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bone     
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    Cloning and Expression of DNA Sequence Encoding Mature Peptide of Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4
    人形态发生蛋白4成熟肽DNA序列的克隆与表达
短句来源
    Experimental Study of Cbfal Genetically Modified MSCs Repair the Rabbit Bone Defect
    Cbfa1基因修饰间充质干细胞治疗缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    Gene Modified Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Using As Allogeneic Seed Cells in Bone Tissue Engineering: An Experimental Study
    基因修饰人髓间充质干细胞作为组织工程异基因种子细胞的实验研究
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    Research on Computational Model for Osteoporosis in Cancellous Bone in Accordance with Bone Physiology and Its Applicaiton
    符合生理过程的松质质疏松计算模型研究及应用
短句来源
    Study on the Three-dimensional Craniofacial Measurements and Establishment of the Database of Quantitative Measurement of 3-dimensional Craniofacial Bone (Preliminary Results)
    正常人颅面三维定量测量研究及三维测量数据库的建立
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  骨骼
    A Study ahout Regularity of Bone Growth and Aging and Pridiagnosis of Premary Osteoporosis
    骨骼生长衰老规律和原发性骨质疏松症预诊的研究
短句来源
    Study of serum osteocalcin and bone mineral density measurement in patients with osteal disorders
    骨骼病变患者血清中骨钙素与骨矿含量的研究
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    The Effect of Bone Morphogenetic Protein-7 in Skeletal System
    骨形态发生蛋白-7(BMP-7)在骨骼系统中的作用
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    The construction of rapid amplification of cDNA ends cDNA libraries from human fetal bone and joint
    人胎儿骨骼和关节RACE cDNA文库的构建
短句来源
    THE EFFECTS OF BASIC FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR AND DEXAMETHASONE ON PROLIFERATION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF BONE MARROW STROMAL CELLS IN SKELETAL SYSTEM
    bFGF和地塞米松对骨骼系统的骨髓基质细胞增殖与分化的影响
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  骨组织
    Gene Modified Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Using As Allogeneic Seed Cells in Bone Tissue Engineering: An Experimental Study
    基因修饰人骨髓间充质干细胞作为骨组织工程异基因种子细胞的实验研究
短句来源
    Effects of a Complex of Calcium, Vitamin and Collagen on the Collagen Metabolism and Bone Tissue of Rats
    胶原钙维素对大鼠胶原代谢及骨组织的影响
短句来源
    DATA SOURCES:An online search of American NCBI Pubmed database was undertaken to identify English articles about transplantation immunity and bone tissue engineering between January 1998 and January 2006 by using of "bone tissue engineering,scaffold,antigen,immunity"and relevant articles published in Chinese with the keywords of "bone tissue-engineering,transplantation immunity,natural bio-scaffold" from January 2002 to January 2006 were applied.
    资料来源:应用计算机检索美国NCBI Pubmed数据库1998-01/2006-01关于骨组织工程中移植免疫研究的文章,主要检索主题词包括“bone tissue engineering,scaffold,antigen,immunity”,语言设为英语; 检索2002-01/2006-01中文期刊相关文章,检索词为“骨组织工程,移植免疫,天然生物支架”。
短句来源
    Conclusion hMSCs modified with CTLA4Ig gene can secrete target protein CTLA4Ig and maintain the characteristics of osteogenesis,which has the potential for repairing bone-defect in the bone tissue engineering.
    结论腺病毒介导的CTLA-4Ig基因转染hMSCs能够分泌CTLA-4Ig蛋白,并保持了成骨分化潜能,可用于异基因hMSCs作为骨组织工程种子细胞的应用研究。
短句来源
    AN ANALYSIS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BONE TISSUE COMPONENTS AND MASSON'S STAINING REACTIONS
    骨组织成分与Masson三色染色反应的关系分析
短句来源
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  骨髓
    Experimental and Clinical Studies of Ilizarov's Technique and the Conditon of Enhance Bone Mesenchymal Stem Cells Proliferation and Differentiation
    ILizarov技术的实验与临床研究及骨髓基质干细胞增殖及转化的条件
短句来源
    Cloning and Characterization of Two Novel Molecules, Siglec-10 and PHDP, from Human Dendritic Cells and Bone Marrow Stromal Cells
    人树突状细胞来源的新分子Siglec-10和人骨髓基质细胞来源的新分子PHDP的克隆与功能研究
短句来源
    Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Differentiation to Tenocytes is Induced by Bone Morphogenetic Protein 12
    BMP12诱导骨髓间充质干细胞分化为腱细胞
短句来源
    Tissue Engineered Bone Formation Originating from Bone Marrow Stem Cell Transferred by Retroviral Vector Mediated hBMP-7 Gene in Vitro and Vivo
    逆转录病毒介导hBMP-7基因转染兔骨髓基质干细胞体内外成骨实验研究
短句来源
    Induction of Tolerance in MHC Disparate Allo-geneic Mice Bone Marrow Transplantation by Combination of Tju103 and CTLA4-Ig
    Tju103和CTLA4Ig联合诱导MHC非匹配同种异基因小鼠骨髓移植免疫耐受
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      bone
    Biomimetic strengthening polylactide scaffold materials for bone tissue engineering
          
    The novel composite mainly consists of nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA), which is the main inorganic content in natural bone tissue for the PLA.
          
    The crystal degree of the n-HA in the composite is low and the crystal size is very small, which is similar to that of natural bone.
          
    The biomimetic three-dimensional porous composite can serve as a kind of excellent scaffold material for bone tissue engineering because of its microstructure and properties.
          
    The effects of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) expanded in the two step coculture with human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) on the hematopoietic reconstruction of irradiated NOD/SCID mice were studied.
          
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    The pterion of 400 Chinese adult skulls, 252 males and 148 females, wasstudied. It was found that the epipteric bone was rather common. When cal-culated according to A. J. P. von Broek's classification which includes epiptericumanterius, epiptericum posterius, in addition to the most common epiptericumtypicum, the frequency was 42% in terms of number of skulls ed 27% interms of number of sides. The fronto-temporal suture type, however, was smallin number (3.0% in terms of the number of skulls and 1.75%...

    The pterion of 400 Chinese adult skulls, 252 males and 148 females, wasstudied. It was found that the epipteric bone was rather common. When cal-culated according to A. J. P. von Broek's classification which includes epiptericumanterius, epiptericum posterius, in addition to the most common epiptericumtypicum, the frequency was 42% in terms of number of skulls ed 27% interms of number of sides. The fronto-temporal suture type, however, was smallin number (3.0% in terms of the number of skulls and 1.75% in terms of thenumber of sides), due to the presence of a frontal process of the temporalbone. Both the epipteric bone and the fronto-temporal suture were found to bemore common in the female than in the male. Various theories regarding theorigin of these alterations are introduced and discussed.

    检查了400个中国成人头颅的翼上骨及额颞缝,以侧为单位计算,发现翼上骨的数目为216侧合27%,以头颅为单位计算,发现翼上骨的数目两侧者48例(两侧同型及非同型)一侧者120例共168例合 42%,男女分开计算,以侧为单位,男性23%,女性33.8%,以头颅为单位,男性35.71%,女性52.7%,女性占多数。额颞缝以侧计算共14例合1.75%,以头颅数计算,两侧者2例一侧者10例共12例合3%。我们这个工作承张鋆教授的指导特此志谢。

    Among 150 Chinese forearms dissected, an accessory tendon or tendons in the abductor pollieis longus muscle were found in 140 sides (93.3%), while in the rest (6.7%) the anomaly did not exist. In these 140 forearms, one accessory tendon was found in 97 (64.7%)and in the remaining 43 (28.7%) two accessory tendons were present. As regards the extensor pol- licis brevis muscle, one accessory tendon was found in only two cases (1.3%) in the whole series. It was noted that the two tendons of the abductor pollicis...

    Among 150 Chinese forearms dissected, an accessory tendon or tendons in the abductor pollieis longus muscle were found in 140 sides (93.3%), while in the rest (6.7%) the anomaly did not exist. In these 140 forearms, one accessory tendon was found in 97 (64.7%)and in the remaining 43 (28.7%) two accessory tendons were present. As regards the extensor pol- licis brevis muscle, one accessory tendon was found in only two cases (1.3%) in the whole series. It was noted that the two tendons of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis pass through the same osteofibrous canal in 59 (39.4%), through two completely separated osteofibrous canals in 12 (8%), and in 79 out of the 150 forearms dissected. The two osteofibrous canals were partially separated as follows: in 32 (21.3%), the distal half only was separated by a thick fibrous band while in the other 47 (31.3%) only the distal third or even less was separated. The insertions of the main tendon and accessory tendons of the abductor pollicis longus muscle was even more extensive and complicated. Only in 3 cases the insertion could be regarded as normal, in the other 147 (98%), the insertion was either into the base of the 1st metacarpal bone, the abductor pollicis brevis muscle, the capsule of the 1st carpo-metacarpal joint, the greater multangular bone, the opponens pollicis muscle, the fascia over the thenar eminence or the navicular bone. The implications of the variations were discussed.

    (一)在150側國人上肢中,拇長展肌有副腱者爲140側,佔93.3%,無副腱者10側,佔6.7%,拇長展肌有一個副腱者爲97側,佔64.7%,有兩個副腱者爲43側,佔28.7%。拇短伸肌僅2側有副腱,佔1.3%。 (二)拇長展肌與拇短伸肌肌腱同位於一個骨性纖維管內者爲59側,佔39.4%,分別位於兩個不同的骨性纖維管者爲12側,佔8%,遠側1/2不同管者32側,佔21.3%,遠側1/3(或不及1/3)不同管者47側,佔31.3%。 (三)拇長展肌肌腱與副腱的抵止範圍頗爲廣泛,且非常錯綜複雜,僅3側(2%)與一般敎科書的描述相符,其餘147側(98%)在不同程度上分別抵止於第一掌骨底、拇短展肌、拇指腕掌關節囊、大多角骨、拇指對掌肌、魚際筋膜及舟骨。

    160 cases of x-ray films of male foot have been studied with a view to examine thesupernumerary foot bone, the number of sesamoid bone beneath the head of metatarsus,the correlation of certain foot bone and the cortical thickness of metatarsus. The supernumerary bone in the foot is quite large in number (35%), among which theaccessory scaphoid (14.4%), the accessory fibula (8.75%), the intermetatarsal bone (4.37%)and the os trigonum (2.5%) are most frequently found. Their number,...

    160 cases of x-ray films of male foot have been studied with a view to examine thesupernumerary foot bone, the number of sesamoid bone beneath the head of metatarsus,the correlation of certain foot bone and the cortical thickness of metatarsus. The supernumerary bone in the foot is quite large in number (35%), among which theaccessory scaphoid (14.4%), the accessory fibula (8.75%), the intermetatarsal bone (4.37%)and the os trigonum (2.5%) are most frequently found. Their number, position, shapeand dimensions are quite different. The sesamoid bone beneath the metatarsal head may be absent: occasionally it maybe fissured into two pieces. In one case, its maximum number reaches as many as eight. The study of the correlation of certain foot bone shows: (1) The mean value of the intermetatarsal angle between Ⅰ and Ⅱ metatarsus isa approximately 10°(min. 3--4, max. 15°), left side 9.14°+2.4°, right side 9.75°±2.34°. (2) The mean value of the intermetatarso-digital angle of hallux is approximately18--19, (min. 8--9°, max. 30°), left side 19.35°±15.4°, right side 18.71°±4.9°. (3) The mean value of the Bohler's angle is apporximately 30°, (min. 12°, max.65°), left side 32.03°+12.9°, right side 37.21°±11.75°. (4) The mean value of the breadth of protruding scaphoid tuberosity is 0.6 cm,(min. 0.1 cm, max. 1.3 cm.). (5) The head of the first metatarsus is frequently lying proximal to the second.Their distance varies from 0.9 cm. to+0.5 cm. The cortex of the second metatarsus in the thickest, its medial side is thicker thanthe lateral side. The thickness of Ⅰ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅴ metatarsus decreases in order. The above mentioned findings are discussed anatomically.

    1.作者共观察成年男性足部X线象160例。对足部骨骼之畸形变异进行了研究。 2.足部额外骨并不少见,占35%,常见者有副舟骨、副腓骨、跖间骨及三角骨等。 3.跖骨头下方之籽骨数目可以为0—8个。 4.作者测量了第一、二跖骨间角、(足母)趾跖趾间角、Bohler氏角、舟骨粗隆突出距离,第一、二跖骨头差及跖骨干皮质厚度,并指出其相互关系及实用意义。

     
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