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hypophyseal
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  垂体
     An inferior hypophyseal artery arose from the menigohypophyseal trunk of the intracavernuos portion of ICA, with a diameter of (0.66±0.19) mm and a mean length of (7.99±3.94) mm.
     从ICA海绵窦段后弯部发出1支、直径为(0.66±0.19)mm、主干长(7.99±3.94)mm的垂体下动脉;
短句来源
     The inferior hypophyseal artery presents in 96.67 卤 3.28%, the inferior cavernous sinus artery in 93.33 卤4.60%, the dorsal meningeal artery and the tentorial artery in 86.67 卤6.21% respectively.
     垂体下动脉的出现率为96.07±3.28%,海绵窦下动脉为93.33±4.60%,脑腊背动脉和小脑幕动脉均为86.67±6.21%。
短句来源
     Results The superior hypophyseal artery arose from the ophthalmic segment of the supraclinoid portion of ICA, with a number of (1.31±0.77) branches and an outer diameter of (0.38±0.11) mm.
     结果 每侧从ICA床突上段眼段下内侧壁发出(1.31±0.77)支、直径(0.38±0.11)mm的垂体上动脉;
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     The incidence of inferior cavernous sinus,hypophyseal capsular artery and ophthalmic artery was 95.8%,31.3% and 10.4% respectively.
     海绵窦下动脉出现率为 95 .8% ,垂体被囊动脉为 3 1.3 %。 另外眼动脉的出现率为 10 .4%。
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     The hypophyseal capsular arteries16%.
     垂体被膜动膜16%。
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  “hypophyseal”译为未确定词的双语例句
     hypophyseal fossa and suprasellae cistern,11 cases;
     蝶鞍破坏 11例 ;
短句来源
     Operative relevant microanatomy study of the hypophyseal fossa and parasellar Structure
     垂体窝及其毗邻结构手术相关显微解剖学研究
短句来源
     According to Al Radhan classification, 6 cases were divided into Group Ia (superior hypophyseal), 9 in Group Ib (ventral paraclinoid), 8 in Group Ⅱ (ophthalmic), 6 in Group Ⅲ (carotid cave), and 5 in Group Ⅳ (transitional).
     参照Al Rod han的标准 ,Ia型 6个 ,Ib型 9个 ,Ⅱ型 8个 ,Ⅲ型 6个 ,Ⅳ型 5个。 从治疗后血管造影、临床结局和影像学随访评价疗效。
短句来源
     Fifteen female (13.6 ± 1.2 years) professional gymnastes were enlisted in this study. Skeletal maturation and hormonal levels of the hypophyseal, gonadal, and adrenal axes were estimated.
     笔者选择15名(年龄13.6±1.2岁)专业女子体操运动员作调查对象,通过对青春期前期和青春期骨骼发育成熟程度,脑垂体轴、性腺轴、肾上腺轴等的激素水平的评价和间接测量法对体脂的测定。
短句来源
     Methods The somatostatin(SOM) cRNA probe and anti-vp antibody were used in same crystal sections from rat’s hypophyseal tissues (n=20), immunohistochemistry was performed following in the situ hybridization.
     方法用地高辛 (Dig)标记的生长抑素 (SOM)cRNA探针和抗多肽 (VP)抗体 ,在同一冰冻切片上标记大鼠的脑垂体组织 (n =2 0 ) ,先作原位杂交 ,后作免疫组化。
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  相似匹配句对
     The hypophyseal capsular arteries16%.
     垂体被膜动膜16%。
短句来源
     Pathomorphologic Observation on Hypophyseal Cysts in Canine
     犬脑垂体囊肿的病理形态学观察
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  hypophyseal
Problems concerning when steroidogenesis begins, of the formation of the hypothalamic-hypophyseal-interrenal axis as a single hormone-competent ensemble, and of the development the stressed response in salmon juveniles are discussed.
      
This is a report on the stereotactic transorbital approach to the sella and the results obtained with hypophyseal implantations of 90Y.
      
The results obtained in the different types of hypophyseal adenomas as well as attempts of totally removing the pituitary gland in cases of gonadal cancer are reviewed.
      
Nonclassical secretory dynamics of LH revealed by hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal sampling of sheep
      
Continuous withdrawal of hypophyseal portal blood from unrestrained sheep has permitted detailed assessments of the pulsatile secretion of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
      
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Subcutaneous injection of O.1 ml egg-white at the ankle joint of the rat hind leg caused inflammation of the joint which subsided only very slowly. When gentianine was administered intraperitoneally at the dosage of 90 mg/kg 30 minutes prior to the egg-white,the swelling was less severe and disappeared in a shorter time than the control group.In bilateral adrenalectomized rats and in nor- mal rats anesthetized with pentobarbital,however,pretreatment with gentianine neither prevented the development of egg-white...

Subcutaneous injection of O.1 ml egg-white at the ankle joint of the rat hind leg caused inflammation of the joint which subsided only very slowly. When gentianine was administered intraperitoneally at the dosage of 90 mg/kg 30 minutes prior to the egg-white,the swelling was less severe and disappeared in a shorter time than the control group.In bilateral adrenalectomized rats and in nor- mal rats anesthetized with pentobarbital,however,pretreatment with gentianine neither prevented the development of egg-white irritation“arthritis”nor speeded the recuperation from the inflammation.Obviously,gentianine affects egg-white ir- ritation“arthritis”in rats under conditions that their adrenals are intact.How- over,gentianine does not act on the adrenals per se;its action is mediated via the nervous and hypophyseal system.Gentianine acts on formalin irritation“arthritis” probably in a similar manner. Pretreatment of the animal with chloroquine,sodium salicylate,cortisone or an alcoholic extract of Gentiana macrophylla did not prevent the development of egg- white irritation“arthritis”.Nevertheless,the swelling of the ankle joint disappeared more rapidly.For formalin irritation“arthritis”,gentianine was more effective than sodium salicylate and as effective as chloroquine,cortisone and an alcoholic extract of Gentiana macrophylla.

从大鼠后足掌部向踝关节皮下注射蛋清0.1毫升,半小时后踝关节卽呈腫胀且消退很慢。如于注射蛋清前半小时腹腔注射秦艽甲90毫克/千克,則踝关节部腫胀程度较轻,且消退亦快。但在去除两侧腎上腺的大鼠及用戊巴此妥纳麻醉的正常大鼠,则预先注射秦艽甲并不能抑制蛋清性“关节炎”的产生,亦不促进其消退。可见秦艽甲对蛋清性“关节炎”的作用必须在动物两侧腎上腺保持完整时才能发生。但秦艽甲并非直接作用于腎上腺,而是通过神经系统的。秦艽甲对因注射甲醛而产生的“关节炎”的作用也是如此。预先注射氯喹、秦艽中性酒精浸剂、水杨酸鈉或考地松,虽不抑制蛋清性“关节炎”的产生,但都能加速关节部腫胀的消退。对因注射甲醛而产生的“关节炎”的治疗作用,秦艽鹼甲甲与氯喹、考地松及秦艽中性酒精浸剂相似,但较水杨酸钠略强。

The stem of Echinopanax elatum Nakai was used in Chinese folk medicine as an analgesic for the treatment of arthritis.In the present study, the toxicity of Echinopanax elatura Nakai for mice was found to be very low. When a 40% alcoholic extract was administered orally to mice at the dosage of 50 g/kg, no death was observed.Irritation arthritis produced in rats by subcutaneous injections of either formalin, egg white, or dextran to the ankle joint of the hind leg was employed for the test. When rats were given...

The stem of Echinopanax elatum Nakai was used in Chinese folk medicine as an analgesic for the treatment of arthritis.In the present study, the toxicity of Echinopanax elatura Nakai for mice was found to be very low. When a 40% alcoholic extract was administered orally to mice at the dosage of 50 g/kg, no death was observed.Irritation arthritis produced in rats by subcutaneous injections of either formalin, egg white, or dextran to the ankle joint of the hind leg was employed for the test. When rats were given alcoholic extract of Echinopanax elatum Nakai at the dosage of 10 g/kg by garage, the swelling of the hind paw was inhibited significantly, and subsided more rapidly. In addition, it was found that Echinopanax elaturn Nakai exerted an inhibiting effect on the cotton-pellet granuloma induced in rats.In contrast, in bilateral adrenalectomzed rats Echinopanax elatum Nakai could not prevent the development of the inflammation induced by dextran.Administration of Echinopanax elaturn Nakai 10 g/kg to rats by gay age caused marked depletion of adrenal ascorbic acid in intact rats. However, the adrenal ascorbic acid depleting effect of the compound disappeared in hypophysectomized rats. From these results, it would appear that Echinopanax elatum Nakai has a stimulatory action on the hypophyseal-adrenal system.

本文报告刺人参茎40%乙醇提取物,按10g/kg剂量给大鼠灌胃,能够明显地抑制其甲醛性、蛋白性、右旋醣酐性关节炎的产生,以及炎性肉芽肿的形成。然而,对切除肾上腺大鼠的右旋醣酐性关节炎则无作用。该剂量下,可使大鼠肾上腺内维生素C含量明显降低,当将大鼠垂体切除后,此作用不再复现。说明刺人参茎可兴奋垂体-肾上腺皮质的功能。

The specimens of polybranchiaspids described in this paper were collected in 1976-1977 from Qujing~(**) District and Zhaotong District, Yunnan by Yunnan Geological Team and the authors. Their description covers 3 new species and 2 new genera. Besides, one new family of Huananaspiformes is proposed.The most controversial is the anterior central median dorsal opening, previously interpreted as a mouth in polybranchiaspids (Liu,1965, 1973, 1975; P'an Wang & Liu, 1975; P'an & Wang, 1978; Cao, 1979). Now we suggest...

The specimens of polybranchiaspids described in this paper were collected in 1976-1977 from Qujing~(**) District and Zhaotong District, Yunnan by Yunnan Geological Team and the authors. Their description covers 3 new species and 2 new genera. Besides, one new family of Huananaspiformes is proposed.The most controversial is the anterior central median dorsal opening, previously interpreted as a mouth in polybranchiaspids (Liu,1965, 1973, 1975; P'an Wang & Liu, 1975; P'an & Wang, 1978; Cao, 1979). Now we suggest that the anterior central median dorsal opening housed a sensory organ concerned with olfaction (Halstead, Liu & P'an, 1979), It is very possibly a naso-hypophyseal opening (Janvier, 1974, 1977).On the inner surface of the dorsal carapace there is a very small round depression behind the anterior central median dorsal opening, which does not penetrate the armour. There is no real pineal opening.The middle layer of the exoskeleton is very similar to the "honey-comb" structure in heterostraci.In view of the fact that the polybranchiaspids are neither typical Cephalaspidomorphi nor true Pteraspidomorphi, the name Eugaleaspidomorphi is given to these forms.All the specimens described are deposited in the Museum of Geology, Beijing.SYSTEMATIC STUDY Order Huananaspiformes Janvier 1975 Family Sanchaspidae Pan et Wang (fam. nov.)Medium sized polybanchiaspids with very well developed mushroom-shaped rostral process. Cornua and inner lateral cornua very much developed.Genus Sanchaspis Pan et Wang (gen. nov.) Type species: Sanchaspis magalarostrata Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.). Sanchaspis magalarostrata Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.) (Text-figs. 1-2; Pl. Ⅰ fig. 1; Pl. Ⅱ, fig. 3)Medium sized Hunanaspiformes, dorsal shield fundamentally triangular in shape, with a maximum breadth of about 102 mm, breadth shorter than length. anterior dorsal median opening oval, situated dorsally. Interzonal part of shield short. Rostral process well developed, mushroom-shape. Cornua and inner lateral cornua very developed. Ventral rim comparatively broad, triangular in shape at the middle part of rim. External branchial openings arranged along median sides of ventral rim, each side 12 in number. System of dorsal sensory canals only known in dorsal shield, running on the under surface of exoskeleton; transversal branches of main dorsal lateral canal subdivided at the end, each main dorsal lateral canal with 5 lateral transversal canals, among which the last one is very short.This species is of moderate size for this order and the type gives the following dimensions:Length from rostrum (excluding rostral process) to tip of coruna. 79.0mmMaximum width (at posterior part of coruna) 102.0 mmLength in midline (including rostral process) 76.0 mmLocality and Horizon: Early Devonian, Xujiachong Member of Cuifengshan Formation; Sancha, Cuifengshan, Qujing District, Yunnan Province. Order incertae sidis Genus Qingmenaspis Pan et Wang (gen. nov.) Qingmenaspis microculus Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.) (Text-fig. 3; Pl. Ⅰ, fig. 3)Type species: Qingmenaspis microculus Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.).Dorsal shield similar to Huananaspis and Asiaspis, with very developed rostral process. Orbital and anterior median dorsal opening in dorsal center of shield, but the orbital opening very small and oval in shape, and nearest the latero-posterior margin of anterior median dorsal opening. Pineal area also very small, situated behind eyes. Prepineal length (excluding rostral process very long. Preserved length in midline about 29 mm. Maximum breadth (near middle of shield) about 42 mm.A pair peculiar unornamented area (or a pair opening) on the lateral side of dorsal shield look very much in our another fossil remains. by the position, like the "lateral fields" of Osteostraci or the "spiracle" of the Amphisapidiforms. But there were some large gill compartment lending to it. We would rather call it the "lateral dorsal opening", or it is provisionally interpreted as a "dorsal branchial opening", those openings are possible showing in present specimen too, but this material is a ventral side of dorsal shield and in that area filled sediments.Order Polybranchiaspiformes Liu 1965 Family Polybranchiaspidae Liu 1965 Genus Dongfangaspis Liu 1975 Dongfangaspis qujingensis Pan et Wang (sp. nov.) (Text-figs. 4-5; Pl. Ⅰ, fig. 2; Pl. Ⅱ, fig. Ⅰ)Midium sized Dongfangaspis, 120-130 mm in length, about 95-105 mm in breadth. Anterior median dorsal opening very large, Oval in shape, but the length shorter than the breadth. 4 transversal branches of main lateral canal. Supraorbital canal meeting the anterior marginal canal and infraorbital canal in front of orbital opening. Transversal branches of main lateral canal and anterior marginal canal subdivided at each end.Locality and Horizon: Early Devonian, Xishancun Member of Cuifengshan Pormation; Xishancun, Cuifengshan, Qujing District, Yunnan Province.

本文记述1976年在云南东部新发现的多鳃鱼类化石,计一新科、二新属、三新种。并进一步探讨了前中背孔、松果区、骨甲等的功能和特征。

 
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