助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   era 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.21秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
图书情报与数字图书馆
新闻与传媒
出版
人才学与劳动科学
戏剧电影与电视艺术
档案及博物馆
中国文学
史学理论
中国共产党
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

era
    很抱歉,暂未找到该词条的译词。
相关语句
  “era”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Structure and Function of E.coli Era and Its Interactional Protein
     E.coli Era及其相互作用蛋白的结构与功能研究
短句来源
     The Function Research of Human and Mouse era Gene
     人和鼠era基因的功能研究
短句来源
     Sedimentary Characteristics of the Yanqi Prototype Basin in Mesozoic Era and the Determination of the Basin Boundaries
     焉耆中生代原型盆地沉积特征与盆地边界的确定
短句来源
     Study on Agricultural Mechanization Development of Shanxi Province in the New Era
     新时期山西省农机化发展研究
短句来源
     Study on the Function of Mammalian era in Cell Cycle
     哺乳类era基因在细胞周期调控中作用的研究
短句来源
更多       
查询“era”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  era
The pharmaceutical sciences are advancing rapidly in the post-genomic era of the 21st century with the completion of the human genome, as well as those of many other organisms including bacteria and parasites, and the rapid advances in proteomics.
      
A new era for organic synthesis-highlights of the recent progress
      
Conservation and adaptive-reuse of historical industrial building in China in the post-industrial era
      
The yeast genome and the first steps toward the postgenomic era
      
The prospects of further development of yeast genetics in the postgenomic era are discussed.
      
更多          


Ⅰ. The Yinshan district as an example of "activizing region" in the Chinese platform One of the most typical localities that show clearly the phenomenon of"activization of platform" (активи. зация платформы) is the Yinshan region, aneast western mountain range on the border between the North-China plain andthe Mongolian plateau. It has long been recognized as a platform because ofthe presence of a folded foundation Pre-Sinian in age. However, owing to thefacts that Mesozoic crustal movements and magmatic activities...

Ⅰ. The Yinshan district as an example of "activizing region" in the Chinese platform One of the most typical localities that show clearly the phenomenon of"activization of platform" (активи. зация платформы) is the Yinshan region, aneast western mountain range on the border between the North-China plain andthe Mongolian plateau. It has long been recognized as a platform because ofthe presence of a folded foundation Pre-Sinian in age. However, owing to thefacts that Mesozoic crustal movements and magmatic activities are importantwithin this area, some geologists including G Schoenmann, hold that it is ageosynclinal region. It is Ю. М Шейманн who first noticed the phenomenon of activizationappearing in the Chinese platform. В. М. Синицын in his "Строенив и развитиекитайской платформы" indicates that some of the mountain ranges includingYinshan, which have been formerly referred to the folding belts developingfrom geosynclines, are in fact the internal structures of the Chinese platform. In this paper the writer after the opinion of В. М. Синицын, assigns theYinshan area as one of the "activizing regions" in the Chinese platform, andgives more detailed descriptions and discussions mainly on the point of thehistory of its stratigraphic development. Really it is a fact that the Yinshan region has an old folded foundationwhich is composed of metamorphic complex including chiefly gneisses, schists,and old granitic intrusions apparently Pre-Sinian in age. Since the formationof this folded foundation during the Luliang movement (=Goto-Karelian mo-vement), the old land of the Yinshan region has "activized" or "resurrected"several times. As early as in the Sinian period, a depression prolonging in E-Wdirection happened on its southern border, where Sinian limestone 900 metresin thickness and in some places up to 9,620 metres was so deposited. During a long time of the Palaeozoic era, the Yinshan old land was in the poriod ofdenudation except some Cambrian marine limestones only 144 metres in thick-ness deposited in the western part. At the end of the Palaeozoic era, local acti-vization with the formation of continental basin-deposits of Permian age, up to1,380 metres in thickness, as found in the Tachingshan area again happened.In the middle Mesozoic era, the Yinshan region came to a period of strongactivity. Structural depressions duo to "Процесс аркогенеза" occurred universallywithin the whole area and magmatie activities in large magnitude associatedthis crustal movement, so that a great sequence of freshwater basin-depositswith intercalations of volcanic beds, up to 8,000 metres in total thickness wereformed. During the formation of these strata, especially at the end of Mesozoic,interruptions of depositon happened frequently, folds and thrusts were abund-antly formed, and intrusive bodies of "young granite" were produced hereand there. In the Tertiary period, the Yinshan region was violently faulted, andvolcanic activities still happened, producing the basalt lava flow spreading ina wide area. The activity of the Yinshan old land has not ceased even to-dayas shown by the facte that its whole area is in the process of uplift and by thepresence of an earthquake zone known in the historical time. Ⅱ. To what Geotectonic Unit does the Southeastern Coastal Region of China Belong? On the Southeastern coast of China there is a district where geotectoniccharacteristics have never been recognized clearly. It is A. W. Grabau who firstreferred it to an old land named "Cathaysia". J. S. Lee holds the same opinion.In his geotectonic map of China, B. M. Синицын also assigns this region to aplatform and marks it as a part of his "Южно-китайский платформенный массив".However, there is still another opinion opposed to this. A. C. Хоминтовский, forinstance, renders recently this district to a geosynclinal region and proposes thename "Minche Pacific folding zone" for it. H. T. Yang and T. Y. Yu agreewith him. In the year 1954, the writer in his compilation-work connected with thegeology of Fukien and Kwangtung, found that the geotectonic characteristics ofthe southeastern coastal region of China are not only unagreeable with thosefound in a common platform on the one hand, but also contrasting, with thoseof a geosynclinal region on the other. In fact, it cannot be referred suitably toany geotectonic unit except to the intermediate type as shown by the history ofits geological development. Apparently it is an "activizing" or "resurrected" platform. During the Pre-Sinian crustal movement (the Luliang movement), a foldedfoundation composed of old gneisses, schists, and phyllites was completely for-med. Obviously this is a part of the broad old land of Southern China. In the earlier stage of the Palaeozoic era, the whole area of this region wasexposed in the air and under denudation. Hence, no deposit of any kind wasformed. After the Caledonian movement, depressions happened in the western partof this region, where the Devonian-Lower carboniferous continental deposit, theNanching series consisting mainly of quartzite, conglomerate and shale has beenformed, but the other parts were still under denudation. These facts show thatthis region was still a land at that time. Uralian and Lower Permian limestones, known respectively as the Chuan-shan limestone and the Chihsia limestone, separated from each other by adisconformity, spread widely in this region. This indicates that the marine trans-gressions really happened in the southeastern coastal region of China. However,the thicknesses of these limestones (only 30 metres and 150 metres respectively)and their uniformity in the horizontal direction show that the sea at thosetimes was shallow, and the magnitude of subsidence of the earth crust withinthis region was small. The unnoticed lateral changing of lithological charactersof these limestones proves the same fact. Undoubtedly these limestones arenothing but the marine deposits of platform-type. From Upper Permian toTriassic, this region was under a condition of alternation of transgression andregression of the sea. Owing to the fact that the amplitude of oscillation of theearth crust of this region at that time was small, the deposits formed duringthe marine transgression were thin and interrupted again and again by disconfor-mities (or even unconformities). Sometimes continental deposits are intercalated. Since the later period of Triassic, the southeastern coastal region has neverbeen covered by the sea again. And, a new condition began to happen in LowerJurassic. Here, the old land became to "resurrected", so that a series of depres-sing belts were formed as a result of "Процесс аркогенеза". In association withthe subsidence of these depressions, continental beds with a total thicknessup to 3,000 metres were deposited. In the beds interruptions frequently occurred.Folds were abundants, although they or at least some of them were intermediatetype. At the same time, magmatic activities were significant. Itappearedfirstly in the form of volcanic eruptions as recorded by a great sequence of beds consisting of tuff and rhyolite intercalating in the continental bedsmentioned above. And then, at the end of the Mesozoic, numerous graniticbodies were produced. Coming to the Cenozoic era, this region still sufferedfrom rather strong crustal movements accompanied by basalt lava eruptions. Theactivity of the old land has not yet been ceased even to-day as marked by thepresence of a famous earthquake zone between Kwangtung and Fukien, and theabundance of hot springs which widely spread within this region. All theseshow the typical characters of an "activizing" or "resurrected" platform. Final-ly, the complexity of the types of mineral deposits found in Fukien and Kwang-tung also proves the geotectonic nature of this region. Summarizing the whole matter, we may say that the southeastern coastalregion of China was originally an old land. Although it has been agian andagain submerged by the sea, the resulting marine deposits are entirely differentfrom those of geosynclinal region. In the middle of Mesozoic, this region beganto be active violently again, producing a series of depressions or "secondarygeosynclines", in which thick continental beds were deposited, and, at the sametime, folds of intermediate type, serious volcanic eruptions and magmatic intru-sions were produced. Hence, to refer the southeastern coastal region of China toan "activizing" platform is quite strongly proved. The northwestern boundary of this "activizing" platform is generally onthe line starting from central Chekiang through central Kiangsi to the Sou-thwestern part of Kwangtung, because the history and characteristics of geolo-gical development of the Southeastern Kiangsi and Central-southern Kwangtungare quite similar to those of Fukien and Eastern Kwangtung. As to the nomination of this geotectonic unit, the writer proposes to callit "Cathaysian activizing region". This name is derived from the "Cathaysia"of A. W. Grabau but adds, according to necessity, the meaning of activizing or"resurrected" characters of this region. The so-called "Minche Pacific foldingzone" of A. C. Хоминтовский is obviously unacceptable because it entirely doesnot coincide with fact. Compared with the "aetivizing" platforms found in other parts of theworld, the Cathaysian coastal "activizing" platform has its own characteristics,especially shown by the presence of numerous, widely spread, small depressionsor "secondary geosynclines", and the acidic magmatic activities appearing on alarge scale. All these indicate that this is a special type differing from all th

~~

This dissertation has its object to ascertain the era of construction of VanTien paoilion which being but a part of the auchitecture of Shun-En temple, is located in Hu hsien of Kiangsu province. The conclusion herein reached is based upon an actual inspection of the structure and a careful aualysis of every integral part of the construction, taking into consideration as well the political and economical conditions prevailing during that period. Correlated with the main theme, the subject matter about...

This dissertation has its object to ascertain the era of construction of VanTien paoilion which being but a part of the auchitecture of Shun-En temple, is located in Hu hsien of Kiangsu province. The conclusion herein reached is based upon an actual inspection of the structure and a careful aualysis of every integral part of the construction, taking into consideration as well the political and economical conditions prevailing during that period. Correlated with the main theme, the subject matter about the architecture of the eutire temple is also broached with the view to elucidate a few charocteristics inherent in the layont of the general plan. It is appended here with the hope that it might be of reference value to the study of the history of Chinese Architecture for the era of Ming dynasty.

此文系从江苏吴县圣恩寺明构梵天阁的调查,将该建筑物各部逐一分析,并与当时的政治经济情况相结合,作出建造年代的鉴定。同时对该寺的全体建筑亦附带地述及,用来说明其总体布局的特征。为研究中国建筑史明代史料之一。

The so-called "landscape horizon" in this paper is viewed from the fact that the landscape acts as an objective and independent substance of matters on the surface of the earth Along a given line in any unit of regions the landscape may be sectioned crossly Landscape is a component part on the land of the landscape sphere, which envelopes the earth, so that its basic components are also .solid, gas, liquid, and organic matters. The science of the landscape may be therefore considered as regional geography. All...

The so-called "landscape horizon" in this paper is viewed from the fact that the landscape acts as an objective and independent substance of matters on the surface of the earth Along a given line in any unit of regions the landscape may be sectioned crossly Landscape is a component part on the land of the landscape sphere, which envelopes the earth, so that its basic components are also .solid, gas, liquid, and organic matters. The science of the landscape may be therefore considered as regional geography. All the evidences concerning the completion of major types of the landscape, the floral and faunal extinction and new species—production, and especially the apperance of man prove thai the history of the landscape can only date back to the begining of the Quaternary Era, so that palaeogeography may be restricted in this scope. According to time, the landscape includes naturally the weathering crust as its bass, and its upper end should be coincided with the top of air near the ground, or of the highest trees. Thus its thickness is all the same in standard to any reginal unit Obviously, the extent of the landscape do not exceed the continental slopes in the sea. Judging from the statements mentioned above, a horizon of four dimensions has to logically occur in any unit of regions. It is the "landscape horizon", in which vertical and horizontal differentiations have continuously proceeded. Controlled by some geographic processes, the "landscape horizon" has been vertically differentiated into three sub—horizons: the sub—horizon of weathering crust, of soils, and of biotic community and air, They altogether revealed the morphological structure in types of the landscape. The horizontal differentiations conditioned by some other gcogra phic processes indicate the relationships of the landscape in areal continuity. The diagrams of the "landscape horizon" must be based on field works. Here are two examples, one, for the "landscape horizon" of steppe, and the other, of desert (figures 1 and 2). These diagrams can be used to (1) point out the structural and ecological features, in other words, the typological characteristics of the landscape, (2) determine the boundaries of regions and provide a basis for the plan of agriculture, and (3) help to study some theoritical problems of regional divisions. The author believes that the concept of the "landscape horizon" may be nseful in practical as well as in theoritical works.

本文所谓“景观层”是出之于景观是地球表面上起作用的一种客观的独立的物质实体的看法。在区域任一单元的一定线上景观能用剖面体现出来。景观是环围地球的景观壳在陆地上的一个组成部分,因之它的基本组成要素也是固体,气体、液体、和有机质。以此之故景观学可以认为是区域地理学。所有景观主要类型之完成,动植物之死亡和新种之产生,和特別是人类之出现的证据都证明景观历史仅能回溯至第四纪之始。古地理学因此应当限于这个范畴之內。根据时间,景观的下限自然包有风化壳,而其上限则与近地面空气层或最高乔木顶部相一致。显然,它的广度不超过大陆斜坡。由上可知一种具有四度空间的层必见于任何区域单元之內。这就是“景观层”。其中垂直和水平分异作用不断进行着。为一些地理过程所规定,“景观层”在垂直方向上被分异为风化壳,土壤、和生物与空气三个亚层。它们共同揭示了景观类型的形态构造。而受制于另一些地理过程的水平分异则表明景观在空间连续性上的相互关系。“景观层”图解根据野外工作制出。这里举出二例:一为草原“景观层”图解,另一则属于荒漠(图1和2)。这种图解可用以(1)指出景观的构造和生态特征,换言之,郎其类型特点;(2)确定区域的界限并为农业规划提供基础,和(...

本文所谓“景观层”是出之于景观是地球表面上起作用的一种客观的独立的物质实体的看法。在区域任一单元的一定线上景观能用剖面体现出来。景观是环围地球的景观壳在陆地上的一个组成部分,因之它的基本组成要素也是固体,气体、液体、和有机质。以此之故景观学可以认为是区域地理学。所有景观主要类型之完成,动植物之死亡和新种之产生,和特別是人类之出现的证据都证明景观历史仅能回溯至第四纪之始。古地理学因此应当限于这个范畴之內。根据时间,景观的下限自然包有风化壳,而其上限则与近地面空气层或最高乔木顶部相一致。显然,它的广度不超过大陆斜坡。由上可知一种具有四度空间的层必见于任何区域单元之內。这就是“景观层”。其中垂直和水平分异作用不断进行着。为一些地理过程所规定,“景观层”在垂直方向上被分异为风化壳,土壤、和生物与空气三个亚层。它们共同揭示了景观类型的形态构造。而受制于另一些地理过程的水平分异则表明景观在空间连续性上的相互关系。“景观层”图解根据野外工作制出。这里举出二例:一为草原“景观层”图解,另一则属于荒漠(图1和2)。这种图解可用以(1)指出景观的构造和生态特征,换言之,郎其类型特点;(2)确定区域的界限并为农业规划提供基础,和(3)有助于探讨区划的某些理论问題。因之,“景观层”概念在实践和理论工作上是有用的。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关era的内容
在知识搜索中查有关era的内容
在数字搜索中查有关era的内容
在概念知识元中查有关era的内容
在学术趋势中查有关era的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社