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   constitutionality 在 刑法 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.125秒
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constitutionality
相关语句
  法治
    The constitutional review of the criminal law is an important aspect of realizing criminal constitutionality and promoting the development of constitutionalism.
    刑法合宪审查是实现刑事法治、推进宪政进程的重要方面。
短句来源
    Legal analogy baffles the development of constitutionality and is an obstacle in protection of human rights,but people are intentionally or unconsciously applying legal analogy with the concept of striking crimes and maintaining social order.
    尽管类推制度阻碍法治的发展,不利于保障人权,但在打击犯罪、维护社会秩序的观念下,人们还是有意无意地适用类推。
短句来源
  合宪性
    First,the author introduces some points at issue about strict liability, e.g. the deterrent of strict liability, the efficiency of strict liability, and the constitutionality of strict liability.
    在该部分中,笔者首先对有关严格责任存在是否合理的几个焦点问题,如严格责任的威慑力、严格责任的效率、严格责任的合宪性进行了介绍。
短句来源
    Even a democratic criminal law may still fail to meet the requirement of constitutionality.
    对于刑事法律来说,其合宪性的基本要求是:什么是刑事法律不能进行立法的。
短句来源
    In China, constitutionality of criminal law in democratic context requires that the criminal law must respect the basic human rights provided for in the Constitution and that criminal suspects, criminal defendants, even convicted criminals, as subjects of legal order, must enjoy institutional respect from the criminal law.
    在中国,民主语境下的刑事法律的合宪性的基本要求是,宪法规定的基本人权,应当受到刑事法律的敬畏与敬重; 犯罪嫌疑人与被告人乃至罪犯,作为法秩序的主体,刑事立法对于他们必须有着制度的尊重。
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  constitutionality
The XVI Amendment to the Constitution created the progressive individual income tax (the corporate income tax was judged to be an excise tax in 1909 and passed the test of constitutionality).
      
More recently the Supreme Court of the United States in Kansas v Hendricks (1997) upheld the constitutionality of the civil commitment of sexually deviant individuals for psychiatric treatment.
      
To help resolve doubts, we suggest adding on a small percentage contribution bonus to the present tax write-off for three years so as to test constitutionality and assess more precisely administrative costs.
      
The defects of the bonus are higher administrative costs and potential doubt about constitutionality.
      
The advantages of the write-off are that it produces predictable amounts of income at low administrative cost without overtly raising questions of constitutionality.
      
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Workers on criminal theory should not defend the legislation without evaluating its appropriateness; nor should they give their approval just because a certain issue has become a criminal norm. Above all, they should not take it for granted if some issue is neglected by the criminal law. Following this train of thought, we talked about the circumstances for discretion in the criminal law. In terms of that, in our opinion, whether there are relevant provisions is one thing, and whether there should be is another....

Workers on criminal theory should not defend the legislation without evaluating its appropriateness; nor should they give their approval just because a certain issue has become a criminal norm. Above all, they should not take it for granted if some issue is neglected by the criminal law. Following this train of thought, we talked about the circumstances for discretion in the criminal law. In terms of that, in our opinion, whether there are relevant provisions is one thing, and whether there should be is another. The inadequate contents of the circumstances for discretion does not necessarily mean that the legislation will be correct or reasonable. On the contrary it is supposed to be or even should be legislativized thoroughly in order to meet the needs of the criminal constitutionality.

刑法理论工作者不能不考虑立法是否适当,就加以全力地维护;也不能因为某个问题成为一条刑法规范,就给予肯定;更不能因为刑法对某个问题的冷落,就予以顺应。顺着这一思路,笔者反思了刑法中的酌定情节。我们认为,对于酌定情节,法律规定不规定是一回事,法律应当不应当规定又是另外一回事。刑法酌定情节的几近空白,并不必然意味着立法的正确与合理,恰恰相反,酌定情节应当而且必须全面法定化,以适应刑事法治的需要。

The constitutional review of the criminal law is an important aspect of realizing criminal constitutionality and promoting the development of constitutionalism. The modern principle of legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime prohibits punishment without merits and explains the legitimate of punishment within merits. The principle of legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime in the 1997 Criminal Law has distorted the value orientation of modern principle of legally prescribed punishment...

The constitutional review of the criminal law is an important aspect of realizing criminal constitutionality and promoting the development of constitutionalism. The modern principle of legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime prohibits punishment without merits and explains the legitimate of punishment within merits. The principle of legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime in the 1997 Criminal Law has distorted the value orientation of modern principle of legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime and lead to the functional drawbacks of constitutional review of criminal law. In order to establish an effective constitutional review of criminal law system, the system of People's representatives shall be reformed and perfected and the modern principle of legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime shall be really reaffirmed.

刑法合宪审查是实现刑事法治、推进宪政进程的重要方面。刑法合宪审查应当以罪刑法定原则为立足基点。现代罪刑法定原则不仅具有传统的法外入罪禁止机能 ,而且能够延伸出崭新的法内出罪正当化解释机能。我国 97刑法具有“中国特色”的罪刑法定原则扭曲了现代罪刑法定的价值旨趣 ,导致了我国刑法合宪审查的机能缺损。只有在真正确认已成国际共识话语的现代罪刑法定原则、赋予其法外入罪禁止与出罪正当化解释双重机能 ,同时改革与完善人民代表大会制度 ,才能建构有效的刑法合宪审查机制。

The starting point and the home to return to of the retroaction of criminal law is the safeguard of human rights,the reflection of the spirit of a legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime. On the basis of analyzing every retroaction principle and the agreement on the retroaction principles of our criminal law which are older and lighter,the author elaborates the relationship between retroaction and matter adjudged by introducing foreign legislation,and makes a choice from the reality of our modern...

The starting point and the home to return to of the retroaction of criminal law is the safeguard of human rights,the reflection of the spirit of a legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime. On the basis of analyzing every retroaction principle and the agreement on the retroaction principles of our criminal law which are older and lighter,the author elaborates the relationship between retroaction and matter adjudged by introducing foreign legislation,and makes a choice from the reality of our modern constitutionality practice,thus perfects the legislation of our criminal law's retroaction.

刑法的溯及力的出发点和归宿是人权保障 ,是相对罪刑法定精神的体现。肯定我国刑法从旧兼从轻的溯及力原则的基础上 ,引入外国立法例阐释溯及力与既判力的关系 ,进一步完善我国刑法溯及力的立法。

 
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