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   cystoscopy 在 妇产科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.009秒
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cystoscopy
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  cystoscopy
Proliferative lesions of the bladder, especially those without other obvious mucosa changes under cystoscopy, are common histological variants of urothelium in the patients with chronic inflammation and obstruction of the lower urinary tract.
      
A ureteral catheter was passed retrogradely across ureteral calculi by cystoscopy.
      
In addition, a cystoscopy with lavage cytology testing of the bladder should be performed twice a year.
      
Such changes were not found in a control group of 31 patients undergoing cystoscopy or bladder biopsy.
      
During cystoscopy or transurethral resection of the tumor, tissue samples were taken from normal and malignant areas and were counted for radioactivity in a gamma counter.
      
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l4 cases of primary tumor of ureter were reviewed. Ureteropyelography, cystoscopy and especialy ureteroscopy were essential for the preoperative diagnosis. Urine cytology analysis with flow cytometry was helpful. Classical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision and postoperative chemotherapy or BCG adjuvant therapy were the best means for the treatment. Prognosis and recurrence of the tumor were relevant to the tumor grade and stage and to the operative procedure.

1975~1994年诊治原发性输尿管恶性肿瘤14例,其中移行细胞癌13例,腺癌1例。病程3天~9年,平均11.5个月。A期3例,B期5例,C期3例,D期2例。手术治疗13例,5年存活率35.71%(5/14)。对本病的诊断、治疗和预后进行了讨论。

Fifteen cases with primary ureteral carcinomas are reported with a review of the literature. We concludeL Excretory urography is the main metbod of diagnosis;retrograde uretero-pyelography is more helpful in diagnosis; cystoscopy is also netessary before operation;CT is useful in diagnosing and staging; ureteroscopy could be performed if necessary; the traditional total nephroureterectomy witb a cuff excision of the urinary bladder remains the basic treatment of choice; cystoscopy,excretory urography...

Fifteen cases with primary ureteral carcinomas are reported with a review of the literature. We concludeL Excretory urography is the main metbod of diagnosis;retrograde uretero-pyelography is more helpful in diagnosis; cystoscopy is also netessary before operation;CT is useful in diagnosing and staging; ureteroscopy could be performed if necessary; the traditional total nephroureterectomy witb a cuff excision of the urinary bladder remains the basic treatment of choice; cystoscopy,excretory urography and adjuvant intravesical therapy should he carried out regularly after operation.

DIAGNOSISANDTREATMENTOFPRIMARYURETERALCARCINOMA-AREPORTOF15CASESLuCanhui;陆灿辉XieKeji;谢克基ZhangGanxiong;张甘雄Xiewenqi;谢文琪(Departme...

A retrospective analysis was carried out in 312 cases with cervical carcinoma undergone cystoscopy in a period from May 1993 to May 1995. The results showed that as clinical stages advanced,the bladder involved rate increased (P>0. 01). The accuracy of cystoscopy for detecting bladder involvement of cervical carcinoma was higher than that of B-Ultrasonography. It also indicated that there was a practical significance for cystoscopy to determine the clinical stage, to differentiate the causes...

A retrospective analysis was carried out in 312 cases with cervical carcinoma undergone cystoscopy in a period from May 1993 to May 1995. The results showed that as clinical stages advanced,the bladder involved rate increased (P>0. 01). The accuracy of cystoscopy for detecting bladder involvement of cervical carcinoma was higher than that of B-Ultrasonography. It also indicated that there was a practical significance for cystoscopy to determine the clinical stage, to differentiate the causes of hematuria and to design the treatment plan.

本文对1993年5月至1995年5月接受膀胱镜检查的312例宫颈癌患者资料进行回顾性分析。结果显示临床期别越晚,膀胱浸润的发生率越高(P<0.01)。膀胱镜检查能明确宫颈癌患者放疗后出现血尿的原因以及肾孟积水与膀胱受侵的关系,对确定宫颈癌的临床分期、区别放疗后出现血尿的原因及指导制定宫颈癌治疗方案有一定意义。

 
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