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nasal     
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     Expression of Human Toll-like Receptor and β-defensin mRNA in Nasal Mucosa
     Toll样受体和β-防御素mRNA在粘膜中的表达
短句来源
     Establishment of a Novel Nude Mouse Model of Human Nasal Type NK/T Cell Lymphoma and Screening Study Using Human Expression cDNA Microarray
     人型NK/T细胞淋巴瘤裸鼠模型的建立及人类表达谱cDNA芯片筛查的研究
短句来源
     Latent Membrane Protein 1 Gene and Protein in Human Nasal Type NK/T Cell Lymphoma and Its Nude-mouse Transplanted Tumor Model
     结外型NK/T细胞淋巴瘤肿瘤组织和裸鼠移植瘤模型中LMP1的检测及其致瘤机制的探讨
短句来源
     Identification of a Novel Nude Mouse Model of Human Extranodal Nasal Type NK/T Cell Lymphoma and Expression of CYR61 Gene and Its Significances in This Tumor
     一新的人结外型NK/T细胞淋巴瘤裸鼠模型鉴定与CYR61基因在该肿瘤中的表达及意义
短句来源
     Adenovirus-Mediated Ribosome Protein Gene RPS26 Transfer in Influence the Growth and Differentiation of Human Extranodular Nasal Type NK/T Cell Lymphoma
     腺病毒转染核糖体蛋白基因RPS26对人结外型NK/T细胞淋巴瘤生长分化影响的实验研究
短句来源
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  鼻腔
     SKIN PRICK TEST,NASAL PROVOCATION TEST AND MEASUREMENT OF SPECIFIC IgE WITH DUST MITE EXTRACT IN ALLERGIC ASTHMATIC PATIENTS
     吸入型哮喘患者尘螨皮肤挑刺试验、鼻腔激发试验和特异性IgE的测定
短句来源
     Nasal Approach Electrocautery of the Vidian Nerve in the Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis(Report of 62 Cases)
     鼻腔进路翼管神经灼断术治疗过敏性鼻炎62例
短句来源
     A REPORT OF 4 CASES OF PLASMACYTOMA OF THE NASAL CAVITY TREATED WITH RADIATION
     鼻腔浆细胞瘤放射治疗4例报告
短句来源
     RADIOTHERAPY FOR STAGE 1 AND II NON-HODGKIN' S LYMPHOMA IN THE NASAL CAVITY——A clinical analysis of 69 cases
     Ⅰ、Ⅱ期鼻腔非何杰金淋巴瘤的放射治疗——附69例临床分析
短句来源
     Quantitative Studies on Nuclear DNA and Morphological Features in Inverted Papillomas of Nasal Cavities and Paranasal Sinuses
     鼻腔和鼻窦内翻性乳头状瘤细胞核DNA含量及其形态特征的定量研究
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  鼻的
     Guinea pigs of the bacteriophage group were given each 1×10~(8) PFU(0.5 mL) of bacteriophage D29 administered by nasal dripping 3 times a week.
     噬菌体组采用滴鼻的方式隔日给予噬菌体,每次1×108PFU(0.5 mL),每周3次。
短句来源
     5. The reborn of the special areas of digital nasal surface CAD models was realized in pro-engineering software.
     5.将三维外鼻CAD模型调入Pro/engineering CAD软件中,按照外鼻解剖形态特征,根据鼻的美学观察内容,即鼻根凹度,鼻根高度,鼻.
短句来源
     Conclusion: By restraining the expression of ICAM-1 in nasal mucosa of rats with AR, Yu Ping Feng powder can decrease the infliltration of EOS in rats' nasal mucosa,achieve treating purpose.
     结论:加味玉屏风散能使AR大鼠鼻粘膜ICAM-1表达降低,减少AR大鼠鼻黏膜EOS的浸润,能明显改善其鼻部症状,减少AR大鼠喷嚏、抓鼻的次数,达到治疗的目的。
短句来源
     Results:Besides the branches of anterior ethmoidal artery and dorsal nasal branches of ophthalmic artery,the primary blood supply to the nose was derived from the lateral nasal arteries.
     结果 :鼻的血供主要来源于鼻外侧动脉 ,还有筛前动脉的分支、眼动脉的鼻背支参与。
短句来源
     Results The nasal anatomical features of the surface model were accurate and the effective data were relatively less when the distance parameter was 0.5 mm.
     结果当点距为0.50mm时既可以简化数据,又可以清晰展现外鼻的解剖特征及老化状态。
短句来源
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  鼻饲
     3 cases had sequelae of cerebral vascular accident(14.28%). 5 cases had long-time nasal tube feeding(23.9%).
     3例脑血管意外后遗症(14.28%),5例长期鼻饲管饮食者(23.8%)。
短句来源
     In 13 of 18 cases with nasal feeding time < 10 days pharyngeal fistula occured in 4 of 49 cases with nasal feeding time of 10 -15 dsys pharyngeal fistula occured, in 2 of 5 cases with nasal feeding time > 15 days pharyngeal fistula occured. Pharyngeal fistula rates were 72.2%,8.2% and 40% respectivly (P <0.01).
     鼻饲时间<10天的18例中13例发生咽瘘,10~15天的49例中4例发生咽瘘,>15天的5例中2例发生咽瘘,咽瘘率分别为72.2%、8.2%和40.0%(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     And seccnd, 0. 5 mg/kg-1 mg/kg every 2 hours-4 hours by nasal feeding after convulsive seizure got better.
     抽搐好转后予以每次0.5 mg/kg-1 mg/kg的安定鼻饲,每(2 h~4 h)/次,然后根据患儿抽搐控制情况逐渐减少鼻饲安定量及延长鼻饲时间直至停药。
短句来源
     Results:In the nasal feeding group,57 7%,69 2% and 76 9% of patients were recovered from toxic paralytic ileus 24,48 and 72 hours after rhubarb intake.
     结果 :鼻饲组 :大黄治疗后 2 4、48和 72小时中毒性肠麻痹缓解率分别为 5 7.7%、6 9.2 %和 76 .9% ,与对照组比较有显著差异 ;
短句来源
     Results:The incidences of pulmonary infection were 40%,13.33%and 36.67% in thick,thin nasal feeding tube group and parenteral nutrition group.
     结果:大、小口径鼻饲管组及静脉营养组肺部感染发生率分别为40%,13.33%和36.67%。
短句来源
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      nasal
    The polyvinyl acetal sponge modified by chitosan was used as a hemostatic packing material for the injured rabbit nasal tissue.
          
    The hemostatic effect and the healing effect of the modified sponge on the nasal mucosa after nasal surgery were studied.
          
    Five characteristics (hair forms, nasal profile, nostril forms, mongoloid fold and upper eyelid fold) were respectively investigated in six nationalities, including the Buyi, Miao, Shui, Maonan, Dong, and Han nationalities in Southern Guizhou, China.
          
    The results indicated that: (1) for hair forms and nasal profile, the frequency of the dominant gene was lower than that of their recessive gene, but the opposite was true for nostril forms.
          
    (2) Among different nationalities, the difference of gene frequency of the mongoloid fold, nasal profile, hair forms and upper eyelid fold was quite significant, which was followed by that of nostril forms.
          
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    Nine Marchi series of albino rats in which various points of the retina were destroyed by the method of thermocautery have been carefully studied. The courses and the terminations of the degenerated optic fibers have been determined. The results are summarized by a composite diagram (fig. 9). It shows:(1) that the fibers issuing from the upper quadrant of the retina are lying in the lateral of the optic nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma passed along the medial part of the crossed optic tract and...

    Nine Marchi series of albino rats in which various points of the retina were destroyed by the method of thermocautery have been carefully studied. The courses and the terminations of the degenerated optic fibers have been determined. The results are summarized by a composite diagram (fig. 9). It shows:(1) that the fibers issuing from the upper quadrant of the retina are lying in the lateral of the optic nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma passed along the medial part of the crossed optic tract and terminated partly in the ventral of the posterior half of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the caudolateral part of the superior colliculus;(2) that those from the lower retina are lying in the lower part of the nerve, crossed in the higher level of the chiasma, passed along the lateral border of the crossed tract, and terminated partly in the dorsal part of the anterior half of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the medio-oral part of the superior colliculus;(3) that those from the temporal retina are lying in the lateral part of the nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma, passing through the inner part of the tract and terminated partly in the medial part of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the lateral part of the superior colliculus;(4) that those from the nasal retina are lying in the medial of the nerve, crossed in the higher level of the chiasma, passing through the outer border of the tract and terminated partly in the lateral part HSIANG-TUNG CHANGof the anterior half of the geniculate body and partly in the medial part of the superior colliculus;(5) that those from the peripheral margin of the temporal retina are lying in the lateral half of the nerve, uncrossed in the chiasma, passing through the upper half of the tract, terminated in the central part of the geniculate body and never reached the superior colliculus; and(6) that the anterior and posterior accessory optic tracts composed probably of the collaterals of the crossed optic neurons are traced to the corpus Luysii and the nucleus opticus tegmenti respectively.(7) that the optic fibers also terminate in the pretectal nucleus of the thaIamus.

    本實驗曾將九隻白鼠之視網膜的各處用電燒法加以毁壞,然後用马基氏染色法(Marchi's method)製成連續切片,详加研究,以斷定其枯萎的神经纖维所经之路徑及终止之點。 實驗结果如下: (一) 自網膜上部發出之神经纖維,位於視神经之外侧,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,又经對邊視神经通路之内側部,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后腹部,一部终止於上叠體之外侧部。 (二) 自網膜下部發出之纖維,位於視神经之下侧,由視神经叉之近首段跨越於對邊,再沿對邊視神经通路之外侧進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前背部,一部终止於上叠體之前内側部。 (三) 自網膜外侧部發出之纖维,位於視神经之外侧部,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,再沿對邊視神经通路之内側部進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后内側部,一部终止於上叠體之外側部。 (四) 自網膜内側部發出之纖维,位於视神经之内側,由视神经叉之近首叚跨越於對面,再经對邊視神经通路之外邊,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前外側部,一部终止於上叠體之内側部。 (五) 自網膜之外側邊緣部發出之纖维,位於视神经之外側,不到對邊,经本邊視神经通路之下半部而终止於背外侧膝體之中央。無及於上叠體者。 (六) 前副視神经...

    本實驗曾將九隻白鼠之視網膜的各處用電燒法加以毁壞,然後用马基氏染色法(Marchi's method)製成連續切片,详加研究,以斷定其枯萎的神经纖维所经之路徑及终止之點。 實驗结果如下: (一) 自網膜上部發出之神经纖維,位於視神经之外侧,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,又经對邊視神经通路之内側部,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后腹部,一部终止於上叠體之外侧部。 (二) 自網膜下部發出之纖維,位於視神经之下侧,由視神经叉之近首段跨越於對邊,再沿對邊視神经通路之外侧進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前背部,一部终止於上叠體之前内側部。 (三) 自網膜外侧部發出之纖维,位於視神经之外侧部,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,再沿對邊視神经通路之内側部進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后内側部,一部终止於上叠體之外側部。 (四) 自網膜内側部發出之纖维,位於视神经之内側,由视神经叉之近首叚跨越於對面,再经對邊視神经通路之外邊,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前外側部,一部终止於上叠體之内側部。 (五) 自網膜之外側邊緣部發出之纖维,位於视神经之外側,不到對邊,经本邊視神经通路之下半部而终止於背外侧膝體之中央。無及於上叠體者。 (六) 前副視神经通路,终止於路易斯氏體(Corpus Luysii),而后副视神经通路則终止於视底巢(

    The electrical response of the olfactory bulb of the rabbit to local stimulation of the olfactory epithelium with single shocks shows certain spatial distribution. At the center of the responsive area, the electrical response is a pure large monophasic negative potential, whereas at the periphery, it is small and positive. The responsive areas due to stimulation of different loci of the olfactory epithelium show considerable overlapping. However, definite topographical relationship as defined by the maximal...

    The electrical response of the olfactory bulb of the rabbit to local stimulation of the olfactory epithelium with single shocks shows certain spatial distribution. At the center of the responsive area, the electrical response is a pure large monophasic negative potential, whereas at the periphery, it is small and positive. The responsive areas due to stimulation of different loci of the olfactory epithelium show considerable overlapping. However, definite topographical relationship as defined by the maximal electrical response does exist: The olfactory epithelium covering the roof of the dorsal recess of nasal cavity projects to antero-medial aspect of the dorsal surface of the olfactory bulb, that of the roof of the lateral recess to the postero-lateral aspect of the dorsal surface of the bulb, and that of the lateral wall of the dorsal recess to the anterior pole of the bulb. The upper, middle and lower portions of the medial wall of the nasal cavity are projected respectively to the upper, middle and lower portions of the medial aspect of the olfactory bulb. The epithelium lining the wall of endoturbinals 1, 2, 3 and 4 projects orderly to the inferior aspect of the olfactory bulb, and that lining the wall of the ectoturbinals to the lateral aspect of the bulb.

    本工作的目的在于用誘发电位的方法检查嗅上皮与嗅球之間是否具有部位投射关系。所用的方法是以单次电震刺激兔的嗅上皮,在嗅球表面記录其电反应。在反应区的中央部位可以見到振幅較大的負相誘发电位,在它的边緣部則为振幅很小的正相电位。根据刺激不同部位的嗅上皮在嗅球表面所引起的反应分布,可以看出它們之間虽有部分重迭,但是还存在有一定的部位投射关系:鼻腔上部的嗅上皮投射到嗅球的背面;后部的嗅上皮投射到嗅球的腹面;內側及外側面的嗅上皮則分別与嗅球的內側及外侧面有关。这种投射关系的机能意义,目前还不明了。

    Since the spring of 1960,an apparently infectious disease has been prevailing among sheep in the range of North-western part of Szechuan,attacking both lambs and adult sheep.The causal bacterium was found to be a streptococcus belonging to the Group C of Lancefleld.It was very similar to Strep.Zoo-epidemicus in several respects except that it did not ferment salicin and caused milk coagulation. The disease usually run an acute course with symptoms of septicemia,causing death in 2-5 days.At other times,it took...

    Since the spring of 1960,an apparently infectious disease has been prevailing among sheep in the range of North-western part of Szechuan,attacking both lambs and adult sheep.The causal bacterium was found to be a streptococcus belonging to the Group C of Lancefleld.It was very similar to Strep.Zoo-epidemicus in several respects except that it did not ferment salicin and caused milk coagulation. The disease usually run an acute course with symptoms of septicemia,causing death in 2-5 days.At other times,it took a subacute form,menifested by rise of temperature,re- duced appetite,cough,lachrimation and profuse nasal discharge which was serious at first, then mucoid and finally muco-purulent.Leucocytosis with left depletion of neutrophils was marked.In this form of disease,most animals died usually in 1-2 weeks. Postmortem examination in acute cases revealed congestion and hemorrhage in internal organs.Spleen was softened and enlarged,and the gall-bladder distended markedly.In sub- acute cases the most prominent changes consisted of serofibrinous pleuro-pneumonia and peritonitis.Lymph nodes were swollen and edematous.Microscopically,there were marked edema and leucocytic infiltration in connective tissues.Parenchymatous organs showed de- generation,cellular infiltration,necrobiosis and hemorrhages of various extent.A great number of streptococcus were seen in the blood,as well as pulmonary and pleural exudates,many of them being found within the phagocytes of various kinds.Toxemia and/or septicemia were as- sumed to be the cause of death.

    自1960年春季和冬季,在四川西北草地发现绵羊的一种急性败血性传染病。在羔羊及成年羊中均有较高的发病率及死亡率。病原菌易自尸体血液及各组织器官中分离出纯培养。病原菌大小为0.7—0.9×0.6—0.8微米,革兰氏染色阳性,在渗出液及组织中多呈单个、成对及短链排列,荚膜清晰可见。为需氧及兼性厌氧菌,体外培养在培养基中需加入血清或血液。其生化特性在糖发酵方面能发酵葡萄糖、乳糖、蔗糖、麦芽糖和山梨醇产酸但不产气,不发酵蕈糖、鼠李糖、棉实糖、伯胶糖、廿露醇、肌醇和菊糖。在血琼脂上常呈β型溶血。不能溶解人和绵羊血液中的纤维素。不能水解马尿酸钠及马栗苷,但可水解淀粉。在蛋白胨肉汤中产 NH_3。不能液化明胶。在45℃,氯化钠6.5%,40%胆汁血琼脂,及0.1%美蓝牛乳中不生长。10%胆汁肉汤中不被溶解。在葡萄糖肉汤中最终 pH为4.9。沉淀试验按 Lancefield 分类系统属 G 群。小白鼠、家鸽、家兔和山羊对本菌易感,豚鼠、猪和马则具有抵抗力。皮下、静脉和呼吸道人工接种成年绵羊75只,发病率为100%,死亡率为81.4%,口服接种4只仅其中1只发病。接触感染3只有2只发病死亡。绵羊发病后体温升高到40.5—41....

    自1960年春季和冬季,在四川西北草地发现绵羊的一种急性败血性传染病。在羔羊及成年羊中均有较高的发病率及死亡率。病原菌易自尸体血液及各组织器官中分离出纯培养。病原菌大小为0.7—0.9×0.6—0.8微米,革兰氏染色阳性,在渗出液及组织中多呈单个、成对及短链排列,荚膜清晰可见。为需氧及兼性厌氧菌,体外培养在培养基中需加入血清或血液。其生化特性在糖发酵方面能发酵葡萄糖、乳糖、蔗糖、麦芽糖和山梨醇产酸但不产气,不发酵蕈糖、鼠李糖、棉实糖、伯胶糖、廿露醇、肌醇和菊糖。在血琼脂上常呈β型溶血。不能溶解人和绵羊血液中的纤维素。不能水解马尿酸钠及马栗苷,但可水解淀粉。在蛋白胨肉汤中产 NH_3。不能液化明胶。在45℃,氯化钠6.5%,40%胆汁血琼脂,及0.1%美蓝牛乳中不生长。10%胆汁肉汤中不被溶解。在葡萄糖肉汤中最终 pH为4.9。沉淀试验按 Lancefield 分类系统属 G 群。小白鼠、家鸽、家兔和山羊对本菌易感,豚鼠、猪和马则具有抵抗力。皮下、静脉和呼吸道人工接种成年绵羊75只,发病率为100%,死亡率为81.4%,口服接种4只仅其中1只发病。接触感染3只有2只发病死亡。绵羊发病后体温升高到40.5—41.5℃,同时呈现精神沉郁、食欲减损、咳嗽、流泪和自鼻孔流出浆液性鼻涕,以后转为粘液-浓性鼻涕。在发病过程中,红血球渐有减少,白血球则显著增加由发病前的9,000—15,000/mm~3。增至20,000—30,000/mm~3,个别病例甚至达50,000/mm~3。以上。在白血球分类计数中,嗜中性球由30—50%增至60—80%,少数可达90%以上。共中幼稚型和杆状核者占1/3—1/2。病理解剖变化,依据病程不同,可分为急性(败血)型及亚急性(胸)型。前者病程为2—5天,病变以浆膜与粘膜出血、实质器官变质、全身淋巴结充血、出血同髓样肿胀,脾髓软化,胆囊肿大等为主。后者病程为1—2周,有明显的纤维素性胸膜肺炎及腹膜炎。病理组织学观察,见病原链球菌存在于体内各组织中及血液中,引起血管和淋巴管的损伤,血液循环及淋巴循环障碍,实质器官的实质细胞营养不良与渐进性坏死,以及间叶结缔组织的水肿、坏死和溶解。与此同时,机体防卫反应虽有吞噬细胞的剧烈增生、活动与吞噬,但由于细菌具有荚膜和迅速大量繁殖的结果,其产生的毒素终于使机体屏障机构的瓦解,导致毒血症及败血症而死亡。

     
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