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hypophyseal
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  垂体
    The microsurgical anatomy of the superior hypophyseal artery and its clinical significance
    垂体上动脉的显微外科解剖及其临床意义
短句来源
    Microanatomy of anterior superior hypophyseal artery and its significance in visual disturbance caused by pituitary adenomas
    垂体前上动脉显微解剖特点及其在垂体瘤致视功能障碍中的意义
短句来源
    The inferior hypophyseal artery presents in 96.67 卤 3.28%, the inferior cavernous sinus artery in 93.33 卤4.60%, the dorsal meningeal artery and the tentorial artery in 86.67 卤6.21% respectively.
    垂体下动脉的出现率为96.07±3.28%,海绵窦下动脉为93.33±4.60%,脑腊背动脉和小脑幕动脉均为86.67±6.21%。
短句来源
    The incidence of inferior cavernous sinus,hypophyseal capsular artery and ophthalmic artery was 95.8%,31.3% and 10.4% respectively.
    海绵窦下动脉出现率为 95 .8% ,垂体被囊动脉为 3 1.3 %。 另外眼动脉的出现率为 10 .4%。
短句来源
    Methods:The microsurgical anatomy of the superior hypophyseal artery was performed in 48 internal carotid arteries on 24 cranial specimens.
    方法:研究了24例颅脑48侧颈内动脉发出的垂体上动脉的显微外科解剖。
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  “hypophyseal”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Depth of the Sphenoid Sinus and the Measurement of Length between the Nose,the Pharynx and the Hypophyseal Fossa
    蝶窦深度以及鼻、咽与垂体窝间距的测量
短句来源
    ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC OBSERVATION OF NEUROSECRETORY FIBRES OF HYPOPHYSEAL NEURAL LOBES IN AGED RATS
    老年大鼠垂体神经叶分泌纤维的电镜观察
短句来源
    7% The diaphragmal opening was round in 60% of the cases, elliptical in 40%, and 5mm or greater broad in 80%. The mean thickness of the diaphragma sellae was 0. 22mm, 30% of which was no more than 0. lmm. Arachnoid extended into the hypophyseal fossa through the opening in 10% of the specimens.
    蝶窦开口至前颅底蝶平面的距离为:平均7.2±0.82mm 5.3~8.0mm:4.双侧颈内动脉距中线的距离 经前床突冠状切面内颈内动脉距中线的距离:5.8~7.4mm 6.5±1.4mm;
短句来源
    The results of the blank control test and test for antiserum to oxytocin (OT) indicated that the stain reaction occurred in the wall of the hypophyseal portal veins was specific for VP-immunoreaction.
    空白对照试验和抗催产素血清对照试验的结果表明; 门微静脉壁内的着色反应为特异性的血管加压系免疫反应。
短句来源
    Methods The somatostatin(SOM) cRNA probe and anti-vp antibody were used in same crystal sections from rat’s hypophyseal tissues (n=20), immunohistochemistry was performed following in the situ hybridization.
    方法用地高辛 (Dig)标记的生长抑素 (SOM)cRNA探针和抗多肽 (VP)抗体 ,在同一冰冻切片上标记大鼠的脑垂体组织 (n =2 0 ) ,先作原位杂交 ,后作免疫组化。
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  hypophyseal
Problems concerning when steroidogenesis begins, of the formation of the hypothalamic-hypophyseal-interrenal axis as a single hormone-competent ensemble, and of the development the stressed response in salmon juveniles are discussed.
      
This is a report on the stereotactic transorbital approach to the sella and the results obtained with hypophyseal implantations of 90Y.
      
The results obtained in the different types of hypophyseal adenomas as well as attempts of totally removing the pituitary gland in cases of gonadal cancer are reviewed.
      
Nonclassical secretory dynamics of LH revealed by hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal sampling of sheep
      
Continuous withdrawal of hypophyseal portal blood from unrestrained sheep has permitted detailed assessments of the pulsatile secretion of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
      
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The specimens of polybranchiaspids described in this paper were collected in 1976-1977 from Qujing~(**) District and Zhaotong District, Yunnan by Yunnan Geological Team and the authors. Their description covers 3 new species and 2 new genera. Besides, one new family of Huananaspiformes is proposed.The most controversial is the anterior central median dorsal opening, previously interpreted as a mouth in polybranchiaspids (Liu,1965, 1973, 1975; P'an Wang & Liu, 1975; P'an & Wang, 1978; Cao, 1979). Now we suggest...

The specimens of polybranchiaspids described in this paper were collected in 1976-1977 from Qujing~(**) District and Zhaotong District, Yunnan by Yunnan Geological Team and the authors. Their description covers 3 new species and 2 new genera. Besides, one new family of Huananaspiformes is proposed.The most controversial is the anterior central median dorsal opening, previously interpreted as a mouth in polybranchiaspids (Liu,1965, 1973, 1975; P'an Wang & Liu, 1975; P'an & Wang, 1978; Cao, 1979). Now we suggest that the anterior central median dorsal opening housed a sensory organ concerned with olfaction (Halstead, Liu & P'an, 1979), It is very possibly a naso-hypophyseal opening (Janvier, 1974, 1977).On the inner surface of the dorsal carapace there is a very small round depression behind the anterior central median dorsal opening, which does not penetrate the armour. There is no real pineal opening.The middle layer of the exoskeleton is very similar to the "honey-comb" structure in heterostraci.In view of the fact that the polybranchiaspids are neither typical Cephalaspidomorphi nor true Pteraspidomorphi, the name Eugaleaspidomorphi is given to these forms.All the specimens described are deposited in the Museum of Geology, Beijing.SYSTEMATIC STUDY Order Huananaspiformes Janvier 1975 Family Sanchaspidae Pan et Wang (fam. nov.)Medium sized polybanchiaspids with very well developed mushroom-shaped rostral process. Cornua and inner lateral cornua very much developed.Genus Sanchaspis Pan et Wang (gen. nov.) Type species: Sanchaspis magalarostrata Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.). Sanchaspis magalarostrata Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.) (Text-figs. 1-2; Pl. Ⅰ fig. 1; Pl. Ⅱ, fig. 3)Medium sized Hunanaspiformes, dorsal shield fundamentally triangular in shape, with a maximum breadth of about 102 mm, breadth shorter than length. anterior dorsal median opening oval, situated dorsally. Interzonal part of shield short. Rostral process well developed, mushroom-shape. Cornua and inner lateral cornua very developed. Ventral rim comparatively broad, triangular in shape at the middle part of rim. External branchial openings arranged along median sides of ventral rim, each side 12 in number. System of dorsal sensory canals only known in dorsal shield, running on the under surface of exoskeleton; transversal branches of main dorsal lateral canal subdivided at the end, each main dorsal lateral canal with 5 lateral transversal canals, among which the last one is very short.This species is of moderate size for this order and the type gives the following dimensions:Length from rostrum (excluding rostral process) to tip of coruna. 79.0mmMaximum width (at posterior part of coruna) 102.0 mmLength in midline (including rostral process) 76.0 mmLocality and Horizon: Early Devonian, Xujiachong Member of Cuifengshan Formation; Sancha, Cuifengshan, Qujing District, Yunnan Province. Order incertae sidis Genus Qingmenaspis Pan et Wang (gen. nov.) Qingmenaspis microculus Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.) (Text-fig. 3; Pl. Ⅰ, fig. 3)Type species: Qingmenaspis microculus Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.).Dorsal shield similar to Huananaspis and Asiaspis, with very developed rostral process. Orbital and anterior median dorsal opening in dorsal center of shield, but the orbital opening very small and oval in shape, and nearest the latero-posterior margin of anterior median dorsal opening. Pineal area also very small, situated behind eyes. Prepineal length (excluding rostral process very long. Preserved length in midline about 29 mm. Maximum breadth (near middle of shield) about 42 mm.A pair peculiar unornamented area (or a pair opening) on the lateral side of dorsal shield look very much in our another fossil remains. by the position, like the "lateral fields" of Osteostraci or the "spiracle" of the Amphisapidiforms. But there were some large gill compartment lending to it. We would rather call it the "lateral dorsal opening", or it is provisionally interpreted as a "dorsal branchial opening", those openings are possible showing in present specimen too, but this material is a ventral side of dorsal shield and in that area filled sediments.Order Polybranchiaspiformes Liu 1965 Family Polybranchiaspidae Liu 1965 Genus Dongfangaspis Liu 1975 Dongfangaspis qujingensis Pan et Wang (sp. nov.) (Text-figs. 4-5; Pl. Ⅰ, fig. 2; Pl. Ⅱ, fig. Ⅰ)Midium sized Dongfangaspis, 120-130 mm in length, about 95-105 mm in breadth. Anterior median dorsal opening very large, Oval in shape, but the length shorter than the breadth. 4 transversal branches of main lateral canal. Supraorbital canal meeting the anterior marginal canal and infraorbital canal in front of orbital opening. Transversal branches of main lateral canal and anterior marginal canal subdivided at each end.Locality and Horizon: Early Devonian, Xishancun Member of Cuifengshan Pormation; Xishancun, Cuifengshan, Qujing District, Yunnan Province.

本文记述1976年在云南东部新发现的多鳃鱼类化石,计一新科、二新属、三新种。并进一步探讨了前中背孔、松果区、骨甲等的功能和特征。

In order to provide reference material for clinic practice,the depth of the sphenoid sinus and the distance between the nose,the pharynx and the floor of the hypophy■ssa were ■served and measured in 55 cases(30 adults,25 child■。The results are as follows:1.The development of the sphenoid sinus:In 30 cases of adults the sphenoid sinuses developed very well.Their anterior walls extended forward to the base of the small wings of the sphenoid.Among them the posterior wall extended back-ward to the anterior margin...

In order to provide reference material for clinic practice,the depth of the sphenoid sinus and the distance between the nose,the pharynx and the floor of the hypophy■ssa were ■served and measured in 55 cases(30 adults,25 child■。The results are as follows:1.The development of the sphenoid sinus:In 30 cases of adults the sphenoid sinuses developed very well.Their anterior walls extended forward to the base of the small wings of the sphenoid.Among them the posterior wall extended back-ward to the anterior margin of the hypophyseal fosse in 4 cases(13.33%),to the middle of the hypophyseal fossa in 11 cases(36.67%)and to the base of the occipital in 15 cases(50%)。In 25 cases of children,most of them did not develop,Only in 5 cases(20%)there were cavities of the sphenoid sinus.2.The length between the anterior margin of the sphenoid sinus and floor of the hypophyseal fossa was 10-24mm,averaging 18.6mm in adults,and 9.5-18mm in children,averaging 14.43mm.3.The length between the roof of the pharynx with mucous membrane and the floor of the hypophyseal fosse was 18-35mm.averaging 23.48mm,in adults;and16-25mm in children,averaging 19.40mm.4.The length between,the roof of the pharynx without mucous membrane and the floor of the hypophyseal fossa was 13-25.5mm in adults averaging 18.38mm,and 11-18。5mm in children,averaging 13.34mm.This report provides a basic imformation for operations passing through the nose and the pharynx to the hypophyseal fosse.

观察和测量了55例标本的蝶窦深度及鼻、咽与垂体窝间距,所得的资料丰富了国人有关方面的解剖数据,对临床手术也有一定的意义。

Using antisera generated in rabbit against atriopeptide Ⅲ(α-ANF 5-28) and immunohistochemical ABC technique, the distribution of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) was observed in the rat brain. The results showed that a widespread distribution of ANF is present in the brain. The most dense localization of ANF positive perikarya was found in medial preoptic-anteroventral third ventricle and a high concentration of immunoreactive varicose fibers were seen in the paraventricular of hypothalamic nucleus, bed nucleus...

Using antisera generated in rabbit against atriopeptide Ⅲ(α-ANF 5-28) and immunohistochemical ABC technique, the distribution of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) was observed in the rat brain. The results showed that a widespread distribution of ANF is present in the brain. The most dense localization of ANF positive perikarya was found in medial preoptic-anteroventral third ventricle and a high concentration of immunoreactive varicose fibers were seen in the paraventricular of hypothalamic nucleus, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and organum vasculosum laminae terminalis. These findings allow the tentative speculation that ANF could be involved in the central regulation of water and electrolyte balance and that ANF might also be involved in a role of regulation in the neuroendocrine hypothalamo-hypophyseal system.

本文用兔抗心钠素Ⅲ特异血清,用ABC法观察了大鼠脑内心钠素的分布。结果表明心钠素在脑内广泛存在。密集的心钠素免疫反应阳性神经元,主要见于下丘脑视前区、室周核及下丘脑前核等处。密集的心钠素免疫反应阳性纤维布于下丘脑室旁核,终纹床核及终板血管器官等处。心钠素在脑内的分布状态提示心纳素可能具有中枢性调节水电解质平衡及心、血管的功能,此外,亦可能参与下丘脑—垂体系神经内分泌调节的作用。

 
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