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medical
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  医疗
    MEDICAL SERVICE UTILIZATION AND COST MODELS FOR RURAL CHILDREN IN JIANLI COUNTY
    监利县农村儿童医疗服务利用及费用模型
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    OBSERVATION ON EFFICACY OF MICROWAVE IN DISINFECTION OF MEDICAL DOCUMENTS
    微波对医疗文件消毒效果的观察
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    Analysis and Evaluation of Medical Cost Increase for Inpatients
    住院患者医疗费用上涨的分析及评价
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    The investigation of the status medical garbage disposal in Guangzhou area
    广州地区医疗垃圾处理状况调查
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    An Investigation of HBsAg Contamination on the Object Surface and Medical Instrument in the Hospital
    医院物体表面及医疗器械HBsAg污染调查
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  医务
    Study on the Relationship between Job Burnout and Occupational Stress and the Effect on the Quality of Working Life in Medical Personnel
    医务人员工作倦怠与职业紧张的关系及其对职业生命质量影响的研究
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    SEROPREVALENCE OF H.PYLORI INFECTION IN MEDICAL STAFF IN SHANGHAI
    上海医务人员中幽门螺杆菌感染的血清流行病学调查
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    An Epidemiological Survey of Helicobacter Pylori Infection among Medical Staff in Nanchang
    南昌市医务人员幽门螺杆菌感染的流行病学调查
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    Conclusion Systematic professional health education mode would improve medical staffs' professional infection protection consciousness and behavior.
    结论对医务人员进行职业感染防护系统健康教育,弥补了常规教育缺乏全程性、灵活性、针对性及无效果评估的不足,能有效提高医务人员职业感染防护意识和行为。
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    Conclusions The results of investigation indicated that the administration of disinfection work in department of gynecology and obstetrics in medical institutions of various levels,especially the medical institutions of villages and towns,should be strengthened and training of medical personnel with disinfection knowledge and technology also should be strengthened.
    结论调查结果说明应加强对各级医疗机构尤其是乡镇级医疗机构妇产科消毒工作的管理,加强对医务人员消毒知识与技术培训。
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  医护
    The eligible rates of surfaces and hands of medical staffs were 91.8% and 75.3% respectively.
    物体表面合格率为91.8%; 医护人员手合格率为75.3%。
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    [Results]The quality of disinfection and sterilization in this hospital was good in the whole,qualified rate of dialysate bacteriological monitoring(96.0%)was the lowest,which was followed by air with a qualified rate of 96.9%,qualified rate of disinfectants in use was 99.7%,all the qualified rates of object surface,hands of medical staffs,autoclave and endoscope were 100%.
    [结果]该院消毒灭菌质量整体较好,透析液细菌监测合格率最低(96.0%),其次是空气,合格率为96.9%,使用中消毒液合格率为99.7%,物体表面、医护人员手、高压蒸汽灭菌器和内镜合格率最高,均为100%。
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    The Prevalence Survey of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Prophylaxis in 411 Medical Staff of Shanxi Province of China
    中国山西省411例医护人员严重急性呼吸综合征预防情况调查
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    The Management of SARS Patients and the Enlightenment of Medical Personnel Protection
    SARS病人的管理与医护人员防护的启示
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    Management of SARS patients and protection of medical workers
    SARS病人的管理与医护人员的防护
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  “medical”译为未确定词的双语例句
    THE BASAL METABOLISM OF 241 MEDICAL STUDENTS AND STUFF MEMBERS OF THE HARBIN MEDICAL COLLEGE
    哈尔滨医学院241名教职员生基础代谢的调查及其分析
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    Development of protective devices for 30~50mA medical diagnostic X-ray apparatus
    30~50mA诊断X线机防护装置的研制
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    EVALUATING STANDARDS OF THE STUDENTS PHYSICAL QUALITIES OF QINGHAI MEDICAL COLLEGE
    青海医学院学生身体素质评价标准
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    Comprehensive Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Students in Jining Medical College
    济宁医学院学生营养状况的综合评价
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    Investigation on the Condition of Infection of Hepatitis B of Students In Guilin Medical College
    我院学生乙型肝炎病毒感染情况调查
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  medical
In this article, the MCA algorithm is extended to the analysis of spherical data maps as may occur in a number of areas such as geophysics, astrophysics or medical imaging.
      
Generalized pareto distribution fit to medical insurance claims data
      
This paper attains the exact threshold by testing for GPD, and shows that GPD model allows the actuary to easily estimate high quantiles and the probable maximum loss from the medical insurance claims data.
      
Therefore, this kind of polyurethane can be used for implanted medical devices with shape memory requirements.
      
It has proved that the three-way calibration methodologies based on ATLD and SWATLD can be feasible to directly quantify the medical content of reserpine in urine.
      
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Four 14 to 19, year old boys are used as subjects in this study. The first part of this study attempts to investigate the vitamin C status of these subjects when they are consuming the ordinary diet served in the college staff dining room. The vitamin C content of the whole meal is determined by the dye titration method for ten days. During the first 2 days, blood samples are taken from finger tips and the plasma analyed for vitamin C by the Farmer and Abt method. 24-hour urine samples are also collected and...

Four 14 to 19, year old boys are used as subjects in this study. The first part of this study attempts to investigate the vitamin C status of these subjects when they are consuming the ordinary diet served in the college staff dining room. The vitamin C content of the whole meal is determined by the dye titration method for ten days. During the first 2 days, blood samples are taken from finger tips and the plasma analyed for vitamin C by the Farmer and Abt method. 24-hour urine samples are also collected and the vitamin C content determined.After the first 3 days, in addition to the vitamin C in the diet, the subjects are subjected to vitamin C saturation by taking orally 400 mg of vitamin C form orange juice for two days followed by 5 days of 100 mg supplementation of crystalline vitamin C. Plasma vitamin C and 24-hour urinary vitamin C are ag(?) studied. Following this procedure, the subjects are considered ready for experimentation. They are put on an experimental diet similar to their ordinary d(?) but devoid of vitamin C. The vitamin C intake level is controlled. Three lev(?) are tried: 70 mg, 50 mg, and 30 mg daily. Each level is fed for 14 days. The vitamin C of the first seven days is provided by vegetables frequently used (?) Canton and crystalline vitamin C is used during the latter 7 days for comparison. Cantonese cabbage(Brassica chinensis L.), Kan Lan Tsai(Brassica alboclabia, R.) and Chinese celery cabbage(Brassica pekinensis, R.)are used for supplying vitamin C during the 70, 50 and 30 mg levels respectively. Plasma vitamin C and 24-hour urinary excretion are determined for the last 5 days of each period.The vitamin C content of the medical college diet averages 43.7 mg per day for the 10 days analyzed. Plasma vitamin C of the subjects ranges from 0.25 to 0.61 mg percent, averaging 0.37 mg percent. 24-hour urinary excretion varies between 3.3 and 74.8 mg daily.During saturation, plasma vitamin C of one subject increases after the first dose, while its content in the plasma of the other three subjects also shows gradual rise. Urinary excretions show immediate and considerable increases on the first day with each of the subjects.During the 70 mg vitamin C daily intake level, plasma vitamin C average 0.45 mg percent and 0.48 mg percent for Brassica chinensis, L. and for crystalline vitamin C respectively. Daily urinary excretions average 19.4 and 18.4 mg. for the two periods. When the vitamin C intake is reduced to 50 mg daily, an average of 0.40 mg percent of plasma ascorbic acid is found for Brassica alboclabia, L. and 0.32 mg percent for crystalline vitamin C. Urinary excretion decreases to 15.2 and 11.9 mg daily. At the 30 mg daily intake level, plasma vitamin C falls to 0.32 mg percent for Chinese celery cabbage and 0.31 mg percent for crystalline vitamin C. Total urinary vitamin C falls to 9.9 and 9.0 mg.The vitamin C from these 3 vegetables are at least as efficiently utilized as crystalline vitamin C.While it is not quite possible to draw definite conclusions in regard to vitamin C requirement of these subjects from the results of this study, there are suggestions however that a daily intake of about 50 mg of vitamin C may be able to maintain a fairly satisfactory state of vitamin C nutrition.

本研究的目的在于初步探讨广州市一般维生素C的营养水平,测定广州所产的三种蔬菜所含维生素C在人体内的利用率,并观察在每日维生素C进食量为70、50、30毫克时,血浆维生素C与尿液维生素C排量的变化,从而商讨广州地区人民的维生素C需要量问题。

Cardiovascular diseases are quite prevalent in China. In many provinces and districts, cardiovascular diseases account for 40-50% of all deaths in recent years. In the prevalence rate of hypertension in adults (above 15 years old ) varies from 2 to 10%.Higher rate is observed in the urban than in the rural population.The northern Chinese people have a higher prevalence rate of hypertension than the southern Chinese. The incidence and mortality rate of stroke among the chine-se are close to those of the Japanese.Stroke...

Cardiovascular diseases are quite prevalent in China. In many provinces and districts, cardiovascular diseases account for 40-50% of all deaths in recent years. In the prevalence rate of hypertension in adults (above 15 years old ) varies from 2 to 10%.Higher rate is observed in the urban than in the rural population.The northern Chinese people have a higher prevalence rate of hypertension than the southern Chinese. The incidence and mortality rate of stroke among the chine-se are close to those of the Japanese.Stroke register figures are available from 5 regions with an incidence rate of 80.3-159.8/100,000 and mortality rate of 48.0-110.9/100, 000.The prevalence rate of coronary heart disease in adults above 35 years is 3-5%.The average mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction from 12 Chinese cities in 1976 was 29.6/100,000, with the higher figures of 51.5/ 100,000 from Tianjin and 45.2/100,000 from Beijing.Cardiovascular community control program ( cccp ) has been established in various provinces and districts in China since 1969.Under the guidance of local heath authorities, specialized medical personnel from medical research institutes collaborated with health workers in the factories and communes to from cccp teams. The cccp in the Shijinshan District of Beijing, covers a population of 200, 000 and 26 cccp units. By the end of 1977, blood pressure survey had been done in 85,850 adults. Another 66,072 persons were surveyed or rechecked in 1978. By the WHO criteria (excluding the "borderline hypertension") the prevalence rate of hypertension was 8.11%. During 1978, 4,894 cases of hypertension were treated with the compound antihypertensive drugs, with good result in 43.8%, fair in 30.0%.During 1978, 69 cases of acute myocardial infarction and 220 new cases of strocke were registered in the region, with mortality rate of 23.4/100,000 and 55.11/100,000 respectively.

作者认为,心血管病在人口死亡原因中已从过去的第3—7位上升到1—2位,约占所有死亡的一半。高血压患病率一般为2—10%,城市高于农村,北方高于南方,近年并有所上升。脑卒中的发病率,死亡率与日本相近,按一定人群登记统计,五个地区的发病率为80.3~159.8/10万,死亡率为48.0—110.9/10万。冠心病的患病率(30—40岁以上)约为3—5%。急性心肌梗塞发病率和死亡率均较欧美为低,1976年卫生统计中,12个死亡率较高的城市,如天津为51.5/10万,北京为45.2/10万。 近10年来,我国心血管病人群防治科研工作得到很大进展,收到很好的防治效果。如北京石景山区建立了包括20万人口的防治区,到1978年底已完成高血压普查,按WHO诊断标准其患病率为8.11%。共治疗管理患者4894例,控制率达73.8%。全区共登记急性心肌梗塞69例,发病率为52.09/10万,死亡率为23.4%,登记脑卒中220例,发病率为166.10/10万,死亡率为55.11/10万。

An investigation was made last Autumn on the emergency clinics in 14 hospitals and the municipal first aid station in Beijing. It showed that the medical staff of every unit has made achievements in spite of their heavy work-load and a lot of other difficulties.However, the present system of first aid and emergency service, the medical knowledge and skill of the staff, and the equipments and facilities were far from satisfactory. Some suggestions concerning possible improvement on the technical aspects...

An investigation was made last Autumn on the emergency clinics in 14 hospitals and the municipal first aid station in Beijing. It showed that the medical staff of every unit has made achievements in spite of their heavy work-load and a lot of other difficulties.However, the present system of first aid and emergency service, the medical knowledge and skill of the staff, and the equipments and facilities were far from satisfactory. Some suggestions concerning possible improvement on the technical aspects were made. It is warmly hoped that the administrative chiefs would study and implement the scientific management of medical emergency work, so as to improve its efficiency and thus lay a sound basis for the modernization of the hospitals.

作者对北京13个医院和市急救站的急诊工作情况进行了调查,对急救及急诊制度,青年医护人员的业务水平、仪器设备和房屋布局等方面的问题提出一些改进意见,恳望有关领导把急救和急诊工作的科学管理方法列入日程,认真研究,挖掘潜力,提高质量与效率。

 
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