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vocabulary
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  “vocabulary”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Research on Controlled Vocabulary in the Web Information Service
     Web信息服务中受控语言研究
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     A Brief Account of the Development and Changes of Modern English Vocabulary
     略谈现代英语词汇的发展和变化
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     The Learning and Teaching Theories of Foreign Language Vocabulary
     外语词汇的学习理论与教学理论
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     Speaker-dependent Medium Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition Based on HMM and VQ
     基于HMM/VQ的认人的中等词表连续语音识别
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     A real-time speaker-dependent syllable recognition system of the complete vocabulary of Chinese
     汉语孤立字全音节实时识别系统
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     On Vocabulary Acquisition
     也谈词汇习得
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     Vocabulary Teaching
     英语词汇的教学
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  vocabulary
A supplemented-vocabulary method for speech recognition
      
The possibility of enhancing speech-recognition efficiency by using the supplemented-vocabulary method is studied.
      
The minimum-information-mismatch criterion is proposed for selecting one; two; or, in a general case, several realizations of recognition words to be added to a working vocabulary.
      
By use a particular practical example, it is shown that the positive effect achieved does not substantially weight the vocabulary and enhance the computational complexity.
      
(iii) A system of the ordered reference sets (vocabulary) that generate the recognized sequences is determined.
      
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In this paper a universal real-time speech recognition system-RTSRS(01) is described. On the basis of the previous work[1], the parameters of a spoken command are normalized in the time domain. Using the binary spectrum[2,3] as the final recognition parameters, which can largely reduce the amount of memory necessary for each reference command, and adapting a new method for calculating the separation between two spoken commands to be compared, it is possible to make the system RTSRS(01) capable of identifying...

In this paper a universal real-time speech recognition system-RTSRS(01) is described. On the basis of the previous work[1], the parameters of a spoken command are normalized in the time domain. Using the binary spectrum[2,3] as the final recognition parameters, which can largely reduce the amount of memory necessary for each reference command, and adapting a new method for calculating the separation between two spoken commands to be compared, it is possible to make the system RTSRS(01) capable of identifying single entities in a vocabulary of 200 items in real-time. The results of recognition for a specific speaker are as follows: 10 spoken Chinese digits-99.7%; 20 sentences (7 syllables for each)-99.7%; 100 phrases (4 syllables for each)-99.5%; 150 phrases (4 syllables for each)-99.3%; 200 phrases (4 syllables for each)-98.8%; 400 phrases (4 syllables for each)-97.7%. It has been shown by informal experiments that the system RTSRS(01) can be used to identify the vocabularies which include items with different numbes of syllables; furthermore, for the first 20 English digits and the names of BASIC statements, the correct recognition rate is also high.

本文描述一个通用实时语言识别系统——RTSRS(01)。在以前工作的基础上,每条口呼命令的参数在时间域上规正,采用二值频谱,大大压缩了参考音的参数存贮量,同时应用新的求差距的办法,使得识别所需的时间大为缩短,以致字表为200时能实时识别。专人的识别结果为:口呼数字,99.7%;20句话(每句7字),99.7%;四字成语100个,99.5%;四字成语150个,99.3%;四字成语200个,98.8%;四字成语400个,99.7%。非正式的实验表明,对于不同音节数的字表,乃至口呼英语数字或BASIC语句名字等,都有高的正确识别率。

In this article“architectural design”,the course of“fundamentals of architecture” are discussed.The author describes his point of view on the conception,the contents and the language or vocabulary of architectural design,and particularly,the design process as well.

本文针对《建筑设计基础》课,就什么是建筑,什么是建筑设计进行了阐述。特别是关于建筑设计的过程,建筑设计的思维特点,建筑设计的内容、建筑设计的语言等发表了一些看法,以期引起建筑界对这些问题的重视和探讨。

The paper reports on a simulation system which can synthesize unlimited Chinese vocabulary using diphones as sound elements according to the principle of formant vocoder. A spelt Chinese text can directly be used as its input without special transcription for pronunciation and its sound output is standard Chinese speech (manderin). A general method for synthetic speech, such as the processing method of excite source (voiced, unvoiced) and the terminal analog of vocal system, has been introduced in the...

The paper reports on a simulation system which can synthesize unlimited Chinese vocabulary using diphones as sound elements according to the principle of formant vocoder. A spelt Chinese text can directly be used as its input without special transcription for pronunciation and its sound output is standard Chinese speech (manderin). A general method for synthetic speech, such as the processing method of excite source (voiced, unvoiced) and the terminal analog of vocal system, has been introduced in the paper. A proximat method of 4 tones for Chinese words and a segment library made of about 640 diphones for synthesis of unlimited Chinese vocabulary have been also discripted according to some features of Chinese language, for example, there are a lot of homophones, the assimilation of some phonemes, the function of recognizing different meaning from different pitch contour in chinese language, and so on.

本文介绍一个采用双音素为声元素,在频率域上合成无限汉语词汇的模拟系统。它具有如下特点: 1)可以直接从键盘输入汉语拼音文字,不需要特别的正音转写过程; 2)韵律(包活音长、幅度、语调和停顿)的控制十分方便,尤其是可以根据每个汉字发音的长短,能自动地控制汉语的语调轮廓; 3)使用七个并联的“时变数字滤波器”作为声道系统的“终端模拟”。在数字滤波过程中,对于浊音,直接计算声道的脉冲响应;对于清音,一个调制过程代替了滤波过程; 4)由于利用事先制好的数据表,使合成的时间缩短。 曾利用该模拟系统合成了一篇约400个汉字的实验短文,并在10个中国人当中听写测验,初步结果表明,平均句子可懂度为90%,最高可达97%。

 
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