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   cystoscopy 在 临床医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.152秒
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cystoscopy
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  cystoscopy
Proliferative lesions of the bladder, especially those without other obvious mucosa changes under cystoscopy, are common histological variants of urothelium in the patients with chronic inflammation and obstruction of the lower urinary tract.
      
A ureteral catheter was passed retrogradely across ureteral calculi by cystoscopy.
      
In addition, a cystoscopy with lavage cytology testing of the bladder should be performed twice a year.
      
Such changes were not found in a control group of 31 patients undergoing cystoscopy or bladder biopsy.
      
During cystoscopy or transurethral resection of the tumor, tissue samples were taken from normal and malignant areas and were counted for radioactivity in a gamma counter.
      
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21 cases of tumour of urinary bladder detected ultrasonographically ard reported, of which, 19 cases (90.5%) were proven pathologically. The advantages and shorcomings of ultraso -nography cystoscopy and cystography in the diagnosis of cystic tumours are compared. The diagnostic value of US and how to im-prove the correctivity are discussed.

本文报告21例膀胱肿瘤,均经B型超声检查,后经病理证实,符合19例,不符合2例。并探讨了超声显象对膀胱肿瘤的诊断价值;比较B型超声、膀胱镜、膀胱造影在膀胱肿瘤诊断中的优缺点,介绍如何提高诊断准确率的体会。

Ultrasonographic findings of 25 cases with bladder tumors were reported. Of these cases, 48 tumors were confirmed by surgical exploration and pathological examination.Ultrasonography detected 24 cases (39 tumors) .Cystoscopy detected 25 cases (45 tumors). Ultrasonographic features of bladder tumor were described. The value of sonography in detecting bladder tumor, the approach of ultrasonic examination, and criteria of Ultrasonographic staging were discussed.

本文报告25例膀胱肿瘤病人的超声显象表现。25例经手术及病理证实48个肿瘤,超声显象检出24例(39个肿瘤),膀胱镜检出25例(45个肿瘤)。文中对膀胱肿瘤声象图进行了描述。对超声显象在检出膀胱肿瘤中的价值,超声检查的途径,膀胱肿瘤超声分期标准等进行了讨论。

The sonographic signs of cystitis grandularis (CG) in 12 cases confirmed by cystoscopy and histology were described. Of them, 11 cases were found to have proliferation-like changes of the urinary bladder wall. It gave a detection rate of 91.7% (11/12). The ultrasonic findings of CG were varied in appearance and could be divided into three patterns:1) nodular type, 2) papillary type and 3) diffusely thickened type. The authors convinced that real-time ultrasound is useful in detecting the CG lesion for...

The sonographic signs of cystitis grandularis (CG) in 12 cases confirmed by cystoscopy and histology were described. Of them, 11 cases were found to have proliferation-like changes of the urinary bladder wall. It gave a detection rate of 91.7% (11/12). The ultrasonic findings of CG were varied in appearance and could be divided into three patterns:1) nodular type, 2) papillary type and 3) diffusely thickened type. The authors convinced that real-time ultrasound is useful in detecting the CG lesion for evaluating its location, size and extent as well as if any complication such as hydronephrosis or renal stone present. Sonographic signs of CG are ultrasonically non-specific, final diagnosis still depends upon histo-logic biopsy.

作者描述了经膀胱镜和病理证实的12例腺性膀胱炎的声象图征象。实时超声检出膀胱壁增生样病变11例,其检出率为91.7%(11/12)。腺性膀胱炎的声象图表现多种多样,它可分为结节型、乳头型和弥漫增厚型三种。作者认为,实时超声有助于本病的发现和了解病变位置、大小、范围以及有无肾积水、结石等继发性损害。腺性膀胱炎的声象图征象是非特异性的,其最后诊断有赖于组织学活检术。

 
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