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east     
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     Ecological Studies on the Large-Scale Mariculture in Zhelin Bay and Shen'ao Bay in the East of Guangdong: 2000~2001
     2000~2001年粤大规模增养殖区柘林湾和深澳湾的生态学研究
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     Petroleum Pool Formation Conditions and Models of the East Slope Area in the Chengdao Oilfield
     埕岛油田斜坡区成藏条件与成藏模式研究
短句来源
     Research on Metallogenic Searies of Copper Deposits in East Tianshan Mountains
     天山铜矿区域成矿系列研究
短句来源
     Community Structure of Zooplankton in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea
     、黄海浮游动物群落结构研究
短句来源
     Applying Flow Cytometry to Study the Distributions of Ultraphytoplankton in Typical Zones of East China Sea and Yellow Sea
     应用流式细胞计研究超微型浮游植物在中国、黄海典型水域的分布
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  东部
     Research on Ecotourism of Forest Zone in Northeast East Area
     东北东部林区生态旅游的研究
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     The Basin-Range Coupling and Hydrocarbon Accumulation in the East Tarim Basin
     塔里木盆地东部盆山耦合与油气成藏
短句来源
     The Evolution of the Lithosphere in the East Part of Heilongjiang Province
     黑龙江省东部岩石圈演化特征
短句来源
     The Mesozoic-Cenozoic Sedimentary Characteristics and Geodynamic Evolution in the East of Qiangtang Basin
     羌塘盆地东部中新生代沉积特征与动力学演化
短句来源
     CWRF Application in East China Monsoon Area
     CWRF在中国东部季风区的应用
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  东方
     The main difference of the two cultures is that the East Culture originated from the Confucianism while the West Culture from the Original Sin of Christianity.
     究其原因,这两种文化的差异主要在于东方耻感文化根源于儒家思想而西方罪感文化根源于基督教之“原罪说”。
短句来源
     METHODS: Between October 2003 and October 2004, the experiment was carried out at the Central Laboratory of Shanghai East Hospital.
     方法:实验于2003-10/2004-10在上海东方医院中心实验室完成。
短句来源
     The research object of this text is N300 -16.7/537/537-5 type of steam turbine which ismade by East Steam Turbine Factory, we carry on changing the work condition by COBOLand stress analysis.
     本文是以东方汽轮机厂N300-16.7/537/537-5型汽轮机为研究对象,以电算化手段进行变工况及应力分析。
短句来源
     The world culture can be divided into various types from different angles. Many scholars directly divide it into the East Culture and the West Culture and they think the East is Shame Culture and the West is Guilt Culture.
     世界文化的划分因其角度不同而被分为不同的文化体系,其中较为直接的一种划分是将世界文化分为东方文化体系与西方文化体系,这是因为东、西方之间存在着根本的文化差异——东方属于耻感文化而西方属于罪感文化。
短句来源
     Investigation of antiplatelet drug utilization in Shanghai East Hospital during 2005-2006
     2005-2006年上海市东方医院抗血小板药物用药分析
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  东部地区
     Results(1) The sample organization instrument complete rate of target hitting was 82.0%,in which,east areas 75.3%,middle area 89.9%,west areas 81.0% respectively.
     结果143个市县疾病预防控制机构的仪器全套达标率为82.0%,其中东部地区75.3%,中部地区89.9%,西部地区81.0%。
短句来源
     East areas 76.5%, middle areas 71.5%, west areas 68.1%.
     东部地区为76 . 5 % ,中部地区为71 .5 % ,西部地区为6 8 .1%。
短句来源
     The average network reporting rate was 70.25%, among which 74.09% was in the east of China, 67.01% in the center and 71.11% in the west.
     结果网络直报系统中注册的乡镇卫生院总数为381845个,平均网络报告率为70.25%,其中东部地区为74.09%,中部地区为67.01%,西部地区为71.11%。
短句来源
     Indications for penetrating keratoplasty in East China, 1994-2003
     中国东部地区1994—2003年穿透性角膜移植术的适应证分析
短句来源
     In east China,it's important to cultivate intermediary and promote finance marketization for economy development.
     而培育金融中介和提升金融市场化程度,则对于促进金融发展和东部地区经济增长具有重要作用。
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      east
    Biocycle of nitrogen in a Cyclobalanopsis glauca-dominated evergreen broad-leaved forest in East China
          
    The nitrogen (N) cycling was elucidated in a 40-year-old subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest dominated by Cyclobalanopsis glauca growing on red soil in Zhejiang Province, East China.
          
    In November 2003 and June 2004, the insect borers and their spatial distribution within Pinus massoniana were investigated in Zhoushan City, in East China's Zhejiang Province, where pine wood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) are typically found.
          
    As for the four transect lines, the east and the northeast scored higher in each diversity index than the others due to less human disturbance, gentler topography uplift and more intercepted materials and energies.
          
    The genus has three modern distribution centers: South Europe, North America and East Asia.
          
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    In the summer half year,the average intensity of the Pacific high pressurechanges more or less abruptly.It strongly increaseses from June to July and de-creases gradually from April to June.In middle September it decreasees suddenly. In.the summer season(from June to August),tha advance and retreat of theWestern Pacific pressure ridge(moving from east to west or reversed)is intimatelycorrelated with teh upper westerlies.At the same time,the Pacific High itselfis an important factor of the atmospheric circulation.When...

    In the summer half year,the average intensity of the Pacific high pressurechanges more or less abruptly.It strongly increaseses from June to July and de-creases gradually from April to June.In middle September it decreasees suddenly. In.the summer season(from June to August),tha advance and retreat of theWestern Pacific pressure ridge(moving from east to west or reversed)is intimatelycorrelated with teh upper westerlies.At the same time,the Pacific High itselfis an important factor of the atmospheric circulation.When the zonal circulationis strong,the intensity of the Pacific High is also relatively strong and the posi-tion of the western Pacific pressure ridge changes little.When the small wavesin the westerlies move out from Asia into the Pacific Ocean,the position ofthe western Pacific pressure ridge only vibrates slightly.But,when the waves in thewesternlies are strong,the western Pacific pressure ridge advances westward andthen retreats eastward apparently.The period advance and retreat of the ridgeis about five or six days During the period of fow zonal circulation index, thewestern Pacific pressure ridge moves eastward.when the circulation index growsfrom low to high,the ridge advances westward.The range of longitudes ofoscillation of the ridge in this type is largest,about 30-40 degrees,and the periodof oscillation is longest,about half month in general.The longest period reachesone month. Besides,the movement of the Pacific High ridge is also studied in relationto he tropical systems,such as typhoons.

    夏半年太平洋高压的平均变化,带著突变性质的增强和减弱,突然的增强发生6月到7月,而4月至6月更有逐渐减弱的趋向,到9月中旬以後则突然的减退。 夏季西太平洋高压脊的东西进退和整个西风环流变化及西风环流的情况密切关连,同时太平洋高压本身也是西风环流及其变化的重要因素之一。当西风环流强时,太平洋高压比较强大,这时太平洋高压脊的变化很少,在西风环流小波动东移的过程中,太平洋高压脊只有微小的摆动。但西风带波动较大时,随着西风槽和高压脊的东移,太平洋高压脊便有了比较长时期的和明显的东退和西伸,它的周期一般都在5、6天左右。如果西风环流起了大型的变化,即西风环流由强转弱,再由弱转强,太平洋高压脊随之不断的东退和西伸,进退的范围可达30-40经距。它的周期较长,一般都在半个月的光景,最长的可达一个月,10天以内的很少。 太平洋高压脊除了和西风带的环流,极地高压和低压槽有关外,也和它南边的气压系统,如台风和热带风暴有关。

    Following a series of experiments conducted in East China Agricultural Re-search Institute (Nanking) during the past years,the "red arsenic",a well-knownraw-drug (containing approximately 90% of As_2O_3,9% of AS_2S_2 and 1% of mis-cellaneous substances),is found to be acceptable as seed disinfectant for the controlof cereal smuts.This raw-drug is not only excellent in effectiveness,but alsoeasily obtainable in this country. Incidence of infection of wheat bunt in the plots receiving 3 different treatments,namely,red...

    Following a series of experiments conducted in East China Agricultural Re-search Institute (Nanking) during the past years,the "red arsenic",a well-knownraw-drug (containing approximately 90% of As_2O_3,9% of AS_2S_2 and 1% of mis-cellaneous substances),is found to be acceptable as seed disinfectant for the controlof cereal smuts.This raw-drug is not only excellent in effectiveness,but alsoeasily obtainable in this country. Incidence of infection of wheat bunt in the plots receiving 3 different treatments,namely,red arsenic (inoculated seed grains dusted at the rate of 0.05 % by weight),copper carbonate (0.3%),ethyl mercury phosphate (0.05%),during the last 4years,averaged 0.2%,1.4% and 2.7%,respectively against 44.8% in the control.The corresponding figures for the flag smut of wheat were respectively 3.1%,0.8%,5.0% against 20.5%; for the covered smut of barley,0.9%,1.1%,0.9% against1.6%; for the kernel smut of oats,6.8%,3.1%,0.5% against 41.4%.The resultsmake us believe that this native raw-drug is not inferior,in some cases even su-perior,to other fungicides now extensively manufactured and considered efficientin preventing the various cereal smuts.But in the control of the covered smut ofbarley,as we have already shown elsewhere,another native raw-drag,sulphur ismore effective.In the last 3 years,field experiments were carried out to studywhether arsenic gives beneficial effect on the germination of seed and on the yieldof grain.Arsenic was applied as dust to the clean seed wheat following thestandard hot water treatment.Data showed that the number of seedlings in asingle 12-ft.row ranged 368-400 from treated seed as compared with 362-386 fromuntreated seed.Yield of grain also increased 4.7 to 23.6 per cent.It is,there-fore,evident that this fungicidal dust,when properly used,is at least not injuriousto seed wheat.The following points,however,must be borne in mind when thearsenic treatment is put into practice: (1) The dosage should not be higher than0.05 per cent and lower than 0.005 per cent by weight of seed grain.Otherwise, ??it would be either injurious to seed germination or ineffective for disease control.(2) Arsenic can be applied only to thoroughly dried seed grain. Seed wheat con-taining 24% of moisture when treatment was made, lost its vitality in a very fewdays, while that with less than 12% moisture can be stored for one month withoutspoilage. (3) Arsenic reduced germination of seed grain after storage at the highertemperatures. Under laboratory conditions, seeds, treated during hot summer whenthe air temperature ranged between 31 and 35℃, largely lost their germinativecapacity within half a month, but seeds, treated in cooler season when air tempera-ture dropped below 22℃, germinated as untreated ones after being stored for 3months or longer. (4) The relative humidity during storage played the most im-portant role in causing arsenic injury to the seeds. Seeds of wheat containingproper moisture (around 12%) dusted with arsenic at correct rate (0.05% byweight), failed to germinate after being stored for 5 days at temperatures above30℃ under 100% r.b.; but there was little or no injury after a storage period ofover 7 months at 37℃ under 18% r.h. (5) The length of storage period is alsoa factor in causing arsenic injury, and at the same time affecting the efficiency ofthe treatment. Seeds dusted with arsenic at a dosage of 0.05% during mid-summer(July of 1953) retained their germinative capacity within 0.5 month, but no seedsgerminated after 2.5 months' storage. On the other hand, almost complete controlof disease was obtained from thoroughly infested seed grain dusted with 0.0125%of arsenic and stored for 60 days, but similarly treated seeds which were sownimmediately, gave 45.15% infection as compared with 72.77% in the check plot.Consequently, the proper method of using arsenic against cereal smuts is to dustthoroughly dried seed grain at the rate of 0.05-0.0125% by weight and to storetreated seeds under cool (below 25℃) and rather dry (around 80% of r.h.) con-ditions for a period of about one month. According to the results obtained from experiments conducted under bothlaboratory and field conditions, it is found that there is no synergism nor antago-nism between arsenic and such filling materials as ashes, slake lime, talc, charcoalpowder, and calcium phosphate; and that neither soil temperature nor soil moistureact as factors influencing the germination of treated seeds.

    (一)用紅砒粉末作為種子消毒處理藥劑,對於幼苗感染性的小麥腥黑穗、小麥稈黑穗及燕麥堅黑穗等,有極良好的防治效果。但對大麥堅黑穗及條斑病,則不見功。(二)紅砒使用得法,對於麥種絕對無害;而且對於大麥、小麥的清潔種子,有積極的增產作用;惟對於燕麥還未能肯定。(三)紅砒粉末的拌種用量,當以種子重的0.025—0.05%為準簧僦?.005%,仍有殺菌效果。(四)為了增大藥物的容積,使得微量的紅砒粉末能够均勻週到地沾着每一麥粒,可用滑石粉、木灰末、甚至消石灰、草木灰或過磷酸鈣來稀释。(五)麥種拌砒後,須經一定期間的貯藏後播種,方顯出其强大的殺菌防病效果珉S拌隨種,則效果较少。至貯藏期間的久暫,則當因季節和用量等等而異。大致可以一個月為度。(六)紅砒使用不得其法,易起藥害。而藥害有無的關键,主耍在於拌砒後貯藏中的濕度,其次才是温度。如充分乾燥,在酷暑的氣候條件(37℃)下,貯藏7個月,尚??無妨礙。至於播種時的地温土濕,則關係極微。(七)紅砒的藥害與麥種處理當時的含水量有密切關係.含水量多,極為蝛U;含水量在12%以下,即安全無礙。(八)在自然狀况下用紅砒處理麥種,應當避去炎夏季節。又麥種拌砒前,必須充分晒乾。拌砒後...

    (一)用紅砒粉末作為種子消毒處理藥劑,對於幼苗感染性的小麥腥黑穗、小麥稈黑穗及燕麥堅黑穗等,有極良好的防治效果。但對大麥堅黑穗及條斑病,則不見功。(二)紅砒使用得法,對於麥種絕對無害;而且對於大麥、小麥的清潔種子,有積極的增產作用;惟對於燕麥還未能肯定。(三)紅砒粉末的拌種用量,當以種子重的0.025—0.05%為準簧僦?.005%,仍有殺菌效果。(四)為了增大藥物的容積,使得微量的紅砒粉末能够均勻週到地沾着每一麥粒,可用滑石粉、木灰末、甚至消石灰、草木灰或過磷酸鈣來稀释。(五)麥種拌砒後,須經一定期間的貯藏後播種,方顯出其强大的殺菌防病效果珉S拌隨種,則效果较少。至貯藏期間的久暫,則當因季節和用量等等而異。大致可以一個月為度。(六)紅砒使用不得其法,易起藥害。而藥害有無的關键,主耍在於拌砒後貯藏中的濕度,其次才是温度。如充分乾燥,在酷暑的氣候條件(37℃)下,貯藏7個月,尚??無妨礙。至於播種時的地温土濕,則關係極微。(七)紅砒的藥害與麥種處理當時的含水量有密切關係.含水量多,極為蝛U;含水量在12%以下,即安全無礙。(八)在自然狀况下用紅砒處理麥種,應當避去炎夏季節。又麥種拌砒前,必須充分晒乾。拌砒後,必須貯置高燥處所。

    The synoptic process on 500mb over Asiatic natural synoptic region have been analized for 5 summers. The results are given below:1.The variation of the position and strength of the maximum westerly wind belt at 500mb surface along four meridians 65°E, 105°E, 120°E, 140°E gives a good index in determing the natural synoptic seasons over Eastern Asiatic synoptic natural region. The disappearence of the low latitude westerly wind maximum along 65°E is the first indication of the beginning of Bai-U period. When...

    The synoptic process on 500mb over Asiatic natural synoptic region have been analized for 5 summers. The results are given below:1.The variation of the position and strength of the maximum westerly wind belt at 500mb surface along four meridians 65°E, 105°E, 120°E, 140°E gives a good index in determing the natural synoptic seasons over Eastern Asiatic synoptic natural region. The disappearence of the low latitude westerly wind maximum along 65°E is the first indication of the beginning of Bai-U period. When the westerlies wind maximum belt to the south of 40°N completely disappears along 140°E summer begins. This is accompanied with the filling of the Asiatic main trough over Japan and the Northward shiff of the Pacific subtropical high pressure belt from low latitudes to 30°-40°N. The mean date on which summer begins is nearly on 13th, July. It is also the end of Bai-U over middle Yangtze river. Thence the synoptic process in Bai-U period is the prevailing process before summer season. The precipitation in this period is closely related to the strength of the maximum wind belt i.e. socalled frontal zone.2.When the 600mb maximum westerly wind belt appears again at 30°-40°N along 140°E, begins author. The synoptic process, which associates with it, is the reestablishment of the Asiatic main trough over Japan. And the surface cold continental high comes down to North China from the east of Novaya Zemlya Island. The average time of the arrival of Autumn is nearly on 5th, September. Hence the duration of summer is on the average only 55 days.8. According to the analysis of the time variation of maximum westerlies on 30°-40 °N along each of the four meridians, the westerly maximum generally disappears earlier in west than in east but establishes later in west than in east during autumn. The phenomeanon that the maximum westerly first generates in the east during autumn can hardly be explained by the splitting of the jet stream.4. From the analysis, the prevailing process of the natural summer season largely depends upon the variations in the upper westerlies over Ural region and the west-east relative position of the Pacific subtropical high with respect to the Tibet plateau.

    本文根据1951—1955年五年高空和地面的资料,对夏季过程进行了分析,得到下面几点结果: 1.在东亚地区的四个主要经度带上以65°,120°和140°经度带的500毫巴强西风中心的位置和强度变化,对东亚自然天气季节的划分是最良好的指标。东经65°经度带上南边低纬度强西风的消失是梅雨期开始前的征兆。东经140°经度带上强西风在北纬40°以南消失时是夏季开始的征兆。和它相关联的过程是东亚高空大槽的消失和太平洋副热带高压带北移至30°—40°纬度带间,这个期间平均是在7月13日左右,也是江南梅雨结束的时候。故梅雨是夏季以前的盛行过程,它和500毫巴强西风区或锋区是有密切的联系的。 2.东经140°经度带上500毫巴强西风在北纬30°—40°重现时,是夏季结束秋季开始的征兆,和它相关连的天气过程是在该经度带上高空大槽重新建立,地面大陆冷高压从新地岛东部向东南下达华北地区。这个时间平均是在9月5日左右。故东亚夏季的长度平均仅55日。 3.从500毫巴强西风在各经度带上出现的情况来看,一般是西部比东部消失得早,出现得迟,不如冬季那样先在上游首先建立,在春夏之交这种相反的演变,似非地形的分支可以解释的。 4.在夏季自然天...

    本文根据1951—1955年五年高空和地面的资料,对夏季过程进行了分析,得到下面几点结果: 1.在东亚地区的四个主要经度带上以65°,120°和140°经度带的500毫巴强西风中心的位置和强度变化,对东亚自然天气季节的划分是最良好的指标。东经65°经度带上南边低纬度强西风的消失是梅雨期开始前的征兆。东经140°经度带上强西风在北纬40°以南消失时是夏季开始的征兆。和它相关联的过程是东亚高空大槽的消失和太平洋副热带高压带北移至30°—40°纬度带间,这个期间平均是在7月13日左右,也是江南梅雨结束的时候。故梅雨是夏季以前的盛行过程,它和500毫巴强西风区或锋区是有密切的联系的。 2.东经140°经度带上500毫巴强西风在北纬30°—40°重现时,是夏季结束秋季开始的征兆,和它相关连的天气过程是在该经度带上高空大槽重新建立,地面大陆冷高压从新地岛东部向东南下达华北地区。这个时间平均是在9月5日左右。故东亚夏季的长度平均仅55日。 3.从500毫巴强西风在各经度带上出现的情况来看,一般是西部比东部消失得早,出现得迟,不如冬季那样先在上游首先建立,在春夏之交这种相反的演变,似非地形的分支可以解释的。 4.在夏季自然天气季节所出现的盛行天气过程主要是表现在太平洋副热带高压随上游气压场的不同,及其和?

     
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