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basement
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  基底
     Research on Related Problems of Basement Evolution and Sedimentary Cover in Ordos Basin
     鄂尔多斯盆地基底演化及沉积盖层相关问题的控究
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     TECTONICS OF THE NORTH CHINA PLATFORM BASEMENT
     华北地台基底构造
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     CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BASEMENT STRUETURE OF THE ERDUOSI BASIN
     从物探资料看鄂尔多斯盆地基底构造特征
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     A DISCUSSION ON THE BASEMENT EVOLUTION OF UPPER YANGZI PLATFORM
     上扬子地台基底演化探讨
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     Reckoning the density of the basement rock of sedimentary basin by gravity data
     利用重力资料推算沉积盆地的基底密度
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  地下室
     Waterproofing design for basement
     谈地下室工程防水设计
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     Comprehensive Construction Technology for Waterproof of Basement in 220 kV Beixin Substation in Wuxi
     无锡220kV北新变电所地下室防水综合施工技术
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     Safety Measures for Supplying LPG in Basement
     地下室供应LPG的安全措施
短句来源
     Integrative waterproofing construction technology of the basement of Wuxi 220 kV beixin transformer substation
     无锡220kV北新变电所地下室防水施工技术
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     Jointless Construction Technology of 570m Long Basement Structure
     570m超长地下室结构无缝施工技术
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  基础
     For the ordinary walls restrained by basement (0.4
     计算分析表明,对一般基础墙(0.4≤CR≤1.0),γ介于0.65~0.35,随外约束的增大而减小。
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     The aim of this study is to construct nm23-H1 mutant and EGFP fusion genes by site-directed mutagenesis, and to provide basement for studying the functional and biochemical mechanisms of nm23-H1 gene.
     本研究的目的是应用基因定点突变技术构建突变型nm23H1增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)融合基因,为进一步研究肿瘤抑制基因nm23H1的功能、生化作用机制提供理论基础和实验依据。
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     Image segmentation is an important research direction in image analysis and processing and it is the basement of latter processing.
     在图像分析和处理中,图像分割技术是一个重要的研究方向,它是许多后续处理的基础,在图像工程中占重要地位;
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     3. On the basement of successful synthesis of Gd2C>2S:Tb x-ray phosphors, complex precipitation method is expanded and applied to synthesis the Y2O3:Yb,Er and Y2O2S:Yb,Er up-conversion phosphor nano-particles, moreover compare the two PL spectra and dicusse the influence of different host on the up-conversion luminescence property.
     3.在成功合成Gd_2O_2S:Tb X-射线纳米发光粉的基础上,又将复合沉淀法应用于合成Y_2O_3:Yb,Er,Y_2O_2S:Yb,Er纳米级上转换发光粉,并对两种样品的上转换光谱做了比较,讨论了不同基质对上转换发光的影响。
短句来源
     The second chapter introduces the channel model of UWB system under IEEE802.15.4a, which is the basement of all the researches.
     第二章介绍IEEE802.15.4a标准下UWB系统的信道模型,为整个研究奠定了基础
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  “basement”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Investigation of Principal Pharmacodynamics of Malignant Tumor Therapeutic Action and Comparison of Phosphorylation of Signaling Proteins by Vascular Basement Membrance Derived Multifunctional Peptide
     血管基膜衍生多功能肽治疗肿瘤主要药效学及信号蛋白磷酸化比较研究
短句来源
     REFRACTED AND REFLECTED WAVES FROM THE CRYSTALLINE BASEMENT IN THE EASTERN PART OF CHAIDAM BASIN(柴达木东盆地)
     柴达木东盆地的基岩首波和反射波
短句来源
     Preparation of Kidney Glomerular and Tubular Basement Membrane Antigens
     肾小球和肾小管基膜抗原的制备
短句来源
     OXYGEN ISOTOPIC COMPOSITIONS OF BOUNDARY METAMORPHIC BELTS AND BASEMENT METAMORPHIC COMPLEX IN SOUTHEAST CHINA
     中国东南几条变质带中的氧同位素组成
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     Major technological measures for the waterproofing construction of basement
     亚运村工程地下防水施工主要技术措施
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  basement
The released gelatinase allows the neutrophil to penetrate through the basement membrane of the endothelium.
      
The inference was made on the structural heterogeneity of the platform basement and on differentiated movements as well as on the strike-slip fault nature of some fragments of the basement relative to each other in the Devonian.
      
Secondary processes are likely to be related to both descending waters and confined solutions (often thermal) ascending from the aquiferous horizons in the lower part of the sedimentary cover and basement.
      
Precambrian Weathering Crust of the Crystalline Basement in the Kaliningrad District
      
The weathering crust developed after the Precambrian crystalline basement in the Kaliningrad district is characterized on the basis of detailed mineralogical, geochemical, and isotopic investigations of the core material from deep wells.
      
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1. On the basis of the preliminary studies from November, 1954 to March, 1955,further studies on the hibernation of mosquitoes were carried out in Changshafrom January to March, 1956. During this period tree holes, bamboo stumps, jars. earthern pots, fertilizer pits containing feces, basements, green-houses and mountaincaves were targets for the collection of hibernating mosquitoes each week. As aresult of this collection three species of mosquitoes hibernating during the winterwere newly discovered. Including...

1. On the basis of the preliminary studies from November, 1954 to March, 1955,further studies on the hibernation of mosquitoes were carried out in Changshafrom January to March, 1956. During this period tree holes, bamboo stumps, jars. earthern pots, fertilizer pits containing feces, basements, green-houses and mountaincaves were targets for the collection of hibernating mosquitoes each week. As aresult of this collection three species of mosquitoes hibernating during the winterwere newly discovered. Including the original four known species, Aedes albopictus,Aedes niveus, Culex fatigans, and Anopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis, which were foundin the preliminary study, there are seven in total representing five genera. 2. Aedes albopictus was confirmed to bibernate in the egg stage. Eggs werefound in earthern pots, jars, bamboo stumps of Phyllostachys mitis, tree holes ofLiquidambar formosana Hance, Evodic glauca Miq., Ilex purpurea var. oldhami Loes,Dalbergia sp., Albizzia kalkora Prain, Cinnamomum camphora Nees and Eberm. 3. Aedes niveus was again found to hibernate in the egg stage in the treeholes of Quercus sp., Quercus fabrei Hance, Quercus glauca Thunb, Ilex sp., Ilex pur-purea var. oldhami Loes, Liquidambar formosana Hance, Evodia officinalis Dode,Evodia glauca Miq., Spondias axillaris Roxb., Cinnamomum camphora Nees andEberm, Albizzia kalkora Prain, Hovenia dulcis Thunb, Dalbergia sp., Celtis sinensisPers, Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. 4. The larvae of second, third and fourth instars of Orthopodomyia anopheloideswere found in the tree holes of Liquidambar formosana Hance and Dalbergia sp.Whether Orthopodomyia anopheloides will actually hibernate in the larval stageneeds further observation for confirmation. 5. Armigeres obturbans was found to hibernate in the larval stage under thecover of grasses, leaves, twigs and so forth on the surface of water in fecal pits. 6. Culex hayashii was found to hibernate in the adult stage. Both male andfemale adults were caught in the mountain caves. The quantity of fat bodieswithin the female was noted and analysed. 7. Culex fatigans was again found to hibernate in the adult stage. Both maleand female adults were caught in tbe basements, greenhouses and mountain caves.But its chief shelter for hibernation was in mountain caves where the majority ofthis species was caught. Dissections showed that the quantity of fat bodies washigh for those adults which were caught in January and February while thosecaught in March showed a lower fat body content. After hibernation was over thefirst adults engorged with blood was caught on March 22nd. 8. The hibernation of Anopheles kyrcanus var. sinensis in adult stage was veri-fied. Female adults were caught chiefly in mountain caves. The condition of thewings, the development of ovaries as well as the quantity of fat bodies were notedand analyzed. After hibernation the first two females engorged with blood werecollected on March first. 9. The influence of temperature, humidity and light in the shelters where theadults of Culex hayashii, Culex fatigans and Ahopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis passedthe winter has been discussed.

在1954年11月至1955年3月初步调查长沙市蚊虫越冬的基础上,又于1956年1月至3月作了第二次调查,其结果如下: 1.白纹伊蚊(Aedes(Stegomyia) albopictus)确系以卵越冬。此蚊在树洞、竹筒、小罐及瓦缸中发现了越冬卵。树、竹名为枫树Liquidambar formosana Hance,臭辣树Evodia glauca Miq,冬青树Ilex purpurea var.oldhami Loes,黄檀属Dalbergia sp.,山槐Albizzia kalkora Prain,樟树Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm及江南竹Phyllostachys mitis等。 2.白雪伊蚊(Aedes(Finlaya)niveus)亦以卵越冬,与初步调查结果相似。它的越冬卵在白栎Quercus fabrei Hance,青刚栎Quercus glauca Thunb.,栎树一种Quercussp.,冬青Ilex purpurca var.oldhami Loes,冬青一种Ilex sp.,枫树Liquidambar for-mosana Hance,吴朱萸Evo...

在1954年11月至1955年3月初步调查长沙市蚊虫越冬的基础上,又于1956年1月至3月作了第二次调查,其结果如下: 1.白纹伊蚊(Aedes(Stegomyia) albopictus)确系以卵越冬。此蚊在树洞、竹筒、小罐及瓦缸中发现了越冬卵。树、竹名为枫树Liquidambar formosana Hance,臭辣树Evodia glauca Miq,冬青树Ilex purpurea var.oldhami Loes,黄檀属Dalbergia sp.,山槐Albizzia kalkora Prain,樟树Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm及江南竹Phyllostachys mitis等。 2.白雪伊蚊(Aedes(Finlaya)niveus)亦以卵越冬,与初步调查结果相似。它的越冬卵在白栎Quercus fabrei Hance,青刚栎Quercus glauca Thunb.,栎树一种Quercussp.,冬青Ilex purpurca var.oldhami Loes,冬青一种Ilex sp.,枫树Liquidambar for-mosana Hance,吴朱萸Evodia officinalis Dode,臭辣树Evodia glauca Miq,酸枣Spon-dias axillaris Roxb.,樟树Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm,山槐Albizziakalkora Prain,枳椇Hovenia dulcis Thunb,黄檀属Dalbergia sp.,朴树Celtis sinensisPers.,瑯瑜Ulmus parvifolia Jacq.等15种树的树洞内发现。 3.拟按蚊直脚蚊(Orthopodomyia anopheloides)的幼虫是这次发现的。它孳生在枫 树Liquidambar formosana Hance及黄檀?

Up to the present, there are 27 species of mosquitoes recorded in Peking. In 1953--1955, wehave collected 19 of them; among these, Culex pipiens var. pallens and Culex tritaeniorhynchus arethe commonest species in residental areas, where Aedes chemulpoensis, Aedes vexans, Aedesdorsalis, Amopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis and Anopheles pattoni are also frequently found. Culex pipiens var. pallans are usually found resting in dark places inside the houses, Culextritaeniorynchus, Anopeles hyrcannus var. sinensis,...

Up to the present, there are 27 species of mosquitoes recorded in Peking. In 1953--1955, wehave collected 19 of them; among these, Culex pipiens var. pallens and Culex tritaeniorhynchus arethe commonest species in residental areas, where Aedes chemulpoensis, Aedes vexans, Aedesdorsalis, Amopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis and Anopheles pattoni are also frequently found. Culex pipiens var. pallans are usually found resting in dark places inside the houses, Culextritaeniorynchus, Anopeles hyrcannus var. sinensis, Anopheles pattoni, Aedes dorsslis and Aedesvexans are easily collected from the walls and ceilings of animal houses, whereas Aedes chemul-poensis prefers shaded places for resting in natural surroundings outside of houses. During winter,we also found that green houses, waste artificial caves of city wall, cellers in the field for sweetpotato storage, waste brick-kiln, basement of houses (without heat) are suitable places for hiberna-tion of Culex pipiels var. pallens. In both urban and suburban regions larvae of Culex pipiens var. pallens are prevalentfrom June to September, they were found in almost all types of water, but most of the breedingplaces of Culex tritaeniorynchus are found in the suburban regions. The seasonal distribution of mosquitoes is determined by periodical collection of adults inselecter stations, daily collection of adults in animal traping room and periodical collection of larvaeand pupae. During the 2 years periods, it was revealed that there are two peaks both in Culexpipiens var. pallens and Culex tritaeniorynchus, and the first peak usually occurred before 10thAugust. From the result of the study of ecology of mosquitoes as well as that of the seasonal and regionaldistribution of human cases we consider that Culex pipiens var. pallens and Culex tritaeniorynchusare the most important vectors of Japanese B encephalitis virus in this district.

1.于1953、1954年在北京市发现5属19种蚊子,在居民区内常见的蚊种有淡色库蚊、三带喙库蚊、骚扰伊蚊、仁川伊蚊、背点伊蚊、中华按蚊、帕氏按蚊。 2.淡色库蚊栖止在室内暗处,三带喙库蚊、中华按蚊、帕氏按蚊、骚扰伊蚊、背点伊蚊常栖止在畜舍内,仁川伊蚊多发现在室外阴凉处。 3.淡色库蚊成虫越冬场所为花洞子、废城墙洞、白薯窖、废砖窖、地下室、花窖等。 4.淡色库蚊、三带喙库蚊的消长曲线一年中出现两个峯,第一个峯出现在8月上旬以前;仁川伊蚊于8月上中旬出现一个峯。另外,在一年内以淡色库蚊活动的期限为最长,约7个月左右,三带喙库蚊、中华按蚊次之。 5.蚊子与当地脑炎流行的关系已予讨论,并推论淡色库蚊、三带喙库蚊可能为本市脑炎的主要传播媒介。

(1) The photically evoked response of the compound eye and optic lobe of the cockroach (Periplaneta australasiae) was led by means of micropipette electrode filled with 10% K_4Fe(CN)_6 approaching the eye from the stalk of the optic lobe. This electrode also served as a differential lead in conjunction with a fixed subcorneal electrode. (2) It was found that the microelectrode nearly inevitably developed a kind of oscillatory potential upon touching the basement membrane which was evidently a rigid structure....

(1) The photically evoked response of the compound eye and optic lobe of the cockroach (Periplaneta australasiae) was led by means of micropipette electrode filled with 10% K_4Fe(CN)_6 approaching the eye from the stalk of the optic lobe. This electrode also served as a differential lead in conjunction with a fixed subcorneal electrode. (2) It was found that the microelectrode nearly inevitably developed a kind of oscillatory potential upon touching the basement membrane which was evidently a rigid structure. With reference to the basement membrane, other structural levels of the optic lobe and the eye could be determined accurately. The structure of the eye and optic lobe was described briefly. (3) A spot-light (dia. 150μ), an annulus (inner dia. 150μ, outer dia. ~1mm) and a circular patch of light (~1mm dia.) were used to study the form and additivity of electroretinogram (ERG) to different patterns of stimulation. It was found that the ERG generated in different areas of the retina was additive, and its form, was independent of the shape of the stimulating light. No evidence was found to indicate the existence of a genuine local response corresponding to the local ERG of the vertebrate eye. (4) The ERG of the cockroach is a pure negative wave, in which two components, N_1 and N_2, can be distinguished. Both components can be recorded along the depth of the layer of retinula cell practically without decrement. Slightly below the basement membrane, N_2 can be recorded relatively in isolation from N_1. A positive component arising from medulla externa does not spread electrotonically to the compound eye. (5) Increasing light adaptation suppresses N_1 at a faster rate than that of N_2. (6) The discrepancies in the interpretation with regard to the site of production of various ERG components of the compound eye of Periplaneta and certain other insects were discussed.

(一)用一个10% K_4Fe(CN)_6灌注的玻璃微电极記录了大蠊复眼及視叶不同深度部位对光刺激的电反应。这个电极是从对侧复眼插入的,它同时又与另外一个固定的角膜下电极作为辨差引导。对某些深度的电反应曾加以分析。 (二)电极接触基底膜时,无例外地产生一种振动电位;根据基底膜的位置卽可准确地断定复眼及視叶其他結构的位置。对复眼和视叶的結构曾簡单地加以描述。 (三)用小光点(直徑150μ)、光环(內徑150μ,外徑約1mm)和圓形光(直徑約1mm)刺激,檢查了視网膜电图的相加性和波形是否因刺激形状的不同而有所改变。結果表明,大蠊复眼視网膜电图是完全可以相加的,单相引导出的电位的形状与刺激光的形状无关。沒有証据指示在昆虫复眼有相当于脊椎动物的局部視网膜电图的存在。 (四)大蠊視网膜电图为一純负波,在这个负波里,可区別两个成分,N_1和N_2,它們在整个小网膜細胞层都可以不衰减地被記录出来;在基底膜紧下,主要只記录到N_2。視叶的外髓层也有一个正向电位反应,但它的电場不到达复眼。 (五)漸次增强明适应,N_1比N_2更快被压抑。 (六)对于大蠊視网膜电图某些部分的起源以及与其他某些昆虫的不同,本文曾加以讨論。

 
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