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behavioral
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  行为
     Effects of Different Production Environments and Genetic Factors on Behavioral Stereotypies in Sows
     不同生产环境和遗传因素对母猪行为规癖影响的研究
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     Behavioral Functional Tests and Genotoxicity Detection in Rats after Exposure to Low Density 1800MHz(CW)-RF
     低强度1800MHz电磁波暴露对大鼠行为功能的影响及其遗传毒性探讨
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     The Interaction between Visual Selective Attention and Working Memory: A Cognitive Behavioral and ERP Study
     视觉选择性注意与工作记忆的交互关系——认知行为与ERP的研究
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     Behavioral Study on the Saiga Antelope, Saiga Tatarica, in Its Main Reproductive Seasons under Semi-Natural Conditions
     半散养条件下塞加羚羊(Saiga Tatarica)在主要繁殖季节的行为研究
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     Delegation Decisions Based on Agent's Behavioral Motivation
     基于代理人行为动机的授权决策研究
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  行为学
     RESULTS: 1The behavioral changes were more in nitroglycerin model group than in control group (1.48±0.26,35.77±2.30,P 1 0.05).
     结果:①行为学变化:偏头痛模型组高于对照组(1.48±0.26,35.77±2.30,P<0.05)。
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     After two weeks of the injury,the order from superiority to inferiority of the behavioral index was D-C-B-A(P<0.05,respectively).
     伤后2周行为学指标优差依次为D-C-B-A(P<0.05)。
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     Generation and Behavioral Studies of Dopamine Receptor D5B Transgenic Rats
     多巴胺受体D5B转基因大鼠的建立及行为学研究
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     The Effects of AP on NMDAR1、NOS、ChAT in Brain of Morphine Addictive Mouse and Behavioral Activition
     酸性肽对吗啡成瘾小鼠脑中NMDAR1、NOS、ChAT和行为学的影响
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     (4)Model preparations and behavioral results: After 6 days of diabetic model establishment, the fasting BS value of diabetic mice were 25-28 mmol/L after fasting 3 hours, and appeared the obvious polydipsia, polyuria and emaciation, etc.
     ④模型制备和行为学结果:糖尿病小鼠模型制备6d测定禁食3h后各小鼠的空腹血糖值为25~28mmol/L,并出现了明显的多饮多尿消瘦等糖尿病症状。
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  “behavioral”译为未确定词的双语例句
     DEVELOPMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF 3 TO 6—YEAR—OLDS’ ABILITY FOR BEHAVIORAL CONTROL AND THE FACTORS INFLUENCING IT
     3—6岁幼儿控制自己行为能力的发展特点和影响发展的因素
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     Studies on the clastogenic effect of Tripterygium wilfordii and its constituent compound, T_4, by behavioral testing on F_1 generation
     雷公藤多甙及其单体T_4对仔鼠运动反射的影响
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     The behavioral models used in study of xylazine-induced depression and the role of the presynaptic α_2-adrenoceptors
     赛拉嗪中枢抑制效应机理研究中动物模型的选择及突触前α_2-受体的作用
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     COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION TO EARLY BEHAVIORAL RACTERISTICS OF SMALL GAS RESERVOLRS
     小块气藏早期动态特征综合评价
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     THE RESEARCH AND IMPLEMENTATION OF VHDL BEHAVIORAL LEVEL PARTITIONER
     VHDL语言行为描述划分的研究与实现
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  behavioral
The class of physical defects is supplemented by the behavioral defects of objects, which are related to the disturbance of the modes of their operation.
      
The increased production of nitric oxide (NO) in the August strain prevents the appearance of ulcerous lesions of gastric mucosa and behavioral changes induced by restraint stress.
      
Wistar rats feature a lower level of NO production and are more sensitive to restraint stress compared to the August rats according to both the ulcerous gastric lesions and behavioral parameters.
      
The NO synthase inhibitor Nω-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) enhanced the L-DOPA-induced behavioral changes.
      
The administration of the exogenous NO donor, dinitrosyl iron complexes (DNIC), limited the behavioral disturbances induced by L-DOPA in both rat strains.
      
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Effects of α-methyl-meta-tyrosine(α-MMT)and reserpine,alone or combined with phenelzine pretreatment,on brain noradrenahne(NA)content and operant fixed interval behavior of rats were studied.Effects on brain 5-hydroxy- tryptamine(5-HT)content were also studied with α-MMT. α-MMT(50 mg/kg)and reserpine(1 mg/kg)were found to cause a lowering of operant response rate,sedation,and discernible decrease of brain NA within 30 minutes.The lowest NA level was attained 2 hours later and persisted throughout the following...

Effects of α-methyl-meta-tyrosine(α-MMT)and reserpine,alone or combined with phenelzine pretreatment,on brain noradrenahne(NA)content and operant fixed interval behavior of rats were studied.Effects on brain 5-hydroxy- tryptamine(5-HT)content were also studied with α-MMT. α-MMT(50 mg/kg)and reserpine(1 mg/kg)were found to cause a lowering of operant response rate,sedation,and discernible decrease of brain NA within 30 minutes.The lowest NA level was attained 2 hours later and persisted throughout the following 24 hours.However,the operant response recovered much earlier than the brain NA content in α-MMT experiments. When α-MMT was injected to rats pretreated daily with phenelzine for 3 days, there appeared a marked increase in response rate and general excitation which lasted 2 hours,then gradually returned to normal.The brain NA decreasing effect of α-MMT was blocked by phenelzine pretreatment.Phenelzine pretreatment also mo- dified reserpine action,showing behavioral excitation and increase in response rate for about 60 minutes during 3—9 hours after injection.The rats were depressed there- after.Brain NA decreasing effect of reserpine was also blocked for the first 12 hours. However,a significant decrease to normal control level occurred at 24 hours.A larger dose of reserpine(7.5 mg/kg)decreased the NA content still further to 64.9% of the normal control level.When the NA-lowering effect of α-MMT(100 mg/kg)was block- ed by phenelzine pretreatment,reserpine could still bring about a lowering of NA below control level,α-MMT did not affect the control brain 5-HT 6 hours after in- jection,nor the elevated level induced by phenelzine pretreatment.

(一)注射α-MMT(50毫克/公斤)或利血平(1毫克/公斤),30分钟后大白鼠脑内NA 含量即明显下降,2小时到达最低水平,并维持于该水平24小时以上。两个药物都使大白鼠操作式条件反射受到抑制,但α-MMT 组条件反射恢复比 NA 含量的回升早得多。(二)单胺氧化酶抑制剂苯乙肼不能完全阻断利血平降低 NA 含量的作用,仅使之推迟,但可完全阻断α-MMT 的作用。苯乙肼处理的大白鼠,注α-MMT 后再给利血平,脑内 NA 含量仍下降,因此α-MMT 影响 NA 含量的机制和利血平是不同的。α-MMT 的翻转性兴奋较利血平更明显而恒定。

1) The activity rhythms of the spotted bollworms Earias fabia, E. insulana and E. cupreoviridis were studied in Lukiang, Yunnan and Kingchow, Hupeh. The following aspects may be summarized as behavioral similarities in these three species:a) The hatching time of the larvae took place mostly between 6 and 8 o'clock in the morning.b) The larvae fed at daytime and particularly at the periods of 8:50 to 12:00 A.M. and 16:00 to 18:00 P.M.c) Molting took place usually in the night.d) The feeding of the moths...

1) The activity rhythms of the spotted bollworms Earias fabia, E. insulana and E. cupreoviridis were studied in Lukiang, Yunnan and Kingchow, Hupeh. The following aspects may be summarized as behavioral similarities in these three species:a) The hatching time of the larvae took place mostly between 6 and 8 o'clock in the morning.b) The larvae fed at daytime and particularly at the periods of 8:50 to 12:00 A.M. and 16:00 to 18:00 P.M.c) Molting took place usually in the night.d) The feeding of the moths did not begin until one to three days after emergence and they usually fed more greedily after sunset.e) Oviposition took place alternatively with feeding and frequently at the time shortly after sunset. Most eggs were laid on the 6th to 9th days after emergence.f) Mating were not observed until the second day after emergence and it seemed that the most favorable time was shortly before dawn.2) In Lukiang, before 1957 the cotton was cultivated as a single crop a year, and the cotton was sown in the spring. Under this cultivation system, the damage of the spotted bollworms was not very serious. The population of each species of these spotted bollworms ranked according to the following sequence: E. insulana, E. fabia, E. cupreoviridis. After 1958, the cotton cultivation system in Lukiang was changed and the cotton was sown not only in the spring but also in the summer and autumn. There were plenty of ratoon cotton remaining in the field which provided a very favorable condition for the multiplication of the spotted bollworms. The population sizes were ranked in the order : E. fabia, E. insulana, E. cupreoviridis. In 1961, however, the cotton was sown in the spring only, and the ratoon cotton was also controlled in the fields. Then, the population of E. insulana became greatly increased and dominated over the other two species.

1.鼎点金钢钻各虫期的昼夜活动有一定节律:孵化在白天,以6:00—8:00为主:幼虫取食多在白天,以8:50—12:00和16:00—18:00为主;幼虫蜕皮多在夜间,以20:00—23:00为主;成虫取食和产卵交互进行,日落后2/小时是高峰;交配多在下半夜,以4:00—5:00为主。 成虫一生的取食、交配和产卵,也有其节律性。取食以羽化后第一至第三天为多:交配多在第二天晚上;第六至第九天是产卵高峰。 翠纹金钢钻和埃及金钢钻的活动节律与鼎点金钢钻相似。了解其活动情况,对开展防治有一定参考意义。 2.随着栽培制度的改变,从1957—1962年,在云南省保山潞江棉区翠纹金钢钻和埃及金钢钻种间优势有截然不同的变化:1957年以前,该地是一年一季棉花,棉田中以埃及金钢钻为主Z从1958年开始,改种多季棉(春播、夏播、秋播和再生棉等),到1960年翠纹金钢钻则占绝对优势;1961年又改为一季棉,到1962年埃及金钢钻又复上升为优势种。 云南几个棉区,在同一年内,都表现为在湿季翠纹金钢钻比例大,干季埃及金钢钻又相应增加。 在长江流域大部棉区,棉花生长前期以鼎点金钢钻为主,后期则以翠纹金钢钻为主。

(1) A new method for optimal design of trusses is presented. The trusses are subjected to multiple loading conditions and behavioral constrairts on node displacements, element stresses and member sizes. This method is bases on the Kuhn-Tucker conditions, in which the active constra'nt gradients are expressed through Taylor series expansion In terms of design variables So that a new design point A, at which the Kuhn-Tucker conditions would be satisfied, can be obtained directly. Because of the approximation...

(1) A new method for optimal design of trusses is presented. The trusses are subjected to multiple loading conditions and behavioral constrairts on node displacements, element stresses and member sizes. This method is bases on the Kuhn-Tucker conditions, in which the active constra'nt gradients are expressed through Taylor series expansion In terms of design variables So that a new design point A, at which the Kuhn-Tucker conditions would be satisfied, can be obtained directly. Because of the approximation of Taylor series expansion, the iterative steps in design procedure are necessary.(2) On the basis of the prnciple of v rtual force method and the concepts of generalized forces and displacements, the related tasks of computing the first and second derivatives of structural node displacements and sfresses with respect todesign variables are also solved. The forms of the formulas of ccmputingderivatives are very simple for calculate and are also suited to use in optimality criteria approaches.(3) A typical three-bar truss structure has been optimized to illestraie the application of this method.

(1)本文提出一种桁架优化设计的新方法。桁架可承受多种载荷情况并具有节点位移约束,元件应力和几何尺寸约束。此方法以Kuhn—Tucker条件为理论基础;主动约束梯度用以设计变量组成的Taylor级数来表达,故可直接求得满足Kuhn—Tucker条件的新设计点A。由于Taylor级数展开式的近似性,在设计过程中迭代步骤是必须的。 (2)利用虚力原理和广义力以及广义位移的概念,求解节点位移和元件应力对设计变量的一阶和二阶导数。导数计算公式很简单并适用于准则法。 (3)以一典型的三杆桁架为例说明此方法的应用。结果表明此方法相当有效。

 
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