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book publishing
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  图书出版
     The Development of Scholarly Book Publishing in China
     中国学术图书出版发展研究
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     This article introduces and explores systematically on book publishing and library building of Russia immigrant's book enterprise in 1898-1930, and analyses the character of Russia immigrant's book enterprise.
     本文从图书出版和图书馆建设两个方面对1898-1930年俄罗斯侨民在哈尔滨的图书事业进行了系统的介绍和研究,分析了俄罗斯侨民图书事业的特点。
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     On Market Analysis and Cost Structure of Book Publishing
     图书出版的市场分析与成本构建
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     This paPer presents one klnd of information system tbr book publishing on the Internet, as to draw a conclusion that the combination of distributed WWW and SQL servers can fulfil more complicate and practical task.
     此文将介绍一个在Internet上的图书出版行业信息服务系统,它对将WWW与SQL以服务器联系起来协同工作能够完成更加复杂和实用的任务作了有意义的研究。
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     Government Monitoring and Control of Book Publishing in the New China
     新中国图书出版的政府监管
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  图书出版发行
     On the Problems in Book Publishing and the Acquisitioning Countermeasures of University Library
     图书出版发行中的问题与高校图书馆的采访对策
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     The Phenomena of the Asymmetric Information in the Book Publishing and the Eliminating Tactics
     图书出版发行中的信息不对称现象及消除策略
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     The thesis aims at probing the application of network publishing technology in independent travel guide book publishing and constructing a new pattern of publishing mode—network publishing to solve problems in the publishing of independent travel guide books.
     本文旨在探讨网络出版技术在自助旅游图书出版发行中的应用,以期构建一种新型的出版发行模式—自助旅游图书网络出版来解决自助旅游图书出版发行中存在的问题。
短句来源
     In the light of the problems existing in the publishing service currently, this paper puts forward some corresponding measures adopted in the acquisitioning work of university library, which include purifying the book market, establishing the multi-level checking system for the book acquisitioning, strengthening the collecting and understanding of the information of the book publishing, and setting up the perfect acquisitioning database, and practicing the public bidding system for the book acquisitioning, etc.
     针对当前出版发行行业中存在的问题,提出了高校图书馆采访工作的应对措施,包括净化图书市场、建立图书采访多层把关制度、加强对图书出版发行信息的收集和了解、建立完善的采访数据库和图书采购实行招投标制度等。
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     This paper probes into three kinds of the phenomena of asymmetric information existing between the publishing house and the reader,the publishing house and the issuer and the issuer and the reader,expounds the harmfulness brought about by the phenomena of asymmetric information,and advances some suggestions on eliminating the phenomenon of asymmetric information in the book publishing.
     主要从出版社与读者之间、出版社与发行商之间、发行商与读者之间3个方面探讨了图书出版发行中存在的3种信息不对称现象,阐明了信息不对称现象带来的危害,并进一步提出了消除图书出版发行中存在的信息不对称现象的建议。
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  图书发行
     The marketing of the book publishing changed a lot in China.
     出版发行业的市场化运作表现为:图书发行渠道已不再是新华书店一统天下;
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  “book publishing”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Study on the Tactics of Book Publishing Houses to Develop Online Publishing
     图书出版社发展网络出版的策略研究
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     In the following four chapters, the author’s research steps from the concept of Chinese System of Author’s Royalty in Book Publishing Industry to the further development of it.
     第一章“图书版税制度概论”定义了图书版税制度的概念,认为图书版税制度包含并体现于作者许可制度、协约制度、抽成制度、分期付款制度、代理制度等; 剖析了欧洲近代图书版税制度产生的原因;
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     The Influence of the Marketing of the Book Publishing on the Library Acquisition
     出版发行市场化运作对图书采访的影响
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     Chapter two sets forth the development status quo of book publishing industry of China and Sichuan, analyses Suomeng Company' s environment of competition by applying Porter Model, puts forward some issues in existence in supply chain management.
     第2章阐述了中国图书发行业及四川民营发行业的发展现状,采用波特竞争模型详细分析索盟公司所处的竞争环境,提出索盟公司供应链管理存在的问题;
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     In this transformation, creative is found as important resource of the development of economy, which include culture arts (for example: perform arts and visual arts), design (for example: apparel design, advertising design, building design and software design), media (for example: book publishing) and etc.
     其中包括文化艺术,如表演艺术与视觉艺术等; 设计,如服装设计、广告设计、建筑设计、软件设计等;
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为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  book publishing
The paper looks for answers to these questions in the body of texts that were published on book publishing in scientific and professional journals and monographs between 2003 and 2006.
      
Reading the Texts on Book Publishing: A New Body of Knowledge about an Old Body of Knowledge
      
The blog phenomenon and the book publishing industry
      
We are optimistic that all sectors of the Chinese book publishing and distribution will have a brighter future.
      
The Brazilian book publishing industry and its current challenges
      
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This article investigates the problem of cubic splint interpolation for class Lipα (0<α<1) nnder the general or periodic end conditions. The author pointed out that if the local mesh ratio ρ is less than ρ_α, where ρ_α is the positive root of the equation ρ~(1-α)((1+ρ-1+ρ+ρ~2)1/2)=1, then the interpolation paocess is convergent, conversely, if ρ≥ρ_α, then the interpolation process is divergent, When the interpolation process converges, the corresponding Jackson-type theorem is given. After this article trod...

This article investigates the problem of cubic splint interpolation for class Lipα (0<α<1) nnder the general or periodic end conditions. The author pointed out that if the local mesh ratio ρ is less than ρ_α, where ρ_α is the positive root of the equation ρ~(1-α)((1+ρ-1+ρ+ρ~2)1/2)=1, then the interpolation paocess is convergent, conversely, if ρ≥ρ_α, then the interpolation process is divergent, When the interpolation process converges, the corresponding Jackson-type theorem is given. After this article trod been completed, we received a book published in CCCP. where a paper by appeared. His paper contained the main result of this article, but he did not give the proof, in addition, our method is different from his, so this article is still published here.

本文考察在一般边界条件及周期边界条件下对Lipα(0<α<1)类函数的三次样条插值。作者指出,当分划比ρ<ρ_α时(ρ_α是方程ρ~(1-α)(1+ρ-(1+ρ+ρ~2)~(1/2)=1的正根)插值过程收敛,而当ρ≥ρ_α时插值过程发散。当插值过程收敛时,我们给出了相应的杰克逊型定理。本文完成以后,我们收到俄文版“函数逼近论”一书,其中载有一篇论文,该文已包括了本文的主要结果。然而的文章并未给出证明,同时本文的方法也与他不同,故仍将本文发表于此。

As an economic crop supplying sugar sugarcane originated from China The manufacture of sugar in China can be recalled to as early as over thousand years B C that was well described in the famous book of 《Shi jing》Although the crop that producing sugar was not mentioned, another book published at the time of Zhan Guo about three century B C verified the facts.It was stated in the book of 《Chu Chi》 that in the central part of China.Hupei province,manufactured sugar from sugarcane was recorded...

As an economic crop supplying sugar sugarcane originated from China The manufacture of sugar in China can be recalled to as early as over thousand years B C that was well described in the famous book of 《Shi jing》Although the crop that producing sugar was not mentioned, another book published at the time of Zhan Guo about three century B C verified the facts.It was stated in the book of 《Chu Chi》 that in the central part of China.Hupei province,manufactured sugar from sugarcane was recorded Thus growing cane and manufacturing sugar occurred much earlier in the valley of Yangtze River At the end of the third century B.C the supreme ruler of Fujian presented crystalized sugar made from sugarcane to Emperor Han Gap Zu.In the early years of the third cantury A D.sugarcane cultivation in the Yellow River valley Henan province was recorded in the literature.Many old Chinese literatures called the sugarcane and sugar with different names.At least no less than thirty names were given for sugarcane and sugar respectively More records described the varieties of sugarcane,methods of cultivation utilizations. as well as equipments and technics on sugar manufacturing.As to the records of cane and sugar developed in the other countries,the history depicted as,“when Alexander the Great invaded India in 327 B C his scribes recorded that the inhabitants chewed a marvelous reed,which produced a kind of honey without any help from bees'”The Italian, Marco polo (1254-1324 A D ) started his traveling to the eastern countries of the world in November 1271 A D.He reached China in May 1275 A D and left China on the Summer of 1292 A D.He returned home on the Winter of 1295 A.D..In the book“The travels of Marco polo”, he recalled while traveling on his way he noticed the growing of sugarcane and the manufacture of sugar in several places of China only.He stated also that many merchants from India purchased lots and lots of Chinese sugar and shipped home.Such is a proof that the development of sugar industry started much later in India than China.Besides, more evidences could be found elsewhere that tea and sugar distributed and spreaded from China to India.The misstatement that“growing of cane and manufacturing of sugar originated from India”can easily be solved.We have more evidences below relating the cane cultivation and manufacture of sugar. The cultivation of sugarcane and manufacture of sugar spreaded from China to different places of the world directly or indirectly.In the book of Marco polo,Quan-zhou,a port of Fujian province in southern China, was at that time a great harbour of the world.She was in fact the known great Chinese harbour of Soong dynasty (960-1279 A.D.).Many Arabians visited and traded valuable merchandise with Chinese.It was said that Quan-zhou was so glorious a place comparable to the heaven.Nowadays, some remnants of the Arabian graves can still be seen over there.Most probable,these Arabians brought the seed canes and introduced the cultural methods to the Mideast.The sweet reed soon spreaded through the regions of Mediterranean as far as the European countries such as Italy and Spain. Then Christopher Columbus brought the seed canes from Spain to the New World in his second vayage and made the canes settle in Santo Domingo. After this,the cultivation of sugarcane extended gradually to different countries of the New World.In the year 1852 A.D.many sugarcane laborers and sugar manufacturing technicians engaged in the sugarcane industry in Hawaii.They employed the native methods in production,but soon were renovated and recruited by the Chinese with men and machines. Many of the Chinese wooden cane crushing machines still remained there exposing the progress of the sugar industry at that country.By the sixteenth century,the oversea Chinese also introduced the art of sugarcane planting and production of sugar to countries such as Philippines and Java. The Japanese books such as 《Thousand years history of Okinawa》 and 《Five buddha in Ryukyu islands》 clearly stated that buddhist monk Jian-zhen in Tang dynasty (618-907 A.D.) introduced the method of sugar manufacturing into Japan.The Chinese island of Taiwan obtained the technics of cane growing and sugar manufacture from the neighbor province of Fujian.Many sugar manufacturing technicians from Zhang- zhou,Fujian sailed to the island to recruit the men there. The sugar trading of the world began from China also.prior to 1840 A D China dominated the foreign trade of the world cane sugar.The effect of the Opium War sharply cut down the production and export of cane sugar in China.China became one of the five leading sugar producing countries in the world.The other four countries were India, Java,Philippines and Cuba.After the invasion of Japanese Imperialism, the island Taiwan was leased to Japan.Since then,instead of exporting sugar China became the importing sugar country.Chewing cane was very delicious and consumed as fresh fruits and condiments.It was originated in China,and until now it is still an important exportation of China. Among the species of Saccharum,S.sinensis is the oldest cultivar ever found in the world.It is originated in China,and ascertained by many modern researchers.Many published research works stand in its favor These are:〈Investigations on the flowering of Saccharum Ⅱ.Number of spindle leaves and date of induction〉by P.H.Moore (15th ISSCT, 1974);〈Photosynthetic action spectra of Saccharum species.〉by A.G. Alexander (15th ISSCT,1974);〈Comparative studies on the area of the photosynthetic membrane in sugarcane〉by K.Y.Zhou,T.G.Liang, and C.B.Lu 〈Journal of Fujian Agricultural College,1981(2)〉etc. Saccharum sinensis is neither originated in New Guinea nor derived from the crossing of Saccharum officinarum and S.spontaneum in the northeast India.This species was created and selected by the Chinese farmers long ago.

世界种蔗制糖起源于中国。据《诗经》记载,公元前十二世纪以前就已制糖。公元前三世纪的《楚辞·招魂》已明确指出甘蔗制糖,表明了长江流域早已种蔗制糖了。公元前三世纪末,闽王已从福建向汉高祖晋贡甘蔗制的砂糖。公元三世纪初,明确黄河流域业已种甘蔗。中国许多古籍,对蔗和糖两个字有不同的写法和称呼,各有约三十种;还记述了不同的甘蔗品种、用途、栽培法以及制糖工具和方法等。外国最早的记载是:亚历山大大王于公元前327年东侵印度时,他的随从执事才记录有:当地人‘咬食一种稀奇芦苇,没有蜂的任何帮助,会产生一种密’。意大利人马可·波罗(1254~1324)于1271年11月踏上旅途往东方,1275年5月到达中国,至1292年夏离开。于1295年冬回到他的故乡。在其《游记》中谈到:旅途所经各地,只有中国几个地方产糖,和印度人来中国买糖的情况。表明了印度开始蔗糖生产比中国迟得多。有许多证明,茶和糖是由中国传到印度去的。说种蔗制糖起源于印度,明显是错误的。以下所述几方面的情况,也是佐证。种蔗和制糖是由中国直接或间接向世界各地传播的。马可·波罗《游记》曾说到,中国泉州是世界最大港口之一。实际上,泉州在宋朝(960~1279)就已经是世界著名...

世界种蔗制糖起源于中国。据《诗经》记载,公元前十二世纪以前就已制糖。公元前三世纪的《楚辞·招魂》已明确指出甘蔗制糖,表明了长江流域早已种蔗制糖了。公元前三世纪末,闽王已从福建向汉高祖晋贡甘蔗制的砂糖。公元三世纪初,明确黄河流域业已种甘蔗。中国许多古籍,对蔗和糖两个字有不同的写法和称呼,各有约三十种;还记述了不同的甘蔗品种、用途、栽培法以及制糖工具和方法等。外国最早的记载是:亚历山大大王于公元前327年东侵印度时,他的随从执事才记录有:当地人‘咬食一种稀奇芦苇,没有蜂的任何帮助,会产生一种密’。意大利人马可·波罗(1254~1324)于1271年11月踏上旅途往东方,1275年5月到达中国,至1292年夏离开。于1295年冬回到他的故乡。在其《游记》中谈到:旅途所经各地,只有中国几个地方产糖,和印度人来中国买糖的情况。表明了印度开始蔗糖生产比中国迟得多。有许多证明,茶和糖是由中国传到印度去的。说种蔗制糖起源于印度,明显是错误的。以下所述几方面的情况,也是佐证。种蔗和制糖是由中国直接或间接向世界各地传播的。马可·波罗《游记》曾说到,中国泉州是世界最大港口之一。实际上,泉州在宋朝(960~1279)就已经是世界著名港口,就有很多阿拉伯人来往了。传说到泉州就是到了天堂。至今还有阿拉伯人墓的遗址。蔗种和栽培技术以及制糖技术,很可能在那时候已被传去中东,然后经地中海传到意大利和西班牙。哥仑布第二次(1490)去美洲带了蔗种植于圣多·多明哥,逐渐在美洲传播开来。夏威夷‘自1852年起,从中国招来大量的蔗田工人和土法制糖技术工人,至今还留存当时从中国运去的甘蔗压榨木辊’。印尼爪哇和菲律滨等地的种蔗制糖是十六世纪由华侨传去的。日本人乌仓龙治和伊波普猷等的著作中有说到,中国唐朝鉴真和尚东渡扶洋时,把制糖法传入日本。中国台湾省的种蔗制糖是由福建省传去的,并有从漳州聘去熬糖师的记载。世界蔗糖贸易是中国领先的。在鸦片战争(1840)前,中国是世界唯一产糖大国,所产蔗糖畅销世界各地,远达英国、美国。1840年后,降为世界五大产糖国(中国、印度、爪哇、菲律滨、古巴)之一。日本侵占台湾后,再降为蔗糖进口国。果蔗更是中国早有的,也销售国外。“中国种”甘蔗是世界最古老的栽培种。近年来的甘蔗学研究,如 P.H.Moore《蔗属开花的研究Ⅱ.诱导期与叶簇里的叶片数》,A.G.Alexander《蔗属品种的光合活动光谱》(以上两文皆刊载于十五届国际甘蔗技师会议论文集)和周可涌、梁天干、卢川北《甘蔗叶片光合膜面积的比较研究》(福建农学院学报,1981,[2])等的研究结果,已经给予证明。“中国种”甘蔗不是从伊里安传来,更不是在印度东北部由热带种和当地野生种甘蔗自然杂交形成的,是中国农民长期选择的产物。中国解放后的蔗糖业以及甘蔗科学研究情况,因篇幅关系,客另文陈述。

Most of the books published in Chinese so far are lack of indices because of the special and complex features in Chinese compared with Latin languages. In this paper, a computer aided indexical retrieval system is developed to creat the index of the Dictionary of Chemical Industry. The

科技工作者往往要借助于索引进行手检,以从正文中获得所需信息。然而,国内出版的读物大都缺少索引,手工做索引又存在很多问题,因而必须发展计算机辅助自动标引技术,自动做索引。本系统能够在全文范围内检索关键词,并抽提相关内容,建立索引,实现了一定的智能化。本系统同时提供了一个辅助编缉、选择的集成编辑器。

 
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