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temporomandibular joints
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  颞下颌关节
     The Preliminary Study on the Expression of ERα in the Temporomandibular Joints of SD Rats.
     ERα在大鼠颞下颌关节中表达的初步研究
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     The preliminary study on the expression of estrogen receptor α and β in temporomandibular joints of Sprague-Dawley rats
     雌激素受体α、β在大鼠颞下颌关节中表达的初步研究
短句来源
     Objective: To study the effect of interleukin 1(IL 1β) on the metabolism of osteoarthritic and normal mature condylar chondrocytes in temporomandibular joints, and investigate the role of IL 1β in the pathogenesis of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis.
     目的 :研究外源性炎症因子白细胞介素 1β(interleukin 1β,IL 1β)对颞下颌关节骨关节病与正常髁突软骨细胞代谢活动的影响 ,探讨其在颞下颌关节骨关节病进展过程中所发挥的作用。
短句来源
     The distribution and density of substance P like immunoreactive nerve fibers in the temporomandibular joints of rats
     P物质阳性神经纤维在鼠颞下颌关节中的分布与密度
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     AIM: To investigate the influence of Herbst appliance therapy on temporomandibular joints (TMJ).
     目的 :探讨Herbst矫治器治疗对颞下颌关节 (TMJ)的影响 .
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  颞颌关节
     With respect to normal tissue sparing,the average D_(50)of unilateral parotid glands were 51.91 Gy and 64.30 Gy(P=0.00)respectively,and the unilateral temporomandibular joints. 19.98 Gy and 64.47 Gy(P=0.00),the Dice of spinal cords,44.98 Gy and 48.09 Gy(P=0.00)in 3D CRT and conventional plans.
     保护正常组织方面:在3D CRT 和常规计划中,单侧腮腺的 D_(50)分别为51.91Gy 和64.30Gy(P=0.00),单侧颞颌关节 D_(50),49.98Gy 和64.47Gy(P=0.00),脊髓 D1cc,44.98Gy和48.09Gy(P=0.00)。
短句来源
     The D_ mean in parallel organs as temporomandibular joints and cochleae were 68.5% Vs 93.3% and 58.5% Vs 69% favored in 3DCRT plans,but the D_ mean of the parotids increased from 43.3% to 59.8%.
     在并行器官的Dmean,颞颌关节:68.5%和93.3%; 耳蜗:58.5%和69.0%;
短句来源
     Objective\ The purpose of this study was to investigate methods and expression of the recombinant human interleukin_1 receptor antagonist gene transfected into chondrocytes of temporomandibular joints (TMJ).
     目的 研究人白细胞介素 1受体拮抗剂 (hIL_1ra)基因转染人胚颞颌关节软骨细胞的方法和表达。
短句来源
     Materials and Methods: PROSET images were acoquired with 3D FFE in 45 healthy volunteers, including 15 lumbosacral nerve roots , 5 carotid arteries , 15 knees and 10 temporomandibular joints.
     资料与方法:采用PROSET序列,作正常志愿者冠状面腰骶部神经根PROSET成像15例,颈动脉血管5例,矢状位膝关节15例,斜矢状位颞颌关节10例。
     AIM: To investigate the structural changes in discs of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) in goats after indirect trauma.
     目的 :观察间接性山羊颞颌关节 (TMJ)损伤后其关节盘的组织学变化 .
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  “temporomandibular joints”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A Study on MRI Diagnosis of the Traumatic Temporomandibular Joints
     MRI在TMJ损伤中诊断价值研究
短句来源
     Materials 48 temporomandibular joints of 26 patients suspecting osseous changes were examined by CT, with 1mm of layer thickness.
     方法对26例(48侧关节)患者行1mm层厚轴位重叠CT扫描,扫描完成后行冠状面、矢状面二维重建。
短句来源
     Objective: To investigate the relationship between the concentration of matrix metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3) in synovial fluid and the degree of tissue lesion in temporomandibular joints(TMJs) from patients with temporomandibular joints disorder(TMD).
     目的:探讨关节液中基质金属蛋白酶-2(matrixmetalloproteinase-2,MMP-2)和基质金属蛋白酶-3(matrixmetalloproteinase-3,MMP-3)的表达与关节病变程度的关系。
短句来源
     RESULTS:Of 58 cases,74,. 10% had deviation on opening,39.66% experienced clicking of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) while mouth opening,and 27.57% felt pain in TMJs when chewing.
     结果:随访到的58例髁突骨折患者中,74.10%出现开口时偏斜,39.66%出现开口时关节弹响,27.57%出现咀嚼时关节区疼痛。
短句来源
     Of the 44 painful joints, 35 joints(88.6%) showed disc deformities, while disc deformity was shown only in 4 cases(9%) of the 44 pain-free temporomandibular joints. There was significant correlation between joint pain and disc deformities(P<0.05).
     在44个疼痛关节中,经MRI确认盘变形为35个关节(88.6%),而44个非疼痛关节中仅4例表现为变形的关节盘占9%,经统计学分析,颞颌关节疼痛与盘变形有相关性(P<0.005);
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  temporomandibular joints
The purpose of this study was to examine age-related changes in the tomographic characteristics of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) of patients with temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD).
      
The present study was conducted in temporomandibular joints of 144 patients in order to investigate whether an association exists between disc position, disc reduction and disc configuration as seen on MRI.
      
A case of chronic osteomyelitis of mandible involving both temporomandibular joints with a pathologic fracture as a complication of neglected pulpal infection is described.
      
Chronic illness of the temporomandibular joints as experienced by support-group members
      
Condylar cartilage was dissected from freshly harvested temporomandibular joints of newborn, 6-, 12-, 24-, and 36-month-old farm swine.
      
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In tnis article, we study the relationship between malocclusion and functional disorder of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) by using the examined data of 200 patients with TMJ dysfunction, 100 normal subjects and 83 children with malocclusion. Our results indicate that malocclusion is one of the main causes leading to the TMJ dysfunction, but in children with malooclusion, the incidence of this disease is ralatively low.Therefore we believe that early prevention and treatment of malocclusion in children...

In tnis article, we study the relationship between malocclusion and functional disorder of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) by using the examined data of 200 patients with TMJ dysfunction, 100 normal subjects and 83 children with malocclusion. Our results indicate that malocclusion is one of the main causes leading to the TMJ dysfunction, but in children with malooclusion, the incidence of this disease is ralatively low.Therefore we believe that early prevention and treatment of malocclusion in children is an effective measure to decrease the incidence of TMJ dysfunction symdrome.

本文通过200例颞颌关节功能紊乱患者,100例正常人以及83例错儿童检查资料,探讨了错与颞颌关节功能紊乱的关系。其结果认为:错是导致颞颌关节功能的主要原因之一,但在有错的儿童中,其发病率较低,因此对儿童错的早期防治,是减少颞颌关节功能紊乱综合征发生率的有效措施。

This article is based on the observation of 118 (or 236 sides) locally excavated skulls of Chinese. According to their morphological characteristics in the different parts, we can divide the bony parts of the temporomandibular joints into several types. In the adults, the articular tubercle is often slightly concave mediolaterally (59.7%). The form of the condyle varies widely from one individual to another, however, there are two most common types: the rounded type (39.4%) and the marked latsral slope...

This article is based on the observation of 118 (or 236 sides) locally excavated skulls of Chinese. According to their morphological characteristics in the different parts, we can divide the bony parts of the temporomandibular joints into several types. In the adults, the articular tubercle is often slightly concave mediolaterally (59.7%). The form of the condyle varies widely from one individual to another, however, there are two most common types: the rounded type (39.4%) and the marked latsral slope type (38.1%). There are three types of condylo-ramus angle and, more often than not, this angle is always seen>90°(40.2%) or=90°(48.3%). Moreover, there is a crest between the anterior slope and the posterior one, and this crest can be eminent (46.6%) or clear (37.3%). The purpose of this obsesrvation and classification is to provide such data, with emphasis on variation in the size of the bony parts of the temporomandibular joints and on the close relation between these types and their function.

作者观察了118例(236侧)国人成套颅骨的颞下颌关节骨性结构,根据各部的形态特点,归纳为诸种不同的类型。成人的关节结节以浅凹型(59.7%)为主;髁突形态的个体差异较大,以园凸型(39.4%)和外斜面型(38.1%)较常见;髁轴下颌支夹角以>90°型(40.2%)和=90°型(48.3%)较多见;髁嵴则以明显型(46.6%)和较明显型(37.3%)为常见类型。通过对颞骨关节面和髁突各部的归类分析,本文确立了该关节各部的正常类型并讨论了这些类型的产生与其功能之间的密切联系。

This article is based on the statistics and analysis of 118 skulls or of their 236 temporomandibular joints (TMJ) by using microcomputer. 12 TMJ items as well as 10 craniofacial items has been established; the relationship between these items has also been well discussed. The result is that there exists a fairly good correlation between the TMJ items and between the main items of TMJ and craniofacial region. This infers that the TMJ, especially the size and shape of the glcnoid fossa and condyle, has its...

This article is based on the statistics and analysis of 118 skulls or of their 236 temporomandibular joints (TMJ) by using microcomputer. 12 TMJ items as well as 10 craniofacial items has been established; the relationship between these items has also been well discussed. The result is that there exists a fairly good correlation between the TMJ items and between the main items of TMJ and craniofacial region. This infers that the TMJ, especially the size and shape of the glcnoid fossa and condyle, has its clearly regular pattern. With 5 craniofacial items as dependent values and 2 condylar items as independent values, the author has also established two regression equations. The result of this article might provide useful basis for the morphological study of the TMJ and the clinical use of the artificial TMJ.

本文用计算机分析统计了118例(236侧)颞下颌关节的12项骨性指标及10项颅面指标的正常值及相关关系。结果表明颞下颌关节各项指标之间、颞下颌关节与颅面各主要指标之间,均存在良好的相关关系。说明颞下颌关节,特别是关节窝和髁突的形态大小具有明显的规律性。由于颅面诸指标与颞下颌关节主要指标之间高度相关,因而本文用逐步回归方法,建立了由颅面特征指标推算髁突形态的回归方程。本文的结果可为该关节的形态研究及人工关节的设计和应用提供有益的依据。

 
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