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metabolism
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  代谢
    Association of cholesteryl ester transfer protein gene mutation with lipoprotein metabolism
    胆固醇脂运转蛋白基因突变与脂蛋白代谢的相关性研究
短句来源
    The Effects of C-terminal Pentapeptide of Osteogenic Growth Peptide [OGP_(10-14)] and Its Analogue G48A on Bone Metabolism in Rats
    成骨生长肽羧基端5肽OGP_(10-14)及其类似物G48A对大鼠骨代谢的影响
短句来源
    Impact of Vincristine on the Expression of Integrin α_v and Collagen Metabolism in the Kidney Tissue of Diabetic Rabbit
    长春新碱对糖尿病兔肾组织整合素α_v表达及胶原代谢的影响
短句来源
    STUDIES ON THE METABOLISM OF CUI XING NING:Ⅰ.A SPECTROFLUOROMETRIC DETERMINATION OF CUI XING NING
    催醒宁的代谢Ⅰ:催醒宁萤光测定法
短句来源
    A STUDY ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID METABOLISM IN CASES OF HYPERLIPIDEMIA AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE Ⅲ. Effects of glucose meal on the Plasma Insulin Level
    高脂血症及冠心病患者糖、脂代谢的研究——Ⅲ.糖餐对血浆胰岛素含量的影响
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  “metabolism”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Epidemiologic Study of Impaired Glucose Metabolism in the Elderly During 1996~2000
    1996—2000年老年人群糖代谢异常的流行病学调查分析
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    Study on the Mechanism for Pharmaceutical and Aerobic Exercise Preventing and Treating Disorder of Glucose and Lipid Metabolism Related to Diabetes
    药物和有氧运动防治糖尿病糖脂代谢紊乱机制的研究
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    The Effects of Vitamin E-Vitamin C Combination Therapy on Glucose Metabolism and Cardiovascular Complications in IGT Patients
    维生素E及维生素C联合应用对IGT糖代谢及心血管并发症防治作用的研究
短句来源
    Clinical Study of the Correlation between Chronic Active Liver Disease and Carbohydrate Metabolism——An Analysis of 50 Cases Receiving Glucose Tolerance Test
    慢性活动性肝病与糖代谢关系的临床研究(50例糖耐量试验资料分析)
短句来源
    HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN-CHOLESTEROL METABOLISM IN DIABETICS WITH VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS
    高密度脂蛋白—胆固醇代谢紊乱与糖尿病血管并发症
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  metabolism
But there appeared to be species difference in arteether metabolism, highest conversion being recorded with humans followed by rats and monkeys.
      
The fibrate class drugs effect on lipid metabolism through PPARα receptor.
      
Effects of soil drought on seedling growth and water metabolism of three common shrubs in Loess Plateau, Northwest China
      
The growth and water metabolism of three common shrubs on the Loess Plateau were studied under soil with different water contents.
      
Few data are available on the effects of being exposed to this pollutant on the molecular mechanism, although some biochemical changes in lipid metabolism, intermediary metabolism and oxidative stress have been detected.
      
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Sequential studies on the potassium metabolism in a group of normal malesubjects receiving Gossypol acetate for 2 years were made. The findingswere as follows: (1) The mean serum potassium levels tended to declinein the course of medication, and the tendency became more obvious withthe passage of time. (2) Intracellular potassium concentrations of RBCwere also decreased definitely after the contraceptive regime being startedhalf a year and thereafter. (3) Urinary excretion of potassium tended toincrease...

Sequential studies on the potassium metabolism in a group of normal malesubjects receiving Gossypol acetate for 2 years were made. The findingswere as follows: (1) The mean serum potassium levels tended to declinein the course of medication, and the tendency became more obvious withthe passage of time. (2) Intracellular potassium concentrations of RBCwere also decreased definitely after the contraceptive regime being startedhalf a year and thereafter. (3) Urinary excretion of potassium tended toincrease concomitantly. (4) Serum magnesium levels were markedly depr-essed in part of the receivers after 6 to 8 months of application ofGossypol actate, but the mean levels of serum magnesium restored topremedication level when the medication program extended to 1-2 years. The observation that during the administration of Gossypol acetateboth intracelluar and extracellular potassium concentrations tended to dec-line indicated that there was a total body potassium depletion. The con-comitant increase of urinary potassium out-put showed that the loss wasthrough the kidneys. The depressive effect of Gossypol on the renal tu-bular reabsorption of potassium has been documented previously. However,one must take into consideration of the fact that Gossypol can causemuscular leakage of potassium into the blood stream, causing a secondaryincrease of urinary out-put of potassium, but under such a conditionthere should not be any total body depletoins as they were shown by ourpatients. It has been revealed that the effect of Gossypol on muscles couldbe augmented by low intake of potassium. On account of the potentialdanger of developing a severe hypokaliemia during the prolonged courseof Gossypol administration, the authors feel that potassium supplementsseem mandatory.

本文报导对一批口服男性节育药醋酸棉酚正常成年男性对象进行了钾代谢的观察,发现服药后,血清钾均值下降,而尿钾则有增多。为了避免发生低钾血症,作者认为在服用棉酚过程中,特别是服药半年以上者,适当补充钾盐,甚属必要。

A study on the metabolic changesassociated with obesity and on the roleof insulin in obesogenesis was made in31 normal subjects whose body weightswere ≤15% of the desirable weightof an average 94. 4±15. 0% (range71-115%) and 38 cases with obesitywhose weights were≥20% of the desi-rable weight of an average of 131.5±10. 0% (range 120-154%). The results of this study showed thatsignificant impairment of carbohydrateand lipid metabolism were observed inthe obese patients. Significant hyper-glycemia and hyperinsulinemia...

A study on the metabolic changesassociated with obesity and on the roleof insulin in obesogenesis was made in31 normal subjects whose body weightswere ≤15% of the desirable weightof an average 94. 4±15. 0% (range71-115%) and 38 cases with obesitywhose weights were≥20% of the desi-rable weight of an average of 131.5±10. 0% (range 120-154%). The results of this study showed thatsignificant impairment of carbohydrateand lipid metabolism were observed inthe obese patients. Significant hyper-glycemia and hyperinsulinemia wereobserved in the obese subjects afteroral glucose. The insulin secretion inresponse to an oral glucose load inobesity was significantly excessive ascompared with that of the normal group(P<0.001). A higher peak insulin res-ponse and a slower decline in plasmainsulin levels were present in the obe-sity group than in normal group. Plasmainsulin area and insulin area/ glucosearea ratio after glucose loading in obe-sity were significant higher than inthose of the normal group. The meanplasma free fatty acid (FFA) concen-tration in obesity decreased to lowerlevel than in the controls and failed toreach the fasting level three hours af-ter taking 100gm of glucose. Theobservations in this study lend strongsupport to the view that the adipose andhepatic tissue in obese subjects arenormal with regard to its sensitivityto circulating insulin, whereas themuscle and connective tissue are resis-tance to the circulating insulin. The plasma triglycerides, cholesteroland FFA levels in obesity were signi-ficantly higher than in normal subject.(P<0.001). The plasma HDL-chole- sterol level and HDL -cholesterol /cholesterol ratio were significantlyreduced in obesity (P<0. 05, P<0. 001). The average levels of fasting plasmacAMP in obesity were lower than inthe normal group by 39.8% (P<0. 01).The decline peak of plasma cAMP le-vels in obesity after glucose loadingdelayed to 120 minutes after takingglucose. The role of insulin in the pathogen-esis of obesity is discussed.

对31例正常人及38例肥胖者的糖、脂代谢及胰岛素在形成肥胖中的作用进行了研究。结果发现,肥胖者有糖、脂代谢的显著异常。负荷糖后胰岛素的分泌增强,峰值延后,分泌面积增加,产生高胰岛素血症,但其耐糖量显著下降,说明肥胖者外周靶组织对胰岛素发生抵抗。空腹血浆甘油三酯及胆固醇含量显著增加(P<0.001),HDL-胆固醇及HDL-胆固醇/胆固醇比值显著下降(P<0.05,P<0.001);负荷糖后,血浆游离脂酸迅速显著下降,甘油三酯在30分钟内明显升高,显示肥胖者脂肪及肝细胞对胰岛素仍敏感。空腹血浆cAMP含量较正常降低39.8%(P<0.01),负荷糖后下降峰值延后,可能系胰岛素分泌增加对靶细胞作用的结果。本文对胰岛素在形成肥胖中的作用及其与代谢异常的关系进行了讨论。

Glucose metabolism was studied in 24 cases of late schistosomiasis,including glu-cose tolerance test(GTT)in 20 and serum insulin determination in 13.Of the 20GTT,12 showed a high peak type and in 8 the curve was similar to that of diabetes.Among the patients subjected to insulin determination,11 showed the delayed typereaction,and the other 2 showed low reaction.The fasting insulin level was found tobe higher than the normal range in 8 cases.The pathogenesis of the disturbance ofglucose metabolism...

Glucose metabolism was studied in 24 cases of late schistosomiasis,including glu-cose tolerance test(GTT)in 20 and serum insulin determination in 13.Of the 20GTT,12 showed a high peak type and in 8 the curve was similar to that of diabetes.Among the patients subjected to insulin determination,11 showed the delayed typereaction,and the other 2 showed low reaction.The fasting insulin level was found tobe higher than the normal range in 8 cases.The pathogenesis of the disturbance ofglucose metabolism was discussed.It appeared that there existed a definite relationshipbetween the disturbance of glucose metabolism and the pathological changes of liverand pancreas.

本文对24例晚期血吸虫病(晚血)患者作了糖代谢观察,发现患者的糖代谢有明显异常。13例作了胰岛素测定,空腹胰岛素高于正常者8例,胰岛素释放曲线13例均异常;其中10例作了肝活检的电镜观察,发现肝细胞内充满大量糖原和滑面内质网,提示肝细胞受损害和糖原利用障碍。还对晚血患者糖代谢紊乱的机理作了讨论。

 
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