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gingival     
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  牙龈
     RESULTS: Lanthanum chloride at 1×10-2mol/L can inhibit the proliferation of human gingival fibroblast, however, it can't inhibit the proliferation at 1×10-6,1×10-5,1×10-4,1×10-3mol/L.
     结果:1×10-2mol/L氯化镧能抑制人牙龈成纤维细胞的生长,1×10-6、1×10-5、1×10-4、1×10-3mol/L氯化镧对细胞生长无抑制作用。
     METHODS: Human gingival fibroblast was cultured in vitro, and MTT assay was used to analyse the effect of lanthanum chloride (1×10-6、1×10-5、1×10-4、1×10-3、1×10-2mol/L )on the proliferation of human gingival fibroblast.
     方法:体外培养人牙龈成纤维细胞,通过噻唑兰法(MTT法)检测6种浓度氯化镧(1×1016、1×10-5、1×10-4、1×10-3、1×10-2mol/L)对细胞的作用。
     IL-1β mRNA and TNF-α mRNA Expression in Gingival Tissues of Patients with Adult Periodontitis
     IL-1βmRNA、TNF-αmRNA在成人牙周炎患者牙龈组织中表达的研究
短句来源
     Before treatment the plague indexes (PI) were 3.51 ± 0.65, 3.51± 0.49 and 3.39 ± 0.54 while gingival indexes (GI) 1.39 ± 0.36, 1.33 ± 0.28 and 1.27 ± 0.24 respectively.
     治前菌斑指数分别为3.51±0.65,3.51±0.49和3.39±0.54,牙龈指数为1.39±0.36,1.33±0.28和1.27±0.24。
短句来源
     2. The gingival fibroblasts were cultured and counted with various concentrations of cyclosporine A(1200.0μg/L, 360.0μg/L, 108.0μg/L and 32.4μg/L);
     2.以原代培养的方法获取入正常及CsA导致的增生牙龈的成纤维细胞,分别以CsA 1200.0μg/L、360.0μg/L、108.0μg/L、32.4μg/L做体外培养牙龈成纤维细胞计数观察;
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     ObjectiveTo study the relationship between the level of hepatocyte growth factor(HGF) and interleukin-1 beta(IL-1β) in gingival crevicular fluid(GCF) and periodontitis.
     目的分析沟液(gingival crevicular fluid,GCF)中肝细胞生长因子(hepatocyte growth factor,HGF)和白细胞介素-1β(interleukin-1 beta,IL-1β)的含量变化规律及其与牙周炎的关系。
短句来源
     Study of β_2-Microglobulin in Gingival Crevicular Fluid in Periodontitis Patients
     牙周炎患者沟液β_2-微球蛋白的研究
短句来源
     ②The increase of the breadth of gingival wall could increase the stresses of adamantine(0.1-0.27 MPa)and dentin(0.01-0.03 MPa).
     ②壁宽度的增加,使牙釉质应力增加(0.1~0.27MPa)、牙本质应力亦增加(0.01~0.03MPa)。
短句来源
     Objectively evaluation the effects and gingival inflammation related to three kinds of retraction agents(25%AlCl3,15.5% Fe2(SO4)3,0.1% HCl-epinephrine),to choose the best retraction agent for the clinic.
     目的:通过评价临床常用的三种排药物(25%AlCl_3,15.5%Fe_2(SO_4)_3和0.1%HCl-epinephrine)排后引起牙的炎症程度以及排效果的不同,对上述几种排药物进行综合评价,为临床提供最佳的排药物并指导临床实践。
短句来源
     Objective:To detect the interleukin 1β (IL 1β) level in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in the patients with periodontitis so as to evaluate the role of IL 1β in periodontitis.
     目的 :检测牙周炎患者沟液 (gingival crevicular fluid,GCF)中白细胞介素 - 1β(interleukin- 1β,IL - 1β)的含量变化 ,探讨 IL - 1β在牙周炎发病中的作用。
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  龈的
     Statistical analyses of plaque index(PI) and gingival index(GI) were carried out by use of rank sum test. Results The satisfactory rate of IPS-Empress 2 full-ceramic restorations was 96.8%. There was no statistic difference of gingival health condition between control group and groups with restoration margin lying above/at the level of gingiva margin,and the rate of GI score 2 in subgingival margin group was higher than that of control group.
     结果IPS Empress-2全瓷冠桥的满意率为96.8%,边缘位于龈上和齐龈的冠桥修复体的牙龈健康状况与对照组无统计学差异,边缘位于龈下的修复体牙龈指数记分为2的比率显著高于对照组。
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  “gingival”译为未确定词的双语例句
     THE THERMOSENSITIVITY OF HUMAN GINGIVAL SQUAMOUS CARCINOMA Ca9-22 CELLS WITH ONCOGENE erbB-1/EGFR
     THE THERMOSENSITIVITY OF HUMAN GINGIVAL SQUAMOUS CARCINOMA Ca9-22 CELLS WITH ONCOGENE erbB-1/EGFR
短句来源
     RESULTS: The cytotoxic effects in vitro of D-108 on various tumor cell lines (IC_ 50 : 0.22 to 2.19 mg·L~ -1 ) were more powerful than both human gingival fibroblast and marrow stromal cell (IC_ 50 : 5.55 and 3.57 mg·L~ -1 ).
     结果:D-108对肿瘤细胞的体外细胞毒作用(IC50:0.22~2.19mg·L-1)强于HGF及MSC(IC50分别为5.55、3.57mg·L-1)。
短句来源
     A total 90.27% ( ±2.25 ) of pregnant women showed gingival bleeding on probing and 74.40% ( ±3.26 ) had calculus.
     龈炎患病率为90.27%(±2.25),牙石检出率为74.40%(±3.26)。
短句来源
     Oral parasitic protozoa infection rate in patients with gingival bleeding and dental caries (80.62%) was greater than in common healthy population(39.46%, P< 0.005).
     牙龈出血和龋齿的口腔疾患者的口腔原虫感染率(80.62%)较口腔健康者(39.41%)高(P<0.005)。
短句来源
     Method Total protozoa were recorded from direct smears and locke cultures with information on gingival bleeding and dental caries.
     方法采用locke液培养法与直接涂片法检测口腔原虫并进行比较,记录学生的牙龈出血与龋齿情况。
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  gingival
Changes in peroxidase release from granulocytes in response to a corresponding substance is an effective in vitro test, and the provocative mucosal-gingival test (MGT) is used in vivo.
      
The most common CsA side effects were: a serum creatinine increase that occurred in the first 6- 12 months of therapy in 8 patients, other side effects like hypertrichosis and gingival hyperplasia were present in four patients.
      
Die Polymerisation erfolgte für je 20 s von inzisal, mesial, gingival und distal mit sichtbarem Licht.
      
Bone density, which was registered in Hounsfield units at the gingival, middle and apical thirds of the root levels, increased from the gingival to the apical thirds of the roots, generally with lower lingual than labial values.
      
Early Cellular Reactions in Mechanically Stimulated Gingival Connective Tissue
      
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical effect of "stimulated" osteoperiosteal pedicle grafts and root demineralization with citric acid in reconstructing periodontium lost by gingival recession and to observe the histological response of periosteum to controlled surgical stimulation and the healing after experimental stimulated osteoperiosteal pedicle grafts and root demineralization in animal, especially regeneration of alveolar bone.Seven patients were observed in this study. The controlled...

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical effect of "stimulated" osteoperiosteal pedicle grafts and root demineralization with citric acid in reconstructing periodontium lost by gingival recession and to observe the histological response of periosteum to controlled surgical stimulation and the healing after experimental stimulated osteoperiosteal pedicle grafts and root demineralization in animal, especially regeneration of alveolar bone.Seven patients were observed in this study. The controlled stimulation of periosteum was performed in two adult M. mulattae and one dog respectively. The experimental stimulated osteoperiosteal pedicle grafts and root demineralization were done in two M. mulattae.The results obtained are as follows:1. The covering rate of denuded root was 85.5% using stimulated osteoperiosteal pedicle grafts and root demineralization.2. The quiet periosteum of adult animal may be activated and come into own by controlled surgical stimulation.3. Complete or partial regeneration of exised alveolar bone may be obtained through stimulated pedicle bone grafts and root demineralization.4. Acid conditioning was an important factor in inducing osteogenesis, cementogenesis and periodontal new attachment.

为了评价牙周刺激带骨瓣移植结合根面枸橡酸处理,在整复由于牙龈退缩所丧失牙周组织方面的临床效果:观察成年动物的骨膜对有控制的外科穿刺性损伤及动物实验性刺激带骨瓣结合酸处理术后的组织学反应,特别注意牙槽骨的再生情况。我们在临床上观察了7个病人。有控制的骨膜刺激实验分别在2只恒河猴和1只狗进行;动物实验性刺激带骨瓣结合根面酸处理在2只恒河猴进行,选用了7只侧切牙和1只前磨牙做为实验用牙。初步结果:1.刺激带骨瓣结合根面酸处理获得了平均根面复盖85.5%的良好临床效果。2.有控制的外科穿刺性刺激后,成年动物静止的骨膜司重新进入活跃的细胞繁殖活动和成骨活动。3.动物用刺激带骨瓣结合酸处理或单纯刺激带骨瓣移植,切除的唇侧牙槽骨可获得完全或部分再生。4.酸处理在诱导骨生成、牙骨质生成和牙周新附着方面是一个重要的因素。

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the situation of the bacterial growth in patients with periodontal diseases by means of microscopy.Comparision was made between the periodontal involoved teeth atad inflammation-free teeth. Microbial samples were collected from the periodontal pockets and gingival sulci.The effects of subgingival curettage and Chinese herb medicine were also evaluated. Correlations between PH value of cervical fluid and number of bacterial growth were determind. The following assessments...

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the situation of the bacterial growth in patients with periodontal diseases by means of microscopy.Comparision was made between the periodontal involoved teeth atad inflammation-free teeth. Microbial samples were collected from the periodontal pockets and gingival sulci.The effects of subgingival curettage and Chinese herb medicine were also evaluated. Correlations between PH value of cervical fluid and number of bacterial growth were determind. The following assessments were recorded,motile rods and Gram negative rods increased with increase in severity of the periodontal disease,and cocci increased with the resolution of the imflammation.Curettage would cause a decrease of Gram negative rods and an increase of cocci, Chinese herb medicine caused a diminution of spirochetes and motile rods.Numbers of bacteria increased as the PH value of gingival fluid decreased.

用显微镜检查牙周病人的龈沟或袋内各种细菌数目,观察发病牙与非发病牙的区别。用龈下刮治、中药鸦蛋子治疗,观察其对细菌的作用、及细菌数与龈沟内或袋内pH 值的关系。结果指出:牙周病发作的牙,活动杆菌、革兰氏阴性杆菌增加,球菌减少;渡病不发作的牙以球菌为主。龈下刮治可使革兰氏阴性杆菌减少,球菌增加。中药鸦蛋子可使袋内螺旋体减少。龈沟内的 pH 值与细菌数成反比。

In conclusion,Ciclosporin is,as reported by Dr.Nusseblatt,very effective in suppress- ing the symptoms of Behcet disease.However,the effect is paliative and side effects,such as renal dysfunction,hirsutism or gingival hypertrophy, papilloma formation described in the literature,may limit the extensive use of the drug.In addition,there is a problem of rebound.Mizoribine,on the other hand,is a mild immunosuppressive with less side effect,but effect is much weaker than Ciclosporin. The etiology and method...

In conclusion,Ciclosporin is,as reported by Dr.Nusseblatt,very effective in suppress- ing the symptoms of Behcet disease.However,the effect is paliative and side effects,such as renal dysfunction,hirsutism or gingival hypertrophy, papilloma formation described in the literature,may limit the extensive use of the drug.In addition,there is a problem of rebound.Mizoribine,on the other hand,is a mild immunosuppressive with less side effect,but effect is much weaker than Ciclosporin. The etiology and method of fundamental cure or prevention should be further sought for in case of Behcet disease.The topical or systemic use of Mizori- bine may be useful in getting clear corneal grafts in Keratoplasty.

据 Nusseblatt 博士报道,环孢霉素 A(Cie-losporin)抑制 Behcet 病症状十分有效。但其作用只是治标的,而文献中描述的副作用如肾功能不良、多毛症、牙龈肥大、乳头瘤形成等等限制本药的广泛应用。另外尚有回跳问题。另一方面,Mizoribine 是一种副作用较小的弱免疫抑制剂,但其作用则较环孢霉素 A 弱得多。对 Behcet 氏的病因和根治、预防的方法仍需进一步探索。局部或全身使用 Mizoribine 有助于在角膜成形术中使角膜植片保持清亮。

 
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