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bone     
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    Experimental Study on Applicating Porites in Construction of Tissue Engineered Bone
    滨珊瑚用于组织工程构建的实验研究
短句来源
    The Relation between Bone Loss of Mandibular Incisors and Stress Distribution Patterns with Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis
    三维有限元法分析下颌切牙牙槽吸收与应力分析的相关关系
短句来源
    Research on Repairing Mandibular Defect with Tissue Engineering Bone Graft Modified by bFGF Gene
    bFGF基因修饰组织工程移植修复颌缺损及相关机制的实验研究
短句来源
    Reconstruction of Canine's Temporomandibular Joint and Mandible with Bone Allograft
    同种异体移植修复犬颞颌关节、下颌缺损的初步研究
短句来源
    Study on the Mechanism of Bone Resorption Induced by Black-Pigmented Bacterias
    产黑色素卟啉单胞菌诱导吸收作用机制的研究
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  骨质
    Results:It was found that the greatest amount of bone apposition at points of condylion and superior condylion occurred during the ages of 11.5 years to 12.5 years with the average value of (3.61±2.58) mm and (3.28±2.17) mm, respectively.
    结果:髁突点及髁突上部最大的骨质沉积发生在11.5~12.5岁,分别为(3.61±2.58)mm和(3.28±2.17)mm。
短句来源
    The largest amount of bone addition at point of posterior condylion occurred much earlier between 8.5-9.5 years old, with average value of (1.92±1.16) mm.
    髁突后点在8.5~9.5岁骨质沉积量最大,平均为(1.92±1.16)mm。
短句来源
    Conclusion The mandible's microcirculation is affected severely in the range of 5mm around the defect,while the bone out of this range is normal.
    结论犬下颌骨高速投射物损伤后,距离骨创缘5mm 外的骨质内微循环未受到明显破坏,为骨牵张修复颌骨缺损提供了血运基础。
    The X-ray analyses of the relation between mandibular bone losing and osteoporosis
    下颌骨骨质丧失与骨质疏松症关系的X线分析
短句来源
    A comparative study of the Marginal bone loss of BIB and ITI implants System with radiographic analysis
    BIB与ITI种植系统周边骨质吸收对比的研究
短句来源
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  骨的
    PHOTOELASTIC ANALYSIS OF STRESS ON ALVEOLAR BONE OF ABUTMENT OF FIXED BRIDGE UNDER VERTICAL LOADING
    固定桥基牙牙槽骨的光弹应力分析——垂直向加载
短句来源
    PHOTOELASTIC ANALYSIS OF STRESS ON ALVEOLAR BONE OF ABUTMENT OF FIXED BRIDGE UNDER OBLIQUE LOADING
    固定桥基牙牙槽骨的光弹应力分析——斜向加载
短句来源
    Experimental Studies on the Bone Morphogenetic Protein/Hydroxyapatite Composite(BMP/HA)as a Bone Substitute
    骨形成蛋白一多孔羟基磷灰石复合人工骨的实验研究
短句来源
    The Study of Residual Ridge Bone Volume Changes After Ovariectomy in Rats
    大鼠双侧卵巢切除术后下颌剩余牙槽骨的骨量变化
短句来源
    PRILIMINARY EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON HAINAN CORAL USEDAS COMPOSITE GRAFT OF ARTIFICIAL BONE
    海南澄黄滨珊瑚作为人工代用骨的预实验研究
短句来源
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  骨组织
    The Study of the Interfaces between Compound Bioceramics Artificial Bone and Bone By Means of Scanning Electron Microscope and X-ray Energy Spectrum Analysis
    复合生物陶瓷人工骨与骨组织结合界面扫描电镜观察及X线能谱分析
短句来源
    Implantation of bioceramics in bone and discussion on mechanism of osteo-connection
    生物陶瓷骨种植及其与骨组织结合机理的探讨
短句来源
    RESULTS:Under decentralized vertical load,the max EQVs of the bone tissues around the tooth and implant in model Ⅰwere 2.58MPa and 43.92MPa,and 2.17MPa and 20.23MPa in modelⅡ.
    结果:分散垂直载荷下,模型Ⅰ中的天然牙和种植体周围骨组织最大等效应力值分别为2.58MPa和43.92MPa; 模型Ⅱ中,相应的最大等效应力值分别为2.17MPa和20.23MPa。
短句来源
    Under decentralized oblique load,the max EQVs of the bone tissues around the tooth and implant in model Ⅰwere 2.23MPa and 46.37MPa,and 1.91MPa and 21.19MPa in modelⅡ.
    分散斜向载荷下,模型Ⅰ中的天然牙和种植体周围骨组织最大等效应力值分别为2.23MPa和46.37MPa; 模型Ⅱ中,相应的最大等效应力值分别为1.91MPa和21.19MPa。
短句来源
    In designing the fixed bridge supported by tooth-implant,we can design telescope retainer on implant to reduce the stress of bone tissues around the implant and to prevent damages to bone tissues.
    进行天然牙与种植体联合支持固定桥修复时,可在种植体端设计套筒冠固位体,以缓冲种植体周围骨组织的应力水平,防止或减轻种植体支持组织的损伤。
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  bone
Biomimetic strengthening polylactide scaffold materials for bone tissue engineering
      
The novel composite mainly consists of nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA), which is the main inorganic content in natural bone tissue for the PLA.
      
The crystal degree of the n-HA in the composite is low and the crystal size is very small, which is similar to that of natural bone.
      
The biomimetic three-dimensional porous composite can serve as a kind of excellent scaffold material for bone tissue engineering because of its microstructure and properties.
      
The effects of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) expanded in the two step coculture with human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) on the hematopoietic reconstruction of irradiated NOD/SCID mice were studied.
      
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In a group of 37 patients diagnso-ed as "Primary Trigeminal Neuralgia",Pathological bone cavity was revealedeither on X-ray film or at operationgin upper or lower jaw correspondinto the trigger point of trigeminalneuralgia and the site of previoustooth extraction. Subsequent to thesurgical removal of the bone cavitythe symptoms of trigeminal neuralgiadisappeared almost completely in ashort time. Histopathological examination ofthe biopsy tissue of bone cavity show-ed calcified masses, broken...

In a group of 37 patients diagnso-ed as "Primary Trigeminal Neuralgia",Pathological bone cavity was revealedeither on X-ray film or at operationgin upper or lower jaw correspondinto the trigger point of trigeminalneuralgia and the site of previoustooth extraction. Subsequent to thesurgical removal of the bone cavitythe symptoms of trigeminal neuralgiadisappeared almost completely in ashort time. Histopathological examination ofthe biopsy tissue of bone cavity show-ed calcified masses, broken bonepieces and nerve fibers with inflamma-tory cell infiltration. Nerve fiberswere bond to or surrounded by calci-fied materials. Lymphocytes andplasma cells were also present. Clinically, the second and thirdbranches of trigeminal nerve are usuallyinvolved in this neuralgia. Ana-tomically, these branches aredistributed in the maxilla and mandiblerespectively where odontogenous infec-tion occurs. The gas produced by theanaerobic bacteria helps the spreadingof the infection in the canaellous boneresulting into a chronic pathologicalcavity. Owing to the pathological bonecavity exists in long standing andleads to a series of patho-physiologi-cal changes of central and peripheralbranches of trigeminal nerve that de-lays the transmitting of pain informa-tion to thalamic sensory center andcortex it results in distorsion, enlar-gement and duration of the pain.Thereby the typical clinical featuresof trigeminal neuralgia occur. Sointramaxillary pathological bone ca-vity in the course of onset of trigeminalneuralgia plays an important role, andthe entity of so-called "Primary Trige-minal Neuralgia" is an odonotogenictrigeminal neuralgia. This was clini-cally proved that the removal of intra-maxillary or intramandibular patho-logical bone cavity is the best etiolo-gical therapy for trigeminal neuralgia.

本文报告原发性三叉神经痛37例。发现在所有病例中均有上或下颌骨内病变性骨腔存在。经组织病理鉴定属慢性炎变性质。手术清除病变性骨腔后,随访半年以上,疼痛完全消失达到Ⅲ级疗效者占89.19%,Ⅱ级疗效者占10.81%,未见无效病例。并对颌骨内病变性骨腔在三叉神经痛的发病学方面进行了讨论。

The treatment of advanced malignanttumors of maxillofacial regions thatinvolve the base of the skull is a dif-ficult problem. It is almost impossibleto remove thoroughly and safely thiskind of tumor en bloc, including theinvolved area of the skull base througha facial approach. In this paper a com-bined cranial and facial approach to thesurgical treatment of malignant tumorsof maxillofacial regions with the baseinvoivement of the skull which permits en bloc resection is described. From 1979 to April 1980 the...

The treatment of advanced malignanttumors of maxillofacial regions thatinvolve the base of the skull is a dif-ficult problem. It is almost impossibleto remove thoroughly and safely thiskind of tumor en bloc, including theinvolved area of the skull base througha facial approach. In this paper a com-bined cranial and facial approach to thesurgical treatment of malignant tumorsof maxillofacial regions with the baseinvoivement of the skull which permits en bloc resection is described. From 1979 to April 1980 the authorsperformed operations by the combinedoperative procedure on three patientsat the Department of Oral and Maxil-lofacial Surgery of Stomatology Hos-pital, Sichuan Medical college. Allof them were males, aged 24~49.The diagnosis was made by biopsy:Malignant fibrohistocytoma of maxillaone case, chondrosarcoma of mandibleone case, and osteogenitic tumor ofmaxilla and orbit with pain and prop-tosis one case. The first two caseshad undergone unsuccessful operationsbefore admission to the department.All of our operations were performedunder endotracheal general anesthesiawith hypothermia of 31--33℃. Followingthe induction of anesthesia a lumbarsubarachnoid catheter was inserted forthe observation of the changes of thebrain pressure and the control of theremoval of CSF as necessary. The operations were performed viathe intra and extracranial approach, firstintracranial and then extracranial. Whenthe floor of the anterior cranial fossawas the main part of the cranial resec-tion, a frontal pedicled flap and afrontal bone flap were made to providea wide access to the anterior fossa. Whenthe cranial resection was needed atthe floor of the middle cranial fossa, atemporal musculocutaneous--bone flaphad to be elevated. We preferred thisprocedure to the drilling of a small holein order to make a safe, easy and wideexposure for the operation. This wouldalso provide an ample space for thedural repair if necessary. The dehy-drant had been given to provide a sa-tisfactory descending of the intracranialpressure and to make the brain slackbefore the intracranial operation wasstarted. The second phase of the oper-ation was not held until the intracran-ial procedure had been finished. Whenany wall of the orbit was involved, thecontents of the orbit had to be removed.When the dura was to be sacrificed,the dural defect would be repaired witha flap or a free graft of fascia orperiosteum, and a direct suture was usedto repair the dural tears. Besidesthe resection of the original tumors,one patient underwent the resection ofthe anterior cranial fossa and the an-terior part of the middle fossa; anotherpatient the middle fossa and the pos-terior part of the anterior fossa; andstill another both the anterior and themiddle fossa. A large ipsilateral basedfrontal flap was used to repair thedefect of the skull base immediately,and a prosthesis to fill up the defectof the maxilla subsequently. None of our patients died fromsurgery or postoperative complications,and there was no instance of meningitis,subdural hematoma, prolonged CSF leakor pituitary insufficiency, presentedafter surgery in this series. Other com-plications which were actually of nogreat significance occurred: one casewith partial slough of split graft, where the frontal bone flap was returned inplace, and then it was repaired witha contralateral scalp flap; one case withhiccup, which disappeared without anyspecial treatment; and one case with thetransient acute brain syndrome withoutneurological signs observed. So notonly does the combined craniomaxillofacial resection provide a good chancefor radical treatment of the patientssuffering from advanced malignant tu-mors of oral and maxillofacial regionsbut it also develops a new field in thesurgical treatment of oral and maxil-lofacial surgery.

本文报告采用颅颌面联合切除术治疗晚期颌面部恶性肿瘤的体会。就手术适应征、麻醉、手术原则和要点,颅底缺损之整复设计以及如何提高手术的安全性、防止可能发生的严重并发症等问题进行了讨论。

Degenerative changes occurring in periodontal tissues were demonstrated in six serious systemic diseases causing death namely, dysentery, systemic lupus erythematosis, tuberculosis, nephritis, hepatitis and arteriosclerosis. The degenerative manifestations occurring in periodontal tissues are varied. Hydropic, mucoid, hyalinization, focal necrosis and dystrophic calcifications are found in periodental membrane. Disturbances of bone formation, mostly amorphous and/or immature bone could be seen in...

Degenerative changes occurring in periodontal tissues were demonstrated in six serious systemic diseases causing death namely, dysentery, systemic lupus erythematosis, tuberculosis, nephritis, hepatitis and arteriosclerosis. The degenerative manifestations occurring in periodontal tissues are varied. Hydropic, mucoid, hyalinization, focal necrosis and dystrophic calcifications are found in periodental membrane. Disturbances of bone formation, mostly amorphous and/or immature bone could be seen in alveolar bone. Irregularities of deposition with presenee of granular calcifications of cementum could also be seen. These changes are part of systemic alterations. The periodontal degenerations alone are unable to induce periodontal disease clinically, but are considered as the underlying background of the occurrance and development of periodontal disease.

本文报告因严重系统性疾病死亡者其牙周组织中发生的变性变化,列举了六种疾病:痢疾、播散性红斑狼疮、结核、肾炎、肝炎及动脉硬化。牙周组织中表现的变性变化是多种多样的。常看到的有牙周膜的水样变性、粘液样变、玻璃样变、局灶性坏死和营养不良性钙化。牙槽骨的形成障碍,出现无定型骨或未成熟骨。牙骨质常见沉积不规则并有颗粒样钙化。以上这些变化都是全身性变化的一部分。单独的牙周变性并不致于引起临床上的牙周病,但可以认为它们是牙周病发生和发展的内因基础。

 
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