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malocclusion
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  malocclusion
Adolescents with commonly occurring forms of malocclusion often are presumed to be at risk for negative self-esteem and social maladjustment.
      
Eight patients with moderate malocclusion were selected.
      
This study demonstrates that the masseteric silent period may be used as a diagnostic and prognostic support, before and after surgery for malocclusion.
      
The electrophysiological changes generated by malocclusion secondary to prognatism have been evaluated before and after maxillofacial corrective surgery in 14 patients aged between 18 and 36 years.
      
Malfunctions of the otolaryngeal system such as otitis media, upper respiratory obstruction, deafness, speech delay, and malocclusion are interrelated and can also lead to disabilities in communication and learning.
      
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Objective:To investigate the influential factors to the motivation of orthodontic treatment in Chinese adolescent.Method:150 boys and 150 girls(age 1113 years old) and their parents were asked about their opinions of orthodontic treatment in separate questionaires. Cast models for the adolescent were studies and the treatment priority indexe(TPI) were obtained.Results:1. The need of orthodontic treatment was significantly correlated with both the adolescent's recognization level and the feedback from others;...

Objective:To investigate the influential factors to the motivation of orthodontic treatment in Chinese adolescent.Method:150 boys and 150 girls(age 1113 years old) and their parents were asked about their opinions of orthodontic treatment in separate questionaires. Cast models for the adolescent were studies and the treatment priority indexe(TPI) were obtained.Results:1. The need of orthodontic treatment was significantly correlated with both the adolescent's recognization level and the feedback from others; 2. The gender, parent's opinions and the degree of malocclusion influenced the need of orthodondic treatment in the adolescent.Conclusion: Psychosocial factors and the degree of malocclusion play an important role in the adolescent's motivation of orthodontic treatment.

目的:研究各种主、客观因素对青少年产生正畸治疗需求动机的影响。方法:随机抽取11岁~13岁青少年300名(男女各半),做问卷调查,测量研究模型,获得被测试的治疗优先指数(treatmentpriorityindex,TPI)等级。结果:1.青少年的认知水平和对外界反馈的认知均与治疗需求显著相关;2.性别因素、家长因素及客观畸形程度都对治疗需求产生影响。结论:青少年正畸治疗需求动机的产生受社会心理因素及客观畸形程度的影响

Objective:To study the psychotherapy methods for the patients with anxiety for their malocclusion.Methods:A total of 19 male patients aged 18~24 years old with minimal or moderate malocclusion but with selfperception of severe malocclusion and anxiety for their occlusal conditions were invoved in this study. The patients were investigated and treated psychologically and orthodontically.Results:Dramatic improvement of the psychological condition was observed in 17 patients following the treatment;...

Objective:To study the psychotherapy methods for the patients with anxiety for their malocclusion.Methods:A total of 19 male patients aged 18~24 years old with minimal or moderate malocclusion but with selfperception of severe malocclusion and anxiety for their occlusal conditions were invoved in this study. The patients were investigated and treated psychologically and orthodontically.Results:Dramatic improvement of the psychological condition was observed in 17 patients following the treatment; followup was lost in.Conclusion: Psychotherapy is feasible and valid for the patients with malocclusion. It should be applied with orthodontic treatment. Empathy and encourage from the dentists and comprehesive understanding of the occlusal condition and confidence from the patients are important for the psychological improvement.

目的:分析对错牙合焦虑伴忧郁患者的发病机理,探讨有效的治疗手段。方法:19例18~24岁男性患者,错牙合畸形轻,而自认为错牙合严重,长期焦虑伴忧郁。采用心理治疗结合正畸治疗。结果:17例患者焦虑,忧郁明显改善,2例失访。结论:正畸配合合适的心理治疗是可行的。医生对患者的共情和鼓励以及患者的信任和对咬合的全面了解对心理改善是重要的

Objective: To study the morphological characteristics of the cranio facial hard tissue in the patients with malocclusion.Methods:Lateral and posteroanterior cephalograms were tahen respectively with a X roentgenograph in 38 cases with Class Ⅱ,Division I occlusion and in 85 of normal controls.Three dimentional morphologics of cranio facial hard tissues were reconstructed and the correlated parameters were measured by computer.Results:Comparing the measurements in normal controls, the patients with Class...

Objective: To study the morphological characteristics of the cranio facial hard tissue in the patients with malocclusion.Methods:Lateral and posteroanterior cephalograms were tahen respectively with a X roentgenograph in 38 cases with Class Ⅱ,Division I occlusion and in 85 of normal controls.Three dimentional morphologics of cranio facial hard tissues were reconstructed and the correlated parameters were measured by computer.Results:Comparing the measurements in normal controls, the patients with Class Ⅱ,Division I occlusion showed protrusion in maxilla,retrusion in mandible and chin,increasing in overjet of incisors,narrowing in both upper and lower dentoalveola,decreasing in lower anterior facial height and increasing in over bite of incisors.Conclusion:The changes of cranio facial morphology with malocclusion take place in three dimentions.

目的:进行颅面部硬组织三维形态测量分析研究。方法:采用1台X线摄影机分别拍摄出相互垂直的正、侧位头影片。运用计算机X线头影测量系统,自动重构、测量了颅面硬组织的立体形态。结果:观察到,安氏Ⅱ类一分类组与正常牙合组比较,前者具有①上颌前突、下颌后缩,上下中切牙覆盖明显增大;②上下牙弓均狭窄;③下面高减小,前牙深覆牙合。结论:错牙合的颅面形态改变也应是三维的。

 
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