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bupivacaine
相关语句
  布比卡因
    Epidural Block with 0.25% Bupivacaine Hydrochloride for Abdomi- nal Surgery:Report of 300 Cases
    0.25%布比卡因硬膜外阻滞应用于腹部手术(附300例报告)
短句来源
    INFLUENCE OF POSTURE AND VOLUME ON SPINAL ANAESTHESIA WITH 0.5% ISOBARIC BUPIVACAINE
    0.5%等比重布比卡因腰麻——体位和容量对麻醉效果的影响
短句来源
    The clinical observation on the application of domestic bupivacaine to subarachnoid block
    国产布比卡因用于蛛网膜下腔阻滞临床观察
短句来源
    Application of Bupivacaine in Subarachnoid Block in Hysterectomy
    布比卡因蛛网膜下腔阻滞在子宫切除术中的应用
短句来源
    ANALGESIC EFFECTS OF CONTINUOS EPIDURAL INFUSING OF BUPIVACAINE AND FENTANYL MIXTURE AFTER THORACOTOMY
    剖胸术后硬膜外持续输注布比卡因和芬太尼镇痛
短句来源
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  丁哌卡因
    ABSTRACTEffect of epidural bupivacaine block on liver enzymes and serum protein parameters in men.
    盐酸丁哌卡因硬膜外阻滞对肝酶谱及血浆蛋白参数的影响
短句来源
    kg-1 (L group)respectively,and six non-pregnant female patients were elected to receive epidural 0. 75 % bupivacaine 1. 5mg . kg-1 (B2 group).
    B1和B2组均给予0.75%丁哌卡因1~1.5mg·kg-1,L组给予2%利多卡因4~4.5mg·kg-1。
短句来源
    Method:Sixteen ASA gradeⅠ-Ⅱadult patients undergoing shoulder or upper limbs operation were randomly divided into two groups (n=8)). The plexus block was induced with 0.75% bupivacaine 2 mg/kg or 0.75% bupivacaine 2mg/kg plus 1:200 000 adrenaline.
    方法:选择ASA Ⅰ~Ⅱ级肩部或上肢择期手术患者16例,随机分成两组,试验组与对照组各8例,分别用含或不含肾上腺素的0.75%丁哌卡因2mg/kg行肌间沟臂丛阻滞。
短句来源
    Conclusion 5μg·kg -1 ·h -1 morphine mixed with 0.125% bupivacaine epidurally administered at the rate of 0.5 ml·h -1 is a safe and effective method for pediatric patient postoperative analgesia.
    结论 吗啡 5μg· kg- 1 · h- 1 复合 0 .12 5 %丁哌卡因硬膜外持续注入是儿童较为安全有效的术后镇痛方法之一。
短句来源
    Following the end of surgery, the loading dose of 5% bupivacaine 5ml was given extrapleurally, then 0.25% 0.375% bupivacaine was infused continuously at 2 ml·h -1 using a PCA pump with the PCA/bolus dose of 3 5ml and lockout time of 60 min in group I;
    术后I组病人首先注入负荷剂量0.5% 丁哌卡因5m l,然后用PCA 泵持续输注0.25% ~0.375%丁哌卡因2m l·h- 1 ,每次PCA的剂量3~5m l,锁定时间60 分钟;
短句来源
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  布吡卡因
    Effect on Left ventricular Systolic Time Intervals during Epidural Block with Bupivacaine
    布吡卡因硬膜外阻滞对左心室收缩时间间期的影响
短句来源
    Changes of circulatory functions before and after analgesia with epidural bupivacaine
    布吡卡因硬膜外镇痛前后循环功能的改变
短句来源
    CLINIC OBSERVATION OF EPIDURAL BLOCK WITH BUPIVACAINE AND LIDOCAINE IN LOW CONCENTRATION IN THE OPERATION ON THE CHEST AND ABDOMEN
    低浓度布吡卡因利多卡因混合液硬膜外阻滞用于胸腹部手术临床观察
短句来源
    We have made a clinical comparative study of the changes on 59 cases of STI after epidural block with 0.75% bupivacaine and 30 cases of control group with 1.6% lidocaine +0.16% dicaine ( no adrenaline added ) by unbounded technique.
    应用无创伤性方法对0.75%布吡卡因硬膜外阻滞59例,对照组1.6%利多卡因、0.16%丁卡因混合液(均不含肾上腺素)30例病人的STI变化进行临床对比研究。
短句来源
    The double-blind study suggested that the method, 0.25% epidural bupivacaine or 0.25% bupivacaine + vitatnine B12 (no adrenaline added) for postoperative analgesia, be very benificial to the stabilization of patient's circulatory function.
    本双盲法研究提示:硬膜外术后镇痛选择0.25%布吡卡因或加用维生素B_(12)溶液,效果确切且对稳定病人循环功能极为有利,不宜加肾上腺素。
短句来源
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  “bupivacaine”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Methods Sixty ASA Class Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery received epidural 0.5% ropivacine (group Ⅰ,n=20),0.5% levobupivacaine(group Ⅱ,n=20) or 0.5% bupivacaine (group Ⅲ,n=20).
    方法60例行下腹部手术病人,随机分成三组,每组20例。 Ⅰ组:0.5%罗哌卡因;
短句来源
    Methods: 60 cases of patients(ASA 1~2) scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomly into two groups: R group(n=30) and B group (n=30) were given Ropivacaine and Bupivacaine respectively.
    方法:选择60例剖宫产手术,ASA 1~2级产妇。 随机分为两组,R组:罗哌卡因组(n=30);
短句来源
    Results All VAS of PCEA with morphine, scopolamine and bupivacaine was less than 1.3±1.43 in parturients of observed group.
    结果观察组VAS评分均小于1.3±1.43。
短句来源
    Carbonated bupivacaine for thoracic epidural anesthesia.
    碱化丁吡卡因在胸段硬膜外麻醉中的应用
短句来源
    Clinical Comparison of Epidural Anesthesia with Ropivacaine Lidocaine and Bupivacaine
    罗-利与布-利混合液硬膜外麻醉在子宫切除术中的临床应用
短句来源
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  bupivacaine
Effects of levobupivacaine and bupivacaine on rat myometrium
      
Objective: To study the effect of levobupivacaine and bupivacaine on the contractility of isolated uterine muscle strips from pregnant and non-pregnant female rats.
      
In the myometrium from non-pregnant rats,-logIC50 of levobupivacaine and bupivacaine were 4.85 and 4.25 respectively.
      
In the myometrium from pregnant rats, similar concentrations of levobupivacaine and bupivacaine were observed,-logIC50 were 2.7 and 2.9 respectively.
      
Levobupivacaine produced an increase in amplitude of contractions, while bupivacaine showed an increased trend in frequency.
      
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This study reported 1164 operative cases receiving bupivacaine hydrochloride as anes-thesia in different concentrations, with or without adrenaline, for epidural, spinal andperipheral nerve regional blocks, as compared at random with lidocaine-tetracaine mixtureor tetracaine alone. The data confirmed that the latency and the duration of complete block with bupiva-caine was the same as that with the above mentioned mixture solutions; but the durationof the action and the postoperative analgesia were significantly...

This study reported 1164 operative cases receiving bupivacaine hydrochloride as anes-thesia in different concentrations, with or without adrenaline, for epidural, spinal andperipheral nerve regional blocks, as compared at random with lidocaine-tetracaine mixtureor tetracaine alone. The data confirmed that the latency and the duration of complete block with bupiva-caine was the same as that with the above mentioned mixture solutions; but the durationof the action and the postoperative analgesia were significantly longer than that with themixture solutions. The duration of action was bowever affected by the sites of block. Bupivacaine in concentration of either 0.25% or 0.5% only resulted in slight hemodyna-mic change and there was no respiratory depression observed. This study revealed thatregional block with bupivacaine was more adequate for cervical-upper thoracic epiduralanesthesia, orthopedic surgery and cesarean section. The dosage of bupivacaine used in this study was 2.2~3.2mg/kg; and no toxic reactionhad ever happened, since the plasma concentration of bupivacaine was much lower than itsconvulsive level. In conclusion, bupivacaine was an effective, safe and long action anesthe-tic.

报告应用不同浓度的国产布比卡因加/不加肾上腺素于硬膜外、脊麻、神经阻滞等部位麻醉1164例。并与同期内随机抽样用地卡因和利多卡因混合液、地卡因、普普卡因作阻滞的病例作了对比。布比卡因的作用、潜伏期、达到完全阻滞的时间均与混合液或地卡因相同,而维持时间及术后镇痛时间则较后者明显延长。其维持时间的长短随阻滞部位而异。应用布比卡因0.25%、0.5%浓度,血液动力学改变轻微,对呼吸无抑制。因而尤其适用于颈上、胸部、硬膜外、剖腹产及骨科矫形手术的麻醉。本组用药量为2.2~3.2mg/kg,远低于血浆致痉水平,故认为布比卡因为一有效安全的长效麻醉剂。

This paper reports a clinical trial of 0.25% bupivacaine hydrochloride for epidural block in 300 patients undergoing lower abdominal and upper abdominal surgery. The initial dose was 8-25 ml with a mean 19 ml. Excellent clinical results were obtained in 291 patients (97%). Hypotension after local anesthetic injection occurred in 12.7% of the patients, less than those with 0.75% bupivacaine or 2% lidocaine. The results show that 0.25% bupivacaine is satisfactory and effective for epidural block...

This paper reports a clinical trial of 0.25% bupivacaine hydrochloride for epidural block in 300 patients undergoing lower abdominal and upper abdominal surgery. The initial dose was 8-25 ml with a mean 19 ml. Excellent clinical results were obtained in 291 patients (97%). Hypotension after local anesthetic injection occurred in 12.7% of the patients, less than those with 0.75% bupivacaine or 2% lidocaine. The results show that 0.25% bupivacaine is satisfactory and effective for epidural block in abdominal surgery.

本文总结国产低浓度(0.25%)盐酸布比卡因硬膜外阻滞应用于腹部手术300例,并与30例同类手术采用0.75%布比卡因进行比较,结果0.25%组首回剂量平均18.61±3.5ml,比0.75%组多约1/3;有效麻醉持续时间平均123.4±33.84分钟,短于0.75%组,但无统计学意义;0.25%组肌松一般相当于1.5%利多卡因,部分病人与2%相似;麻醉后血压下降者占29.7%,低血压发生率比0.75%布比卡因或2%利多卡因明显减少。0.25%布比卡因适当增加容量,可满足一般腹部手术要求,尤其适用于老年、体弱病人及剖腹产手术。

In this report,we studied anesthetic effects of various kinds,concentrations,adrenaline contents and mixtures of anesthetic solutions in epidural block. Method:We used double blind method.195 patients were divided randomly into 13 groups according to the various solutions used.Each group contained 15 patients.After putting a catheter into the epidural space correctely,we injected a bolus dose of 13 ml anesthetic solution via it at a speed of 1 ml/3 sec,then an anesthetist who was entirely ignorant of what solution...

In this report,we studied anesthetic effects of various kinds,concentrations,adrenaline contents and mixtures of anesthetic solutions in epidural block. Method:We used double blind method.195 patients were divided randomly into 13 groups according to the various solutions used.Each group contained 15 patients.After putting a catheter into the epidural space correctely,we injected a bolus dose of 13 ml anesthetic solution via it at a speed of 1 ml/3 sec,then an anesthetist who was entirely ignorant of what solution had been injected observed the anesthetic effect,recorded the results of sensory and motor blokades. Results:①Comparing three different local anesthetic agents,we found that the fastest onset of action is xylocaine,then bupivacaine,and the last one is dicaine.The longest duration of action is bupivacaine,then dicaine and xylocaine.②Comparing vatious concentrations,we found that accompanying the lowering of the concentration,the anesthetized dermatomes will be decreased, onset of action delayed,the duration of action shortened,and the degree of blockade tends to be incomplete.③Comparing various adrenaline contents,we found that the anesthetic effects were significantly decreased in xylocaine and dicaine solutions without adrenaline But there was no significant differences between the solutions with 1:100,000 and 1:200,000 concentrations.In bu- pivacaine solution,we found that the duration of action in bupivacaine solution with 1:200,000 concentration of adrenaline was significantly longer than without adrenaline,and it was dis- similar to the results reported by past literatures④Mixture solutions:we found that they could not shorten the onset of action significantly. According to the facts described above,we use 2% xylocaine solution as the first dose in epidural block iu our bospital.If the duration of the operation is long,one hour later we reinject 0.75% bupivacaine or 0.4% dicaine solutions.The concentration of each solution stated above can not be exceeded,and should be significantly lowered in the cases of pain reliefs,high epidural blocks,old persons,children and critically ill patients.The concentration of adrenaline should not exceed 1:200,000,and it should be lowered or disused in the hypertensive patients.Mixture solutions have no remarkable advantages,they may not be adapted.

硬膜外阻滞中,怎样合理选择和使用局麻药是一个值得研究的课题。笔者在1982年8月至1983年7月对此进行实验性研究,试图通过客观临床观察不同局麻药、不同药液浓度、肾上腺素含量对硬膜外阻滞的影响,并对混合液的使用等问题作一探讨。

 
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