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defect
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  缺损
    Studies on preparation of calcium alginate column and its combination with chondrocytes for articular cartilage defect repair
    藻酸钙载体制备及复合软骨细胞修复关节软骨缺损的研究
短句来源
    The Primary Research on Repair of Long Bone Defect Using Constructed pDsVEGF_(165)Red1-N1, pIRES2-BMP_2-EGFP Eukaryotic Expressive Plasmids
    pDsVEGF_(165)Red1-N1、pIRES2-BMP_2-EGFP表达质粒的构建及其促进兔大段骨缺损修复作用的初步研究
短句来源
    Utilization of VEGF Gene Modified Tissue Engineering Bone in Promoting the Healing of Rabbit Bone Defect
    VEGF基因修饰组织工程骨促进兔大段骨缺损修复的实验研究
短句来源
    The Study and Related Research of Repairing Articular Cartilage Defect in Rabbits with Tissue Engineering Cartilage
    组织工程化软骨修复兔关节软骨缺损及其相关研究
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    Experimental Study of the Treatment of Peripheral Nerve Injury or Defect by End-to-side Neurorrhaphy
    神经架桥端侧吻合治疗周围神经损伤及缺损的实验研究
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  缺损的
    Studies on preparation of calcium alginate column and its combination with chondrocytes for articular cartilage defect repair
    藻酸钙载体制备及复合软骨细胞修复关节软骨缺损的研究
短句来源
    Experimental Study of the Treatment of Peripheral Nerve Injury or Defect by End-to-side Neurorrhaphy
    神经架桥端侧吻合治疗周围神经损伤及缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    Experimental Study on the Biological Capability of the Nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide66 Composite and Repairing Bone Defect with the Porous Composite
    纳米羟基磷灰石/聚酰胺66的生物学性能及修复骨缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    Experimental Study of Calvarial Defect Reconstruction by Transport Distraction Osteogenesis
    输送盘牵张成骨术修复颅骨缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    The Experimental Research of Goat Tibia Defect Repaired with Marrow Stromal Cells and Bio-derived Bone
    骨髓基质干细胞与生物衍生骨复合修复山羊胫骨缺损的实验研究
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  “defect”译为未确定词的双语例句
    THE LATISSIMUS DORSI MYOCUTANEOUS FLAP FOR REPAIRING DEFECT OF SOFT TISSUE AFTER RESECTING TUMOR
    游离背阔肌皮瓣修复四肢肿瘤切除后创面
短句来源
    Surgical Treatment of Partial Atrioventricular Canal Defect——Clinical Analysis of 30 Cases
    部分性房室管畸形的外科治疗(30例临床分析)
短句来源
    An Experimental Study of Mucosal Flaps in Repairing Large Defect of Dogs' Tracheal Mucosa
    粘膜瓣防止气管瘢痕狭窄的实验研究
短句来源
    Surgical Treatment of 16 Cases with Complete Atrioveutricular Canal Defect(CAVCD) in Children
    儿童完全性房室通道外科治疗16例
短句来源
    Application of the thoraco-umbilical flap in emergent repair of large defect of limbs
    胸脐皮瓣在四肢巨大创面急诊修复中的应用
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  defect
The modeling of defect outlines that exhibit a great variety of defect shapes is usually modeled as a circle, which causes the errors of critical area estimation.
      
The defect of samples can be judged by wavelet analysis, which is superior because it is a nondestructive test.
      
Fracture is a common defect in sheet metal forming and it is essentially caused by tensile instability.
      
Results show that the characteristics of the zero line should be considered when the metal magnetic memory testing method is used to find and locate the defect.
      
This peak is attributed to the defect-induced vibrational mode.
      
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Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization...

Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization was repeated 6 weeks after surgical repair of an interauricular septal defect or valvotomy of a stenotic pulmonic valve. In this paper the entire procedure of catheterization has been described in detail, particuhrly with regard to some technics of manipulation of the catheter in order to let it get through the tricuspid and pulmonic orifice, and to wedge it into the "pulmonary capillary". Indications, contraindications, complications and results of catheterization in our cases have been dicussed. Among the complications, cardiac arrhythmia was the most common but it was seldom serious. Electrocardiographic observation during the procedure showed that premature beats especially of ventricular origin occured nearly in every case. Two patients developed pulmonary edema shortly after catheterization. One of them survived, while the other unfortunately died in spite of energetic treatment. Both were cases of mitral stenosis with marked pulmonary hypertension. In the entire series of 112 cases, catheterization helped us to establish the diagnosis in 107 of them, among which 68 patients were operated upon after catheterization, and in 66 of them the preoperative diagnoses proved to be correct. According to the material presented, right heart catheterization appears to be a comparatively safe and useful procedure in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases.

一、本文分析报告112例住院心脏病病人,120次右心导管檢查的結果。二、本组病例檢查的指征主要是对先天性心脏病及二尖瓣病的診断和外科治疗的选擇。三、对檢查方法加以描述,对影响檢查成敗的因素加以討論。四、分析檢查的結果,认为右心导管檢查对上述心脏病的診断有重大的价值,而危險性不大,但檢查时仍应提高警惕,掌握禁忌証并注意安全防止严重并发症的发生。

The application of microsurgical technique to perform free skin flaptransfer is a new effective method to reconstruct deep soft tissue defects.Since December 1978, we have reconstructed scar contracture of hand andforearm with free dorsalis pedis flap transfer in 6 cases. It thisseries, 4 cases were successful, 1 partially successful, and 1 failed. The design of free dorsalis pedis flap must contain the dorsalis pedisartery, dorsal cutaneous venous arch and great saphenous vein. The flapis thin and pliable....

The application of microsurgical technique to perform free skin flaptransfer is a new effective method to reconstruct deep soft tissue defects.Since December 1978, we have reconstructed scar contracture of hand andforearm with free dorsalis pedis flap transfer in 6 cases. It thisseries, 4 cases were successful, 1 partially successful, and 1 failed. The design of free dorsalis pedis flap must contain the dorsalis pedisartery, dorsal cutaneous venous arch and great saphenous vein. The flapis thin and pliable. There is little fat on the flap, which is less susceptibleto infection. The flap is a long vascular pedicle and the external diameterof the vessels is more than 2 mm, rendering vascular anastomosis easier.The dissection of the flap must be accomplished beneath the deep fasicaand the technique of microvascular anastomosis must be carried outaccurately.

本文报导6例应用显微外科技术进行带血管的足背游离皮瓣移植,修复手与前臂疤痕挛缩,其中4例成功,1例部分成功,1例失败。文中对皮瓣移植成功的经验与失败原因作了分析探讨。

An artificial tendon of high mechanical efficiency with silicone, silk and Dacron was designed and made for replacement of injured tendon. Since April 1978, the artificial tendon was used clinically in 28 cases, totalling 36 tendon replacements. Of these, 18 cases with 24 tendon replacements had been followed up for a period of more than 12 months. The implants were proved to be inert and they anastomosed with the ends of severed tendons firmly. New tissues were grown into the core of the prosthesis and the...

An artificial tendon of high mechanical efficiency with silicone, silk and Dacron was designed and made for replacement of injured tendon. Since April 1978, the artificial tendon was used clinically in 28 cases, totalling 36 tendon replacements. Of these, 18 cases with 24 tendon replacements had been followed up for a period of more than 12 months. The implants were proved to be inert and they anastomosed with the ends of severed tendons firmly. New tissues were grown into the core of the prosthesis and the whole prosthesis was then ensheathed by a semitransparent membrane. This membranous sheath insured the prosthesis to slide freely while functioning. Adhesions were much less than in ordinary tendon graft. This prosthesis could perform normal function and could be implanted in the body tissue permanently without any ill-effect. Among the 18 cases, there were 12 cases of multiple injuries, extensive adhesions, ischemic contractures or contractures of the joints. The tendon replacement failed in two cases (2 tendons) on account of infection. The other 16 cases (22 tendons)were followed up for 12~22 months (average 17 months), and all wounds healed up well. 12 cases (18 tendons) showed excellent or good functional restoration. The artificial tendons could be stored in stock after conventional sterilization in autoclave. This prosthesis is deemed valuable especially in the management of cases of multiple tendon defects or extensive adhesion.

本文报道以硅橡胶、桑蚕丝和涤纶为材料制成人工肌腱,用以修复28个病例的36根肌腱。对其中术后1年以上的18例24根肌腱进行了随访,近期效果比较满意。人工肌腱能与受体肌腱牢固接合,不易发生粘连,可渐被一半透明膜所包裹而在膜下自如滑动,纤维组织能逐渐长入腱芯,是一种异物反应少而滑动机能好的永久性肌腱替代物。在多发肌腱缺损或粘连广泛的病例中尤为实用。

 
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