistingof arachis oil, sucrose, vitamin B_1 and B_2, nicotinic acid, cholesterol, calcium phosphate,ferric...

    In the present study, a series of experiments was carried out to test the effects ofdifferent diets on the development of ovaries of the adult housefly. Three kinds of dietswere used in the experiments. They were: (1) 10% sucrose solution; (2) hen's eggsolution (one part of egg and three parts of water) plus 10% sucrose solution; (3) thesynthetic diet which was prepared according to the components of hen's egg, consistingof arachis oil, sucrose, vitamin B_1 and B_2, nicotinic acid, cholesterol, calcium phosphate,ferric phosphate and amino acid mixture (including arginine, histidine, lysine, isoleucine,leucine, phenylalanine, threonine, valine, tryptophane, methionine, glutamic acid, tyrosine,aspartic acid, cystine, alanine and glycine) plus 10% sucrose solution. In flies fed with hen's egg plus 10% sucrose solution, the ovaries developed nor-mally, the complete ovarian maturation occurred on the fifth and the eggs were laid onthe sixth day following emergence. The longevity of female flies was up to 55 days. The ovaries in the housefly are of the polytrophic type containing numerous ovarioles.Only one egg from each ovariole matures at one time and all the eggs in one fly areat the same stage of development. According to the size of the ovary and ovariole,amount of yolk deposited and the morphological alteration of the ovum and nurse cells,five more or less clear-cut stages of ovarian development have been established. In flies fed with sucrose solution, ovarian growth ceased at an early stage (stage Ⅱ). In flies fed with synthetic diets, the condition of the development of ovaries wasalmost the same as those flies fed with hen's egg solution, except the length of life wasslightly shorter (35 days in average). Therefore this defined diet is a nutritionally suf- ficient diet for maintaining the life of the adult housefly as well as for its ovariandevelopment. The main purpose of the present studies was to test the egg production of thehousefly on a synthetic diet in which the protein was replaced by amino acids and todetermine the so-called indispensable amino acid requirements for the development ofovaries of the adult housefly. It was found that arginine, lysine, tryptophane, phenyl-almine, threonine, leucine, isoleucine and valine are needed for ovarian development.The absence of any one of these eight amino acids apparently prevented the formationof eggs. As the ovaries could develop normally on histine- or methionine-free diets, itis assumed that the development of ovaries is not prevented by the omission of any ofthese amino acids from diet.

    本研究以10%蔗糖水,鸡蛋液加10%蔗糖水,及以16种氨基酸代替鸡蛋液中的蛋白质所配合成的试验饲料加蔗糖水,分别饲养家蝇,作为营养物质与卵巢发育关系的试验。试验结果证明:家蝇单取食蔗糖水,卵巢不发育;取食鸡蛋液加蔗糖水,卵巢正常发育;取食配合的试验饲料加蔗糖水,卵巢亦能正常发育。 取食鸡蛋液加蔗糖水的雌蝇,羽化后5天,卵巢发育完成,第6天产卵。其寿命可达55天。这种食物满足了家蝇成虫正常生活及繁殖的需要。根据卵巢发育过程中卵巢管的变化,卵母细胞和滋养细胞的发育变化情况,卵巢的发育可明显地区分为五个阶段。本试验以这样的五个发育阶段作为营养物质与卵巢发育关系的根据。 单取食10%蔗糖水的雌蝇,卵巢仅发育到第Ⅱ阶段,即停留在卵母细胞分化初期,卵黄未开始形成的阶段。 取食试验饲料的家蝇,其寿命平均35天;在卵巢发育过程中,其增长程度与取食鸡蛋液者相似,最终卵巢直径较取食鸡蛋液者略小,但差异不显著,能正常产卵,并能正常孵化,其后代均能正常生长发育及繁殖。这个试验结果证明:配合的试验饲料完全可以代替作为家蝇食物的鸡蛋液,并可作为家蝇食物中某种氨基酸的存缺与卵巢发育关系的试验饲料。 在这种配合饲料的基础上,分别除去其中十种...

    本研究以10%蔗糖水,鸡蛋液加10%蔗糖水,及以16种氨基酸代替鸡蛋液中的蛋白质所配合成的试验饲料加蔗糖水,分别饲养家蝇,作为营养物质与卵巢发育关系的试验。试验结果证明:家蝇单取食蔗糖水,卵巢不发育;取食鸡蛋液加蔗糖水,卵巢正常发育;取食配合的试验饲料加蔗糖水,卵巢亦能正常发育。 取食鸡蛋液加蔗糖水的雌蝇,羽化后5天,卵巢发育完成,第6天产卵。其寿命可达55天。这种食物满足了家蝇成虫正常生活及繁殖的需要。根据卵巢发育过程中卵巢管的变化,卵母细胞和滋养细胞的发育变化情况,卵巢的发育可明显地区分为五个阶段。本试验以这样的五个发育阶段作为营养物质与卵巢发育关系的根据。 单取食10%蔗糖水的雌蝇,卵巢仅发育到第Ⅱ阶段,即停留在卵母细胞分化初期,卵黄未开始形成的阶段。 取食试验饲料的家蝇,其寿命平均35天;在卵巢发育过程中,其增长程度与取食鸡蛋液者相似,最终卵巢直径较取食鸡蛋液者略小,但差异不显著,能正常产卵,并能正常孵化,其后代均能正常生长发育及繁殖。这个试验结果证明:配合的试验饲料完全可以代替作为家蝇食物的鸡蛋液,并可作为家蝇食物中某种氨基酸的存缺与卵巢发育关系的试验饲料。 在这种配合饲料的基础上,分别除去其中十种“必需氨基酸”中的某一种,分别用缺少一种“必需?

    This paper deals with the anatomy of the reproductive system of the paddy borer,Tryporyza incertulas (Walker). In the past two years (1962--1963), paddy borers ofthe first to the fourth generations were collected from rice plants in different growthstages in different types of rice fields. Anatomical studies of these materials have giventhe following results: 1. The gonads of the larvae were found to situate on both sides of the dorsal bloodvessel in the fifth abdominal segment. As the larvae grow the gonads...

    This paper deals with the anatomy of the reproductive system of the paddy borer,Tryporyza incertulas (Walker). In the past two years (1962--1963), paddy borers ofthe first to the fourth generations were collected from rice plants in different growthstages in different types of rice fields. Anatomical studies of these materials have giventhe following results: 1. The gonads of the larvae were found to situate on both sides of the dorsal bloodvessel in the fifth abdominal segment. As the larvae grow the gonads will enlarge gra-dually. In the male pupa the right and left testes are separated in the early stage, butas the development proceeds they grow gradually close together and in the later stagethey come into close contact along the middle dorsal line and are enclosed in a singlemembrane. At that time the vasa deferentia, the ejaculatory duct and the accessoryglands make their appearance. Spermatocytes and spermatids have been differentiated inthe testes. In the female pupa the two ovaries are distinctly separated in the early stage;each ovary is covered by a delicate transparent membrane. In the middle stage fourovarioles are seen in each ovary and the terminal parts of the ovarioles are still coveredby a membraneous sac. The membraneous sac is lost in the late stage and each ovariolethen has its own terminal filament. The vitallarium of the ovariole contains at that timedeveloping oocytes together with nurse cells. The oviductus communis, the oviduct late-ralis, the spermatheca, the colleterial gland and the bursa copulatrix have then completedtheir development. As the adult moth emerges, the lower third of the ovariole containsmany mature eggs. 2. The correlation of the size of the larval gonads with the growth stages of therice plants in different types of rice fields was noted. The larvae of the hibernatinggeneration feed on the single cropping late rice in the flowering stage or on the doublecropping late rice in the young ear and flowering stages from September to October, andthe testes and ovaries of the sixth instar larvae were seen to be larger than those of thelarvae in the same instar of the third generation which feed on the tillers and elongatingstems of the single cropping late rice, Presumably this condition is related to the dif-ference in the amounts of different nutriments in the host plants. The larvae of the thirdgeneration feed on the rice plants in the early growth stages which contain more nitro-genous substances. Perhaps this kind of food is not optimal for the growth of gonads.The larvae of the hibernating generation feed on rice plants in the late growth stagewhich contain more carbohydrates and this kind of food seems most suitable for the growthof gonads. 3. It was found that the number of ovarioles in each ovary may vary from six tonine and the ratios of the female moths with more ovarioles to those with less ovariolesmay be different in different years. The ratio of the female moths with ovaries composedof eight ovarioles to those with ovaries composed of six ovarioles was found to be 1 in1962, but this ratio was greater than 1 in 1963.

    1962—1963年对不同类型田和不同水稻生育期的三化螟第1—4代各虫期进行解剖,研究其生殖系统,得出如下结果: 一、三化螟雌、雄生殖系统的发育,在一龄幼虫期体内腹部第五节背血管两侧就出现了卵巢或睾丸各一个,随着龄期的增加,卵巢或睾丸的体积逐渐增大。雄蛹的初期,左右睾丸仍然分开。化蛹末期两睾丸愈合包被在一层围膜内,同时,输精管、复射精管和附腺发育完成。成虫期除全部发育完成外,睾丸内并有精细胞和精子出现。雌蛹的初期,左右卵巢的分隔比较明显,包被在一层围膜内。化蛹中期,每边卵巢已分成四根卵巢管,而顶端仍包在膜质囊内。化蛹末期膜质囊消失,各卵巢管顶端出现端丝,在下端有成熟的卵,同时,输卵管、受精囊、贮胶囊、交配囊等都发育完成。成虫期内部生殖系统发育更完善,卵巢管有8根或6根,卵巢管的三分之二处充满了成熟的卵。 二、雌、雌幼虫的卵巢或睾丸的发育因不同类型田和水稻不同生育期而异。越冬代?、?幼虫9—10月取食开花的一季晚稻,和幼穗分化、抽穗及开花期的连作晚稻,其六龄幼虫卵巢或睾丸的发育比第3代同龄期雌、雌幼虫取食分蘖期和拔节期的一季晚稻,其卵巢或睾丸要大,这可能是与水稻生育期所含氮、醣营养物质比例不同有关。在晚稻生育初...

    1962—1963年对不同类型田和不同水稻生育期的三化螟第1—4代各虫期进行解剖,研究其生殖系统,得出如下结果: 一、三化螟雌、雄生殖系统的发育,在一龄幼虫期体内腹部第五节背血管两侧就出现了卵巢或睾丸各一个,随着龄期的增加,卵巢或睾丸的体积逐渐增大。雄蛹的初期,左右睾丸仍然分开。化蛹末期两睾丸愈合包被在一层围膜内,同时,输精管、复射精管和附腺发育完成。成虫期除全部发育完成外,睾丸内并有精细胞和精子出现。雌蛹的初期,左右卵巢的分隔比较明显,包被在一层围膜内。化蛹中期,每边卵巢已分成四根卵巢管,而顶端仍包在膜质囊内。化蛹末期膜质囊消失,各卵巢管顶端出现端丝,在下端有成熟的卵,同时,输卵管、受精囊、贮胶囊、交配囊等都发育完成。成虫期内部生殖系统发育更完善,卵巢管有8根或6根,卵巢管的三分之二处充满了成熟的卵。 二、雌、雌幼虫的卵巢或睾丸的发育因不同类型田和水稻不同生育期而异。越冬代?、?幼虫9—10月取食开花的一季晚稻,和幼穗分化、抽穗及开花期的连作晚稻,其六龄幼虫卵巢或睾丸的发育比第3代同龄期雌、雌幼虫取食分蘖期和拔节期的一季晚稻,其卵巢或睾丸要大,这可能是与水稻生育期所含氮、醣营养物质比例不同有关。在晚稻生育初期氮代谢占主要地位,第3代幼虫期的食料内氮化?

     
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