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atrophy     
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  萎缩
     THERAPEUTIC EFFECT OF EXTERNAL COUNTERPULSATION ON OPTIC NERVE ATROPHY: PRELIMINARY OBSERVATION ON 33 CASES
     体外反搏对33例视神经萎缩疗效的初步观察
短句来源
     A CLINICAL PATHOLOGICAL REPORT ON SEGMENTAL ATROPHY OF IRIS INFARCTION IN ACUTE ANGLE-CLOSURE GLAUCOMA
     急性闭角型青光眼虹膜梗塞节段性萎缩临床病理报告
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     The Discussion on Optic Nerve Atrophy Caused by Head Injury
     头部外伤引起视神经萎缩原因的探讨
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     EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF TRAUMATIC OPTIC ATROPHY: A STUDY OF AXOPASMA TRANSPORT IN TRAUMATIC OPTIC ATROPHY
     实验性外伤性视神经萎缩的研究——外伤性视神经萎缩轴浆运输研究
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     TREATMENT OF HEMIFACIAL ATROPHY WITH THE STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID MUSCLE FLAP
     胸锁乳突肌瓣在修复颜面萎缩中的应用
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  萎缩症
     Objective To assess the frequency of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA), including the subtypes of SCA1, SCA2, SCA3/Machado-Joseph disease(MJD), SCA6, SCA7, SCA8, SCA10, SCA12, SCA14, SCA17 and dentatorubro-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) in Han population in the Chinese mainland, and to specifically characterize the mainland Chinese patients with SCA6 in terms of clinical and molecular features.
     目的评价中国大陆汉族人群常染色体显性遗传脊髓小脑型共济失调(spinocerebellarataxia,SCA)各亚型包括SCA1、SCA2、SCA3/Machado-Joseph病(Machado-Josephdisease,MJD)、SCA6、SCA7、SCA8、SCA10、SCA12、SCA14、SCA17和齿状核红核苍白球路易氏体萎缩症(dentatorubro-pallidoluysianatrophy,DRPLA)的突变频率,并总结SCA6的临床和分子特征。
短句来源
     Methods: Internodal length(IL), the densities of myelinated fiber(MF) and unmyelinated fiber(UMF), g ratio(axon diameter:fiber diameter) of sural nerves from 7 peroneal muscular atrophy patients were measured and compared between HMSNⅠand Ⅱ.
     方法:测定7例腓骨肌萎缩症(遗传性运动感觉神经病,HMSNⅠ和Ⅱ型)患者腓肠神经的节间长度(IL)、有髓纤维(MF)和无髓纤维(UMF)的密度以及轴突直径与纤维直径之比(g比率),并比较HMSNⅠ和Ⅱ型间上述参数的差异。
短句来源
     The expression of SMN2 gene mRNA in neuron-like cells derived from patients with spinal muscular atrophy
     脊髓性肌萎缩症患者神经元样细胞SMN2基因mRNA的表达
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     Objective To study the genetic basis in the patients with clinical diagnosis of spinal muscular atrophy(SMA) but without survival motor neuron telomeric copy (SMN-T) deletion;
     目的 探讨临床诊断为脊髓性肌萎缩症 (spinal muscular atrophy,SMA)而 PCR定性无运动神经元生存 (survival motor neuron,SMN )基因 T拷贝 (SMN - T)缺失患者的遗传基础 ;
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     Objective To investigate the diagnosis value of SMN gene deletions in progressive spinal muscular atrophy.
     目的 评价运动神经元存活基因 (Survival Motor Neuron Gene SMN)缺失检测对进行性脊肌萎缩症(Spinal Muscular Atrophy,SMA)的诊断价值。
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  萎缩的
     Objective To observe the effect of nerve growth factor in traumatic optic nerve atrophy.
     目的 观察神经生长因子(nerve growth factor)对外伤性视神经萎缩的疗效。
短句来源
     Relation between Coxsackie Virus B_3 Infection in Mice and Secondary Atrophy of Thymus and Other Immwne Organs
     小鼠柯萨奇B_3病毒感染与胸腺等免疫器官继发性萎缩的关系
短句来源
     (3) Sensitivity and specificity of localized lower cervical cord atrophy were 84. 6% and 80. 6%.
     (3)低位颈髓萎缩的灵敏性84.6%,特异性80.6%。
短句来源
     Conclusion:Combination treatment with growth hormone and glutamine can increase the activity of ODC and glutaminase in intestinal mucosal epithelial cells,enhance Gln metabolism and ployamine synthesizing to promote cell proliferation and prevent intestinal mucosal atrophy.
     结论 :研究表明联合应用生长激素和谷氨酰胺能显著增强短肠大鼠小肠粘膜上皮谷氨酰胺酶和鸟氨酸脱羧酶活性 ,促进小肠粘膜细胞对谷氨酰胺的代谢和多胺的生成 ,从而发挥其促进小肠粘膜细胞分裂增殖 ,防止小肠粘膜萎缩的发生的作用。
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the relationship between ApoEε4 allele and hippocampal atrophy in patients with AD.
     目的 :探讨ApoEε 4等位基因与AD病人海马萎缩的关系。
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  肌萎缩
     The frequency of symptoms in turn was myotonia (99%), muscle weakness (97%), muscle atrophy (85%), cataract(63%), hair losing or bald(57%) and gonadal atrophy (37%), sexuality disfunction (33%), heart damage (11%), intelligence impairment(11%), hypothyroid or disfunction of adrenal gland (8%), mental state disorders (8%).
     常见症状依次为肌强直 (99% ) ,肌无力 (97% ) ,肌萎缩 (85 % ) ,白内障(6 3% ) ,脱发或秃顶 (5 7% ) ,性腺萎缩 (37% ) ,性欲障碍 (33% ) ,心脏损害 (11% ) ,智力减退 (11% ) ,甲状腺或肾上腺功能低下 (8% )和精神发育缺陷 (8% )。
短句来源
     The study of the correlation between the clinical phenotype of spinal muscular atrophy and SMN2 gene copy number
     脊髓性肌萎缩临床表型与SMN_2基因拷贝数变化的相关性研究
短句来源
     Objective To detect the correlation between the clinical phenotype of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and survival motor neuron gene ( SMN2) copy number.
     目的探讨脊髓性肌萎缩(spinal muscular atrophy,SMA)的临床表型与运动神经元生存基因(survival motor neuron,SMN)拷贝数变化之间是否存在相关性。
短句来源
     Prenatal gene diagnosis of spinal muscular atrophy by combined with the technique of PCR-SSCP, PCR followed by restriction enzyme digestion and linkage analysis
     联合应用PCR-SSCP、PCR-限制性酶切和连锁分析法对脊髓性肌萎缩症进行产前基因诊断
短句来源
     Survival of motor neurons(SMN) protein is the prod uct of spinal muscular atrophy(SMA) gene.
     运动神经元生存蛋白 (survival of motor neurons,SMN)是脊肌萎缩症的基因产物。
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  atrophy
Their hepatopancreas were swollen and pale, accompanied by fatty degeneration, fatty necrosis of hepatocytes, and atrophy of the pancreas.
      
Stimulation of Liver Regeneration after Atrophy in Cirrhotic Rats
      
Analysis of Deletions in SMN1, SMN2, and NAIPGenes in Spinal Muscular Atrophy Patients from the Northwestern Region of Russia
      
Clinically the disease is characterized by weakness and atrophy of the facial and shoulder girdle muscles.
      
Proteins with a long polyglutamic tract synthesized in the cells of patients with dentato-rubral and pallido-luysian atrophy, myotonic dystrophy and Huntington disease interfere with transcription on the nuclear matrix.
      
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From February 1954 to February 1955, we have continuously studied the morphological changes of the reproductive glands of the Oncomelaniid snails once monthly by dissecting and serial sectioning. The snails used for this study, measuring within the range of 7.1 to 3.0mm., were collected from the banks of Ching-San River, Chungking, Kiangsu.The results of this study show that the reproductive glands of the Oncomelaniid snails, either male or female, exhibit periodic changes with hypertrophic and atro-phic phases...

From February 1954 to February 1955, we have continuously studied the morphological changes of the reproductive glands of the Oncomelaniid snails once monthly by dissecting and serial sectioning. The snails used for this study, measuring within the range of 7.1 to 3.0mm., were collected from the banks of Ching-San River, Chungking, Kiangsu.The results of this study show that the reproductive glands of the Oncomelaniid snails, either male or female, exhibit periodic changes with hypertrophic and atro-phic phases alternating with each other.From November to May of the following year, the ovary of the female snail is in the phase of hypertrophy. It is large, thick and prominent, containing a large number of eggs in the different stages of development. In June, some of the ovaries become smaller and thinner. From July to August, the ovary enters the atrophic phase, diminishing remarkably in size and containing only a small number of the primary oocytes. Beginning from September, the ovary shows signs of recovery and in October resumes its egg-producing capacity.From experimental and field observations, the female Oncomelaniid snails lay eggs from November to July of the following year, laying a large amount of eggs being laid from February to June, but no eggs at all from August to October. These findings are in agreement with the periodic changes of the ovary as shown above.The periodic changes of the testis, involving both hypertrophic or atrophic phases, appear about 4 months earliec than those of the ovary. From January to April, the testis appears atrophied, but in the vas deferens a large amount of spermatozoa is stored up. From May to August, the testis recovers gradually, being capable of producing spermatozoa, and from September to November it enlarges greatly, producing a large amount of spermatozoa. In December the testis again inclines to atrophy.From the field study, we know that the copulation of the Oncomelaniid snails takes place throughout the year, but more often during spring and autumn. Microscopic sections show that spermatozoa are found present in vasa deferentia every month, and in a greater amount in winter, spring and autumn. This would assure the fertilization of the eggs during the main copulation season.

从1954年2月到1955年2月,我们每月应用外形解剖结合组织切片的方法,观察了日本血吸虫中间宿主——钉螺生殖腺的周期变化。 雌螺卵巢在一年内有一度的周期变化。从11月到第二年5月,卵巢呈丰满而多卵的状态;6月卵巢趋向萎缩;7、8月卵巢萎缩,内仅含有少量的幼稚卵细胞;9月卵巢开始趋向丰满;10月卵巢逐渐恢复丰满的状态。卵巢全年周期变化的过程与镇江地区钉螺的产卵情况基本上相符合。 雄螺精巢在一年内也有一度的周期变化,但较卵巢要提早4个月左右。1—4月精巢呈萎缩状态,但输精管中尚储存有大量精子。5—8月精巢逐渐恢复原状,能产生少量精子,此时输精管中的精子还少。9—11月精巢特别丰满,含有大量精子。12月精巢开始萎缩。在9月以后,输精管中即逐渐储满了精子。输精管内精子储存的情况与南京及杭州地区钉螺的交配情况基本上相符合。

(1) When the feeding of rosaniline in a concentration of 0.33% in the diet to white mice ad libitum was started 1 day before infection and continued for 26 days, the number of worms was markedly reduced. If the aqueous solution of its HC1 salt was fed by stomach tube to rabbits since the day of infection, at the dosage of 0.2 g/kg/day for 14 days or at the dosage of 0.1 g/kg/day for 25 days, the number of worms was likewise reduced remarkably. (2) Rosaniline possessed certain inhibitory action on Schistosoma...

(1) When the feeding of rosaniline in a concentration of 0.33% in the diet to white mice ad libitum was started 1 day before infection and continued for 26 days, the number of worms was markedly reduced. If the aqueous solution of its HC1 salt was fed by stomach tube to rabbits since the day of infection, at the dosage of 0.2 g/kg/day for 14 days or at the dosage of 0.1 g/kg/day for 25 days, the number of worms was likewise reduced remarkably. (2) Rosaniline possessed certain inhibitory action on Schistosoma japonicum at various stages of development within its definitive host. This inhibition appeared to be more effective during the period of sexual maturity of the worms. (3) For treatment of schistosomiasis japonica with 0.33% rosaniline-diet for 3-4 weeks in mice or with 0.6% rosaniline-diet for 5-7 weeks in rabbits, the number of worms was significantly diminished, the hepatic shift increased and the pairing set apart. The body of the remained worms dwindled with the reproductive organs atrophied, which gradually recovered after rosaniline was discontinued for 1-2 weeks. (4) In conclusion, rosaniline exhibited certain therapeutic effect as well as some inhibition on the growth of S. japonicum. Its mechanism of action has been discussed, which seemed to be probably different from that of antimonials.

(一)小白鼠自感染日本血吸蟲病前1日起,飼以0.33%rosaniline藥餌26天,可使蟲數顯著减少。在家兔,以每天劑量0.2克/千克自感染日起灌胃14天,或每天0.1克/千克灌胃25天,亦使蟲數顯著減少。 (二)Rosaniline對日本血吸蟲的各發育階段都有一定的抑制生長作用,而在蟲的性發育期間可能更為敏感。 (三)以rosaniline治療日本血吸蟲病,小鼠用0.33%藥餌治療3—4週或家兔用0.6%藥餌治療5—7週,均使餘存蟲數顯著減少,肝移率增高,合抱率降低,蟲體縮小,生殖器官退化;停藥1—2週後逐漸恢復。 (四)所以,rosaniline對於日本血吸蟲病不僅有相當的預防作用,而且也有一定的治療效能,但其作用機理可能与Sb劑不同。本實驗所用陽性釘螺承浙江省衛生實驗院和中國醫学科學院寄生虫病研究所寄贈;本文承龔建章、强昌紹、徐蔭祺及胥彬等教授提供寶貴意見;攝影承王錦蘭同志協助,均此誌谢。

In comparing the anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) of the chick as an example of pure "slow" muscle with its companion "fast" muscle posterior latissimus dorsi (PLD), with respect to their reaction to denetwation, a striking difference between them has been found. After denervation while PLD manifests the usual atrophy, ALD not only does not atrophy but even shows hypertrophy. It has also been found that the two fibre components of the mixed muscle biventer cervicis of the chick show opposite changes...

In comparing the anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) of the chick as an example of pure "slow" muscle with its companion "fast" muscle posterior latissimus dorsi (PLD), with respect to their reaction to denetwation, a striking difference between them has been found. After denervation while PLD manifests the usual atrophy, ALD not only does not atrophy but even shows hypertrophy. It has also been found that the two fibre components of the mixed muscle biventer cervicis of the chick show opposite changes of atrophy and hypertrophy after denervation. It thus appears that the nerve-muscle trophic relationship for the "slow" muscle fibres is very different from that for the "fast" fibres, at least in chick.

在比較純粹的“慢”肌——鸡的前背闊肌和与它成对的“快”肌——后背闊肌对去神經的反应时,发現二者間有显著的不同。去神經后,后背闊肌表現出通常的萎縮,而前背闊肌則非但不萎縮,反而会肥大。此外又証明了鸡頸二腹肌中两种纤維成分在去神經后出現萎縮和肥大两种相反的变化。看来“慢”肌的神經-肌肉間营养性关系和“快”肌的很不同,至少在鸡是如此。

 
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