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retaliation
相关语句
  报复
    Remarkable Amending of DSU Retaliation System and the Corresponding Strategy of Our Country
    DSU报复制度的显著改进及我国的应对策略
短句来源
    On the Retaliation Mechanism in the WTO Dispute Settlement System
    论WTO争端解决机制中的报复机制
短句来源
    On Trade Retaliation Measures of GATT/WTO
    GATT/WTO贸易报复措施研究
短句来源
    On the other hand, the installation of retaliation, especially the introduction of cross-retaliation, to a great extent, strengthens WTO regular coercive enforcement.
    同时,DSU报复机制之设置,尤其是交叉报复(cross-retaliation)机制的引入,在很大程度上增强了WTO规范的强制执行力度。
短句来源
    Chapter 3 discusses some defects of WTO trade retaliation measures, introduces some improvement suggestions proposed by some WTO members and analyzes their feasibility;
    第三章WTO贸易报复措施的缺陷及其完善部分是本文的重点,笔者在这一章分析了WTO贸易报复措施的缺陷,介绍了一些WTO成员国关于完善WTO体制下贸易报复制度的建议并对这些建议的可行性进行了分析;
短句来源
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  报复机制
    On the Retaliation Mechanism in the WTO Dispute Settlement System
    论WTO争端解决机制中的报复机制
短句来源
    On the other hand, the installation of retaliation, especially the introduction of cross-retaliation, to a great extent, strengthens WTO regular coercive enforcement.
    同时,DSU报复机制之设置,尤其是交叉报复(cross-retaliation)机制的引入,在很大程度上增强了WTO规范的强制执行力度。
短句来源
    In the importing state, the domestic trade protectionists group is wild about driving safeguard measures. But this driving can be restrained by international law formed under reciprocal arrangement, especially the compensation and retaliation system of safeguards.
    在进口国内,保障措施容易受到本国的贸易保护利益集团的驱动,而在互惠安排下形成的国际法制度可以抑制这种驱动,尤其是保障措施的补偿和报复机制
短句来源
    Based on the traditional theory on retaliation mechanism, this article, by positivism and analysis, make a thorough study on the rules of DSU retaliation, including enforcement range, terms, and principles etc.
    本文基于对传统报复制度理论的探讨,运用实证分析的手段,对于DSU之下报复施用规则,包括施用范围、条件、水平、原则、方式加以详尽阐述,进而提出并论证了,DSU相较于GATT1947,其报复机制之目标功能所发生的重大转变。
短句来源
    In consideration of the retaliation mechanism theory and its great practical meaning, it is necessary to make a thorough and deep-going study into it.
    鉴于报复机制的理论与实践价值,对此加以深入研究无疑具有重大意义。
短句来源
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  “retaliation”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Unlike the GATT, the SPS Agreement and the WTO combine to provide prescriptive set of rules, a binding dispute resolution system, and provisions for retaliation.
    各国为保护本国公共健康常常制定一些严格的食品和动植物产品进口的检疫规则和程序——卫生与植物卫生措施(SPS措施)。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
    On the Retaliation Mechanism in the WTO Dispute Settlement System
    论WTO争端解决机制中的报复机制
短句来源
    On Trade Retaliation Measures of GATT/WTO
    GATT/WTO贸易报复措施研究
短句来源
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  retaliation
Previous research identifies possible explanations for this gap, including preferences for collective action, political considerations, fears of employer retaliation, and concerns about job security.
      
The expiration occurred largely because of the emergence of new interests: industries whose exports were threatened by possible European Community retaliation and those concerned about international property rights issues.
      
This leads to frustration which, in turn, may trigger attempts at retaliation.
      
The extent to which gender role masculinity is related to degree of women's angry retaliation was investigated.
      
These findings suggest the importance of situational factors in determining children's sex-stereotyped expectations for aggressive retaliation.
      
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A few of regulations about safeguard measure have been carried out by China since 1994. By analysing these regulations with WTO's safeguard measure, we find some differences in main notions, requirement and constrains of enforcing safeguard measures, content of notifing, compensation and retaliation and so on, and give some suggestions.

通过比较分析,指出自1994年以来我国颁布的一系列有关保障措施的法律、法规与WTO保障措施在主要名词定义、实施保障措施的前提条件和约束条件、通知的内容、补偿和报复等方面还存在一定差距,并在此基础上提出相关建议。

Recently other WTO members have frequently launched special safeguard enforcement to China, which has become one of the new factors causing the international trade fiction. Special safeguard clauses is a discriminatory rule special for China, which is made up of Section 16 of Protocol on the Accession of the People's Republic of China and no.245~250 of Report of the working party on the Accession of China. This essay focuses on its conditions of enforcement, procedure, retaliation and other law problems...

Recently other WTO members have frequently launched special safeguard enforcement to China, which has become one of the new factors causing the international trade fiction. Special safeguard clauses is a discriminatory rule special for China, which is made up of Section 16 of Protocol on the Accession of the People's Republic of China and no.245~250 of Report of the working party on the Accession of China. This essay focuses on its conditions of enforcement, procedure, retaliation and other law problems in order to deal with the practice.

]近来 ,一些 WTO成员纷纷针对我国采取特保措施 ,这已成为中国加入世界贸易组织后贸易磨擦增加的新问题。特保措施依据的“特保条款”是专门针对我国产品的歧视性条款 ,规定在《中华人民共和国加入议定书》第 1 6条和《入世工作组报告》的有关部分。本文结合 WTO《保障措施协定》关于一般保障措施的规定 ,就特保条款的实施条件、程序事项、报复机制等主要法律问题予以关注 ,旨在正确认识该条款并有效应对现实问题

Non-discrimination,transparency and liberalization are deemed the fundamental principles of WTO laws both at home and abroad.However,scholars have controversies over the scope and application of the principles of WTO laws.One of the most heated controversies is whether "proportionality" introduce by European continental scholars is within the principles of WTO laws,to which the U.S.government and scholars generally say no.Few Chinese scholars have studied this problem related to the essential doctrines of international...

Non-discrimination,transparency and liberalization are deemed the fundamental principles of WTO laws both at home and abroad.However,scholars have controversies over the scope and application of the principles of WTO laws.One of the most heated controversies is whether "proportionality" introduce by European continental scholars is within the principles of WTO laws,to which the U.S.government and scholars generally say no.Few Chinese scholars have studied this problem related to the essential doctrines of international law.By studying the provisions concerning proportionality in WTO laws and analyzing how the DSB applies the provisions,one can discover the unquestionable existence of proportionality in WTO legal texts.It can play an important role in balancing different policy objectives,lowering trade barriers and restraining trade retaliation.Furthermore,as an instrumental principle,it functions more than other principles.In this authors opinion,proportionality should become a fundamental principle of WTO laws that disciplines member states and guides the evolution of WTO law.

虽然国内外学者公认非歧视、透明度及自由化原则是WTO法的基本原则,但对WTO法基本原则的范围及其适用并没有达成一致,而这其中一个最大的争议就是欧洲大陆学者所主张的比例原则是否是WTO法的原则。美国政府及学者对此一般都持反对态度。中国学者研究这一涉及国际法基本理论问题的人还比较少,通过寻找WTO法律文本中体现比例原则的规定和WTO争端解决机构裁决中对这些规定的应用和分析,证明比例原则在WTO法中确实存在,它不但可以在平衡不同的政策目标,削减贸易壁垒及限制贸易报复水平方面起重要作用,而且作为一个工具性原则能起到其它原则起不到的作用。比例原则应该成为约束成员方政府行为及指导WTO法发展的基本原则。

 
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