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metabolism
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  代谢
    Application of HepG2-GS-3A4 to Bio-Artificial Liver for Enhanced Metabolism Capacity for Diazepam and Ammonia
    HepG2-GS-3A4细胞应用于人工生物肝脏以增强安定与氨的代谢
短句来源
    Studys on Brain Imaging of Cerebral Blood Flow and Glucose Metabolism during Inhalant Anesthesia in Healthy Volunteers
    吸入麻醉剂对健康志愿者脑血流和能量代谢的显像研究
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    Experimental Research on the Effect of Glycyl-glutamine Dipeptide by Enteral Feeding on the Recipient Metabolism, Intestinal and Hepatic Structure and Function and Long-term Survival Following Allogenetic Liver Transplantation in Rat
    肠内应用甘氨酰谷氨酰胺二肽对异基因大鼠肝移植后受者机体代谢、肠道和移植肝结构和功能及长期存活的作用
短句来源
    Impact of CYP2D6~*10 Polymorphism on Tramadol Metabolism and Postoperative Analgesia
    CYP2D6~*10基因多态性对曲马多代谢和术后镇痛的影响
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    The Study on the Effects of the Critical Genes in the Cholesterol Metabolism in the Formation of Cholesterol Gallstones
    胆固醇代谢关键基因在胆固醇结石形成中的作用机制研究
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  “metabolism”译为未确定词的双语例句
    THE INFLUENCE ON GLUCOSE METABOLISM AFTER PANCREATECTOMY
    胰腺切除术后对糖代谢的影响
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    EFFECTS OF CEREALS FROM LOW-SELENIUM KASHIN-BECK DISEASE (KBD) ENDEMIC AREA ON CARTILAGE COLLAGEN TYPE Ⅱ SYNTHESIS METABOLISM IN RATS
    低硒大骨节病病区粮对大鼠软骨Ⅱ型胶原合成代谢的影响
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    ^Experimental study of carbohydrate metabolism of venous flaps
    静脉皮瓣糖代谢的实验研究
短句来源
    Experimental study of carbohydrate metabolism of venous flaps
    静脉皮瓣糖代谢的实验研究
短句来源
    EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TOTAL ENERGY INTAKE ON LIPID METABOLISM AND LIVER FUNCTION
    总能量摄入不同对脂肪代谢和肝脏功能的影响
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  metabolism
But there appeared to be species difference in arteether metabolism, highest conversion being recorded with humans followed by rats and monkeys.
      
The fibrate class drugs effect on lipid metabolism through PPARα receptor.
      
Effects of soil drought on seedling growth and water metabolism of three common shrubs in Loess Plateau, Northwest China
      
The growth and water metabolism of three common shrubs on the Loess Plateau were studied under soil with different water contents.
      
Few data are available on the effects of being exposed to this pollutant on the molecular mechanism, although some biochemical changes in lipid metabolism, intermediary metabolism and oxidative stress have been detected.
      
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The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous...

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous epidural anesthesia. The advantages of the latter are good relaxation, less disturbance in postoperative metabolism and renal function, as well as maintenance of consciousness safeguarding against aspiration of gastric contents. A two catheter method of continuous epidural anesthesia was found to be better, since it required less supplemental medication. 3. In poor risk cases, electrocardiogram, central venous pressure; mean arterial pressure and urine flow rate should be continuously monitored to obtain information regarding function of cardiovascular and renal systems. 4. Blood transfusion should be given sparingly to minimize antibody formation. Washed red cells may be used if necessary. 5. Other measures such as diuretics, corticosteroids and immunosuppresive agents should be used intraoperatively.

上海地区于1969~1979年间施行同种异体肾移植70例,本文就其中有关麻醉的一些问题进行了讨论。认为麻醉前应采用血液透析,以减轻尿毒症并纠正水、电解质及酸碱平衡;连续硬膜外麻醉时肌松良好,对肾功能影响少,病人清醒,不致发生胃内容物误吸;双导管连续硬膜外麻醉较单导管为佳;重危病人应连续监测心血管和肾脏功能;应尽量避免输血,必要时可输洗涤红细胞;术中还应给以利尿药、皮质激素及免疫抑制剂等。

Pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass has been studied since 1977 and applied in openheart surgery from September 1979 in our hospital.The perfusion techniques were thesame as the conventional one,except a pulsator,driven by electrical control console,was interposed between the heart lung machine and aortic canula to deliver pulsatileflow or arterial counterpulsation.Twenty cases in pulsatile group were compared to the10 control cases The average total perfusion time in control group was 63.60±11.01 min and 70.75±5.69...

Pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass has been studied since 1977 and applied in openheart surgery from September 1979 in our hospital.The perfusion techniques were thesame as the conventional one,except a pulsator,driven by electrical control console,was interposed between the heart lung machine and aortic canula to deliver pulsatileflow or arterial counterpulsation.Twenty cases in pulsatile group were compared to the10 control cases The average total perfusion time in control group was 63.60±11.01 min and 70.75±5.69 min in pulsatile group.There were no significant differencesin the parameters obtained during perfusion in both groups,except the total bodyoxygen consumption,being 54.22±5.93 ml/min/M~2 in pulsatile group versus 34.23±4.31 ml/min/M~2 in control group(p<0.05),suggesting that the tissue cells mightundergo more complete aerobic metabolism.Therefore,the short period clinical perfusioncould also be benefited by the pulsatile flow,though the advantages of pulsatile car-diopulmonary bypass were more evident in prolonged bypass as was shown in animalexperiments.The application of pulsatile bypass in open heart surgery would decreasethe incidence of severe complications caused by prolonged perfusion and thus offer alonger safety period of extracorporeal circulation for the treatment of more complicatedcases.

本文报道应用搏动性体外循环施行心脏直视手术20例,并与情况相似的无搏动灌注的10例进行了对照研究。搏动组平均转流时间为70.75±5.69分钟,对照组为63.60±11.01分钟。两组间其他指标亦无显著差异,但全身氧耗量有显著差异,搏动组为54.42±5.93毫升/分/米~2,对照组为34.23±4.31毫升/分/米~2(P<0.05)。提示搏动性灌注时组织细胞可能进行更为充分的有氧代谢。作者认为心脏直视手术中应用助搏反搏装置可能会减少由于长时间转流所引起的严重并发症。

Twelve dogs underwent 60 minutes of moderate hypothermio (30℃) isohemic arrest. Ordinary cardioplegio solution (containing 26 mEq/L of K+) was used in 6 dogs (Group 1), in the other 6 dogs (Group 2) glutamate was added to the cardioplegio solution.Three dogs of Group 1 and 5 dogs of Group 2 resumed sinus rhythm spontaneously after declamping of the aorta, the other 4 dogs required electric shock. Coronary blood flow, metabolism (oxygen, lactic acid and pyruvic acid consumption), left ventricular performance...

Twelve dogs underwent 60 minutes of moderate hypothermio (30℃) isohemic arrest. Ordinary cardioplegio solution (containing 26 mEq/L of K+) was used in 6 dogs (Group 1), in the other 6 dogs (Group 2) glutamate was added to the cardioplegio solution.Three dogs of Group 1 and 5 dogs of Group 2 resumed sinus rhythm spontaneously after declamping of the aorta, the other 4 dogs required electric shock. Coronary blood flow, metabolism (oxygen, lactic acid and pyruvic acid consumption), left ventricular performance and left ventricular compliance were measured before aortic clamping, and 10 and 45 minutes after deolamping. The left ventricular systolic pressure and dp/dt max returned to 73 % and 64 % of control respectively in Group 1, and 95 % and 93% respectively in Group 2.The hearts receiving glutamate had better oxygen uplake, and better lactic acid and pyruvic acid consumption.Electron microscopic examination of heart muscle showed the cardioplegio solution containing glutamate gave nearly perfect protection to ischemic myocardium. In contrast, myocardium in Group 1 showed slight edema and disappearance of glycogen granules. This experimental study suggests the beneficial effects of glutamate to ischemio myocardium.

本文报道谷氨酸盐对缺血心肌的保护作用。对不含谷氨酸盐的Ⅰ号高钾停搏液和添加谷氨酸盐的Ⅱ号停搏液作对比性动物实验。两组停搏液的钾离子浓度相同,均为26.8mM/L,实验条件相同,结果表明心脏在缺血停搏60分钟后,应用含谷氨酸盐停搏液者在自动复跳率、左心室顺应性、乳酸消耗量、GPK漏出量和超微结构上都显示心肌损害轻微得多,谷氨酸盐在缺血心肌中仍可能参与三羧酸循环提供ATP,但不产生具有潜在毒性的乳酸,可以作为心肌缺血时的代谢底物。

 
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