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    Study on the Residence Time Distribution of Powder in Magnesite Flash Calciner
    菱镁矿悬浮轻烧炉中物料停留时间分布的研究
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    Application of Weighted Grey Relational Analysis without Time Sequence in Comprehensive Evaluation of the Environmental Quality
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    Quantitative Evaluation of Soil Quality Changes in Time and Space at a Small Area Level in Subtropical China
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The proof is based on a variant of Moser's method using time-dependent vector fields.
      
We present two-sided singular value estimates for a class of convolution-product operators related to time-frequency localization.
      
The Balian-Low theorem (BLT) is a key result in time-frequency analysis, originally stated by Balian and, independently, by Low, as: If a Gabor system $\{e^{2\pi imbt} \, g(t-na)\}_{m,n \in \mbox{\bf Z}}$
      
Gabor Time-Frequency Lattices and the Wexler-Raz Identity
      
Gabor time-frequency lattices are sets of functions of the form $g_{m \alpha , n \beta} (t) =e^{-2 \pi i \alpha m t}g(t-n \beta)$ generated from a given function $g(t)$ by discrete translations in time and frequency.
      
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A project for studying the seasonal variation of the planktonic organisms in the near-shore water of Tsingtao was started in March of 1953. Both quali- tative and quantitative samples have been collected since then at weekly inter- vals as regularly as possible. The present paper is a preliminary report of the results obtained for the first three years (March 1953 to February 1956). Spe- cial attention was paid to the seasonal variation in composition and number of planktonic diatoms. It was found that the...

A project for studying the seasonal variation of the planktonic organisms in the near-shore water of Tsingtao was started in March of 1953. Both quali- tative and quantitative samples have been collected since then at weekly inter- vals as regularly as possible. The present paper is a preliminary report of the results obtained for the first three years (March 1953 to February 1956). Spe- cial attention was paid to the seasonal variation in composition and number of planktonic diatoms. It was found that the most dominant species of the planktonic diatoms in our collections belong to the genera Rhizosolenia, Coscinodiscus, Thalassionema, Leptocylindrus, Chaetoceros, Skeletonema, Melosira, Eueampia, Asterionella, Nitzschia, Thalassiothrix, Ceratulina and Thalassiosira. The monthly occurrence of the different species was noted and compared with that reported for Amoy by professor Chin (1955) . Enumerartion of the diatoms in the quantatitive samples was made and the results were presented in tables and graphs, showing that the average number of cells was highest in September and lowest in April and May. Seasonal variation of environmental conditions was reviewed and correlated to the seasonal variation the planktonic diatoms. A new method for the study of seasonal variation of planktonic diatoms was suggested, emphasizing the physiological stats of different diatoms at the time of collection and their adaptive response to the environmental conditions. The result of a few experiments reported in the present paper showed that the new mgthod deserves further attention.

本文系作者根据1953年3月至1956年9月在青岛所采的海洋浮游生物的定性和定量标本而作的青岛近海浮游矽藻季节变化的初步报告。全文包括四个主要内容。第一部分为青岛海洋浮游矽藻种类记录补遗。一共列出青岛以前未有报告的种或变种共23个,其中有七个为我国沿海首次记录。第二部分为青岛各月近海浮游矽藻的主要组成。文中首先指出,青岛近海浮游矽藻中,以个体数目来看,最多有Rhizosolenia,Coscinodiscus,Thalassionema,Leptocylin-drus,Chaetoceros,Skeletonema,Melosira,Eucampia,Asterionella,Nitzschia,Thalassiothrix,Ceratulina,Thalassiosira等属。其次将各属矽藻的主要种类和出现月份加以敍述,最後并与厦门港的海洋矽藻组成做了比较。第三部分为青岛近海浮游矽藻数量的季节变化。结果示明,青岛近海浮游矽藻数以9月最多,4、5月最少。6、7月数量上升,8月稍挫,9月高峰後,显著下降。12月至2月间有一次增加。文中并将青岛一般海洋环境的季节变化和食植浮游动物及双鞭毛虫的数量变化做了分析和对照...

本文系作者根据1953年3月至1956年9月在青岛所采的海洋浮游生物的定性和定量标本而作的青岛近海浮游矽藻季节变化的初步报告。全文包括四个主要内容。第一部分为青岛海洋浮游矽藻种类记录补遗。一共列出青岛以前未有报告的种或变种共23个,其中有七个为我国沿海首次记录。第二部分为青岛各月近海浮游矽藻的主要组成。文中首先指出,青岛近海浮游矽藻中,以个体数目来看,最多有Rhizosolenia,Coscinodiscus,Thalassionema,Leptocylin-drus,Chaetoceros,Skeletonema,Melosira,Eucampia,Asterionella,Nitzschia,Thalassiothrix,Ceratulina,Thalassiosira等属。其次将各属矽藻的主要种类和出现月份加以敍述,最後并与厦门港的海洋矽藻组成做了比较。第三部分为青岛近海浮游矽藻数量的季节变化。结果示明,青岛近海浮游矽藻数以9月最多,4、5月最少。6、7月数量上升,8月稍挫,9月高峰後,显著下降。12月至2月间有一次增加。文中并将青岛一般海洋环境的季节变化和食植浮游动物及双鞭毛虫的数量变化做了分析和对照,又将青岛和厦门港两地海洋浮游矽藻数量变化做了比较。第四部分为矽藻数量季节变化研究方法的一个新建议。文中略述了矽藻数量季节双化研究中的主要问题,并建议加强关於矽藻对於生活条件改变的适应回答的研究,以期能更好地揭露矽藻数量变动的规律。最後,文中介绍了作者所进行的测定矽藻质量的实验初步的结果。

Using acetic, sulfuric, hydrochloric, phosphoric and perchloric acid as acidifying agent, gelation time of monostlicic acid of different concentration at various pH was determined. All the log t--pH curves were of N-Shape. The pH value at the minimum point of each curve shifted upward and to- ward the left as concentration of silicic acid decreased. With acetic acid as acidifying agent, the gelation curve had the same tendency when concentra- tion of silicic acid changed, but with a strong acid, as hydrochloric...

Using acetic, sulfuric, hydrochloric, phosphoric and perchloric acid as acidifying agent, gelation time of monostlicic acid of different concentration at various pH was determined. All the log t--pH curves were of N-Shape. The pH value at the minimum point of each curve shifted upward and to- ward the left as concentration of silicic acid decreased. With acetic acid as acidifying agent, the gelation curve had the same tendency when concentra- tion of silicic acid changed, but with a strong acid, as hydrochloric or sulfuric, no such shift was observed at the maximum point. When log t of the minimum points of each set of gelation time curves were plotted against the corresponding log T_(?), straight lines were always obtained. However, the slope of the lines was about -3 instead of -2 as required by the theoretical equation. This is found to be due to the effect of the salt formed in the process of acidification of sodium monosilicate. When the concentration of sodium monosilicate used was kept constant and different amounts of a salt corresponding to the acid used as acidifying agent were added, the gelation curves obtained indicated that, in case when either hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid was used as acidifying agent, the added salt had a little pro- motion effect at the maximum point but did not change the pH value. However, with the minimum points of all the curves and the maximum of that of acetic acid as acidifying agent, they all shifted downward and rightward. When log t was plotted against log T_s, straight line was also obtained, with a slope of about -1, indicating that getlation time of monosi- licic acid is inversely proportional to the first power of the concentration of salt. When the concentration of salt was kept constant and that of silicic acid varied, pH of the maximum points of all gelation curves no matter which acid was used as acidifying agent remained constant, while that of the minimum points changed but a little. And in all cases, when log t was plotted against log T_(?), a straight line was always obtained, the slope of which was -2, indicating experimental results were in complete accord with our theoretical expression. When the effect of added salt is included, the expression should be modified slightly and takes the following form: log t=log C'--(2+n')log T_A--log (1+β_1[H~+]+β_2[H~+]~2+β_3[H~+]~3)~2/β_2β_3 [H~+]~3 --log(β_1/β_2+[H~+]~2).

以乙酸、硫酸、盐酸、磷酸及高氯酸为胶凝剂,测定了不同浓度单硅酸在不同pH的胶凝时间,得到了一系列硅酸浓度与胶凝时间的曲线。曲线皆为N形。所有曲线的最低点和乙酸曲线的最高点的pH值,皆随硅酸浓度的减少而向左上方移动,但盐酸和硫酸曲线最高点pH值无明显变化。各组曲线最低点的log t和相应的log T_A昔为直綫关系,但直线斜率昔等于-3,而不是表达式中的-2。这是由於酸化过程所产生的盐的效应。在单硅酸浓度恒定时,加入不同量与所用胶凝剂相当的盐,从所得的胶凝曲綫表明,盐对发盐酸及硫酸为胶凝剂的曲线最高点略有促进作用,而不改变pH值。但所有曲线最低点及乙酸曲线最高点,昔随各种盐浓度的增加而向右下方移动。每组曲线最低点的log t和log T_s皆为直线关系,直线斜率在-1左右,表示盐浓度与胶凝时间的一次方成反此。在固定盐浓度,改变单硅酸浓度的实验中,所有盐酸、硫酸、硝酸、乙酸及磷酸的各套胶凝曲线的最高点pH值皆不改变,而最低点的pH值只微有不同,每组曲线的不论最低点或最高点,它们的log t和log T_A皆有直线关系,其直綫的斜率都在-2左右,和表达式的要求完全符合。故包括盐效应的硅酸聚合而成凝胶的表达式改进为:

The Zhalainuoer brown coal can be readily oxidized to give high yields of regenerated humic acids either by dilute nitric acid or by hot air in a fluidized reactor. In the case of using dilute nitric acid as the oxidizing agent, the optimum conditions under which high yield of humic acids has been obtained with low consumption of nitric acid are found as follows: temperature 50℃, reaction time 1 hour, nitric acid concentration 10%, and the ratio of HNO_3 added (as 100%) to coal 0.5:1 (by weight). When...

The Zhalainuoer brown coal can be readily oxidized to give high yields of regenerated humic acids either by dilute nitric acid or by hot air in a fluidized reactor. In the case of using dilute nitric acid as the oxidizing agent, the optimum conditions under which high yield of humic acids has been obtained with low consumption of nitric acid are found as follows: temperature 50℃, reaction time 1 hour, nitric acid concentration 10%, and the ratio of HNO_3 added (as 100%) to coal 0.5:1 (by weight). When using hot air as the oxidizing agent, a fluidized reactor is used to accelerate the oxidation rate and to maintain uniform reaction temperature. It is found that the yield of oxidized coal which contains 90% (m.a.f.) humic acids after 24 hours of oxidation at 220℃ is about 75%.Some properties of the oxidized coals have been studied. The oxidized coals have been ammoniated by dilute ammonia liquor or NH_3-air mixture, thus giving a water soluble multi-effect fertilizer of organic origin. The ammoniated products can also be used as an effective surface active agent for ceramic muds.

札赉诺尔褐煤易被稀硝酸或热空气氧化,并能得到高收率的再生腐殖酸.用硝酸氧化的最佳条件为:温度50℃,反应时间1小时,硝酸浓度10%,硝酸添加量:煤=0.5:1;用热空气在沸腾层内氧化24小时,温度为220℃,可得到75%收率的氧化煤,含腐殖酸90%(无水无灰基).对氧化煤的若干性质作了分析.氧化煤可用稀氨水或氨-空气混合物氨化.其氨化产物为多效的水溶性有机化学肥料,亦为一有效的陶瓷泥浆处理剂.

 
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