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titles
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  标题
     Study based on legal protection of literarg works titles
     作品标题的法律保护研究
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     Translation of Titles of Scitech Papers
     科技论文标题翻译
短句来源
     On the Design and Translation of Titles
     浅谈标题的设计与翻译
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     About Translation of English News Titles
     浅谈英语新闻标题的翻译
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     On the Writing Style and Translation into Chinese of English Scientific Paper Titles
     英语科技文章标题的文体与翻译
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  题名
     How to Realize Normalized Retrieval of Titles in CNMARC
     CNMARC中题名可规范检索的实现
短句来源
     517 field is the one that is used to make access points for the titles which are not marked by 510~516 field.
     517字段是用来为除510-516字段所标识题名之外的其它题名制作检索点的字段。
短句来源
     Points out the shortcomings of regulation of search points in China MARC Format. By analyzing and comparing the principles and methods of the card catalogue and CNMARC, the author puts forward the basic principles and specific measures for regulating the search points of titles and responsibilitiors in CNMARC.
     针对《中国机读目录格式》中欠缺的检索点规范问题,通过对卡片目录和MARC两种目录体系不同原理与方式的分析、比较,提出规范MARC文献题名与责任者检索点的基本原则,并提出规范这两类检索点的具体措施。
短句来源
     For titles in English,the rates for the common ones,excellent ones and international ones were 28.5%(150/527), 17.4%(91/523) and 1.2%(6/500),respectively. There were statistical significance among them(P<0.01).
     普通刊物英文题名中“研究”一词的可不使用率也高达 2 8.5 % (15 0 /5 2 7) ,高于优秀刊物的17.4% (91/5 2 3 )和国际性刊物的 1.2 % (6/5 0 0 ) ,差异也有统计学意义 (P <0 .0 1)。
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     Registration of titles in joint cataloguing through CALIS
     浅谈CALIS联合编目题名著录
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  “titles”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Antiserum titles of cTnI were 1:100000, Ka=2.38×10~9L/mol;
     结果心肌肌钙蛋白I抗血清滴度达1:100000,Ka=2.38×109L/mol;
短句来源
     the ratios of clinicians with senior professional titles to middle and to junior were 1 ∶2.5 ∶5.2;
     高、中、低级职称之比为1∶2.5∶5.2;
短句来源
     No correlation was found between the levels of CD~+_4CD_(25)~(bright) T cells and SLEDAI scores, antinuclear antibody titles, dsDNA and C_3, respectively (ρ=-0.188, P=0.178;ρ= -0.216, P=0.121;ρ=0.082, P=0.560; ρ=0.010, P=0.944).
     进一步分析外周血CD4+CD25brightT细胞表达率与SLEDAI评分、抗核抗体、抗双链DNA抗体滴度和血清C3水平的相关性,分别为ρ=-0·188,P=0·178; ρ=-0·216,P=0·121;
短句来源
     PAPER TITLES FOR SPECIAL RICE (1995~2001)
     特种稻论文题录(1995~2001年)
短句来源
     Among the first authors,8.5% of them have doctor's degree,39.4% of them have higher academic titles,7.7% of the articles are sponsered by fund.
     第一作者中8.5%具有博士学位,39.4%具有高级职称; 7.7%的论文有基金资助。
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  titles
Only titles of full text publications (not abstracts) similar to those presented at the SSAC were counted and further analyzed.
      
A measure based on the dictionary of occupational titles (DOT) was used to estimate the degree of complexity to which patients had been exposed in their last full-time occupation.
      
Property rights on human body parts and property titles on human bio-data are often discussed under the heading of the 'commercialization of the human body'.
      
Titles of the original research papers published in the Japanese journals, Powder Science >amp; Engineering and Journal of the Socie
      
Titles of the original research papers published in the Japanese journals
      
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This article, a result of research work caried On in connection with Teaching, aims at presenting an analysis of the basic circuit of the resistance strain gage withaut amplifier, including therin (1) a computation of the relation between the resistance of each branch of the bridge and the sensitivity of galvanometer on the one hand and the sensitivity of the gage on the other and (2) a brief discussion of the limitations in regard to both the construction and the utilization of the strain gage without amplifier...

This article, a result of research work caried On in connection with Teaching, aims at presenting an analysis of the basic circuit of the resistance strain gage withaut amplifier, including therin (1) a computation of the relation between the resistance of each branch of the bridge and the sensitivity of galvanometer on the one hand and the sensitivity of the gage on the other and (2) a brief discussion of the limitations in regard to both the construction and the utilization of the strain gage without amplifier Itconcludes with a constructive critieism of Comrade Yu-chuan Chia's article appeared in the second issue of the periodical with the title "The Resistance Strain Gage for Static Deformation—Its Design and Its Construction."

本文是結合敎學工作進行研究的一個結果,提供了對不帶放大器的電阻應變儀基本電路的分析,包括(1)電橋各臂的電阻和檢流計的靈敏度與應變儀靈敏度的關係的計算;和(2)對不帶放大器的應變儀在製造和使用方面的限制的簡短討論。並提出對本刊第二期贾有權同志:“测靜荷的電阻式應變儀的設計和製造”一文的一些改進意見。

The title compounds were synthesized respectively from methyl 2,3-anhydro-α-and β-D-lyxofuranoside (Ⅳ, α and β), This consists of: Methyl 2,3-anhydro-α- and β-D-lyxofuranoside (Ⅳ, α and β)→ methyl 2,3-anhydro-5-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-α-and β-D-lyxofuranoside(Ⅴ,α and β)→methyl 2,3-anhydro-5-iodo-5-deoxy-α- and β-D-lyxofuranoside (Ⅵ, α and β)→methyl 2,3-anhydro-α- and β-D-lyxomethyloside (Ⅶ, α and β). All the intermediates are crystalline except the last ones. During the course of the investigation, methyl...

The title compounds were synthesized respectively from methyl 2,3-anhydro-α-and β-D-lyxofuranoside (Ⅳ, α and β), This consists of: Methyl 2,3-anhydro-α- and β-D-lyxofuranoside (Ⅳ, α and β)→ methyl 2,3-anhydro-5-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-α-and β-D-lyxofuranoside(Ⅴ,α and β)→methyl 2,3-anhydro-5-iodo-5-deoxy-α- and β-D-lyxofuranoside (Ⅵ, α and β)→methyl 2,3-anhydro-α- and β-D-lyxomethyloside (Ⅶ, α and β). All the intermediates are crystalline except the last ones. During the course of the investigation, methyl 2-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-3-5-O-isopropylidene-α-and β-D-xylofuranoside (Ⅱ, α and β, R=Ts) were obtained crystalline. On hydrolysis, the α-anomer gave the beautifully crystalline methyl 2-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-β-D-xylofuranoside while the β-anomer on similar treatment yielded the syrupy deacetonated product.

自2,3-内醚-α-和β-D-来苏糖甲基呋喃甙(Ⅳ,α和β)合成了2,3-内醚5-去羟-α-和β-D-来苏糖甲基甙(Ⅶ,α和β).合成的步骤为:2,3-内醚-α-和β-D-来苏糖甲基呋喃甙(Ⅳ,α和β)→2,3-内醚-5-O-对甲苯矿酰基-α-和β-D-来苏糖甲基呋喃甙(V,α和β)→2,3-内醚-5-碘代-5-去羟-α-和β-D-来苏糖甲基甙(Ⅵ,α和β)→2,3-内醚-5-去羟-α-和β-D-来苏糖甲基甙(Ⅶ,α和β).除了最后一对外,其余的中间物都是结晶的. 本工作得到了结晶的2-O-对甲苯矿酰基-3,5-异丙亚基-α-和β-D-木糖甲基呋喃甙(Ⅱ,α和β).水解后,α-端基差向异构体生成美丽的2-O-对甲苯矿酰基-α-D-木糖甲基呋喃甙(Ⅲα,R=Ts)晶体,可是在同样的处理下,β-端基差向异构体却只是糖浆状产物(Ⅲβ,R=Ts).

The title compound was synthesized from D-xylose.Methyl α-and β-D-xylofuranoside mixture(Ⅱ),prepared according to Levene et al.was treated with toluene-p-sulphonyl chloride inpyridine first at 0℃ and then at room temperature for four days,followed by usual procedureof isolation and fractional crystallization from alcohol to give 45.1% yield of crystalline methyl2,3,5-tri-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-β-D-xylofuranoside(Ⅲ),m.p.131—132℃,[α]_D~(24.5)=-31.5°(chloroform,c=1.00,l=2 dm.).In order to obtain(Ⅲ)in crystalline...

The title compound was synthesized from D-xylose.Methyl α-and β-D-xylofuranoside mixture(Ⅱ),prepared according to Levene et al.was treated with toluene-p-sulphonyl chloride inpyridine first at 0℃ and then at room temperature for four days,followed by usual procedureof isolation and fractional crystallization from alcohol to give 45.1% yield of crystalline methyl2,3,5-tri-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-β-D-xylofuranoside(Ⅲ),m.p.131—132℃,[α]_D~(24.5)=-31.5°(chloroform,c=1.00,l=2 dm.).In order to obtain(Ⅲ)in crystalline state,the methyl D-xylofuranoside mixture should be distilled under a vacuum not below 0.05 mm.Methyl β-D-xylopyranoside(Ⅷ)was similarly converted into methyl 2,3,4-tri-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-β-D-xylopyranoside(Ⅸ),m.p.138—139℃,[α]_D~24=-37°(chloroform,c=0.50,l=2 dm.)with a yield of 81%.These two tritoluene-p-sulphonyl esters showed a mixed melting pointof 120—123℃.On the other hand,the authentic methyl 2-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-β-D-xylofura-noside obtained by hydrolysis of the crystalline methyl 2-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-3,5-O-isopropyli-dene-β-D-xylofuranoside as reported in Part Ⅳ on similar treatment gave rise to a tritoluene-p-sulphonyl ester identical in every respect with(Ⅲ),and so established the anomeric configu-ration of the latter.(Ⅲ)was caused to react with sodium iodide in acetone at 100℃(Oldham-Rutherfordreaction)for eight hours to give 97% yield of methyl 2,3-di-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-5-deoxy-5-iodo-β-D-xylofuranoside(Ⅳ),m.p.105—106℃,[α]_D~(23.5)=-55°(chloroform,c=1.00,l=2dm.),which was in turn hydrogenated in the presence of Raney nickel to yield the syrupy methyl2,3-di-O-toluene-p-sulphonyl-β-D-xylomethyloside(Ⅴ).Finally,(Ⅴ)was treated with sodiummethoxide in chloroform at 0℃ and methyl 2,3-anhydro-β-D-ribomethyloside was obtained as acolorless,mobile liquid,b.p.46—48℃/1—2 mm,[α]_D~24=-113.5°(chloroform,c=0.52,l=2 dm.).The overall yield from D-xylose was 18%.The structure of the anhydro sugar wasdeduced from existing evidence.

自木糖经过五步反应合成了2,3-内醚-5-去羟-β-D-核糖甲基甙(Ⅵ)。这五步反应是:D-木糖(Ⅰ)→D-木糖甲基呋喃甙(Ⅱ,α-和β-端基差向异构体混合物)→2,3,5-三-O-对甲苯磺酰基-β-D-木糖甲基呋喃甙(Ⅲ)→2,3-二-O-对甲苯磺酰基-5-去羟-5-碘代-β-D-木糖甲基呋喃甙(Ⅳ)→2,3-二-O-对甲苯磺酰基-5-去羟-β-D-木糖甲基甙(Ⅴ)→2,3-内醚-5-去羟-β-D-核糖甲基甙(Ⅵ)。总产率是18%。将已知的结晶的2-O-对甲苯磺酰基-β-D-木糖甲基呋喃甙(Ⅶ)进行对甲苯磺酰化,得到与上述完全相同的Ⅲ,这样就证明了Ⅲ的端基的构型。同时,也从β-D-木糖甲基吡喃甙(Ⅷ)制备了2,3,4-三-O-对甲苯磺酰基-β-D-木糖甲基吡喃甙(Ⅸ)。根据现有的知识肯定了合成的内醚糖的结构。

 
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