助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   cystoscopy 在 仪器仪表工业 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.175秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
仪器仪表工业
泌尿科学
肿瘤学
特种医学
临床医学
妇产科学
外科学
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

cystoscopy
相关语句
没有找到相关双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  cystoscopy
Proliferative lesions of the bladder, especially those without other obvious mucosa changes under cystoscopy, are common histological variants of urothelium in the patients with chronic inflammation and obstruction of the lower urinary tract.
      
A ureteral catheter was passed retrogradely across ureteral calculi by cystoscopy.
      
In addition, a cystoscopy with lavage cytology testing of the bladder should be performed twice a year.
      
Such changes were not found in a control group of 31 patients undergoing cystoscopy or bladder biopsy.
      
During cystoscopy or transurethral resection of the tumor, tissue samples were taken from normal and malignant areas and were counted for radioactivity in a gamma counter.
      
更多          


Objective To discuss three managements of bladder tumors under cystoscopy.Methods Of all the patients,1174 were injected compound aluminum sulphate in tumor pedicle,and 700 cases were treated with transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) and 34 cases were treated with holmium laser.Results The first management,without obturator nerve reflex and tumor recurrence in situ,was easy and economical but not fit for big tumors without pedicles.With the requirements for related techniques and equipments,TURBT...

Objective To discuss three managements of bladder tumors under cystoscopy.Methods Of all the patients,1174 were injected compound aluminum sulphate in tumor pedicle,and 700 cases were treated with transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) and 34 cases were treated with holmium laser.Results The first management,without obturator nerve reflex and tumor recurrence in situ,was easy and economical but not fit for big tumors without pedicles.With the requirements for related techniques and equipments,TURBT might be accompanied by bleeding,obturator nerve reflex and tumor recurrence in situ.Of the 34 cases treated with holmium laser,there were 3 ones with ectopic recurrence and no one with recurrence in situ.With the requirement for holmium laser equipment,the third management was the most expensive one.Conclusion All of the three managements have their advantages and disadvantages.The doctor should select the right management or perform cross application according to the condition of the patient.

目的:探讨膀胱镜下治疗膀胱肿瘤的几种方法。方法:总结比较膀胱镜下3种治疗方法:肿瘤蒂部注射复方硫酸铝、经尿道膀胱肿瘤电切(TURBT)、应用钬激光治疗膀胱肿瘤。结果:瘤蒂部注射复方硫酸铝治疗膀胱癌1174例,操作简单,经济实用,无闭孔神经反射,肿瘤无原位复发,但对大而且无蒂的肿瘤并不合适;TURBT700例,需要有一定的操作技术及设备,过程中需注意止血及闭孔神经反射,有部分原位复发;应用钬激光治疗膀胱肿瘤34例,有3例异位复发,无原位复发,需钬激光操作设备。结论:3种方法在膀胱镜下对膀胱肿瘤治疗均有效但各有利弊,应视病人具体病情选择最佳治疗方案,具体操作时交叉使用互补以获取最好的疗效。

 
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关cystoscopy的内容
在知识搜索中查有关cystoscopy的内容
在数字搜索中查有关cystoscopy的内容
在概念知识元中查有关cystoscopy的内容
在学术趋势中查有关cystoscopy的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社